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Georgia final

  1. By: Claire Revere, Kathryn McHenry, and Eileen Bates
  2. Inspired by South Carolina’s decision to send delegates to the First Continental Congress, Georgians fed-up with the British government’s refusal to listen to their complaints met in Tondee’s Tavern. However, the majority of Georgians were not radicals. The majority wanted to keep British troops in Georgia to protect their frontier while being just radical enough not to anger South Carolina. Georgia’s economy relied heavily on trade with Charleston, SC whose port was far bigger than Savannah’s. If South Carolina had cut-off trade with them for not being radical enough, that would have been disastrous for Georgia’s economy (Golden). August 5, 1774 July 24, 1774 Royal governor Wright of Georgia learns about the meetings in Tondee’s Tavern and prohibits them. He is ignored.
  3. At a follow-up meeting to the July 24th one, each Georgian parish had a representative. The Intolerable Acts were addressed and objected to. Georgia objected primarily to two acts within the Intolerable Acts: the Administration of Justice Act, which prohibited British soldiers from being tried in America for crimes they committed there, and the Quartering Act, which required colonies to pay for the expenses of soldiers. Since Georgia was requesting for and relying upon British soldiers to protect them from Indian attacks, they were highly opposed to these acts. This meeting also established that any 11 members of this quickly-growing group could organize to correspond with other colonies on an official basis (Golden). August 10, 1774
  4. The First Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia. All of the thirteen colonies sent delegates except for Georgia. Georgia decided not to send delegates because they were facing attacks from the Creek Indians on their borders (The British has previously forced the Creek to cede over half a million acres of their land) and badly needed the support of British soldiers. They also worried about the British cutting them off from trade, from which Georgia had prospered greatly. By the early 1770s, Georgia was exporting over $56,000/year (worth about $1.75 million today) worth of rice, indigo, beef, and pork to England. September 1774 September 5, 1774 At the First Continental Congress, the Congress asked all colonies to join the Association that would ban trade from Britain. Georgia was reluctant to join the Association for similar reasons to why they were hesitant to go to the Continental Congress, both because they didn’t want to anger the British and lose any hope of military support during an Indian attack, but also because they had prospered under British rule and trade with Britain.
  5. After hearing about the battles of Lexington and Concord, incendiary action on the part of the British, many Georgians became patriots. On this day in May, the Sons of Liberty stormed the royal magazine in Savannah and took all the ammunition from inside. It was some of the first radical action taken by the previously generally loyalist Georgians, and a significant step toward their later involvement in the revolution. January 18, 1775 May 11, 1775 A provincial congress gathered in Savannah, Georgia, to decide whether or not representatives should be elected to go the second continental congress. The elected representatives chose not to go to Philadelphia, because they didn’t know what action they would choose to take there.
  6. Patriots began replacing royal authority with their own during this time period. In June they turned the celebration of the king’s birthday into a demonstration against him. They continued to “drink to the king” so to speak, but during the 2nd Provincial Congress, they really took the government into their own hands. This was the first time they actually named delegates to go to the ongoing continental congress. In addition, they finally joined the Association and local committees were established to actually enforce the bans on trade. And finally, they formed a Council of Safety to act when the provincial congress wasn’t in session that could raise troops and control the military, negotiate with natives, issue currency, and provide expenditures. May 25, 1775 June-July 1775 This was the first time Georgia was represented at a Continental Congress, specifically by St. John’s Parish, who sent Lyman Hall. However, Hall didn’t feel that he accurately represented Georgia well enough to actually vote, as he mostly supported radical parishes.
  7. A local committee confronted a man, named Thomas Brown, in Augusta, who was notorious for encouraging the formation of a counter association. As he refused to swear loyalty to the Association, he was publicly tortured, and used to send a message to others acting against it. Small skirmishes, and marches occurred, as Brown retreated to the Carolinas, and gained support from other loyalists, until heeding to Governor Campbell of South Carolina’s advice, of waiting to fight until the British arrived. August, 1775 August 22, 1775 While in this intermediary stage, Brown worked with Florida officials to recruit Indians to fight on the frontiers, when the British arrived. This would mean that the Georgians would not only be fighting the British on the coast, but also the Indians on the Florida border.
  8. Under British commander, James Grant, a number of rice boats anchored near Hutchinson Island were taken over. The Committee of Safety in Savannah placed the British Royal Governor, James Wright, under house arrest, and gave Colonel McIntosh the duty of defending the city, as British warships had arrived. 2 members holding a parley flag were arrested by the British, and McIntosh opened fire. The Committee of Safety decided that to resist the British attempt to seize supply ships, others would be burnt to prevent their capture. March 2-3, 1776 James Wright escaped confinement, and got safely to one of the British fleet ships; marking the end of British control in Georgia. It is unclear why they did not try to capture Savannah at the time, as they would return in 1778 to do so.
  9. At the Provincial Congress meeting, a form of government was drafted, and implemented, called “Rules and Regulations”. It included, but was not limited to the following principles: they were to vote on a president, have a Council of Safety (made up of 13 people, aimed to aid the president and restrict tyrannical behavior), follow the laws of The Association, and have one Chief-Justice and two assistant judges. This meeting was unattended by, and free of British influence. July 4, 1776 May 1, 1776 The Provincial Congress sends Georgia delegates: George Walton, Button Gwinnett, and Lyman Hall, to the Philadelphia Convention, to sign the Declaration of Independence.

Notes de l'éditeur

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