Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
The Tragedy
Of The PMO
Does it?
The PMO should promote collaboration,
minimize tech debt, and maximize
portfolio throughput.
The Bonus Dilemma
Two managers,
One Minty each.
If both collaborate,
both win a Minty
If both cheat,
neither wins.
If one ...
The N-Party Iterated Bonus Dilemma
Pairs take 6 turns
each. Negative
scores allowed.
The remaining 50%
play each other
Eac...
Many variations on this greasy pole!
Try “The Evolution of Trust”:
http://ncase.me/trust/
So much for collaboration. What about
Throughput and Tech Debt?
Let’s play PMO Poker …
1919
1919
4
BonusTech Debt
1919
1919
4
BonusTech Debt
4 Managers each with a 20 chip P&L
Shuffle and deal 10 Features to start
• Each feature has 2 c...
1919
1919
4
BonusTech Debt
Tech Debt:
• The red card for each feature you
deliver is added to the tech debt
• At the start...
1919
1919
4
BonusTech Debt
19
4
11
1919
BonusTech Debt
Manager one delivers a feature.
18
4
11
610
BonusTech Debt
The other managers deliver features.
1
4
1
12
BonusTech Debt
Play continues until the end of the release.
14
4
14
1414
BonusTech Debt
60
4
Next release everyone has a new budget but all pay 10% interest on tech debt.
That didn’t work.
Let’s try “Lean Startup”!
(Same game but P&Ls start with the return
from last release – their black card...
That didn’t help either.
Now what?
Throughput Accounting
Open Book Management
and Business Agility
Throughput
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
76
P&L
This time we’ll try Business Agility. We have no winners’ bonuses and just one P&L. We all
...
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
76
P&L
Stream one eliminates features that can’t yield net profit after paying tech debt.
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
73
P&L
… and then immediately analyzes three features ...
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
69
P&L
… yielding three worth delivering.
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
63
P&L
Stream 2 analyzes three new features …
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
63
P&L
… but none are worth delivering after accounting for tech debt.
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
60
P&L
Stream three has better luck …
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
54
P&L
… and gets busy delivering two features.
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
51
P&L
Stream 4 also discovers two features worth delivering …
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
41
P&L
In real life they all do this in parallel.
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
29
P&L
Everyone has done the R&D part of their next turn.
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
20
P&L
And now there’s enough P&L available to eliminate the tech debt …
19
19 4
Bonus
Tech Debt
2
P&L
0
11
11
Before releasing all these features and starting the next release cycle ...
〉eXponential return
〉 Simple design
〉 Continuous throughput
〉 Autonomous teams
〉 Learning: triple-loop
〉 Ecosystems thinki...
… if it uses Business Agility.
A PMO can promote collaboration,
minimize tech debt, and maximize
portfolio throughput …
〉Products are service ecosystems
〉Product return curves are sigmoids
〉Don’t chain the curves; stack them
eXponential
return
〉Design means the elegance of minimum
〉Not look and feel; how the ecosystem works
〉Design, Delivery & Devops work hand-in-...
〉At one time there’s one bottleneck constraint
〉Work on other constraints is premature
〉Because it won’t increase Throughp...
〉Self-organising teams don’t have masters
〉Self-managing streams don’t have owners
〉Leadership as a Service + Chapters & C...
〉Value flow, work flow, and flow of learning
〉Self-organizing transformation: steel threads
〉Continuous Delivery x Continu...
Ecosystems
thinking
〉Ecosystems as networks of mutual benefit
〉Whole board: think globally, act locally
〉Avoiding hill-cli...
X S C A L E
Xmas
Watch out for the
Special!
Coming Soon!
X S C A L E
A l l i a n c e
X S C A L E A l l i a n c e . o r g
L...
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

The Tragedy Of The PMO – XSCALE at the Agile Tour

Game Theory says PMOs can't possibly work. But there's a way – via Throughput Accounting, Open Book Management, and Business Agility. Two quick games show how and why.

  • Identifiez-vous pour voir les commentaires

The Tragedy Of The PMO – XSCALE at the Agile Tour

  1. 1. The Tragedy Of The PMO
  2. 2. Does it? The PMO should promote collaboration, minimize tech debt, and maximize portfolio throughput.
  3. 3. The Bonus Dilemma Two managers, One Minty each. If both collaborate, both win a Minty If both cheat, neither wins. If one cheats, they win the other’s Minty + a bonus 2.
  4. 4. The N-Party Iterated Bonus Dilemma Pairs take 6 turns each. Negative scores allowed. The remaining 50% play each other Each new round, Managers start with one Minty each. After 6 turns, cull the lowest 50% of all managers.
  5. 5. Many variations on this greasy pole! Try “The Evolution of Trust”: http://ncase.me/trust/
  6. 6. So much for collaboration. What about Throughput and Tech Debt? Let’s play PMO Poker …
  7. 7. 1919 1919 4 BonusTech Debt
  8. 8. 1919 1919 4 BonusTech Debt 4 Managers each with a 20 chip P&L Shuffle and deal 10 Features to start • Each feature has 2 cards: • a red card –> feature cost • a black card –> feature return Managers ante one chip each to form a release bonus. • Bonus paid to highest scoring manager at the end of the release Managers take turns delivering one feature each. • A Manager may R&D up to 3 new features a turn @ 1 chip each • A new feature they don’t deliver is available to all other Managers
  9. 9. 1919 1919 4 BonusTech Debt Tech Debt: • The red card for each feature you deliver is added to the tech debt • At the start of the next release every Manager must pay 10% interest on their PMO’s total tech debt • At any time, any Manager can pay off any tech debt card at a cost of 50% its face value. A Release ends when no Manager wishes to spend more P&L • Bonus is paid to the Manager with the highest return. They spend it on a new Ferrari – it doesn’t go to P&L. • Each Manager starts the next release with a 20 chip budget minus the tech interest. Tech debt endures ...
  10. 10. 1919 1919 4 BonusTech Debt
  11. 11. 19 4 11 1919 BonusTech Debt Manager one delivers a feature.
  12. 12. 18 4 11 610 BonusTech Debt The other managers deliver features.
  13. 13. 1 4 1 12 BonusTech Debt Play continues until the end of the release.
  14. 14. 14 4 14 1414 BonusTech Debt 60 4 Next release everyone has a new budget but all pay 10% interest on tech debt.
  15. 15. That didn’t work. Let’s try “Lean Startup”! (Same game but P&Ls start with the return from last release – their black card score)
  16. 16. That didn’t help either. Now what?
  17. 17. Throughput Accounting Open Book Management and Business Agility Throughput
  18. 18. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 76 P&L This time we’ll try Business Agility. We have no winners’ bonuses and just one P&L. We all get a one chip bonus if there’s positive return, and none of us get it if there’s negative return.
  19. 19. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 76 P&L Stream one eliminates features that can’t yield net profit after paying tech debt.
  20. 20. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 73 P&L … and then immediately analyzes three features ...
  21. 21. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 69 P&L … yielding three worth delivering.
  22. 22. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 63 P&L Stream 2 analyzes three new features …
  23. 23. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 63 P&L … but none are worth delivering after accounting for tech debt.
  24. 24. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 60 P&L Stream three has better luck …
  25. 25. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 54 P&L … and gets busy delivering two features.
  26. 26. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 51 P&L Stream 4 also discovers two features worth delivering …
  27. 27. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 41 P&L In real life they all do this in parallel.
  28. 28. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 29 P&L Everyone has done the R&D part of their next turn.
  29. 29. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 20 P&L And now there’s enough P&L available to eliminate the tech debt …
  30. 30. 19 19 4 Bonus Tech Debt 2 P&L 0 11 11 Before releasing all these features and starting the next release cycle ...
  31. 31. 〉eXponential return 〉 Simple design 〉 Continuous throughput 〉 Autonomous teams 〉 Learning: triple-loop 〉 Ecosystems thinking What’s the difference between Agile Organization and some other kind?
  32. 32. … if it uses Business Agility. A PMO can promote collaboration, minimize tech debt, and maximize portfolio throughput …
  33. 33. 〉Products are service ecosystems 〉Product return curves are sigmoids 〉Don’t chain the curves; stack them eXponential return
  34. 34. 〉Design means the elegance of minimum 〉Not look and feel; how the ecosystem works 〉Design, Delivery & Devops work hand-in-glove Simple design BUILDLEARN MEASURE TESTS DATA CODE REFACTOR
  35. 35. 〉At one time there’s one bottleneck constraint 〉Work on other constraints is premature 〉Because it won’t increase Throughput Continuous throughput Throughput
  36. 36. 〉Self-organising teams don’t have masters 〉Self-managing streams don’t have owners 〉Leadership as a Service + Chapters & Councils Autonomous Teams
  37. 37. 〉Value flow, work flow, and flow of learning 〉Self-organizing transformation: steel threads 〉Continuous Delivery x Continuous Adaptation triple loop Learning Learn Build Measure Simplify Portfolio Squad Stream
  38. 38. Ecosystems thinking 〉Ecosystems as networks of mutual benefit 〉Whole board: think globally, act locally 〉Avoiding hill-climbing: iterative and reductive
  39. 39. X S C A L E Xmas Watch out for the Special! Coming Soon! X S C A L E A l l i a n c e X S C A L E A l l i a n c e . o r g Learn Build Measure Simplify Learning Flow Work Flow Value Flow X S C A L E Xmas Watch out for the Special! Coming Soon! X S C A L E A l l i a n c e X S C A L E A l l i a n c e . o r g Learn Build Measure Simplify Learning Flow Work Flow Value Flow

×