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The elements and principles of design

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A general introduction into the elements and principles of design with a focus on textiles and fashion.

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The elements and principles of design

  1. 1. Elements and Principles of Design. Year 9 Textiles and Food Studies
  2. 2. Fashion  Fashion: a general term for a popular style or practice, especially in clothing, footwear, accessories, makeup, body piercing, or furniture. Fashion refers to a distinctive and often habitual trend in the style with which a person dresses, as well as to prevailing styles in behaviour. Fashion also refers to the newest creations of textile designers. Please copy
  3. 3. Textiles  Textiles: a flexible woven material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres often referred to as thread or yarn. Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool, flax, cotton or other material to produce long strands. Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, or pressing fibres together. Please copy
  4. 4. Some food for thought  Interior Design:  http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=what%20is%2 0Interior%20design&qs=n&form=QBVR&pq=what%2 0is%20interior%20design&sc=2-23&sp=- 1&sk=#view=detail&mid=74ACA00D720CE2B7F482 74ACA00D720CE2B7F482  Lessons from the fashion world:  http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=what+is+fashio n&FORM=HDRSC3#view=detail&mid=B997A0D3FD BDD458A4ACB997A0D3FDBDD458A4AC  History of Fashion:  http://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=History+Of+Fa shion&FORM=R5FD2#view=detail&mid=D0C8B7F68 1CC9F3E77DAD0C8B7F681CC9F3E77DA
  5. 5. Designing in the textiles & fashion industry.  Whether it comes to designing a fabric (colours, pattern, texture) for curtains or designing a ball gown, designers within the textiles & fashion industry use their creativity & the elements & principles of design to design their products.
  6. 6. What are the elements and principles of design.  Principles of design are the laws of designing anything! In other words, to have a good design, you should consider these principles for the best design possible.  Elements of design on the other hand are things that are involved within making a design.  The major difference between principles and elements is that principles are rules you have to follow and elements are things that will help you complete those rules for the best project outcome.
  7. 7. The Principles of Design
  8. 8. Principle: Contrast  A difference created when elements are placed next to each other in a work of art.
  9. 9. Principle: Emphasis  When one area in a work of art stands out more than another. The part that catches your attention first.
  10. 10. Principle: Balance  Balance means keeping your design like a pattern and making sure it is even and symmetrical.
  11. 11. Principle: Unity  The feeling of wholeness or the parts belonging together.
  12. 12. Principle: Pattern  Pattern is simply keeping your design in a certain format.
  13. 13. Principle: Movement  Movement is the suggestion or illusion of motion in a painting, sculpture, or design.
  14. 14. Principle: Rhythm  The repetition of lines, shapes, or colors to create a feeling of movement.
  15. 15. The Elements of Design
  16. 16. Element: Colour  Colour is an easy one. Just make sure your design's colour is right for the mood! Also make sure that each section's color matches another section's colour.
  17. 17. Element: Value  Value is the relative darkness or lightness of a color. Just as said in the paragraph above, make sure the colors you put on your design are dark or light enough for the proper mood.
  18. 18. Element: Texture  The feel, real or implied, on an object or its surface.
  19. 19. Element: Shape  Area enclosed when both sides of a line meet. Shapes can be geometric or organic.
  20. 20. Element: Form  Form is a 3-dimensional object having volume and thickness. It is the illusion of a 3- D effect that can be implied with the use of light and shading techniques. Form can be viewed from many angles.
  21. 21. Element: Space  Space means leaving some blank areas.
  22. 22. Element: Line  Strokes that show motion and connect two points. May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal, curved, straight, zigzag, or show emotion.