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Year 9 Textiles and Food Studies
Fashion: a general term for a popular style
or practice, especially in clothing, footwear,
accessories, makeup, body piercing, or
furniture. Fashion refers to a distinctive and
often habitual trend in the style with which a
person dresses, as well as to prevailing
styles in behaviour. Fashion also refers to
the newest creations of textile designers.
Textiles: a flexible woven material
consisting of a network of natural or artificial
fibres often referred to as thread or yarn.
Yarn is produced by spinning raw fibres of
wool, flax, cotton or other material to
produce long strands. Textiles are formed by
weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, or
pressing fibres together.
Some food for thought
Lessons from the fashion world:
History of Fashion:
Designing in the textiles &
Whether it comes to designing a fabric
(colours, pattern, texture) for curtains or
designing a ball gown, designers within the
textiles & fashion industry use their creativity
& the elements & principles of design to
design their products.
What are the elements and
principles of design.
Principles of design are the laws of
designing anything! In other words, to have
a good design, you should consider these
principles for the best design possible.
Elements of design on the other hand are
things that are involved within making a
The major difference between principles and
elements is that principles are rules you
have to follow and elements are things that
will help you complete those rules for the
best project outcome.
Colour is an easy one. Just make sure your
design's colour is right for the mood! Also
make sure that each section's color matches
another section's colour.
Value is the relative darkness or lightness of
a color. Just as said in the paragraph above,
make sure the colors you put on your design
are dark or light enough for the proper
The feel, real or implied, on an object or its
Area enclosed when both sides of a line
meet. Shapes can be geometric or organic.
Form is a 3-dimensional object having
volume and thickness. It is the illusion of a 3-
D effect that can be implied with the use of
light and shading techniques. Form can be
viewed from many angles.
Space means leaving some blank areas.
Strokes that show motion and connect two
points. May be vertical, horizontal or
diagonal, curved, straight, zigzag, or show