Rural development is the process of improving the
quality of life and economic well-being of people living
in rural areas, often relatively isolated and sparsely
populated areas. Rural development has traditionally
centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural
resources such as agriculture and forestry.
Rural development means an action plan for the economic and social
M e a n i n g o f R u r a l
D e v e l o p m e n t
rural areas. It aims at improving the quality of life of people living in rural
areas. It focuses on the action for the development of areas that are
lagging behind in the overall development of the rural economy.
I m p o r t a n t o f R u r a l
D e v e l o p m e n t
The main objective of the rural development programme is to
raise the economic and social level of the rural people. Rural
development implies both the economic betterment of people as well
as greater social transformation.
F A T H E R O F
R U R A L
D E V E L O P M E N T
Surendra Ku m a r Dey, (Sep.
13th, 1906 - May 24, 1989) was
Panchyati Raj. Mr. Dey
as the m a n
first Union Cabinet
for Cooperation and
Most important scheme for rural development
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee
Act (MGNREGA) 2005: The scheme was introduced as a
social measure that guarantees “the right to work
The Ministry's main objective is to
alleviate rural poverty and ensure
improved quality of life for the
rural population especially those
below the poverty line.
The Ministry's main objective
is to alleviate rural poverty
and ensure improved quality
of life for the rural population
especially those below the
Features of Rural
2.Public health and Sanitation.
3 . W o m e n empowerment.
4.Infrastructure development (electricity,
5.Facilities for agriculture extension and
6.Availability of credit.
Development of humanresources.
Measures for poverty alleviation.
Development of infrastructure.
Sustainable development based on three basic pillars
(social, economic, and environmental) could not be
achieved without the proper education of the rural
Pillers of Rural Development
Based on the progressive changes in the approach, the
methodologies evolved for rural development planning can be
described under three categories – Growth Centre Approach,
Area Development Approach and Integrated Development
Method of Rural Planning