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Presentation done on subject of BEV ( Battery Operated Electrical Vehicles) at ARAI ( Automobile Research Association Of India ,Pune) on 4 Th December .2019

Presentation done on subject of BEV ( Battery Operated Electrical Vehicles) at ARAI ( Automobile Research Association Of India ,Pune) on 4 Th December .2019


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BEV ( Battery Operated Electric Vehicles) PPT

  1. 1. Electric Vehicles Introduction, Basics, Working & Advancements ORGANISED BY “ARAI “ Automotive Research Association of India Research Institute of the Automotive Industry with the Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Govt. of India Presented By Pranav Mistry Date -4 Th December 2019 Time – 10-30 am to 12-15 pm
  2. 2. Index 1) Self Introduction 2)Goal of Today Lecture/Motive to Develop BEV 3)Key Drivers for EV/Executive Summary of BEV with Photos 4)Question -1 5)Advantage of Switching from ICE to BEV 6) Business Opportunities in EV Sector 7)Question No.-2 9) Types Of Motors Used in BEV 10)Question No-3 11) Innovation in BEV 12) Appreciations received in BEV sectors from prominent Auto Companies 13) Potential in EV Sector/Challenges in EV sector 14) Latest Developments in BEV Sectors world Wide( Photos/Video's ) 15) Battery Types & Latest Technology 16) Question No -4 17)Conversion of Fossil Fueled vehicle to BEV 18)Question No-5 19)CSP ( Concentrated Solar Plant)Innovation 20)Future of EV in India 21) Q & A followed by Thanks Note
  3. 3. Professional Details -Passed SSC from M.M. Pupils School ,Khar,Mumbai with 82 % , 1984 -Passed HSC Technical from Fr. Agnel Technical Institute ,Mumbai 1986 -Passed LME ( Mechanical Engineering) throughout first class from VJTI in year 1989.VJTI being one of the Best Engineering autonomous institutes in India. -Have 25 Years of experience in various industries like , Consumer ,Auto, Glass, Metal, Environment & Energy . -Skilled in AutoCAD, 3 D design Like Solid Works, Inventor, ANSYS with excellent know how of FEA & CFD for fatigue /Stress/Stain etc. analysis -Have developed many equipment's/machines/Products indigenously from scratch & by Reverse Engineering Skilled in making Animations, Walk thru & presentations for Green field & brown field projects .AR /VR concept is used for presentations -E marketing & new business Development expert to improve Top/Bottom lines .Innovated many products & process like BAF,BEV,SPM
  4. 4. Goal Of Today’s Session
  5. 5. Key Drivers for EV Growth
  6. 6. EXECUTIVE REPORT ON ELECTRIC VEHICLES An Electric Vehicle, also called an EV, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion. An electric vehicle may be powered through a collector system by electricity from off-vehicle sources, or may be self-contained with a battery, solar panels or an electric generator to convert fuel to electricity.[EVs include, but are not limited to, road and rail vehicles, surface( Drones) and underwater vessels, electric aircraft and electric spacecraft. EVs first came into existence in the mid-19th century, when electricity was among the preferred methods for motor vehicle propulsion, providing a level of comfort and ease of operation that could not be achieved by the gasoline cars of the time. Modern internal combustion engines have been the dominant propulsion method for motor vehicles for almost 100 years, but electric power has remained commonplace in other vehicle types, such as trains and smaller vehicles of all types. In the 21st century, EVs saw resurgence due to technological developments, and an increased focus on renewable energy. A great deal of demand for electric vehicles developed and a small core of do-it-yourself (DIY) engineers began sharing technical details for doing electric vehicle conversions. Electric vehicles are expected to increase from 2% of global share in 2016 to 22% in 2030.
  7. 7. Question No -1 What is the saving ( Billion $) to India on Oil import if all fossil fueled vehicles are converted into EV by year 2030 ?
  8. 8. Advantages of switching to BEV from IC engine If successful, the shift to electric vehicles could potentially help India save up to $300 Bn (INR 20 Lakh Cr) in oil imports and nearly 1 Gigaton of carbon dioxide emissions by 2030, as per a recent report by FICCI. The overall electric vehicle market for storage in India is likely to be 4.7 GW in 2022. Over 50% of the market in 2022 will be driven by e-rickshaw batteries • Need to counter air pollution coupled with rising fuel prices in India provides for booming business case for establishing a robust EV market • Favorable policy interface such as FAME I and FAME II and pushing the adaptation of EVs through embellished incentives for end users • Smart cities and smart grid is promoted which are both the right enablers for developing a robust EV Market growth in India • Changing charging infrastructure industry structure in India with many global majors planning to enter the market which shall open up scores of opportunity for value chain players with increasing FDI • PSU’s and many local private sector giants also have envisaged to enter this business segment which is promising for India. Further, with the likes of NTPC, Tata Power, BHEL & Fortum India the growth shall be faster than anticipated
  9. 9. ADVANTAGES OF USING ELECTRIC VEHICLES A. Cheaper to operate EVs is cheaper to operate since they have high efficiencies and fuel economies thereby reduce cost for the owner. The electricity to charge an EV is about one third as much per kilometer to purchase fuel for vehicle B. Cheaper to maintain BEVs have less moving parts than those had by conventional combustion engine vehicles. There is less servicing and no expensive systems such as fuel injection and exhaust systems, which are not needed in an EV. PHEVs have petrol engine and need servicing hence costing more than BEVs but they also have an electric propulsion system, which requires less moving parts leading to less depletion of petrol engine parts . C. Environment Friendly EVs are less polluting, as they have zero exhaust emissions .If you opt to use renewable energy to charge your EV, you can reduce green house gas emissions even more. Some EVs are made of eco-friendly materials such as the Ford Focus Electric, which is made of recycled and bio based materials and the Nissan Leaf, which is partly made of recycled plastic bottles, old car parts and second hand appliances D. Health Benefits The reduced harmful emissions will lead to better air quality, which is good for our health. EVs are also produce much less noise compared to petrol/diesel-based vehicles From the first electric car developed in 1837 till the present times, we have witnessed massive advancements, notably in terms of technology but also in the people’s attitude towards the environmental impact of cars and other mobility solutions.
  10. 10. Electric Vehicles Business Ideas & Opportunities for Indian Entrepreneurs -Production of Electric Cars, Scooters, Bikes, Cycles etc *** -Electric Vehicle Charging Station, Ports, Spares ***** -Production of Spare Parts for Electric Cars, Scooters, Bikes, -Electric Car Repair and Servicing Garage -Electric Car Sales Garage/Electric Car Dealership Shop -Electric Car Tracker Installation -Sale of Electric Car Customized Insurance Policy Cover -Sale of Electric Car Spare Parts*** -Production of Batteries for Electric Cars**** -Electric Car Battery Sales/Service Shop -Run a Fast Charging Center for Electric Vehicles *** -Conversion of ICE Vehicles to BEV ****** ( Continued …2)
  11. 11. -Refurbishing and Recycling of Electric Car Batteries -Online Electric Car Sale Business -Online Electric Car Spare Parts Shop **** -Production of Diagnostic Equipment for Electric Cars -Run an Electric Car Diagnostic Center( Mobile or Stationary) -Developing Software Apps for Electric Cars*** -Mfg./Installing Home Solar Systems with EV Chargers***** -Start Blogging on Electric Cars Related Topics -Start an Electric Car Related Television /Radio Program -Become an Electric Vehicle Consultant/Trainer***** -Start an Electric Car Magazine Business -Organize Electric Car Expos -Organize Electric Car Racing Competition -Mfg./Supply of Portable Electric Car Power Banks*****
  12. 12. Question No-2 Which is the best Motor Technology used for BEV?
  13. 13. TYPES OF MOTORS USED IN EVS AND WHY BLDC MOTORS ARE WIDELY USED There are many but mainly five different types of electric motors which are being used in current and upcoming EVs: BLDC Motors. Different Types of Electric Motors • Brushless DC Motor(BLDCM), • Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor(PMSM), • AC Induction Motor(ACIM), • Interior Permanent Magnet Motor(IPMM), • Permanent Magnet Switched Reluctance Motor (PMSRM).
  14. 14. 1. BLDC Motors (BLDCM) Brushless DC Motor(BLDCM) are being used in most of the lightweight 2 Wheeler & 3 Wheeler EVs like Electric Scooters and Electric Motorcycles. For example in Electric Scooters: •Ather Energy Scooters, •Upcoming TVS Creon, •22Motors, Hero Electric, •Niu Electric Scooters, •Yamaha EC-03, etc. For example in Electric Motorcycles: •Tork Motors, •eMotion Motors, •Menza Motors, •Chinese Evoke Motorcycles etc. In all e-Rickshaws & eAuto Rickshaws
  15. 15. Why BLDC Motors is used in EVs. 1. In comparison to ACIMs, BLDCMs are expensive to manufacture but are very efficient (85-90%), lighter in weight, compact in size & Simpler to control the speed and reverse function than the ACIMs. 2. For China, it has become easy to produce BLDCMs in huge numbers. Currently, China is producing Low, Medium and High Powered BLDC Motors for EVs in huge numbers and supplying all over the world. 3. Motors like PMSMs and IPMMs are much better (in efficiency with no torque ripple & less noise) than BLDC but they are more expensive to manufacture. So due to more availability and good performance BLDC Motors are being used in almost every light vehicle.
  16. 16. Cost of BLDC Motors in India Generally, most of the BLDC Motors are imported from China. As per my experience from my extensive research on the cost of BLDC Motors (with different power rating), the cost of 900w BLDC starts from Rs.2200 and for 1kW starts from Rs.2400. And for 1.5kW, 2.5kW, 3kW, 4kW and so on, I do not have the exact rates because from every sell at a different rate. Currently, the cost of BLDC Motors and its Controllers are high in our country because most are imported from China. China is producing most of the BLDC Motors of different power rating in large quantities. So the cost is not so expensive inside the Chinese market for Chinese people.
  17. 17. Alternative to BLDC Motor AC Induction Motor (ACIM), Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor(PMSM), Interior Permanent Magnet Motor(IPMM), these three are the alternatives to BLDC Motor. Many EV Manufacturers are using PMSM & IPM Motors, but they are not widely available for individual customers to use as conversion kits or for other purposes but BLDC Motors are widely available for conversion of the existing ICE Vehicles into Electric.
  18. 18. 2. PMSMs Types of Motors used in EVs – PMSMs Motor Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) is also being used by many EV Manufacturers for their High-Performance Electric Motorcycle, Electric Cars and Electric Buses. For example in Electric Motorcycle: •Energica Motors, •Brammo Empulse R For example in Electric Cars: •Chevy Bolt EV, •Nissan Leaf EV, •Upcoming Hypercar Pininfarina Battista 0-100kmph in <2Sec For example in Electric Buses •TATA Ultra Urban 6/9 & 6/12
  19. 19. 3. IPM Motors (IPMM) Types of Motors used in EVs – IPM Motor Interior Permanent Magnet Motor (IPMM) is also being used by some 2 Wheeler EV Manufacturers for their High-Performance Electric Motorcycle. For Example: •Zero Motorcycles(Model S/SR, DS/DSR, FX, FXS, ‘SR/F’), •Lightning Motorcycles (Model LS-218).
  20. 20. 4. ACI Motors (ACIM) Types of Motors used in EVs – AC Induction Motor AC Induction Motor (ACIM) is also being used by some EV Manufacturers in 2 Wheeler and 4 Wheeler. For example in 2 Wheeler: •Emflux Motors-Emflux One For example in 4 Wheeler: •Tesla Roadster 2008, •Tesla Model S, •Tesla Model X, •Mahindra e-Verito, •Mahindra e2o, •Mahindra e-Supro, •TATA Tigor, •TATA Tiago.
  21. 21. 5. PMSRM Permanent Magnet Switched Reluctance Motor (PMSRM) is used in Tesla Model 3.
  22. 22. Question No-3 What is definition of Disruptive Innovation
  23. 23. Introduction to Innovation • Have Innovated Battery Operated Vehicles (BEV) concept & working on this topic for last 21 years • Need for BEV was felt as found during my development work in Auto sector that Fossil Fueled vehicles with IC Engine are the most polluting ,Less efficient and High in maintenance. • Inspiration came from BEV concept seen in books and magazines during year 1998 • Developed preliminary concept design and did all relevant calculations to make it viable . • Prototype was planned with help of Auto MNC’s & Indian companies in year 2006 • “ My Design of BEV can run for 500 to 600 Kms per charge with highest ever efficiency , low running cost, Faster charging in 20 Minutes and Low maintenance “ 12/9/2019
  24. 24. Innovation Idea -1 Presently battery is mounted separately in car, which adds up to its weight. -My design of battery is a part of chassis & body ,also doors & other items of cars which can be converted to battery .Whole structure of vehicle is converted into modular battery pack. -We have to redesign battery in round, square or rectangle shapes which can be stuffed in structure of BEV which forms it fabrication . -Charge to weight ratio of design increases because of this innovative idea. -Car with an weight of 1 ton will run for 450 to 600 miles /charge as per my initial calculations. I am enclosing Module of battery made by Panasonic company specially in the Prismatic module which can fit in hollow section of car -Main battery storage will be in Chassis - 60 %, Top frame with hood - 20 %, Other section joining - 20 % -You will find that all batteries connected in series will hold power for running car weighing 1 Ton to 400 to 500 Kms per charge
  25. 25. Israeli startup REE , unveil the new prototype for its proposed flat and modular chassis for vehicles in which the motor, steering, suspension, drivetrain, sensing, brakes, thermal systems, and electronics are all integrated into the vehicle’s wheels.
  26. 26. Innovation Idea -2 Extra power can be generated by all four suspensions power generator designed by German company to use suspension energy to electricity (mailed details Of supplier) http://www.interpatent.de/unsere_innovationen_strom_aus_der_federung_en.html Kontakt zu unsSie erreichen uns unter folgender Adresse:Intertronic Gresser GmbH Eichendorffstraße 4,D-97072 Würzburg Germany Tel.: +49 (0) 9 31 / 57 32 57 Fax: +49 (0) 9 31 / 57 32 59 E-Mail: info@intertronic-gresser.de (http://www.interpatent.de/unsere_innovationen_strom_aus_der_federung_en.html), ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- New Indigenous Design of suspension based Charging Link - https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1wbvL5Cqpu4HDN7YksrUu50fz7Yy6EOGh
  27. 27. Innovation Idea -3 Top hood of car to have flexi solar panel available at affordable rates Can be just fixed on hood to generate 100 to 200 Watts extra power But the new Idea will cover whole surface of vehicle & to get extra Kms/charge --------------------------------------------------- Further Innovation to reach 1000 Kms/charge or no charger Link - https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1wbvL5Cqpu4HDN7YksrUu50fz7Yy6EOGh
  28. 28. Toyota tests car covered in solar panels to make charging stations redundant
  29. 29. Innovation Idea -4 Regenerative braking is know technology now to BEV manufacturer and should be part of design to have extra mileage for BEV Combined of all this generated & regenerated power will beat all designs available world wide My design estimate for various BEV’s is as under a)Cycles & Bike – Can reach upto 200 to 250 Km/charge b)Rickshaw – can reach upto 300 Km/charge c)Cars – Can reach upto 400-500 Km/charge
  30. 30. Innovation Idea -5 Fast charging is latest concept in BEV ,where all BEV manufacturers are offering 80 % charge of battery in 15 Minutes time .If this is included it will be big boost for people to go for BEV rather than worrying about battery going down. In a day person with its full capacity can travel 500 Kms in one go & he needs to take rest for 15 to 20 minutes ,where this fast charging will be best suited without compromising on charging time/Battery life & overheating
  31. 31. Appreciations Received on my Innovation in BEV since 2009
  32. 32. Appreciation from US MNC Appreciation by leading Electric Car manufacturer in USA "Dear Pranav, I appreciate you taking the time to reach out to me about your battery idea. At Volkswagen of America, we understand that innovation breeds success. I think that your efficient battery investigation sounds fantastic, I have documented your comments in our system. Thank you for allowing me to respond to your inquiry, and I wish you the best of luck in all of your endeavors. I respect your ideas on preserving our beautiful planet for future generations, and the fact that you are so dedicated to sharing your concepts with the world shows me that you are a great person. I appreciate your time, and if you have any questions or concerns down the road whatsoever, I’m more than willing to work with you. " Sincerely, Justin N. Customer CARE Advocate
  33. 33. Potential in EV Sector EV share in market & Demand increase with cost reduction 1. EV shares have increased globally and this has spurred numerous innovations in EV related technologies. For example, battery technologies are expected to undergo major transitions which will bring down costs and increase energy density. 2. Electric two and four wheelers with driving ranges and other characteristics comparable to conventional vehicles are available even today however costs and charging times are high. 3. Transport demand is expected to increase significantly in future. Two-wheelers will continue to remain the mode of choice in 2035. The share of four wheelers will increase significantly. 4. Electric two wheelers with low costs and limited driving range are suited for intra city driving since the trip lengths are shorter. 5. Large scale penetration of EVs will require both demand side incentives (e.g., tax incentives) and improved infrastructures.
  34. 34. 6. Higher EV penetration will result in an increase in electricity demand however the demand is not very significant and does not require major capacity additions within the electricity sector and nor will it necessitate a major reordering of electricity supply. 7. Higher penetration of EVs provides benefits of energy security which become significant from 2025 onwards. This is due to a shift away from oil and a reduction in demand for final energy. 8. EVs also result in air quality benefits in the short term. In the low carbon scenario, where the EV penetration is highest, the emissions of PM 2.5 fall below half of the current levels by 2035. 9. EVs offer the opportunity to act as a distributed storage in the urban energy system which could help in better integration of intermittent renewable like wind and solar. Finally, the substantial uptake and adoption of electric vehicles depends on global technological advances, awareness of citizens and support from national and local governments. The role of national governments is significant - in setting standards and regulations for charging infrastructures (devices and batteries), providing incentives for vehicles, investment into grids and charging infrastructures of batteries. The government can support research on innovative models for battery and vehicle technology, improving availability of charged batteries, recycling and reuse of batteries, using EVs for improving energy access, renewable integration, efficient pricing of electricity.
  35. 35. CHALLENGES FACED BEV industries in India Charging infrastructure Charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in India has not been fully developed yet. There have been initiatives to set up community charging stations, as in the case of Plugin India facilitated charging stations. News reports have indicated about plans to provide solar-powered charging points at the existing fuel stations of the country. Charging infrastructure, mainly setting up of level 2 charging at public level shall be the toughest challenge in terms of service integration for India. For normal charging, the charging time poses a serious problem as it ranges from 6 to 8 hours whereas for fast DC charging; cost & high renewable energy are the biggest factors which could pose a problem. It is also assumed that 10% of the charging infrastructure required in India shall be composed of fast charging station and rest 90% shall come from level 2 public charging setups. On 22 May 2018 Ather Energy launched its charging infrastructure service in Bangalore called Ather Grid, with each charging station called 'Point'. The service is open to all electric vehicles but has been deployed where Ather plans to launch its own electric scooter.
  36. 36. The following companies are involved in setting up EV charging stations in India • Ather Grid • Exicom • Delta Electronics • ABB • Fortum India • Magenta Power • Zevpoint e-mobility • Midgard Electric • EESL • EV Motors Cost of EV’s The cost of EV’s is very high mainly due to the cost of Li-ion cells. The battery packs are imported and cost a lot, about $275/KWh in India. This combined with the GST of 28% and the lack of lithium in India, further increase the cost of batteries. Most EV’s in India provide a range of 110 km and cost between ₹ 6-8 lakhs which doesn't give any cost advantage compared to higher range cars in the same price range.
  37. 37. Lack of Renewable Energy and grid infrastructure In India electricity is mainly produced by burning coal, which produces a great amount of greenhouse emissions. With the introduction of EV’s and Charging Infrastructure, the electricity demand will go up a lot and the whole point of introducing EV’s to reduce GHG ( Green House Gas )emissions would be ineffective, if all this electricity was produced by burning coal. Moreover, India’s Distribution companies hold debts and are unable to suffice the energy requirement of the whole country adequately. If we were to bring in EV’s into this equation, the sudden increase in electricity requirement would put extra load on these companies. Moreover, there are a lot of factors that would go into deciding pricing of the electricity as well the demand on the grid.
  38. 38. Reasons for the Shift to Clean Mobility -Air Quality Indices related to India indicate that the air in many cities of India is no longer healthy. Automobile related pollution has been one of the causes for this. -Aspects related to global warming needs a shift to automobile solutions that reduces/ do not produce greenhouse gas emissions. -The need to reduce dependency on a fossil-fuel based economy. India's crude oil imports for 2014-15 was 112 billion dollars (approximately 7,00,000 crore rupees). For comparison, the allocation for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, in budget 2017- 18, is 48,000 crore rupees. -India can become a global provider for clean mobility solutions and processes that are affordable and scalable. - Some of the Indian cities have the worst noise pollution levels in the world. Electric vehicles may contribute to a reduction in noise pollution levels in the cities.
  39. 39. GOVERNMENT OF INDIA INITIATIVES The Government started Faster Adoption & Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles (FAME) scheme which provides incentives for purchasing electric vehicles. Government is releasing tenders to increase charging infrastructure in the country. Karnataka approved Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage Policy 2017. The vehicle is covered under Government of India's FAME- India (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles) scheme that offers incentives to the electric and hybrid vehicles ranging from Rs.1,800 to Rs.29,000 for scooters and motorcycles and Rs.1.38 Lac for cars. FAME is a part of National Electric Mobility Mission Plan by Government of India.
  40. 40. EV sales in India Segment FY2019 FY2018 e-2-wheelers 1,26,000 54,800 e-3-wheelers 6,30,000 NA e-4-wheelers 3,600 1,200 TOTAL 7,59,000 56,000 INDIA EV MARKET STUDY WITH- MARKET POTENTIAL EV sales in India cross 7.5 lakh mark in FY2019 In FY2019, total EV sales in India crossed the 7,50,000-units mark and reached a total of 7,59,600 units (see sales table below). This includes electric two-wheelers (1,26,000), electric three-wheelers (6,30,000) and electric passenger vehicles (3,600), which translates into electric two-wheelers witnessing triple-digit growth (130 percent) year-on-year (YoY).
  41. 41. Electric vehicle Sales in India to Double-Digit Growth Till 2024 India electric vehicle market is expected to expand at a COMPOUND ANNUAL GROWTH RATE (CAGR) OF 38.1% OVER THE FORECAST PERIOD I.E. 2016-2024. The forecast of the India electric vehicles market is entirely based on the automotive industry and factors that are driving the electric vehicle industry such as favorable government initiatives, significant behavioral changes in the Indian market and its increasing adoption. The Indian automotive industry is one of the major growing markets of the world, and vastly contributes in the country’s industrialized facilities. The automobile industry in India is further projected to upsurge the share of manufacturing in India’s GDP to 25% by 2024 from 15% presently, with manufacturing of electric vehicles being automotive sensation in India.
  42. 42. GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES The Government of India encourages foreign investment in the automobile sector and allows 100 per cent FDI under the automatic route. Some of the recent initiatives taken by the Government of India are - • The government aims to develop India as a global manufacturing centre and an R&D hub. • Under NATRiP, (National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project) • the Government of India is planning to set up R&D centers at a total cost of US$ 388.5 million to enable the industry to be on par with global standards • The Ministry of Heavy Industries, Government of India has shortlisted 11 cities in the country for introduction of electric vehicles (EVs) in their public transport systems under the FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles in India) scheme. The government will also set up incubation centre for start-ups working in electric vehicles space. • In February 2019, the Government of India approved the FAME-II scheme with a fund requirement of Rs 10,000 crore (US$ 1.39 billion) for FY20-22.
  43. 43. ACHIEVEMENTS Following are the achievements of the government in the past four years: • Number of vehicles supported under FAME scheme increased from 5,197 in June 2015 to 192,451 in March 2018. During 2017-18, 47,912 two-wheelers, 2,202 three- wheelers, 185 four-wheelers and 10 light commercial vehicles were supported under FAME scheme. • Under National Automotive Testing And R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRIP), following testing and research centres have been established in India since 2015 o International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), Manesar o National Institute for Automotive Inspection, Maintenance & Training (NIAIMT), Silchar o National Automotive Testing Tracks (NATRAX), Indore o Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI), Pune o Global Automotive Research Centre (GARC), Chennai • SAMARTH Udyog – Industry 4.0 centres: ‘Demo cum experience’ centres are being set up in the country for promoting smart and advanced manufacturing helping SMEs to implement Industry 4.0 (automation and data exchange in manufacturing technology).
  44. 44. Its time for India to opt for EV’s/Reasons for slow growth Electric Vehicles are growing everywhere; the transition from the internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles or fuel based vehicles to electric is taking place slowly but steadily around the world. The mass adoption of electric vehicles is been done mainly in developed countries. If we notice the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) is not that easy. It is a big challenge that almost all countries are taking. Talking particularly about India is witnessing the electric mobility revolution. With the aim to reduce the carbon emissions and to take an opportunity for economic growth. Recently national budget has seen India making an investment into EVs of $US 1.2 Billion. All OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturers) announcing the launch of new electric vehicles models. The Indian government is also a huge support for EVs, its bringing in many initiatives and through FAME II scheme it is providing subsidies to promote and encourage the use of electric vehicles. The need to transform to the electric mobility needs a collaborative approach to accelerate large scale adoption of electric mobility. India needs to identify the opportunities and challenges can be the first step in the process of transformation.
  45. 45. What Is The Reason For The Slow Groth Of EV In India The Electric vehicles sales in 2017-2018, both two and four- wheelers, According to the SIAM, SMEV data, the sales of EVs in 2017-2018, both two and four-wheelers is less than 0.3% of the total new vehicles in India. As per the FAME II, the EVs sales target is 1.5 million EV sales by 2022, then the share will be only 2%. If the growth number goes like this, then how the country will achieve its goal of 30% electric vehicles by 2030. India ranks at the 4th position in the automotive industry. The sales of ICE cars alone accounts About 3.4 million registered in India between January and December 2018. The Sales are increasing to 9.5 percent every year to 4.02 million units excluding the two-wheelers in 2017 whereas Global sales of passenger cars are forecast to hit 78.6 million vehicles in 2017.
  46. 46. EVS-REASONS FOR SLOW GROWTH The first and foremost reason is the price of an EV The EVs have high purchase price when compared to ICE vehicles. An electric vehicle costs you between 1.5x to 2.5x of the ICE equivalent model. Charging anxiety The lack of charging infrastructures in India, there are many EV charging infrastructure launch or installations going around in India but are they into operations? No.
  47. 47. No incentives No incentives are provided to four-wheeler (for personal use), as mentioned before the sales number of ICE cars is huge. This was about four-wheelers; the two-wheelers and three-wheelers makers must make use of the incentives provided by the government. Recently, the NITI Aayog made a proposal to transform the ICE two- wheelers and three-wheelers to 100% electric vehicles (EVs). The three- wheelers by 2023 and two-wheelers by 2025. To this proposal, the big and leading manufacturers such as Hero, TVS, Bajaj and Hondaopposed the NITI Aayog’s EV transition decision. Instead of making excuses, they would have accepted the transition and cooperated with the government’s move. Its time for India to get out of that dirty pollution caused by the vehicles since ages. There are many reasons for the slow growth of EVs in India, but here just three major EVs-Reasons are mentioned for slow growth.
  48. 48. Budge2019 from SMEV The government’s think-tank Wishlist NITI Aayog announced the transition to complete EVs for three-wheelers by 2023 and two-wheelers by 2025 with an engine less than 150cc. As per the deadline it has asked the roadmap for EVs to the manufacturers. The budget is proposed on July 5th, the Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles(SMEV) expected something from Nirmala Sitharaman, current Finance Minister. Budget wishlist 2019 from SMEV According to Zee business, The Budget wish list 2019 from SMEV Director General, Sohinder Gill . Priority Lending For the robust ecosystem of electric vehicles and to boost to the commercial segment, the government could make EVs in the priority lending sector. so that customers get relief for those who want to start commercial EV operations.
  49. 49. Green Cess SMEV supports the implementation of notional green cess on polluting vehicles and to make use of EVs. This fund can be used for the incentives to the customers so that customers can get electric two-wheelers at the price of the petrol two-wheelers. Rationalization of Corporate tax and Income tax Rationalization of taxes can play an important role, to encourage industries and customers to use electric vehicles. The government could relaxation of taxes for a specific period to electric vehicles users who are contributing their part to save the environment.
  50. 50. GOVT REFUSED TO EXTEND THE DEADLINE FOR 2 & 3 WHEELERS Govt. had refused to extend the deadline it has given to two- and three-wheelers for running on batteries. The deadline given by the government for three- wheelers is 2023 and for two-wheelers having up to a 150-cc engine is 2025. Industry executives who attended a high-powered meeting said that the NITI Aayog had refused to extend the deadline and asked them to submit a road map on the proposal of transition in two weeks. A senior official said that they gave them enough time of 6 years to complete the roll-out of the electric 2-wheeler.
  51. 51. Riversimple team -Our cars weigh just 630kg with carbonfibre chassis core that weighs just 40kg! Light weight = low PM pollution and increased efficiencies.
  52. 52. Lucas Di Grassi - Formula E & Roborace,(Monaco area, Brazil) fully solar powered for 100 Km range & no charger on board ,Low cost solution for urben mobility by BEV ( Battery Operated Vehicles)
  53. 53. Aptera Is Back! New, Improved Electric Car Will Have 1,000 Mile Range, Powered by Solar flexi cells on surface .No charger onboard
  54. 54. APETRA BEV - 3 D View
  55. 55. JCB charges ahead with 'historic' electric digger
  56. 56. Electric-powered regional flights 'could be taking off by 2030
  57. 57. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8LbEvfIkAQA Video of some latest Innovation In BEV ‘s
  58. 58. https://youtu.be/KcbuOBc36mo( 3 D Printed Car in 3 days)
  59. 59. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xW6bTE0XdWI
  60. 60. https://www.planetsolar.swiss/premiere-mondiale/videos/
  61. 61. 10 Latest Technology in Battery for BEV
  62. 62. STORE DOT ( Israel )
  63. 63. Samsung Graphene Battery
  64. 64. AVEVAI from Singapore -Hybrid battery with highest energy density and charges within 20 seconds An incredible high-performance battery technology is claimed to have been success
  65. 65. Question No-4 Who are 3 Nobel prize winners in field of Chemistry in mainly development of Li-Ion Battery(2019) ----------------------------------------------- Even One correct name & his country of origin would win prize
  66. 66. Nobel Prize Winner for year 2019 John Good Enough – Age 97 years , is an American professor of Material science at the university of Texas at Austin in USA.He is the oldest person to receive Nobel prize . 2-M Stanley Whittingham, Age-77 Is a British –American professor of Chemistry at Birmingham University in USA 3-Akira Yoshino,Age-71, Is Japanese professor at the meijo University & a fellow at the Ashahi Kasei corporation ,a chemicals company ,In Japan
  67. 67. ( Converting Fossil Fueled Car to BEV) Removal Of components from Petrol Car - Engine -Starter motor -Gear shifter -Clutch & flywheel -Alternator -Fuel tank & lines -Air filter -Exhaust system, pipes, muffler, lambda sensor, catalytic converter -Mechanical pumps & belts
  68. 68. Installing of EV Parts -Adapter plate & coupling for HP Version (between motor & transmission) -Liquid cooled AC Induction motor & controller / inverter -Batteries & Battery Management System (charging, cell balancing, temperature control & alarm, over charge & over discharge) -Fluid (Immersion )Heater / Ceramic Heater , Vacuum pump (to supply vacuum to the brake booster) -Circulation pumps (for cabin heating, E motor & inverter cooling) -Battery Monitoring; CAN Display / E Meters (SOH, SOC, A, V, Ah, ...) -Battery charger (on board, 1phase, optional 3phase) -DC-DC Converter (high Voltage input Switched Power Supply) -Potentiometer or Hall sensor box (signal from gas throttle to inverter) -Relays, main contactor, emergency disconnects, ground fault interrupter -Aluminium wheels and low rolling resistance tires
  69. 69. Question No-5 What is the Efficiency of IC Engine/BEV ?
  70. 70. Answer Diesel engines up to 35% in best point, gasoline engine up to 30% in best point. In real life use, averaged about 25% for drivetrains with Diesel and about 20% for those with gasoline engine --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- EVs have several advantages over conventional ICE vehicles: Energy efficient. EVs convert about 79%–82% of the electrical energy from the grid to power at the wheels.
  71. 71. Efficiency Chart of IC Engine
  72. 72. Innovation on Converting Thermal Plan to CSP ( Concentarted Solar Plants)
  73. 73. Appreciation from PM Office & Director Solar for CSP Innovation Acknowledgment & Appreciation reply by Prime Misters office & Director R & D Solar from New Delhi on subject of Converting existing Coal Based Power Plan to CSP ( Concentrated Solar Plants ) Sir, With reference to your Suggestion Reg. No. PMOPG/E/2018/0408979 reg. dated 28 August, 2018. Your suggestions have been noted and appreciated by the Ministry. - (I.P. Singh) Director-R&D Solar Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Block-14, C.G.O.Complex, Lodi Road, New Delhi - 110003. Telephone/Fax: 011-24368902
  74. 74. Typical Diagram of Coal Power Plant
  75. 75. CSP Plant success fully running at China Specs- 50 MW,4500 Mirrors, 50000 home to be charged by power , Height 19om, Diameter of solar PV -2 Kms
  76. 76. FUTURE OF EV IN INDIA Electric vehicle industry in India. India unveiled 'National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020' in 2013 to address the issues of National energy security, vehicular pollution and growth of domestic manufacturing capabilities. Reiterating its commitment to the Paris Agreement, the Government of India has plans to make a major shift to electric vehicles by 2030. E-commerce companies, Indian car manufacturers like Reva Electric Car Co. (RECC), and Indian app-based transportation network companies like Ola are working on making electric cars more common over the next 2 decades. The electric cars available in India are: • Atom Motors 'Graphene-22'(To Be Launched Soon). • Mahindra e-Verito • Mahindra e2o ISRO has tested a solar-powered hybrid car - a modified Maruti Omni with a solar panel platform installed on top of the car. The installation of this solar platform on the car has been rated "awful" for its design.
  77. 77. Electric Scooters companies started Make In India operation • Ather Energy Pvt Ltd • KigLB KOMAKI PVT LTD • LhtX Motors Pvt. Ltd. • Atom Motors (Atom Motors Pvt.Ltd) • Avan Motors • Heroelectric (Hero Motocorp) • Greendzine Tech • Sincero B6 • Ampere vehicles • CEEON INDIA • KLB KOMAKI PVT LTD • Twenty Two Motors (kymco) • AVERA New and Renewable Energy Moto Corp Tech Pvt Ltd • Okinawa Autotech Pvt. Ltd • YoBykes (ELECTROTHERM (INDIA) LTD.) • Lohia Auto Industries • Palatino (Xxplore Automotive Pvt Ltd.) • BSA motors (discontinued) • Thunder wind
  78. 78. Motorcycles Companies started operation under Make In India • Ather Energy • Atom Motors. • SVM Bikes by Srivaru Motors Pvt Ltd • Earth Energy EV (to be launched) • Tork Motors (to be launched) • Emflux Motors (to be launched) • Menza motors • OK PLAY • Rexnamo • Ultraviolette Automotive • Darwyn • Revolt motors • Orxa Energies (to be launched)
  79. 79. Bicycles Co. started there operation under Make In India The following companies have launched Electric bicycles in India: • Atom Motors (Atom Motors Pvt.Ltd) • Elektron Cycles • Hulikkal Electro India Pvt Ltd • Ampere Vehicles • BSA Motors • EBike India • Electrotherm • EKO • e-Trio Bikes • OMO Bikes • Spero • PuREnergy Pvt Ltd • e-HIRAN • Yulu Miracle
  80. 80. VARIOUS VEHICLES WITH DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGY Top 10 Best Mileage/Range Electric Scooters in India 2019. Here is the list of Best Range electric scooters in India. At number 10- ATHER 450, can give a maximum mileage of 75 km for a full charge. 2.4 kWh lithium-ion batteries are used in this electric scooter. 80 km is the Top speed. The price of the electric scooter is ₹ 1,23,230/-. At number 9-ETRANCE electric scooter is a brand new electric scooter from Pure Energy, which is a startup company in India. Etrance is India's First Unisex electric scooter. Etrance can give a maximum mileage of 80 km for a full charge. 1 KWH - PORTABLE BATTERY is used in this electric scooter. ON road price is ₹ 56999/- At number 8- OKINAWA RIDGE PLUS electric scooter can give a mileage of 90 - 100 km/per charge depending on the driving mode. It is powered by a 1200Watt Bldc motor, which can go with a top speed of 55 KM/hr. 1.75KWH Lithium-ion battery is used in this electric scooter. (Ex-Showroom) price of Okinawa ridge plus is ₹ 79,290.00/-
  81. 81. At number 7 -TUNWAL SPORT 63 - 60V Tunwal SPORT 63 - 60V can give a mileage of 100 km/per charge. E-Bike comes with a digital speedometer and tubeless tire. The Lithium Ion Battery has (2 Year Warranty). Top speed of Sport 63 is 25Km/hr. price of Tunwal SPORT 63 is around ₹ 65-70 thousand. At number 6 -ePluto electric scooter is one more brand new model from Pure Energy. Which can give a mileage of 100 km/per charge.2 KWH PORTABLE BATTERY is used in the electric scooter.It can also go 0-40 km in 5 seconds. 1.5 KW Brushless Hub Motor is used in this electric scooter. Loading Capacity is 200 kg. Price of the electric scooter is ₹74999 /- At number 5-XERO + is manufactured by Avan Motors. It can give a mileage of 110 km mileage with two batteries. MAX LOADING of this electric scooter is 150 kg. 800 Watts BlDC motor is used in this electric scooter. Charge time of Xero + is 4-6 hours. The price of Xero + is ₹ 67,000/- At number 4 -ELECTRIC PHOTON is manufactured by Hero Electric. It can give a mileage of 110 km in the Economy Mode. The lithium-ion battery is used in this electric scooter. 1000 Watts BlDC Hub motor is used in this electric scooter. Charge time of electric Photon is 4-5 hours. The price of electric Photon is ₹ 1.09 lakh
  82. 82. At number 3 -OKINAWA I PRAISE can give a mileage of 160 km for a full charge. The top speed of this electric scooter is 75 km/h. The charging time of this electric scooter is 2-3 hours. 2.9kwh Lithium-ion (Detachable Battery) is used in this electric scooter. The price of Okinawa i Praise is ₹ 116,590/- At number 2 -FLOW is an electric scooter from 22 Motors, Startup Company in India. It can give a mileage of 160 km for a full charge. The top speed of this electric scooter is 60 km/h. Full charge in 4-5 hrs / Fast charge up to 70% in 1 hr This electric scooter is expected to launch in September 2019. At number 1 -OKINAWA PRAISE electric scooter is so far the best mileage electric scooter in India. For a full charge it can give a range of 170 – 200 kilometers in a single charge depending on the drive modes. The top speed of this electric scooter is 75 km/h. 1000 Watt BLDC Moto is used in this electric scooter. The boot space of this electric scooter is 19.5 Ltr The price of Okinawa Praise is ₹ 71,490.00/-
  83. 83. Question & Answers Session
  84. 84. Call me for any queries Mobile- +91-9819756545 E-Mail –pranav72003@yahoo.com Skype –pranavmistry68
  85. 85. Thanking Note
  86. 86. Video Links of PPT for ARAI ( 4 Th December 2019 ) - Link - https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1wbvL5Cqpu4HDN7YksrUu50fz7Yy6EOGh - https://youtu.be/8LbEvfIkAQA - https://youtu.be/KpuDS9PrKqQ - https://youtu.be/roovh4MIRes - https://youtu.be/NH0PSiTIozI - https://youtu.be/KcbuOBc36mo - https://youtu.be/KcbuOBc36mo - https://youtu.be/KcbuOBc36mo - https://youtu.be/KcbuOBc36mo - https://youtu.be/KcbuOBc36mo