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K Circle Open General Quiz

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Open General quiz conducted at K-Circle in June 2018

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K Circle Open General Quiz

  1. 1. K-Circle Quiz PREETHAM UPADHYA
  2. 2. Format • Total of 50 questions in the quiz • 34 questions on Infinite Bounce & Pounce, split into 2 rounds (clockwise & anti-clockwise) of 17 questions each. • 4 small themed written rounds of 4 questions each, between the dries. • +10 on the bounce, + 10/-5 on the pounce • Part points where applicable. Blanks indicative of size
  3. 3. Written - 1 • 4 questions •Theme: Puns / Wordplay • 10 points per question • If there are 2 parts to an answer, part points available, unless specified.
  4. 4. 1. Rahti Devi was a Sarpanch in Santori village in Karnal, Haryana who gained name and fame for taking a firm stand on a lot of issues and not budging under pressure. Among the issues was the illegal occupation of panchayat land. In order to recover the land, she would bring in JCBs to help clear the establishments. As a result of all this, she is referred to by a nickname, a small variation on a person’s name. The person in question first rose to nationwide fame 36 years ago for a similar stand against the most powerful lady in India, in Delhi. What is she known as ?
  5. 5. 2. Pastafarianism is a social movement and a ‘religion’ . It worships the Flying Spaghetti Monster, and its prayer goes “Our pasta, who art in a colander, draining be your noodles. Thy noodle come, Thy sauce be yum, on top some grated Parmesan. Give us this day, our garlic bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trample on our lawns. And lead us not into vegetarianism, but deliver us some pizza, for thine is the meatball, the noodle, and the sauce, forever and ever. “ With what word, a wordplay on the utterance at the end of Christian and Muslim prayers, does this prayer end?
  6. 6. 3. _____ __ ________ is a graphic novel which shares the first 2 words of its name with a famous 1865 work by a mathematician author. The 3rd word in the graphic novel (which rhymes with the 3rd word in the 1865 work) is an English city in the Northeast, which lies upon River Wear, and is well known amongst football fans, for its annual post Christmas miracles (until 2016) . Identify the work
  7. 7. 4. Jared Fogle was a famous Subway spokesperson, whose weight loss, by eating subs, was extensively advertised by the company from 1999-2008. In 2008, to commemorate the 10th year of his association with Subway (and 10th year of maintainng his weight too), Subway ran a campaign which featured Fogle travelling across various American cities, exhibiting his old pair of 62 inch jeans. What was this campaign called, a pun on a famed annual July event?
  8. 8. Answers Follow
  9. 9. 1. Rahti Devi was a Sarpanch in Santori village in Karnal, Haryana who gained name and fame for taking a firm stand on a lot of issues and not budging under pressure. Among the issues was the illegal occupation of panchayat land. In order to recover the land, she would bring in JCBs to help clear the establishments. As a result of all this, she is referred to by a nickname, a small variation on a person’s name. The person in question first rose to nationwide fame 36 years ago for a similar stand against the most powerful lady in India, in Delhi. What is she known as ?
  10. 10. Ans. ‘Crane’ Bedi
  11. 11. 2. Pastafarianism is a social movement and a ‘religion’ . It worships the Flying Spaghetti Monster, and its prayer goes “Our pasta, who art in a colander, draining be your noodles. Thy noodle come, Thy sauce be yum, on top some grated Parmesan. Give us this day, our garlic bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trample on our lawns. And lead us not into vegetarianism, but deliver us some pizza, for thine is the meatball, the noodle, and the sauce, forever and ever. “ With what word, a wordplay on the utterance at the end of Christian and Muslim prayers, does this prayer end?
  12. 12. Ans. Ramen
  13. 13. 3. _____ __ ________ is a graphic novel which shares the first 2 words of its name with a famous 1865 work by a mathematician author. The 3rd word in the graphic novel (which rhymes with the 3rd word in the 1865 work) is an English city in the Northeast, which lies upon River Wear, and is well known amongst football fans, for its annual post Christmas miracles (until 2016) . Identify the work
  14. 14. Ans.
  15. 15. 4. Jared Fogle was a famous Subway spokesperson, whose weight loss, by eating subs, was extensively advertised by the company from 1999-2008. In 2008, to commemorate the 10th year of his association with Subway (and 10th year of maintainng his weight too), Subway ran a campaign which featured Fogle travelling across various American cities, exhibiting his old pair of 62 inch jeans. What was this campaign called, a pun on a famed annual July event?
  16. 16. Ans. Tour De Pants
  17. 17. 1. Himroo is a fabric made of silk and cotton which is grown locally in Aurangabad. It comes from a Persian word meaning 'similar', and is a replica of Kum-khwab, which was woven with pure golden and silver threads for royal families. While this art originated in Persia, and later gradually entered India, what 14th century event, which turned out to be a short lived disaster, caused the industry to be based around Aurangabad?
  18. 18. Ans. Muhammad Bin Tughlaq shifting his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad
  19. 19. 2. Unlike popularly believed, this happened for the first time at a meeting of the Société d’Encouragement pour l’Industrie Nationale in early 1895, in the presence of politicians and industrial leaders The more familiar event happened at the Grand Café, in 1895. In both the cases, the attraction was the Sortie des Oeuviers de l’Usine des Capucines ______ (Workers Leaving the ______ Factory) Some other people believe that the duo, responsible for this, were beaten by their Berlin competitors Max and Emile Skladanowsky. What is being described here?
  20. 20. Ans. Lumiere brothers screening their 1st film using a cinematograph
  21. 21. 3. When US tried to attack the British by invading Canada in 1813, it was not successful. In return, the British sent an all- conquering force causing Dolley Madison to hurriedly flee her residence. However before she left, she had directed her slave servants to preserve X, which required it to be unscrewed from the wall. She later entrusted it to 2 gentlemen, Messrs Baker and Depeyster, who were cautioned against rolling it up, to prevent its destruction. Some of the other artifacts were saved by sending them to the Bank of Maryland What was her residence? Identify X (description would suffice)
  22. 22. Ans. White House (She was James Madison’s wife) (Lansdowne) Portrait of George Washington
  23. 23. 4. Nirostha is a Carnatic raga, whose translation from Sanskrit means X. Its notes are as follows: Arohana: S R G D N S Avarohana: S N D G R S Due to a certain feature only occurring during the singing of the notes M and P, these notes are excluded from the Raga. This exclusion also ends up justifying the Raga's meaning X. What does the Raga's name mean?
  24. 24. Ans. Without touching lips (M and P are the only notes where the lips touch each other)
  25. 25. 5. The tusk, and some bones of a Deinotherium giganteum, which, loosely translated means ‘ huge terrible beast’, have been found on the Greek island Crete. A distant relative to today's elephants, the giant mammal stood 15 feet (4.6 meters) tall at the shoulder, and had tusks that were 4.5 feet (1.3 meters) long. It has been hypothesized that the ancient Greeks came across these skulls of these then-extinct beasts and being unacquainted with elephants, mistook them for something else. Which creature is thought to have been created thus?
  26. 26. Ans. Cyclops (With the tusk holes being mistaken for their eye sockets)
  27. 27. 6. Among the lesser known facets of X are: The figure of Cupid near the background of Delft Wall tiles is meant to imply the stereotype of certain house servants being very sexually active. The footwarmer is meant to supposedly indicate its use as a pleasure device, when placed beneath the skirt, with the hidden coals representing the heat of lust. The prominent container shown, is also meant to depict the female anatomy. The preparation in question is predicted to be a bread pudding, by the presence of the bread on the table. The potential mixture of custard made from bread and eggs, is meant to be present in the oven. Identify X
  28. 28. Ans. The Milkmaid by Vermeer
  29. 29. 7. Various transuranic elements were synthesized in the 1940s at University of California, Berkeley by a team led, prominently, by Glenn Seaborg. However, distinguishing and separating the various elements found was not always easy. A particularly painstaking one was the separation between Americium and Curium. This led to the Berkeley group calling these elements 'X' and 'Y', using the most common suffix seen at the end of element names. X comes from Greek for ‘all demons’. It is also used to refer to Hell in Paradise Lost Y comes from Latin for madness Identify X and Y
  30. 30. Ans. Pandemonium Delirium
  31. 31. 8. In the words of Gordon Correll, the executive producer of Aliens, “We expected a professional pitch from James Cameron, an outline and a cursory budget. Nobody would touch because Alien was not a massive success. Instead, Cameron walks into the room, goes to the chalkboard, writes ‘ALIEN’ , then adds an S ‘ALIENS’ , and then does X What does Cameron change, to signify the immense success and rewards he believed the film would bring to its producers?
  32. 32. Ans. He added a line over the S, making ALIENS -> ALIEN$
  33. 33. Written - 2 • 4 questions •Theme: Currencies • 10 points per question • If there are 2 parts to an answer, part points available, unless specified.
  34. 34. 1. North Korean Won was a currency printed only for the exclusive use of North Korean citizens, and the Bank of Trade issued Foreign Exchange Certificates for visitors to the country. However, these Certificates were issued in 2 colours, namely red and blue , until they were abolished in 2002. These were issued, appropriately, based on the systems followed by the visitor’s country. Who received the red certificates and the blue certificates, respectively?
  35. 35. 2. The Serbian Dinar was first issued in 1214 and continued to be supplied under King Stephan Milutin of Serbia, who reigned from 1282 to 1321. These Dinars replaced the Venetian ‘grosso’ coin in many countries, and remained one of the prominent exports of Serbia due to its relatively abundant silver mines. Due to this, Venetians (and other Italians) disliked the king. As a result, he was featured at a particular location by his contemporary, who goes on to visit him here, guided by a Roman poet Where does he appear?
  36. 36. 3. The Nakfa is the currency of Eritrea. After old notes were replaced by the Bank Of Eritrea in Dec 2015, they ceased to be legal tender. This was designed to target Sudanese human traffickers who were accepting it as payment and therefore, transporting vast amounts of it outside the country. While the prospect of a better life in Europe and poverty are among the reasons for this migration, there exists another prominent reason. This was due to a measure instituted by Eritrea post its war in 2000 with the much bigger neighbour Ethiopia. While legally meant to last for only 18 months, this begins immediately after school ends and stretches for over 10 years at times. What measure, which was abolished in the US in 1973, but continues to exist in countries like South Korea, Israel and Iran?
  37. 37. 4. The Samoan currency was introduced in 1967, 5 years after its independence and pegged to the new currency of New Zealand till 1975. This is the reason why the currency was named Tala, and its subunit ‘Sene’ What are Tala and Sene a transliteration of ?
  38. 38. Answers Follow
  39. 39. 1. North Korean Won was a currency printed only for the exclusive use of North Korean citizens, and the Bank of Trade issued Foreign Exchange Certificates for visitors to the country. However, these Certificates were issued in 2 colours, namely red and blue , until they were abolished in 2002. These were issued, appropriately, based on the systems followed by the visitor’s country. Who received the red certificates and the blue certificates, respectively?
  40. 40. Ans. Red for visitors from socialist countries ( China, Russia etc are also acceptable answers) Blue for visitors from capitalist countries (Japan, US etc are also acceptable answers)
  41. 41. 2. The Serbian Dinar was first issued in 1214 and continued to be supplied under King Stephan Milutin of Serbia, who reigned from 1282 to 1321. These Dinars replaced the Venetian ‘grosso’ coin in many countries, and remained one of the prominent exports of Serbia due to its relatively abundant silver mines. Due to this, Venetians (and other Italians) disliked the king. As a result, he was featured at a particular location by his contemporary, who goes on to visit him here, guided by a Roman poet Where does he appear?
  42. 42. Ans. Hell in Divine Comedy (where he is encountered by Dante and Virgil)
  43. 43. 3. The Nakfa is the currency of Eritrea. After old notes were replaced by the Bank Of Eritrea in Dec 2015, they ceased to be legal tender. This was designed to target Sudanese human traffickers who were accepting it as payment and therefore, transporting vast amounts of it outside the country. While the prospect of a better life in Europe and poverty are among the reasons for this migration, there exists another prominent reason. This was due to a measure instituted by Eritrea post its war in 2000 with the much bigger neighbour Ethiopia. While legally meant to last for only 18 months, this begins immediately after school ends and stretches for over 10 years at times. What measure, which was abolished in the US in 1973, but continues to exist in countries like South Korea, Israel and Iran?
  44. 44. Ans. Conscription / Compulsory Military service / Army Draft
  45. 45. 4. The Samoan currency was introduced in 1967, 5 years after its independence and pegged to the new currency of New Zealand till 1975. This is the reason why the currency was named Tala, and its subunit ‘Sene’ What are Tala and Sene a transliteration of ?
  46. 46. Ans. Dollar and Cent
  47. 47. 9. Bill Benter is a professional gambler who made nearly a billion dollars by developing a computer software analysis and using it to bet on the horse races at Hong Kong. While his initial skills were honed at Las Vegas and Monte Carlo, he shifted to Hong Kong after he was banned at Las Vegas for counting cards. Subsequently, he won the famous Triple Trio bet in 2001, earning $16 million (but not claiming it). He later returned to US, where he attempted to create a betting system for baseball, but failed. Also his current business of running a medical transcription has only been moderately successful, causing him to describe himself as a ___ _____ ____ FITB with a phrase, which refers to the area of his greatest success, and also his inability to translate this into other avenues.
  48. 48. Ans.
  49. 49. 10. The Gold Coins of Jahangir is a Feluda story which revolves around the disappearance of a set of 12 coins, originally issued by Jahangir. While in reality no such disappearance took place, this set of coins does exist in real life, and the story is attributed to Satyajit Ray seeing a display of these coins in the Indian Museum at Calcutta. What are these coins themed on?
  50. 50. Ans.
  51. 51. 11. Varsha and Asma ,aged 10, set themselves on fire in Dec 1998 Dinesh, aged 9, set himself on fire in Feb 1999 While false reporting of such events almost put it on hold, after winning a protracted legal battle, it continued till 2005. It did cause 1-2 more deaths , like a 9 year old girl in Calcutta who strung a towel around her, and jumped. What belief caused all these kids to harm themselves?
  52. 52. Ans. The belief that Shaktimaan would come and save them
  53. 53. 12. Baloo the bear, Leo the Lion, and Shere Khan the Tiger were discovered in the basement of an Atlanta drug dealer’s home, and have struck together ever since. Referred to as BLT, they remain inseparable, even after growing into adulthood, and stayed together in the same enclosure till Leo’s death in 2017. Their habitat was the X which, rather appropriately, is a non-profit Educational sanctuary for farm and exotic animals located in Locust Grove, Georgia. It runs a Wildlife Rehabilitation Program and houses over 1500 animals Identify X
  54. 54. Ans.
  55. 55. 13. On the following slides is an image from the Guardians of the Galaxy Vol.2 These were structures present on the home planet of Ego. Christopher Townsend, the Visual Effects supervisor and Academy Award nominee claims that his inspiration was the artist X, who created a sculpture of Michael Jackson and his monkey Bubbles (also shown) Identify the artist, more familiar to some of us for his canine creations.
  56. 56. Ans. Jeff Koons
  57. 57. 14. The SS Vaitarna was one of the earliest steamships operating in the Western Coast of India. It was named after a river to the north of Bombay and was also known as the ‘Vijli’. Its regular sailing route was from Mandvi in Kutch to Bombay via Dwaraka and Porbandar, before it sank carrying over 1000 people, due to terrible storms, near the Junagadh Coast While it was far from a luxury liner, it did boast of having a great novelty at that time, which led to the ship’s popularity among travellers. What?
  58. 58. Ans. Electricity, which gave it the nickname ‘Vijli’
  59. 59. 15. This musical, based on an eponymous movie, debuted on Broadway in 2011, nearly a decade after the movie. Some of its songs are: "The Pinstripes Are All That They See“ "Someone Else's Skin" "Jet Set“ "Don't Break the Rules" "The Man Inside the Clues“ "Christmas Is My Favorite Time of Year" "Doctor's Orders“ "Little Boy Be a Man" "Fly,Fly Away“ Identify the musical
  60. 60. Ans.
  61. 61. 16. Ansley Hamid, an anthropologist at Columbia University writes about the connection between East Indians and X “Bengal had been the traditional centre of experimentation and cultivation. In _______, it transcended the boundaries around the Asian population which had originally nourished it and had taken vigorous root among the locals. A majority of the rural local population rapidly grew to believe that it was a beneficial substance, imbued with spiritual and religious properties.” What is being talked about? FITB with a country name, intimately associated with this.
  62. 62. Ans. Marijuana Jamaica
  63. 63. 17. Ophiocordyceps unilateralis is a fungus which invades the bodies of carpenter ants and ensuring that they take orders from it. It compels the ant to crawl over and eat vegetation, till it dies on the underside of a leaf. As the grand finale, toxic spores bloom from the dead ant’s head and drift to the ground below, onto more unsuspecting ants below. Unlike what one may presume from its name, every part of the body of the ant is affected, except one, as the fungus needs the part to drive the ant to an area where it can infect other ants while its life ends. What word from pop culture, which traces its origins to Haitian folklore, are these ants known by?
  64. 64. Ans. ‘Zombie’ Ants
  65. 65. Written - 3 • 4 questions • Theme: Real life Cameos in Asterix • 10 points per question • If there are 2 parts to an answer, part points available, unless specified.
  66. 66. 1. Mistaken by Asterix and Obelix to be a riot, this group and its followers are encounted in ‘Asterix in Britain’ Who?
  67. 67. 2. After having failed the druidical exam 6 times, Dubbleosix helps pass secrets about Asterix and Obelix, to the Romans, in ‘Asterix and the Black Gold’. When attempting to cure Getafix, he administers a grain spirit called ‘Caledonian’. He also works for an organisation named M.I.V.I Who is the character modelled on?
  68. 68. 3. In ‘Obelix and Co.’, Caius Preposterus dangles fortune and influence over Obelix to convince him to produce more menhirs. He then announces that he is not fit to unload the menhirs, since he is an industrial leader. This task is then assigned to a pair of luckless dim- witted legionaries, who get crushed while trying to move the menhir. Which famous double act are these 2 legionaries a reference to?
  69. 69. 4. In Asterix and the Goths, Asterix and Obelix head East into Gothic territory from Gaul (France), where they meet a chief Metric Metric wanted to unite all the Goths and then planned to conquer Europe. He also enjoyed wearing spiky hats, and is named so because his real life inspiration wanted to create a coherent metric system, and currency, among the unifying states. Who is he modelled on?
  70. 70. Answers Follow
  71. 71. 1. Mistaken by Asterix and Obelix to be a riot, this group and its followers are encounted in ‘Asterix in Britain’ Who?
  72. 72. Ans.
  73. 73. 2. After having failed the druidical exam 6 times, Dubbleosix helps pass secrets about Asterix and Obelix, to the Romans, in ‘Asterix and the Black Gold’. When attempting to cure Getafix, he administers a grain spirit called ‘Caledonian’. He also works for an organisation named M.I.V.I Who is the character modelled on?
  74. 74. Ans. Sean Connery
  75. 75. 3. In ‘Obelix and Co.’, Caius Preposterus dangles fortune and influence over Obelix to convince him to produce more menhirs. He then announces that he is not fit to unload the menhirs, since he is an industrial leader. This task is then assigned to a pair of luckless dim- witted legionaries, who get crushed while trying to move the menhir. Which famous double act are these 2 legionaries a reference to?
  76. 76. Ans. Laurel and Hardy
  77. 77. 4. In Asterix and the Goths, Asterix and Obelix head East into Gothic territory from Gaul (France), where they meet a chief Metric Metric wanted to unite all the Goths and then planned to conquer Europe. He also enjoyed wearing spiky hats, and is named so because his real life inspiration wanted to create a coherent metric system, and currency, among the unifying states. Who is he modelled on?
  78. 78. Ans. Otto von Bismarck
  79. 79. 18. Stuxnet was a computer worm jointly built by the Americans and Israelis to target the Iranian nuclear program. Computer security gurus named the cyber-weapon after combining a few keywords found in the software. However, the Pentagon had chosen a different code name for the attack, and called it ‘Operation _______ _____. The choice was apt. After all, the process was orchestrated by political elites behind closed doors; it wreaked havoc on the local host; and it cost a bundle, in terms of both political and actual capital FITB (1st blank being the operative part of the answer)
  80. 80. Ans. Olympic Games
  81. 81. 19. Kantsi is a Georgian vessel used to drink local wine. Glasses are not used, and instead, a goat/ ram’s horn is decorated and painted. Due to its peculiar shape, most drinkers choose to opt for a smaller horn when they drink wine. Why?
  82. 82. Ans. It cannot be set down straight on the table, and hence its contents must be drunk at one shot to avoid spillage.
  83. 83. 20. He was a bouncer to racketeer Frankie Yale in Coney Island. After he inadvertently insulted a woman working at the door at a Brooklyn night club, a fight was provoked with her brother Frank Galuccio, who slashed him 3 times on the left side. He obtained a nickname due to this, which he disliked. To add salt to his wounds, Yale insisted he apologise to Galuccio, and later hired Galuccio to be his bodyguard. He would later hide his wounds when photographed and even went on to attribute it to battle wounds obtained during World War I. Who? What nickname, which became popular due to 2 adaptations in 1932 and 1983?
  84. 84. Ans. Al Capone, Scarface
  85. 85. 21. Timeriders is a series of teen science fiction novels written by Alex Scarrow. It deals with 3 teens recruited by ‘The Agency’ to prevent people from tampering with time, and fix changes, if any. In Book 6 (City of Shadows), they are forced to shift base to London (in 1888), where they meet a chemist’s assistant, who was a voracious reader, and very curious about their lives Although the team tries to conceal it, the assistant eventually learns about their work, and is supposedly inspired to produce his most famous work. Identify the assistant
  86. 86. Ans.
  87. 87. 22. • The 2nd largest city in Kenya after Nairobi. A historical trading centre due to its location on the Indian Ocean • The northernmost island group in Polynesia, it is the only oceanic state of a country, and is famous for its beaches and volcanoes • The capital of the island group mentioned above • The subject of a famous handover involving UK and China in 1997 The above 4 were among the ‘nonsensical’ words used at the start of X, in a famous 1987 ‘sci-fi’ context. Following tragic events in February 2018, X ‘s popularity rose again. Identify X
  88. 88. Ans. Hawa Hawaii song (Mombasa, Hawaii, Honolulu and Hong Kong)
  89. 89. 23. IIM Kashipur holds an annual quiz/quizfest which features quizzes occurring, effectively, in the area of the Jim Corbett National Park. The quiz shares its name with another event from 1974, featuring a clash of titans. The location for the event was chosen after a dictator decided to finance it , to capitalize on the publicity this would bring to his country. What is the ‘rhyming’ name of this event/quiz ?
  90. 90. Ans.
  91. 91. 24. After having spent his entire fortune on bribes and black market purchases of supplies, he was destitute, and was reduced to receiving assistance from organisations. In 1948, he presented a claim for the reimbursement of his expenses to the American _______ Joint Distribution Committee, where he estimated his expenditure at $1,056,000, including the costs of camp construction, bribes and food, and received $15,000. He later emigrated to Argentina in 1949, like many of his fellow countrymen, where he was unsuccessful raising chickens and nutria. He declared bankruptcy in 1963, and upon his death in 1974, he was buried in a holy hill in a distant country. Who?
  92. 92. Ans. Oskar Schindler
  93. 93. 25. She was a world famous figure skater, who won 10 consecutive world figure skating championships starting from 1927. She also competed in tennis, and took part in the new sport of auto racing, before moving to Hollywood. While she was relatively unknown among the influential, she rented ‘The Polar Palace’, and after just 2 shows, she had earned multiple offers from film studios. By the late 1930s, she was considered the 3rd most famous star in Hollywood. Identify her. She revolutionised her sport by shifting from black skates to white skates, and choreographing her moves. She also made a then- scandalous change, which is now commonplace among all figure skaters. What change?
  94. 94. Ans. Sonja Henie She began wearing short skirts, as opposed to the then prevalent long skirts. She also wore white, instead of the customary black.
  95. 95. 26. Its background featured scenes from Fritz Lang’s 1927 film ‘Metropolis’, and was filmed at Carlton TV Studios and Shepperton Studios, London in Nov. 1983 by David Mallet. While the initial setting was a flying car, it later showed the subjects amongst the city’s masses. The performance rights had to be obtained from the East German government, who held the copyright. ‘Love Kills’ was used in Moroder’s restored version of the film in return for rights procured to use the footage. What is being described here?
  96. 96. Ans. Radio Gaga (by Queen) music video
  97. 97. Written - 4 • 4 questions •Theme: Disputes & Rivalries • 10 points per question • If there are 2 parts to an answer, part points available, unless specified.
  98. 98. 1. One of the oldest rivalries in the world, it is so significant that the two entities are almost always spoken of in the same breath, and there is even a portmanteau of the names of the entities. It began due to a few masters fleeing from a town in the late 12th century after a couple of scholars were hanged there, without trial, after the mysterious death of a woman. They later ended up settling at a new town, where they continued their work According to Atlas Obscura, “In terms of bike theft, X wins. In terms of a fictional detective solving murders in a specific city– there, Y wins.” They also go on to say that the best insult exchanged among the two are “Lagrangian Densities”. Which rivalry ?
  99. 99. 2. Naomi James and Krystyna Chojnowska-Liskiewicz circumnavigated the world solo in 1978. However the record of who actually was the first woman to achieve this is disputed, even though Liskiewicz had finished her trip several months earlier than Naomi. While Naomi James began in England, and sailed the 3 great capes on her journey, Liskiewicz began from the Canary Islands and crossed the Atlantic to reach Barbados. Unwilling to take the treacherous route through Cape Horn, she took a shorter route, which did not render her sail a ‘strictly ocean’ one. Where did she sail through for this to happen?
  100. 100. 3. From late 1940s, there was a fierce rivalry between the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, USA and the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia regarding the discovery of new elements. In 1955, element no. 101 was discovered and one of the key members of the team Glenn Seaborg wanted the element to be named after X, as they had depended on his method to predict chemical properties of undiscovered elements. However, since it was the middle of Cold War, this was considered highly inappropriate by some American critics. The government subsequently granted permission and hence, the element is named after X. Identiify X / Identify the element
  101. 101. 4. The VHS vs Betamax rivalry was also known as the Videotape format war and occurred in the mid 1970s. While the VHS machines had a lower retail price, there was another factor which might have decided the winner. When RCA initially planned to come out with a VCR, it held talks with Sony regarding a Betamax branded VCR, but RCA insisted that they needed atleast a 4 hour recording time. Sony engineers decided that the technology was not available and hence the deal never materialised. Later, RCA would go on to meet Matsuhita and produce VHS which was capable of recording 4 hours. For what quintessential American pastime, interspersed with more than a 100 commercials, was the figure of 4 hours chosen?
  102. 102. Answers Follow
  103. 103. 1. One of the oldest rivalries in the world, it is so significant that the two entities are almost always spoken of in the same breath, and there is even a portmanteau of the names of the entities. It began due to a few masters fleeing from a town in the late 12th century after a couple of scholars were hanged there, without trial, after the mysterious death of a woman. They later ended up settling at a new town, where they continued their work According to Atlas Obscura, “In terms of bike theft, X wins. In terms of a fictional detective solving murders in a specific city– there, Y wins.” They also go on to say that the best insult exchanged among the two are “Lagrangian Densities”. Which rivalry ?
  104. 104. Ans. Oxford & Cambridge
  105. 105. 2. Naomi James and Krystyna Chojnowska-Liskiewicz circumnavigated the world solo in 1978. However the record of who actually was the first woman to achieve this is disputed, even though Liskiewicz had finished her trip several months earlier than Naomi. While Naomi James began in England, and sailed the 3 great capes on her journey, Liskiewicz began from the Canary Islands and crossed the Atlantic to reach Barbados. Unwilling to take the treacherous route through Cape Horn, she took a shorter route, which did not render her sail a ‘strictly ocean’ one. Where did she sail through for this to happen?
  106. 106. Ans. Panama Canal
  107. 107. 3. From late 1940s, there was a fierce rivalry between the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, USA and the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia regarding the discovery of new elements. In 1955, element no. 101 was discovered and one of the key members of the team Glenn Seaborg wanted the element to be named after X, as they had depended on his method to predict chemical properties of undiscovered elements. However, since it was the middle of Cold War, this was considered highly inappropriate by some American critics. The government subsequently granted permission and hence, the element is named after X. Identiify X / Identify the element
  108. 108. Ans. Dimitry Mendeleev / Mendelevium
  109. 109. 4. The VHS vs Betamax rivalry was also known as the Videotape format war and occurred in the mid 1970s. While the VHS machines had a lower retail price, there was another factor which might have decided the winner. When RCA initially planned to come out with a VCR, it held talks with Sony regarding a Betamax branded VCR, but RCA insisted that they needed atleast a 4 hour recording time. Sony engineers decided that the technology was not available and hence the deal never materialised. Later, RCA would go on to meet Matsuhita and produce VHS which was capable of recording 4 hours. For what quintessential American pastime, interspersed with more than a 100 commercials, was the figure of 4 hours chosen?
  110. 110. Ans.
  111. 111. 27. For some people in the Jain community he is an ardent follower of Lord Adinath, their first Tirthankara, and a pious temple-goer in Himalayas. Some of the Jain versions take a more rationalistic view than the mainstream view. For instance, a nine-gemmed necklace that he always wore, put around him by a loving mother, is provided as an optical explanation to one of his well known idiosyncrasies They also consider that the infamous act, which cost him his life (and reputation) was not staged with romantic intentions, but that of parental love, as he was supposedly her real father, who was forced to abandon her in a field Who?
  112. 112. Ans.
  113. 113. 28. Blackadder’s Christmas Carol was a one-off Christmas special episode of the British TV show, broadcast in 1988. It was a parody of the Dickens novella ‘A Christmas Carol’ and featured Ebenezer Blackadder, as the nicest man in England. After having been taken advantage of, by everyone, he retires early to bed on Christmas, but is warned by his servant Baldrick that an ‘enormous ghostly creature’ would pay him a strange and terrible visitation. Blackadder brushes him away and retires to his room. At midnight, the enormous ghost, the Spirit of Christmas (played by Robbie Coltrane) does force himself into the room to congratulate Ebenezer, but unwittingly turns him into an selfish conspirator. (and the story ends here) We have our first glimpse of another character played by this actor, 13 years later, in a very similar context. What role does he play then?
  114. 114. Ans.
  115. 115. 29. The early Quakers were the 1st to implement this policy, after being frustrated over the Puritans’ failure to carry out popular religious, economic and political reforms. They were especially annoyed about the merchant practices of the day, which was described as ‘cozening, cheating and defrauding’ In order to prevent this, and reduce the general time spent in procuring goods, they began a system which would promote honesty and eliminate the prevalent greed. It also reflected their belief that all men were equal before God. Initially, this policy had a negative impact on Quaker merchants, whose customers were naturally suspicious, but eventually they developed trust and the system spread beyond the community. What policy?
  116. 116. Ans. Selling goods at a fixed price, instead of the customary haggling
  117. 117. 30. Sir Joseph Hooker was a great British botanist in the 19th century, who founded the field of geographical botany and served as the director of the Royal Botanical Gardens for 20 years. He embarked on an 3 year long Himalayan expedition in 1847, where he collected plants and made illustrations. In 1849, as they travelled towards Tibet, Hooker and Archibald Campbell (the East India company representative) were imprisoned by the Chogyal of Sikkim. While they were released subsequently, this incident compelled Britain to annex a certain 'Land of Thunderbolt Sceptre' . What territory (city) was this, which was an integral part of the kingdom of Sikkim for 100s of years? During his expedition, Joseph Hooker continued to trade notes on the new flora and fauna discovered, with his close friend and confidant. He also dedicated his survey 'The Himalayan Journals' to his friend, before defending him and his pioneering ideas in a historic 1860 debate, where his opponents included a certain Bishop Samuel Wilberforce. Who was his famous friend?
  118. 118. Ans. Darjeeling Charles Darwin
  119. 119. 31. On June 8, 1954, Alan Turing was found dead. His cause of death was cyanide poisoning, and while an apple lay half-eaten near the body, the police failed to test it. However, both Andrew Hodges and David Leavitt, his 2 biographers, say that Turing purposely staged his death, by eating a cyanide infused apple, to re-enact a scene from one of his favourite stories. Which story?
  120. 120. Ans. Snow White and the 7 Dwarves
  121. 121. 32. After having an affair with a schoolmaster, she fled from her family, and subsequently got married to an army captain Rudolph Macleod who was stationed in Java, then. She gave birth to 2 children, but her son was soon poisoned by Sumatrans, who were waging war against the colonisers for destroying their rainforests. This caused her marriage to drift, and she divorced her husband, leaving her daughter with him. In quest of entertainment and spotlight (both of which she loved), she moved to Paris, and began employing various techniques seen in the festivals of Java she had attended to become a household name. Who?
  122. 122. Ans. Mata Hari
  123. 123. 33. A Sydney contractor named Charles Lawrence took the Jardwadjali, Gunditjmara and Wotjobaluk men, who practiced on farms, from western Victoria to Sydney then onto a wool- carrying boat. An arduous journey at sea was followed by a taxing schedule. Bripumyarrumin, given the anglicised name of King Cole, died from tuberculosis while in England. In England, they were bet with varying degrees of fascination, being the period of controversies following the publication of ‘On the Origin of Species’ 150 years later, both men and women will be making the same journey, albeit in better circumstances. Who were the original people ? Why did they travel to England?
  124. 124. Ans. Aborigines; To play cricket This was considered among Australia’s 1st sporting tours
  125. 125. 34. Jan Dussek was a Czech composer, who was also a renowned player of a relatively new large instrument (then) in the late 18th century. He served as a musician and the favourite of monarchs across the continent, from Catherine the Great to Marie Antoinette, but always found himself embroiled in controversies. While paintings and other depictions of him show him to be a somewhat plump man, he believed that he was a very handsome man, and liked to show off the same too. He wanted to ensure that the audience had an unhindered glimpse of his body (profile), and thus slightly changed a convention. This modified convention has been followed ever since, among his kind. What convention?
  126. 126. Ans. Pianists sitting sideways in concerts, as opposed to other instrumentalists, who face the audience

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