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Health hazards face by agriculture workers

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Health hazards face by agriculture workers

Publié dans : Santé
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Health hazards face by agriculture workers

  1. 1. HEALTH HAZARDS FACE BY AGRICULTURAL WORKERS PRESENTED BY PREETI KUMARI BHM 2nd yr 3rd sem
  2. 2. CONTENTS  INTRODUCTION  TYPED OF HAZARDS  PHYSICAL HAZARDS  TOXIC HAZARDS  RESPIRATORY HAZARDS  MECHNACAL HAZARDS  BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS  ENVIROMENTAL HAZARDS  WORK ORGANIZATION HAZARDS  HAZARDS AND RISK  EFFECTS OF AGRICULTURAL HAZARDS ON HEALTH  PREVENTION OF HAZARDS  HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUE  CONCLUSION
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • Hazards is an agent which has the potential to cause harm • Agricultural workers are exposed to a variety of environmental hazards that are potentially harmful to their health and well being • Farmers and farm workers suffer from various type of disease .
  4. 4. TYPES OF HEALTH HAZARDS  PHYSICAL HAZARDS  CHEMICAL HAZARDS  TOXIC HAZARDS  ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS  BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS  WORK AND ORGANIZATIONAL HAZARDS
  5. 5. PHYSICAL HAZARDS  Noisy machinery, and noisy working environments  Excessive vibration from tractors,  Deaths and injuries from falls  Solar radiation resulting in skin cancers
  6. 6. TOXIC HAZARDS • Some common chemical groups that cause health risk • Fertilizers • Insecticides • Pesticides
  7. 7. MECHANICAL HAZARDS • Poorly designed and/or guarded agricultural machinery • major cause of accidents. Injuries from cutting • tools are another major risk.
  8. 8. BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS • Agricultural workers are at risk from a wide range of work related diseases and disorders. • These range from diseases caught from birds and animals to asthma and other lung diseases from • biologically contaminated dusts.
  9. 9. ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS  Agricultural work can also create environmental hazards beyond the immediate workplace.  polluted water and soil,  as well as through consuming local crops,  especially when this is linked to poor diet and malnutrition
  10. 10. ORGANIZATIONAL HAZARDS • These include hazards that are caused by • poor work organization such as • badly organized shift work and working hours, • excessive overtime, • lone working, • lack of control over work.
  11. 11. HAZARDS & RISKS  The hazard associated with power- driven agricultural  machinery might be getting trapped or entangled by moving parts.  The risk may be high if guards are not fitted and workers are in close proximity to the machine.  If however, the machine is properly guarded, regularly maintained and repaired by competent staff, then the risk will be lower.
  12. 12. PREVENTION OF HAZARDS • Ask whether the hazard can be eliminated. • remove the need to use a toxic pesticide by using organic • farming methods • If the hazard cannot be prevented or eliminated, consider • substitution with a less risky process or substance in the • case of chemicals
  13. 13. EFFECT OF AGRICULTURE HAZARDS ON HEALTH • CANCER • SKIN DISEASE
  14. 14. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION • Body mapping • Hazard mapping • Involving members when carrying out HS&E checks • Health surveys • Information exchange in meetings and informal discussions
  15. 15. CONCLUSION Agriculture industry is one of the essential and the important profession as well as its also the dangerous profession .In the farming industry there are various hazards which affected the farmers . To avoid this type of situations need to some safety elements

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