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DDoS Attacks Against Global Markets

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DDoS Attacks Against Global Markets

  1. 1. www.prolexic.com DDoS Cyber Attacks Against Global Markets Highlights from a Prolexic White Paper by PLXsert
  2. 2. www.prolexic.com What is a DDoS cyber attack? • DDoS: Distributed denial of service • These cyber attacks can: – Degrade an organizations’ online presence – Restrict availability of its online services • Attacks against the financial industry are growing • Cyber attackers are interfering with – Stock values – Financial markets – Commodity markets 2
  3. 3. www.prolexic.com What is market manipulation? • Deliberate and malicious interference with market values • Attempts to create an artificial price for a tradable security • DDoS cyber attacks have sought to: – Reduce the availability of products and services from publicly traded companies – Shut down financial exchange platforms – Harm consumer and investor confidence 3
  4. 4. www.prolexic.com Malicious actor: L0ngWave99 • Responsible for Operation Digital Tornado • Attack campaign ran for 3 months in early 2012 • Hit US securities and commodity exchanges • Claimed to be motivated by political ideals • Supported the Occupy Wall Street movement • Harshly criticized policies of the U.S. government and international finance institutions 4
  5. 5. www.prolexic.com Malicious actor: Al-Qassam Cyber Fighters (QCF) • Responsible for Operation Abibil • Attack campaign ran for a year and a half – from January 2012 through August 2013 • Hit American financial firms, U.S. securities and commodities exchanges • Used the itsoknoproblembro DDoS toolkit • Believed to be located in the Middle East • Promotes pro-Palestine and anti-Western rhetoric 5
  6. 6. www.prolexic.com Examples of DDoS cyber targets • Country of Estonia • Individual firms – Global media and entertainment company – Large national oil and natural gas company • Exchanges – Hong Kong Stock Exchange news site – Online finance and trading platform – U.S. securities and commodities exchanges – Bitcoin exchange Details are available in the complimentary white paper, DDoS Attacks Against Global Markets 6
  7. 7. www.prolexic.com Underground market services malicious clients • Robust DDoS-as-a-Service marketplace • DDoS tools available: – Vary from simple to complex – Permit the orchestration and management of large numbers of zombie bots • Clients rent ready-to-use botnets • New! Flexible usage-based botnet pricing – Adjusts the rental fee based on the size of the botnet desired by a customer 7
  8. 8. www.prolexic.com What’s next? • Insurgency groups migrate their tactics online – They adopt hacktivist iconography – They target American and Western organizations • Financial industry works to be better prepared for future DDoS cyber attacks • Attacks spread to other industry verticals, wherever the most damage can be inflicted • Organizations that are hit while unprepared will suffer losses of public and investor confidence 8
  9. 9. www.prolexic.com White paper: DDoS Attacks Against Global Markets • Download the white paper, DDoS Attacks Against Global Markets in which PLXsert shares its insight into the use of DDoS cyber-attacks to influence stock prices and limit trading, including: – Market manipulation – 10 DDoS attack campaigns and their market effects – Perpetrators, their attack methods and public statements – Types of malicious actors and their motives – Three groups responsible for most attacks – Underground ecosystem that supports DDoS cyber attackers 9
  10. 10. www.prolexic.com About Prolexic • Prolexic Technologies is the world’s largest and most trusted provider of DDoS protection and mitigation services • Prolexic has successfully stopped DDoS attacks for more than a decade • Our global DDoS mitigation network and 24/7 security operations center (SOC) can stop even the largest attacks that exceed the capabilities of other DDoS mitigation service providers 10

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