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Insight learning - Kohler•   Insight learning refers to the sudden    realisation of a solution of a problem•   After a pe...
4 stages of Insight learning               • Can’t solve the problem    1:        initiallyPreparation • Data gathering   ...
Example                                                       • E.g. Amelia can’t figure out how    1:         • Can’t wor...
Step 1: Preparation• Initially the learner feels  helpless (‘I’m never going  to figure this out’)• The individual gathers...
Step 2: Incubation• The problem is  consciously put  aside,• But worked on at an  unconscious level• So you go outside  an...
Step 3: Insight – ‘Aha’• ‘Aha – now I know  what to do’• Some mental  event bridges the  gap between the  problem & the  s...
Step 4: Verification• Solution (arrived  at mentally) is  now tested out  (physically)• This will now  help with future  p...
Insight Learning: key points•   The learning appears    suddenly•   The 1st time the solution    is tried, it is generally...
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Insight learning - VCE U4 Psych

This file accompanies a youtube, which provides an overview of the Sultan 'sticks' experiment along with a practical example which details the 4 stages of Insight learning. See my twitter account 'Psyccounting' for a link to the Youtube.

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Insight learning - VCE U4 Psych

  1. 1. Insight learning - Kohler• Insight learning refers to the sudden realisation of a solution of a problem• After a period of mentally manipulation of aspects of a problem for a while• Kohler experimented with Sultan the chimp who was caged with food strategically placed outside the cage.• Some boxes and sticks were placed in the cage.• Through some manipulation of these objects which got Sultan nowhere, he seemed to suddenly figure out that the sticks could be joined to get the food.• He used Insight to solve similar problems
  2. 2. 4 stages of Insight learning • Can’t solve the problem 1: initiallyPreparation • Data gathering • Problem put on hold 2: • Problem work onIncubation unconsciously 3: • Suddenly there is a mental representation of Insight solution 4: SolutionVerification checked
  3. 3. Example • E.g. Amelia can’t figure out how 1: • Can’t work out how to load the to load free songs from youtube songs initiallyPreparation on to her iphone • Data gathering • After spending an hour trying a variety of unsuccessful strategies. 2: • Song loading problem put on hold while she goes on a walk • She ‘cracks it’ and decides to goIncubation • Problem worked on unconsciously for a walk. • ½ way through the walk, she suddenly realises, that she needs to put the songs in iTunes 1st. 3: • During her walk, she suddenly there is a mental representation of • She bolts home and tests her Insight how to load the songs theory out and sure enough it works Solution checked, 4:Verification her songs do load
  4. 4. Step 1: Preparation• Initially the learner feels helpless (‘I’m never going to figure this out’)• The individual gathers information about the problem (trial & error)• E.g. You are trying to program the new DVD recorder to tape shows, you try different settings, turning the TV to AV mode, etc........
  5. 5. Step 2: Incubation• The problem is consciously put aside,• But worked on at an unconscious level• So you go outside and shoot some hoops, because you are getting angry that you can’t solve the problem, meanwhile your brain is working on the problem
  6. 6. Step 3: Insight – ‘Aha’• ‘Aha – now I know what to do’• Some mental event bridges the gap between the problem & the solution• Unconsciously the learner has reassembled the elements of the problem into a meaningful whole
  7. 7. Step 4: Verification• Solution (arrived at mentally) is now tested out (physically)• This will now help with future problem solving (in a sense the learner is learning how to learn)
  8. 8. Insight Learning: key points• The learning appears suddenly• The 1st time the solution is tried, it is generally done correctly (few/no errors) despite the lack of reinforcement given• We tend not to forget the solution• Learning can be applied to similar problems in the future• i.e. We can use the insight gained to help up us with future problems.• Thus it is a more cognitive process (than classical conditioning or operant conditioning)

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This file accompanies a youtube, which provides an overview of the Sultan 'sticks' experiment along with a practical example which details the 4 stages of Insight learning. See my twitter account 'Psyccounting' for a link to the Youtube.

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