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Health Matters - Harmful drinking and alcohol dependence

This slide set accompanies PHE’s latest edition of Health Matters, a resource for public health professionals, which brings together important facts, figures and evidence of effective interventions to tackle major public health problems. For more info visit https://publichealthmatters.blog.gov.uk/2016/01/21/health-matters-harmful-drinking-and-alcohol-dependence/

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Health Matters - Harmful drinking and alcohol dependence

  1. 1. Public Health England I‘ lm "'lT Tn‘; 'fiT“l'I HeaItlT. ‘.“-: ';'Z; el‘s Harmful drinking and alcohol dependence
  2. 2. Public Health England Harmful drinking and alcohol dependence 1. The scale of the problem The effects of han'nfu| drinking on lndwlduals, their families and communities are wide-ranging and require a multrfaoeted response at a national and local level. I In 201344, there were 333, 014 hospital admissions where the mam reason for admission was alcohokrelated. This is up by 1.3% from 201243. In England are may have PT'bTT°Hea"TTEn9'and'S<PHE> drinking at levels some level ambition IS to prevent and reducetheharmscaused by alcohol. The pages that follow 'é; °n“§lZ2c'; °¥L‘i. '§Zn°Z; '.Z'; “sed risk to their health dependence alcohol treatment interventions.
  3. 3. Public Health England Harmful drinking and alcohol dependence 2. Alcohol harms the body Alcohol is the third leading nsk lactor for death and disability after smoking and obesity. The new CMO guideline on alcohol consumption warns that drrnking any level of alcohol regularly cames a health risk for anyone. Drinlung any level of alcohol increases the risk of a range of nmncers. Alcohol related liver dlsease was responsible lor 70% of alcoholspecific deaths II 2012 Alcohol has been identified as a causal factor in more than 6 Medical conditions TrTC‘uT”. lTT‘Tg; o mou+. :T. r. rTT’o: .:. - O= ?l3I"E‘SSTOIT stolTT.3.T: f‘T. liver : TTTd breast C: TTTT: el‘s - p: lTTT: ‘T T - cirrhosis of IVTC-' lwer - liver cl sense o heart [T330359
  4. 4. 3. Alcohol and health inequalities Although the volume of alcohol consumed IS a clear Indicator of potential harm to health. other factors aflect the relationship. The impact of harmful drinking I5 much greater for those in the lowest income bracket and those experiencing the highest levels of depnvation. Alcohol—related deaths for the most deprived decile were 53% higher than the least deprived in 2013. Investing in effective alcohol treatment plays a key role in reducing health inequalities. Societal V vulnerability factors ‘ ' ' Alcohol Production. Distribution. Flegulafion Drinking Context Level of development Culture ill! -H-Ill-11 7‘-4-ind-.1:-1,-url. m‘ aP‘f= .L! .i, (=, l.¢, -1.5:, T il: —r-Iii‘: "‘5'l| I’(°-, i~l| Ilf«}‘~, ‘3 Individual vulnerability factors Socio-Economic Status Familial Factors Gender
  5. 5. 4. Planning and delivering treatment services Not all ofthe 1.6 million people who may have some level of alcohol dependence will require specialist alcohol treatment. Some will benefit from a brief intervention which firstly consists of a short alcohol health risk check. Alcohol treatment is effective for those who need it. In 2014-15, 150,640 people in England received treatment. Atotal of 61% of service users reported being free of alcohol dependence when they left treatmalt. Number of people in England receiving specialist treatment for alcohol dependence in 201 4-1 5 Average waiting time for service users seeking help for alcohol dependence for alcohol alongside is other substances
  6. 6. 5. Why invest in alcohol treatment SerVi°eS'-’ Alcohol is Local councils and health and a wellbeing boards are at the heart of the partnership needed ' to tackle this complex issue. h PHE provides a range of tools and guidance to help them deliver alcohol treatment services: - Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) support Investment in alcohol PM interventions, including Guide to Social Return on Investment for alcohol specialist alcohol treatment f§L‘§'n§’n'§; §iI{§§I; "e"‘ can produce a high return - Quality Governance guidance National Drug Treatment Monitoring System For every 100 alcohol- dependent people treated, at a cost of £40,000: isave: £60,000 if I‘_I