Research Report 
Designing a Geo-Ecology and Education 
Nature Trail 
by Florian Hopp 
September 25th, 2014 
Place: Sechel...
Abstract 
This research report deals with the development and building of a geo-ecological nature trail at the 
Sechelt Sa...
Table of Contents 
Abstract .................................................................................................
List of abbreviations 
BC British Columbia 
UBC University of British Columbia, Vancouver 
U of A University of Alberta, E...
Table of illustrations 
Figure 1: Connections of the nature trail ...........................................................
Photograph 17: Position of board 8 at the Treangle reclamation area ................................... 15 
Photograph 18:...
Introduction 
A quarry is an intervention into the nature but it provides a unique view into the earth 
history of British...
Background Information 
The Lehigh Sand & Gravel Mine is located in Sechelt, a small town at BC’s west coast. The 
footpri...
the University of Applied Sciences in Bingen, Germany already had former cooperation with 
the U of A. 
Then, in August, t...
The last page is used to show the cooperating institutions. Overall, on almost every page, 
there is space for RSS – Feeds...
Results 
During research from March to September, the following results were achieved. 
A layout for the webpage and the i...
By expecting 3 to 4 bears on site at this time, it was not possible to walk the possible trail by 
foot. Simply said, it w...
Discussion 
The advantages and disadvantages of the nature trail are described in the following Table 1. 
Table 1: Advanta...
Conclusion 
Despite the great distance, the realization of the research study was very successful. With 
the developed mea...
Appendix 
Final Trail .......................................................................................................
1. 
2. 
3. 4. 
5. 
N 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
1100.. 
Start 
Final Trail 
Information board 
Trail 
F igure 2: Final nature trail ...
Final Trail (map with contour line) 
Information board 
Trail 
Florian Hopp 11 
N 
Figure 3: Final trail with contour line
Final timetable of the nature trail 
Table 2: Time and distance for trail hike 
Position Time Information board text Dista...
Pictures of the trail route 
Photograph 1: Start position of the trail 
Photograph 2: Position of the start board close to...
Photograph 6: Trail short before board 2 on the 
Northcope Upper Slope 
Photograph 7: Trail between board 2 & 3 on the 
No...
Photograph 12: Planned trail breakthrough to reach 
board 6 at the end of the poplar row 
Photograph 13: Position of board...
Photograph 18: Position of board 9 at the south plateau 
reclamation area 
Photograph 19: Biosolid cross-section close to ...
Photograph 24: Position of board 10 with view of the 
lower plant 
Photograph 25: Tree marking on the trail through the 
t...
Nature Trail Information Boards 
Figure 4: Start board at the nature trail entrance 
Figure 5: Board with trail overview a...
Figure 6: Board 1 - Water Treatment at the Lehigh quarry 
Figure 7: Board 2a - Earth History - Rocky Mountains 
Florian Ho...
Figure 8: Board 2b - Earth History - Rocky Mountains 
Figure 9: Board 3 - Soil and bedrock structure on north side 
Floria...
Figure 10: Board 4 – Temperate Rainforest 
Figure 11: Board 5 - Poplar trees as part of a reclamation area 
Florian Hopp 2...
Figure 12: Board 6 – Overburden Dump 
Figure 13: Board 7 - Glacial sands - Mining at the Lehigh quarry 
Florian Hopp 22
Figure 14: Board 8 - Climate overview on a reclamation area 
Figure 15: Board 9 - Biosolids in use for a reclamation area ...
Figure 16: Board 10 - Lower plant - Lehigh quarry production & main deposit 
Photograph 30: Sample for a final information...
Signpost of the trail 
Figure 17: Signpost of the trail 
Internet presence of the nature trail 
Figure 18: Front page of t...
Figure 19: 2nd page - Trail overview 
Figure 20: 3rd page - Habitate 
Florian Hopp 26
Figure 21: 4th page - Research studies 
Figure 22: 5th page - Media 
Florian Hopp 27
Figure 23: 6th page – cooperating institutions 
Florian Hopp 28
Index 
Cannings, S., Nelson, J., & Cannings, R. (2011). Geology of British Columbia "A Journey 
through Time". Greystone B...
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Designing a Geo-Ecology and Education nature trail by Florian Hopp (North America)

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Designing+constructing a geo-ecology and education nature trail at the quarry.

With this trail visitors get an insight of bedrock, soil, terrain shaping, water, climate, vegetation, fauna in correlation between primary origin of the Coastal Mountains (Cordillera+Wrangellia) also as the formation of the inlets and Vancouver Island. Important is an advice+link to the coastal climate+Cold Rain Forest.

The Trail passes geological and ecological spots (such as a few of the bedrock/soil bedding+different rock types) and shows+explains the visitors the realized reconstruction of the rain forest+habitat projects done by the company.

If possible the trail will pass an original part of the Cold Rain Forest to show the nature before the mining started. The trail will be designed after an inspection of the quarry terrain and in cooperation with the Geology Dep. at the University of B.C.,Vancouver. Students will be integrated (course achievement) to design the route and prepare relevant information for visitors.

A container at the entrance of the quarry is used as the starting point and there is a general introduction and safety advice. Visitors get helmet and reflective vests there.

The project won the 1st Prize in National Quarry Life Award in 2014 in North America.

Read more: http://www.quarrylifeaward.com/project/designing-geo-ecology-and-education-nature-trail

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Designing a Geo-Ecology and Education nature trail by Florian Hopp (North America)

  1. 1. Research Report Designing a Geo-Ecology and Education Nature Trail by Florian Hopp September 25th, 2014 Place: Sechelt Sand & Gravel Mine Lehigh Material 5784 Sechelt Inlet Road Sechelt, British Columbia, V0N 3A0 Canada Company: Lehigh Hanson Materials Ltd. Contact persons: Mr. Thomas Chizmadia, Ms. Sophie Mullen, Mr. Gabe Morrelli
  2. 2. Abstract This research report deals with the development and building of a geo-ecological nature trail at the Sechelt Sand & Gravel Mine. With this trail visitors will gain insight into the correlation between abiotic, vegetation, and the usage in relation to the origin of the Coastal Mountains, the Inlets and Vancouver Island. The trail will pass through different geological and ecological places at the quarry. In addition, it will include a view of the soil and bedrock structure, different rock types, a view of the reclaimed areas, as well as habitat projects of the quarry owner, Lehigh Materials. For the last fifteen years Lehigh Material has been supervising a reclamation program concentrating on biosolids. Research has shown that there is great interest in the trail by the general public in addition to the quarry operators. This trail will be a unique experience not only in the Greater Vancouver area but in all of British Columbia (BC). Furthermore, this one of a kind project will encounter different areas of the quarry that are generally not seen by most people and its overall aim is to enable a unique insight into the nature surrounding the quarry. Figure 1 portrays the information, which will be further processed on ten different information boards. These boards will be placed on ten different locations and the following topics will be explained to the visitors: 1. Water treatment at the Lehigh quarry, 2. Earth history - Rocky Mountains, 3. Soil and bedrock structure on north side, 4. Temperate rainforest, 5. Poplar trees as part of a reclamation area, 6. Overburden Dump, 7. Glacial sands -Mining at the Soil &bedrock The nature trail enables a unique insight Water Reclama-tion areas Mining Earth history Climate Vegetat-ion Lehigh quarry, 8. Climate overview on a reclamation area, 9. Biosolids in use on reclamation areas, 10. Lower plant - Lehigh quarry production & main deposit Figure 4 on page 18 and Figure 17 on page 25 shows, that the logo of the Quarry Life Award is integrated into the layout in order to show the connection between the project and the award. With this, it also points out the endeavors of the HeidelbergCement Group. Examples of all information boards on every topic will be provided in the appendix on page 19 ff. One part of the nature trail will pass an original part of the temperate rainforest who is on site to show the nature before the mining operation has started .At the entrance of the quarry, there will be a short introduction by the scout. He will further guide the visitors on their trail walk. His overall job is to explain important spots, which are marked by the information Figure 1: Connections of the nature trail boards and to answer to the questions of the visitors, as well as providing tours for school classes and university students. The trail is shown on page 10 ff and has a total distance of 12km. By foot, this takes about 5h 30 min (see page 12). The composition of the nature trail preceded a complete inspection of the quarry. Furthermore, the topics of the nature trail had been developed after close inspection and further internet research. Additionally, an internet presence had been developed in order to replace the information boards or put new information on it. This internet presence can be reached through the QR-Code on each information board on the trail. With this code, the visitors will be able to get additional information to the multimedia nature trail. All pages of the internet presence are shown in the appendix on page 25 ff. Unfortunately, it was not possible to get support of the University of British Columbia (UBC) as one possible project partner during the research. In contrast, the University of Alberta (U of A) agreed to join the project in case that the project will be chosen. Then, they will lead further investigations on the integration of fieldwork and research work for the faculty of “Land Reclamation and Restoration Ecology” on the quarry site. In addition, the following schools are interested to walk on the trail and join the project: Chatelech Secondary School, Sechelt, BC, Pender Habour Elementary and Secondary School, Madeira Park, BC, Sunshine Coast Alternative School, Sechelt, BC Florian Hopp II
  3. 3. Table of Contents Abstract ...................................................................................................................................... II List of abbreviations .................................................................................................................. IV Table of illustrations ................................................................................................................... V Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 1 Objectives ................................................................................................................................... 1 Background Information ............................................................................................................ 2 Methods ..................................................................................................................................... 3 Results ........................................................................................................................................ 5 Discussion ................................................................................................................................... 7 Conclusion .................................................................................................................................. 8 Appendix ..................................................................................................................................... 9 Index ......................................................................................................................................... 29 Florian Hopp III
  4. 4. List of abbreviations BC British Columbia UBC University of British Columbia, Vancouver U of A University of Alberta, Edmonton SIB Sechelt Indian Band dt dry tonne ha hectares km kilometer h hours min minutes Florian Hopp IV
  5. 5. Table of illustrations Figure 1: Connections of the nature trail ................................................................................... II Figure 2: Final nature trail with positions of the information boards ..................................... 10 Figure 3: Final trail with contour line ....................................................................................... 11 Figure 4: Start board at the nature trail entrance ................................................................... 18 Figure 5: Board with trail overview at the start position ......................................................... 18 Figure 6: Board 1 - Water Treatment at the Lehigh quarry ..................................................... 19 Figure 7: Board 2a - Earth History - Rocky Mountains ............................................................. 19 Figure 8: Board 2b - Earth History - Rocky Mountains ............................................................. 20 Figure 9: Board 3 - Soil and bedrock structure on north side .................................................. 20 Figure 10: Board 4 – Temperate Rainforest ............................................................................. 21 Figure 11: Board 5 - Poplar trees as part of a reclamation area .............................................. 21 Figure 12: Board 6 – Overburden Dump .................................................................................. 22 Figure 13: Board 7 - Glacial sands - Mining at the Lehigh quarry ............................................ 22 Figure 14: Board 8 - Climate overview on a reclamation area ................................................. 23 Figure 15: Board 9 - Biosolids in use for a reclamation area ................................................... 23 Figure 16: Board 10 - Lower plant - Lehigh quarry production & main deposit ...................... 24 Figure 17: Signpost of the trail ................................................................................................. 25 Figure 18: Front page of the internet presence ....................................................................... 25 Figure 19: 2nd page - Trail overview ........................................................................................ 26 Figure 20: 3rd page - Habitate ................................................................................................. 26 Figure 21: 4th page - Research studies .................................................................................... 27 Figure 22: 5th page - Media ..................................................................................................... 27 Figure 23: 6th page – cooperating institutions ........................................................................ 28 Photograph 1: Start position of the trail .................................................................................. 13 Photograph 2: Position of the start board close to the main office ........................................ 13 Photograph 3: Trail between start board and 1st information board ..................................... 13 Photograph 4: Trail on the north side between information board one and two................... 13 Photograph 5: Trail between board 1 & 2 with view of the lower plateau ............................. 13 Photograph 6: Trail short before board 2 on the Northcope Upper Slope ............................. 14 Photograph 7: Trail between board 2 & 3 on the Northcote Upper Slope.............................. 14 Photograph 8: Position of board 3 below the North slope ...................................................... 14 Photograph 9: Position of board 4 at the temperate rainforest .............................................. 14 Photograph 10: Position of board 5 at the poplar reclamation area ....................................... 14 Photograph 11: Trail between the poplar rows ....................................................................... 14 Photograph 12: Planned trail breakthrough to reach board 6 at the end of the poplar row . 15 Photograph 13: Position of board 6 above the overburden dump ......................................... 15 Photograph 14: Trail to board 7 at the upper plateau ............................................................. 15 Photograph 15: Trail to board 8 at the upper plateau ............................................................. 15 Photograph 16: Trail to board 8 ............................................................................................... 15 Florian Hopp V
  6. 6. Photograph 17: Position of board 8 at the Treangle reclamation area ................................... 15 Photograph 18: Position of board 9 at the south plateau reclamation area ........................... 16 Photograph 19: Biosolid cross-section close to board 9 .......................................................... 16 Photograph 20: South plateau reclamation area ..................................................................... 16 Photograph 21: Pond on south plateau reclamation area....................................................... 16 Photograph 22: Poplar trees at the south plateau reclamation area ...................................... 16 Photograph 23: South plateau reclamation area ..................................................................... 16 Photograph 24: Position of board 10 with view of the lower plant ........................................ 17 Photograph 25: Tree marking on the trail through the temperate rainforest ........................ 17 Photograph 26: Mr. Hopp while marking the trail ................................................................... 17 Photograph 27: Part of the marked trail at the temperate rainforest .................................... 17 Photograph 28: Part of the marked trail at the temperate rainforest .................................... 17 Photograph 29: End of the temperate rainforest trail ............................................................. 17 Photograph 30: Sample for a final information board ............................................................. 24 Table 1: Advantage and disadvantage of the geo-ecology and education nature trail ............. 7 Table 2: Time and distance for trail hike .................................................................................. 12 Florian Hopp VI
  7. 7. Introduction A quarry is an intervention into the nature but it provides a unique view into the earth history of British Columbia (B.C.).With the trail, this view will be accessible by public. The insight into the formation history of the Rocky Mountains, as well as a history on climate, flora and fauna will provide a better understanding of our environment. On the trail, there are arrangements for reafforestation and installed habitants, which were created by Lehigh Materials and demonstrate his environmental consciousness on the one hand and his own efforts to reconstruct the unspoiled eco-system on the other hand. With the new accessibility of the territory to school- and university students, it can be a great benefit for school- and university programs. The mining company, named Lehigh Materials, is the main operator of the mine in Sechelt, BC, Canada. While the research work was done from March 2014 to September 30th, 2014, the work on site was done from August 18th, 2014 to August 22nd, 2014. In the following research report “Designing a Geo-Ecology and Education nature trail”, you will find a detailed description of all procedures and methods, which were necessary within the construction of the Quarry Life Award on the topic of biodiversity and education. Objectives The main purpose of this research project is to raise interest for the sector of biodiversity and education and moreover to increase public relations. This nature trail will be the first step to provide visitors with essential information on their environment and therefore help to raise people’s awareness for environmental problems. For this reason, there are different objectives chosen during the time of research. Undoubtedly, the most important subject will be the trail route itself. For this, it is necessary to examine the total trail distance and the estimated time to hike on it. On the route, the trail should pass all important locations and also the reclamation areas on site. In addition, the information boards and the signposts need intense preparation in advance. This includes a nice layout on the one hand, but profound and comprehensive research information on the other hand. For this, a QR-Code on each information board will connect the interactive boards with the further developed web page. The establishment of the web page layout is another important objective within the research project. In a last step, there must be a cooperation between the trail and the surrounding universities and schools. Then, scouts will guide these groups of approximately 15 persons on this trail. One possibility to keep the information updated on the boards is to incorporate schools and universities, which will provide further investigations throughout the year. This will be done within course achievements and can be used to get more detailed information on the nature trail in future. Florian Hopp 1
  8. 8. Background Information The Lehigh Sand & Gravel Mine is located in Sechelt, a small town at BC’s west coast. The footprint of the quarry is over 250 hectares (ha) with over approximately 4 million tons of products (sand and gravel) per year. A result, the Sechelt Mine is one of the largest aggregate mines in Canada. With 57 employees, Lehigh’s Sechelt mine is not only one of the largest employers on the Sunshine coast but also the largest employer of the local Sechelt Indian Band (SIB). By requesting terrain maps in advance, the operator Lehigh Material sent several maps displaying contour lines, roads and soil structure to Germany. This made it possible to create a first possible trail on a map as soon as the project has started in March. For a better understanding of the local geology, the book Geology of British Columbia – A Journey through Time – by Greystone Books was bought. In this book, the geology, as well as the history change of the flora & fauna in BC over the past million years are described in detail. After looking for more background information, the next task was to investigate the texts that should be placed on the information boards. Until the actual visit in Sechelt, the topics were still not definite. Especially the web page of the Environmental Government of BC was very useful for creating the texts for the boards, because this web page described the geological and the ecological structure of BC very well. With these information, it was easy to investigate the bedrock of the whole area and on site. The bedrock was formed within the period of the Mesozoic, which started 252,2 million years ago and ended 66 million years ago. Being more specific, it is from the Jurassic period (201,3 - 145 million years ago) and the Cretaceous period (145 - 66 million years ago). The mainly mined bedrock on site is granite. The glacial sands on site are produced by glaciers that crushed the stones underneath when the ice was moving forward. These glaciers were mainly in BC in the Late Wisconsinan (25.000 - 10.000 years ago). The texts for the water treatment, overburden dump and lower plant – Lehigh quarry are prepared after a walk on site and further explanations by the main manager. In addition, the internet was used to prepare the texts. To prepare the text for the information board with the title „ Biosolids in use on reclamation areas“, the operation report from Lehigh Materials with the title Lehigh Materials Sechelt Mine 2013 Operations Report and Cover Letter was an important basis also in relation to get used to it and to become some background information about the subject of matter before the actual visit on the quarry. The preparation for the other five topics had been done by an independent internet enquiry. All prepared information texts had then been placed on the layout of the educational nature trail boards subsequent to the visit. In addition to the layouts, final preparation was in March by contacting universities of this area. The university should have the chance to do research as part of a course achievement for their faculty on site. The UBC was the first choice because of their faculty “Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences”. Moreover, this faculty was the most interesting, because of its internal subjects, which would contribute to the research work of the project. After having e-mail contact with the UBC, there was also to the aim to get in touch with other universities. The next choice was to request the University of Alberta (U of A). Its faculty “Land Reclamation and Restoration Ecology” also suits well to this project and possible research work on site could be joined as part of a course achievement. This was also done because Florian Hopp 2
  9. 9. the University of Applied Sciences in Bingen, Germany already had former cooperation with the U of A. Then, in August, the exploring expedition to Sechelt, BC in Canada has started. The first work on site was the creation of a final trail with the prepared materials. This included the final time for the hike, the final distance of the trail and the final positions and subjects for the information boards. Methods After research, information boards will be placed on site. These boards provide information on the different subjects concerning the Geo – Ecology and Education nature trail in Sechelt. The layouts on every board are constructed in the same manner. On the very top, there is a picture with the exact position of the single boards. The middle part provides information on the different topics on this location. On the bottom, there is an indication to the Quarry Life Award and the QR–Code. By scanning the QR–Code with a multimedia device (smartphone or tablet), the visitor is able to connect with the nature trail website. The board layouts including the texts, the missions, and the diagrams were developed by the project team in the period from March to August and later being graphically converted by JD Grafik Design. The final layouts of all information boards are shown in the appendix on page 18 ff. For a better understanding on how the final built board will look, there will be a sample for a final information board out of aluminum on page 24. Aluminum boards were chosen, because this material is stainless and easy to clean with water. Besides the briefing by the scout at the beginning of every tour, the information boards at the entrance also include additional information on safety- and behavior rules (See page 18). The web page of the trail will include up–to-date and additional information and missions for each location. At this moment, the web page is set up within six pages (see appendix page 25ff). The participant will be forwarded to the front page of the website first. On this page, there is an overview about all nature trail topics and a call number in order to book the tour. With this procedure, it can be ensured and there will always be a guide on site in order to secure the safety of all visitors. The second page illustrates a map of the trail for providing a general overview and the exact positions of the ten different information boards. This is followed by the third page (see page 26). The visitor will be forwarded on this page by scanning the QR-Code on each board. Here the visitor will get additional information and missions, also as the distance and the approximate time to the next board. Page four is used to report on further researches on the quarry. These are done by the operator Lehigh Materials, as well as the partner schools and universities. The fifth page is titled media and makes it possible to upload visitor pictures on site. In addition, events (for example open days) can be published on this page. Florian Hopp 3
  10. 10. The last page is used to show the cooperating institutions. Overall, on almost every page, there is space for RSS – Feeds on the right hand side in order to publish up to date information. To ensure the security on site during the hike, there will be a special safety instruction besides the general instruction about the topics on the nature trail. For example, this includes the equipment (helmet and reflecting vests) that needs to be worn in order to ensure the safety for each participant. The visitors are also informed before their visit to wear hiking- or wellington boots. Florian Hopp 4
  11. 11. Results During research from March to September, the following results were achieved. A layout for the webpage and the information boards were designed. The QR-Code can be connected to the web page and the information boards. With the web page, the visitors are able to get information before their actual visit. The complete web page layouts and their functions are explained in the appendix page 25 ff. According to the main layout, the information boards for the nature trail are designed by the team. The layouts include a text with research information and missions for every topic and location. On some locations, more information are needed so they won’t have missions for the visitors on the board. These missions will be given in an oral explanation by the scout at the end. After research work on site in August, the trail includes the following ten topics. 1. Water treatment at the Lehigh quarry 2. Earth history - Rocky Mountains 3. Soil and bedrock structure on north side 4. Temperate rainforest 5. Poplar trees as part of a reclamation area 6. Overburden Dump 7. Glacial sands - Mining at the Lehigh quarry 8. Climate overview on a reclamation area 9. Biosolids in use on reclamation areas 10. Lower plant - Lehigh quarry production & main deposit After the titles above were approved for the trail, the final layouts have been prepared together with the final texts and missions. They are shown on page 18 ff. To connect the topics with their positions on the trail, a detailed inspection of the trail was obligatory. It was necessary to check whether all topics are connectable and integrable with the operator and the main subject the “Geo - Ecology and Education nature trail“. In addition, signposts for the trail were needed to mark it in order to find the information boards. The signposts were created and can be seen in the appendix on page 25. The signposts also have a connection to the Quarry Life Award as the dragonfly of their logo had been used. It was essential to use bright and intense colors for the design in order to make it apparent and eye-catching. As the trail was planned by using maps before the actual visit, it was crucial to check and correct the data for the trail in order to get the best route as possible with many interesting positions about Geo – Ecology locations for the visitors. Also the positions of the information boards were determined on this inspection. The final trail is now displayed on page 10 ff in the appendix. On this map, the positions of the information boards are marked with numbers. The numbers are corresponding with the ten final topics. A detailed overview on the route length and hiking time can further be seen at the table on page 12. The final length of the trail is approx. 12,1km. The trail can be walked in 5h 30 min including the period of time for explanations on every board, missions and breaks. Florian Hopp 5
  12. 12. By expecting 3 to 4 bears on site at this time, it was not possible to walk the possible trail by foot. Simply said, it was too dangerous for a European, who just knows bears from TV to walk just with a Walki Talki. Therefore, a car was used to follow the trail and an estimated time by foot was examined afterwards. Here an explanation of how it was done: The route was followed by car with a speed of approx. 10km/h. Compared with the speed by food with approx. 5km/h, the time had to be doubled as the doubled speed (comparison foot/car) was driven. The kilometer counter in the car was used to get the distance between each information board. Also the time was stopped on each information board position to know the time compared to the distance. All this data was being converted in an excel sheet for the final calculation. The visit on site was also the chance to prepare the trail through the part of the temperate rainforest as this will be part of the nature trail. As there had not been a trail before, the trees of both sides of the future trail were marked by the participant Mr. Hopp and a worker from the quarry. This can be seen on pictures in the appendix on page 17 ff. As it was also part of the project to get a university within the area involved, the UBC in Vancouver was contacted. Being more specific, the request was send to the faculty of “Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences” asking for cooperation with the proposal of integrating research works as part of their course achievements throughout the year. Unfortunately, it was not possible to get the support of the UBC until the end of the research study. In fact, this was the opportunity to contact the U of A in Edmonton, Alberta with the same request at end of July. The U of A was chosen, because of a similar faculty, which also goes well with the aim of this project. This is the faculty of “Land Reclamation and Restoration Ecology“. The U of A was highly interested in the project but the period of time was too short to integrate a possible course achievement or field research as part of their faculty subjects. In fact, this will be possible if the project will be chosen and this period of time can be planned in advance. The faculty already ensured to the participant to help with content questions concerning the information boards if it’s necessary. Also, schools of the area of the quarry had been contacted. The moreover question was if they would have interest on going to hike with their classes on such an education nature trail and if they can integrate this as part of their school program. The e-mails were send directly to the school principals. The contacted schools were: · Langdale Elementary School, Gibsons, BC, · Gibsons Elementary School, Gibsons, BC · West Sechelt Elementary School, Sechelt, BC · Madeira Park Elementary School, Madeira Park, BC · Pender Habour Elementary and Secondary School, Madeira Park, BC · Sunshine Coast Alternative School, Sechelt, BC · Chatelech Secondary School, Sechelt, BC Following schools expressed their interest in the trail: · Chatelech Secondary School, Sechelt, BC · Pender Habour Elementary and Secondary School, Madeira Park, BC · Sunshine Coast Alternative School, Sechelt, BC Florian Hopp 6
  13. 13. Discussion The advantages and disadvantages of the nature trail are described in the following Table 1. Table 1: Advantage and disadvantage of the geo-ecology and education nature trail Advantages Disadvantages Increase of the quarry acceptance in public The trail hike can only be done by a scout to ensure the security on site Increase of the public relations and public’s awareness Trail and information boards need to be cleaned temporarily (because of vegetation cover) Educational support for school- and university students Explanation of the geology and ecology on site Low costs because most of the trail already exists The research period demonstrates that the operator of the quarry Lehigh Materials, as well as public show great interest in such an educational nature trail. The trail is also a great benefit, because of its uniqueness in the greater area of Vancouver and BC. A quarry is an artificial intervention into the nature, but it allows a unique view into the earth history of B.C. With this trail, this view can be accessed by public. It shows the primary origin of the Rocky Mountains, the climate, the flora & fauna. What is even more important during times of the environmental climate change is that visitors will have a better understanding of their environment after coming to a visit at Sechelt quarry. In sum, the trail will encounter the temperate rainforest, reclaimed area and habitats. In particular, this project will depict on the ecological awareness and other reclamation programs on site, for example the company Lehigh Material. The accessibility for school- and university students as part of their school- and university course achievements establishes the company as catalyst for more applied science research in schools and public. Florian Hopp 7
  14. 14. Conclusion Despite the great distance, the realization of the research study was very successful. With the developed measures during the research period, the operator has now all needed tasks to move on and develop the educational nature trail. The layout of all information boards and the webpage can be accessed in the final version. Not least, all routes for the nature trail still exist because they follow existing roads. The trail only needs to be marked with the developed signposts. The trail through the temperate rainforest is marked (see pictures on page 17 ff) and also prepared with the help by members of the quarry. Only the trail at the end of the poplar row reclamation area needs to be prepared with a breakthrough (see picture on page 15). Otherwise, all structures for a successful realization are given by the operator Lehigh Materials. Seen in a larger context as well as within longer period of time, it is possible to gain university support to join the project. A participation of the UBC is already planned as soon as the trail is prepared and Lehigh Material or the HeidelbergCement Group will send an official request to the university. Until the end of this research study in September, the following schools expressed their interest to hike on the nature trail: · Chatelech Secondary School, Sechelt, BC · Pender Habour Elementary and Secondary School, Madeira Park, BC · Sunshine Coast Alternative School, Sechelt, BC As there are summer vacations and a current teacher strike in BC until September 22nd, 2014, the participant of the research is certain that more schools will join the next weeks. Florian Hopp 8
  15. 15. Appendix Final Trail .................................................................................................................................. 10 Final Trail (map with contour line) ........................................................................................... 11 Final timetable of the nature trail ............................................................................................ 12 Pictures of the trail route ......................................................................................................... 13 Nature Trail Information Boards .............................................................................................. 18 Signpost of the trail .................................................................................................................. 25 Internet presence of the nature trail ....................................................................................... 25 Florian Hopp 9
  16. 16. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. N 6. 7. 8. 9. 1100.. Start Final Trail Information board Trail F igure 2: Final nature trail with positions of the information boards Florian Hopp 10
  17. 17. Final Trail (map with contour line) Information board Trail Florian Hopp 11 N Figure 3: Final trail with contour line
  18. 18. Final timetable of the nature trail Table 2: Time and distance for trail hike Position Time Information board text Distance (km) Time to distance Start 10:00:00 Introduction & safety advice 0,0 00:00:00 Welcome Hemet, reflecting vests, shoes 00:30:00 Walk 00:05:00 1 10:35:00 Water treatment at the Lehigh quarry 0,9 E,M 00:15:00 Walk 00:18:00 2 11:08:00 Earth history - Rocky Mountains 2,0 E,M 00:15:00 Walk 00:08:00 3 11:31:00 Soil and bedrock structure on north side 0,1 E,M 00:15:00 Walk 00:10:00 4 11:56:00 Temperated rainforest 1,4 E,M 00:15:00 Walk 00:16:00 5 12:27:00 Poplar trees as part of a reclamation 0,5 E,M 00:10:00 Walk 00:10:00 6 12:47:00 Overburden Dump 0,3 Lunch break 00:20:00 E,M 00:10:00 Walk 00:14:00 7 13:31:00 Glazial sands -Mining at the Lehigh quarry 1,6 E,M 00:15:00 Walk 00:20:00 8 14:06:00 Climate overview on a reclamation area 1,0 E,M 00:15:00 Walk 00:20:00 9 14:41:00 Biosolids in use for reclamtion 2,5 E,M 00:15:00 Walk 00:10:00 10 15:06:00 Lower plant - Lehigh quarry main deposit 0,7 E,M 00:10:00 Walk 00:10:00 End 15:26:00 Return to start point 1,1 Total 12,10 05:26:00 Legend: E,M Time for Explanation, Mission on each information board Walk Dated on 20.08.2014 Time for walk Florian Hopp 12
  19. 19. Pictures of the trail route Photograph 1: Start position of the trail Photograph 2: Position of the start board close to the main office Photograph 3: Trail between start board and 1st information board Photograph 4: Trail on the north side between information board one and two Photograph 5: Trail between board 1 & 2 with view of the lower plateau Florian Hopp 13
  20. 20. Photograph 6: Trail short before board 2 on the Northcope Upper Slope Photograph 7: Trail between board 2 & 3 on the Northcote Upper Slope Photograph 8: Position of board 3 below the North slope Photograph 9: Position of board 4 at the temperate rainforest Photograph 10: Position of board 5 at the poplar reclamation area Photograph 11: Trail between the poplar rows Florian Hopp 14
  21. 21. Photograph 12: Planned trail breakthrough to reach board 6 at the end of the poplar row Photograph 13: Position of board 6 above the overburden dump Photograph 14: Trail to board 7 at the upper plateau Photograph 15: Trail to board 8 at the upper plateau Photograph 16: Trail to board 8 Photograph 17: Position of board 8 at the Treangle reclamation area Florian Hopp 15
  22. 22. Photograph 18: Position of board 9 at the south plateau reclamation area Photograph 19: Biosolid cross-section close to board 9 Photograph 20: South plateau reclamation area Photograph 21: Pond on south plateau reclamation area Photograph 22: Poplar trees at the south plateau reclamation area Photograph 23: South plateau reclamation area Florian Hopp 16
  23. 23. Photograph 24: Position of board 10 with view of the lower plant Photograph 25: Tree marking on the trail through the temperate rainforest Photograph 26: Mr. Hopp while marking the trail Photograph 27: Part of the marked trail at the temperate rainforest Photograph 28: Part of the marked trail at the temperate rainforest Photograph 29: End of the temperate rainforest trail Florian Hopp 17
  24. 24. Nature Trail Information Boards Figure 4: Start board at the nature trail entrance Figure 5: Board with trail overview at the start position Florian Hopp 18
  25. 25. Figure 6: Board 1 - Water Treatment at the Lehigh quarry Figure 7: Board 2a - Earth History - Rocky Mountains Florian Hopp 19
  26. 26. Figure 8: Board 2b - Earth History - Rocky Mountains Figure 9: Board 3 - Soil and bedrock structure on north side Florian Hopp 20
  27. 27. Figure 10: Board 4 – Temperate Rainforest Figure 11: Board 5 - Poplar trees as part of a reclamation area Florian Hopp 21
  28. 28. Figure 12: Board 6 – Overburden Dump Figure 13: Board 7 - Glacial sands - Mining at the Lehigh quarry Florian Hopp 22
  29. 29. Figure 14: Board 8 - Climate overview on a reclamation area Figure 15: Board 9 - Biosolids in use for a reclamation area Florian Hopp 23
  30. 30. Figure 16: Board 10 - Lower plant - Lehigh quarry production & main deposit Photograph 30: Sample for a final information board Florian Hopp 24
  31. 31. Signpost of the trail Figure 17: Signpost of the trail Internet presence of the nature trail Figure 18: Front page of the internet presence Florian Hopp 25
  32. 32. Figure 19: 2nd page - Trail overview Figure 20: 3rd page - Habitate Florian Hopp 26
  33. 33. Figure 21: 4th page - Research studies Figure 22: 5th page - Media Florian Hopp 27
  34. 34. Figure 23: 6th page – cooperating institutions Florian Hopp 28
  35. 35. Index Cannings, S., Nelson, J., & Cannings, R. (2011). Geology of British Columbia "A Journey through Time". Greystone Books. climatewna.com. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from climatewna.com: http://climatewna.com/climatewna_map/ empr.gov.bc. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from empr.gov.bc: http://www.empr.gov.bc.ca/Mining/Geoscience/SurficialGeologyandHazards/AggregateProj ect/AggregateForum95/Pages/GeologyofSandGravelDeposits.aspx empr.gov.bc.ca. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from empr.gov.bc.ca: http://www.empr.gov.bc.ca/Mining/Geoscience/SurficialGeologyandHazards/AggregateProj ect/AggregateForum95/Pages/GeologyofSandGravelDeposits.aspx extension.org. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from extension.org: https://www.extension.org/pages/70456/poplar-populus-spp-trees-for-biofuel-production#. VAHc8qNHSIQ geol.umd.edu. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from geol.umd.edu: http://www.geol.umd.edu/~piccoli/100/Image99.jpg geology.com. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from geology.com: http://geology.com/rocks/granite.shtml hellobc. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from hellobc: http://www.hellobc.com/british-columbia/ about-bc/climate-weather.aspx hww.ca. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from hww.ca: http://www.hww.ca/en/where-they-live/ coastal-rainforest.html iMapBC. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from iMapBC: http://webmaps.gov.bc.ca/imfx/imf.jsp?site=imapbc Paleoportal. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from Paleoportal: http://www.paleoportal.org/ School District 46 . (n.d.). Retrieved 09 08, 2014, from School District 46 : http://www.sd46.bc.ca/index.php/schools SYLVIS. (2013). Lehigh Materials Sechelt Mine 2013 Operations Report and Cover Letter. Sechelt: SYLVIS. ucmp.berkeley. (n.d.). Retrieved 08 27, 2014, from ucmp.berkeley: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/mesozoic/jurassic/jurassic.php Florian Hopp 29

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