Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: 
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Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 
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ABSTRACT 
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Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: 
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species are ...
Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: 
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In the natur...
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ecotourism w...
Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: 
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5.1.3.a Past...
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improved nat...
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5.2.1.b. Wat...
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Trees and sh...
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5.2.2.e. Wat...
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7. CONCLUSI...
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REFERENCES ...
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APPENDICES ...
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Appendix 3....
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Appendix 5....
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Appendix 7....
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Appendix 9....
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PLANT NAME ...
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Appendix 11...
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Relationship Between Biodiversity And Human being: Natural Life Campus by Cemal Onur Alpay (Turkey)

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Service efficiency is directly proportional with biodiversity in the ecosystems that are formed by mutual interaction between animate and inanimate environment. Biodiversity shows a change with the effect of biotic and abiotic factors. In today’s world, the most hazardous factors regarding biodiversity stem from human actions. In order to protect and increase biodiversity, people need to adopt sustainable living habits.

Bozalan clay quarry carries crucial importance in recreating biodiversity since it is close to numerous nature protection zones with rich biodiversity. In addition, the area has high potential in sustainable living. Rehabilitation works are intensifying on biodiversity and sustainable living model in this district due to these two factors.

Within the project of clay quarry area framework, a natural life campus is planned exemplifying sustainable living actions such as increasing biodiversity, protection of natural sources, energy efficiency, ecologic construction, waste management, environmental awareness, and communal sharing.

The project won the 1st Prize in National Quarry Life Award in 2014 in Turkey.

Read more: http://www.quarrylifeaward.com/project/relationship-between-biodiversity-and-humanbeing-natural-life-campus-biyocesitlilik-ve-insan

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Relationship Between Biodiversity And Human being: Natural Life Campus by Cemal Onur Alpay (Turkey)

  1. 1. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 1 ABSTRACT In the ecosystems created by the mutual interaction between animate and inanimate environment, service productivity is parallel with biodiversity. Biodiversity varies with the effect of biotic and abiotic factors. In today’s world, the most hazardous factor on biodiversity stems from human based activities. In order to preserve and improve biodiversity, people need to adopt sustainable living habits. Since it is close to the nature protection zones with rich biodiversity, it is important to preserve biodiversity in Bozalan Clay Pit. In addition, the surrounding area carries high potential in terms of sustainable life. Due to these two leading features, rehabilitation works center upon biodiversity and sustainable life model. Within the framework of the project of the clay pit that completed its activity, a ‘natural life campus’ exemplifying sustainable living activities such as improving biodiversity, preserving natural resources, energy activities, ecologic configuration, waste management, environmental awareness, social sharing is aimed. 1. INTRODUCTION In order for animates to maintain their lives, an environment fulfilled in terms of fresh air and clean water, organic soils, nutriment and other living necessities is needed. Animates and the inanimate factors surrounding them are in interaction with each other. As the biodiversity increases, the ecological quality also increases. This increase is only possible by preserving the balanced interaction between the species. Human being, as an element to the living environment is to keep the balanced interaction with other living species. However, with the living habits of today’s world, human beings create negative effects on the environment. Therefore, biodiversity is affected negatively by human activities. Within the framework of this study, a sustainable living model has been exemplified in the model ‘Natural Life Campus’. In the Natural Life Campus, three main activities will be maintained: education, tourism and agriculture. With these activities, ecologic, economic and social sustainability will be maintained at the same time. Therefore a life model in which people will preserve and improve diversity is aimed. 2. OBJECTIVES Rehabilitation works are based on two main aims as to recreate biodiversity and to exemplify sustainable life model. In order to recreate biodiversity, landscape functions of the mining site (water, visual, erosion, habitat) will be re-rendered. Within this framework, necessary activities for drainage and water regime, topography regulation, soil improving, re-spreading of flora and fauna are planned. In order for sustainable life model, a natural life campus in the area is aimed. The physical condition of the mentioned campus is planned to be constructed considering the sustainability factors such as resource preserving, energy activities, ecologic configuration, waste management. With the planned education, ecotourism and sustainable agriculture activities, a sustainable life model including environmental awareness and social sharing is aimed. 3. BACKGROUND INFORMATION According to the data before March 1st 2014, Bozalan Clay Pit covers 99,27 hectares and at the same time is a forestland. About 650 meters from licensed mining site, first order nature protection zone is present. 70 meters from the pit, the road is present. One kilometers from the clay pit, Bozalan Village with the population of 297 is present. 2.5 kilometers from the pit, K. Menderes watercourse is present. Mediterranean weather conditions created maquies type plantation in the area. In addition oak and pine trees, olive groves with agricultural purposes are present in the area too. The main fauna
  2. 2. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 2 species are birds (crow, starling and skylark), mammals (mouse, mole, squirrel, fox, sheep and goat), reptiles (turtle, frog, lizard and snake), and invertebrates (lady bird, house fly, ant). Throughout the road, nature protection project is maintained in terrace areas. The area is planned to be planted decreasing the angle from 80 to 45. Therefore, rangelands for the sheep and goat of the Bozalan village is aimed. 4. METHODS Within the framework of the project, primarily, re-creation of biodiversity is aimed. With this aim in mind; 1. Literature review studies have been conducted about Bozalan Village, its surrounding, and mine repair. 2. In line with the data relating to the mining site, analysis and synthesis have been conducted about topography, environment relationship and weather data. 3. The current situation and the surrounding biodiversity is observed in the area visits. Secondly, in order to increase the environmental awareness: 1. Literature review studies about sustainable life model and environmental awareness have been conducted. 2. In line with the sustainable life principles, education, ecotourism and agriculture activities have been planned. 3. Physical planning projects have been developed to enable the planned education, ecotourism and agriculture activities. 4. In line with the anticipated physical planning decisions, clay pit rehabilitation project has been designed and an animation has been prepared. With this, the project will be understood by everyone easily. In this study, Autocad, Arcgis, Sketchup, 3d Studio Max, Lumion, V-Ray, Photoshop, Google Earth, Windows Movie Maker, Camtasia Studio and Microsoft Word softwares have been used. 5. RESULTS 5.1. Function Planning Three main activities are present in the natural life campus: education, tourism and agriculture (Appendix 1). With these activities, ecologic, economic and social sustainability of the natural life campus is maintained at the same time. Tourism, agriculture and education activities are directly related to each other. For example, during agriculture and tourism activities, attendances’ environmental awareness increases. 5.1.1. Education and Research Recently, one of the most effective ways to raise awareness about nature, to preserve the nature, to recover and improve nature is education. Since education is in the aim of providing positive changes in the behaviors of people in the society, it gains an important role as there is a lot to say about sustainable environment and sustainable social aims. Beside the content of the education, target section of the society is also important. It is possible to reach the mentioned environmental aim with an education suitable for people from all strata (Gülay and Önder, 2011).
  3. 3. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 3 In the natural life campus, researches and education will be maintained regarding environment and social life. Experimental zones are present in the campus suitable for education and research. The daily life and all the activities in the sustainable life model campus are planned as a part of the education. For example, education and research building has been designed according to the principles of ecologic structure. Thus, the attendances will experience the life teachings on site in the natural life campus. 5.1.1.a. Environmental Education In order for sustainable development, environmental education is an important tool for complying with individual and social necessities all through the life. In addition, environmental education is the most efficient method to ensure sustainable development in terms of ecologic, social and economic constraints (Gülay and Önder, 2011). The aims of the environmental education for sustainable development could be summarized as follows:  To develop value and understanding regarding social, ecologic, economic and cultural elements on regional, national and international basis.  To be able to use initiative in environmental issues.  To develop skills and behaviors for sustainable future.  To develop respect and sensibility in the issues related to environment.  To develop awareness about the individual responsibilities regarding environment In the natural life campus, it is aimed to raise environmental awareness among the attendances. With this aim, in specific times, conferences, workshops and natural life camps will be arranged according to age groups (Appendix 2). These educational activities could be both daily or with accommodation. 5.1.1.b. Environment Research Center Campus will host the scientific researches about the region and surrounding area (Appendix 3). The cooperative researches will be conducted on biodiversity, medical plants, endemic species and related subjects. In addition, environment research center will develop methods for repairing of the mine pit outside the campus, improving biodiversity and rehabilitation. 5.1.1.c. Social Research Center In this center, research about traditional life habits of the habitants in the region will be conducted (Appendix 4). The habitants’ life model shaped in parallel with the traditional ways of life is aimed to be depicted in the literature review. At the same time the traditional life model that is almost forgotten by the villagers is encouraged. Traditional agriculture, medical botany and related researches will be conducted with the attendance of the villagers. 5.1.2. Ecotourism Ecotourism is environmentally responsible visits to the natural and socio economically beneficial areas with low visitors with the aim of promoting the protection of natural and cultural resources. (Demir, Çevirgen, 2006). The concept of ecotourism handles a strong nature with a common sense of social responsibility. It is, at the same time, a product carrying economic and ecologic efficiency Ecotourism should be a tool in protecting biodiversity socially and economically and should provide improvement in the incomes of the people living nearby. Therefore the concept of ecotourism handles a strong nature with a common sense of social responsibility. Bozalan village is a potential area for ecotourism with its rich biodiversity and natural protection zones. In the tourism activity in the campus, ecologic, economic and social sustainability is aimed. Within this framework villagers will be informed and will be encouraged to take part. Thus,
  4. 4. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 4 ecotourism will spread outside the campus and social and economic and ecologic sustainability will be maintained. 5.1.2.a. Diversity in Tourism The concept ecotourism involves tourism kinds such as nature tourism, cultural tourism, agricultural tourism, and medical tourism. Campus planning and the environment is adequate to host these kinds of tourism. By providing opportunity for different kinds of tourism in different times of the year, tourism activities could be host in every season. 5.1.2.b. Voluntary labor and information exchange The aim of voluntary labor and information exchange is to ensure sustainability and encourage ecologic agriculture by providing voluntary labor and information exchange in the campus. Volunteers are the people who works voluntarily in the campus by providing labor, information and experience. In return of his volunteer works, accommodation and feeding expenses will be provided by the campus authorities. Visitors are the people who pays for the accommodation and services they are given in the campus. They are not obliged to work in the campus. Among volunteers, visitors and the campus people, information exchange will take place beside service exchange. 5.1.3. Sustainable Agriculture Sustainable agriculture means the kind of agriculture that ensures the protection of natural resources, promotes biodiversity in agriculture, protects the environment infinitely, developing trust and health among society, and provides necessary nourishment. Sustainable agriculture meets economic, environmental, and social objectives always overlap, they are managed together. Managing economics, society, and environment simultaneously depends on clear goal-setting, effective decision making, and monitoring to stay on track toward the goal (Sullivan, 2003). Comprasion of the Industrial and Biological Models of Agriculture Industrial Model Biological Model Energy intensive Information intensive Linear process Cyclical process Farms as factory Farm as ecosystem Enterprise separation Enterprise integration Single enterprise Many enterprises Monoculture Diversity of plants and animals Low-value products Higher-value products Single-use equipment Multiple-use equipment Passive marketing Active marketing
  5. 5. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 5 5.1.3.a Pasture Lands As long as the climate changes in a specific environment, soil is influenced and the flora develops. Finally, the most appropriate vegetation for the environmental conditions occurs. This vegetation is named as ‘vegetation of the summit zone’ or ‘Climax Vegetation’. Resistance to soil erosion of the species, which form the flora, ranges (Altın, 2014). Pasture vegetation forms a greensward including many species that develops in a long period during they are and survives for years. So, pasture vegetation protects the soil better than other floras thanks to its greensward. Climax vegetation will be formed inside and around the campus. In this way, controlled pasturages will be formed and will be struggled against erosion. Additionally, pasture plants make more organic contents accumulate and raise organic substances of soil. 5.1.3.b Organic Agriculture Organic agriculture is the way of agriculture that aims to animal and crop production without disturbing the balance of nature, by choosing the appropriate ecologies, without using artificial chemical inputs, with only cultural measures, biological control and by using organic inputs. Aim of the organic farming is to protect the environment, plant, animal and human health without polluting soil, water resources and air (Akgün, 2013). Production will be operated by organic agriculture methods (Appendix 5). Students, guests, volunteer sand local people will join the mentioned production. So that, awareness on environment friendly agricultural activities will be increased and practice of these activities will be spreaded. Sales of organic farming products will contribute to sustainability of campus economy (Appendix 6). Also, development of domestic economy will contribute by making local people conscious of organic agriculture. 5.1.3.c Local Agricultural Cooperatives Society supported agriculture is a socio- economic organisation in which farmers who live rural are as close to the urban and nonfarmers who live in urban have partnership and production and marketing of local organic products are supported. With the society supported agriculture;  Local farmer sand members benefit, mutually.  A sustainable agricultural activity comes up.  A trustable market is provided to farmers for various products.  Carbon emission which is a result of transportation of food products will be decreased. Local agricultural cooperative will organize the society supported agriculture. Also, it will provide technical support on organic farming and production control services. It will plan diversity and sale of agricultural products. 5.1.3.d Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Medicinal and aromatic plants are plants which are used for a variety of purposes such as food, primary medicine and drinks. Local people collect these plants to meet their subsistence needs (e.g. food and primary medicine) and to generate cash income (Çetinkaya, 2009). Medicinal and aromatic plants have a potential for contributing to the local economy, subsistence health needs, and
  6. 6. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 6 improved natural resource management, leading to the conservation of ecosystem and biodiversity of an area (Subedi, 2004). Many medical and aromatic plant species exist naturally around Bozalan. These species are usually resistant to drought, low maintenance request and contended. In this respect of these plants, medicinal and aromatic plant cultivation will be implemented with ease. Awareness of local people will be raised about medicinal and aromatic plants. So, development of agricultural diversity and biodiversity will be contributed. Also practical researches for traditional local medicine sand plants will be done on environmental research center (Appendix 7). 5.1.3.e Seed Banks Another part of biological and cultural diversity is the variety of plants used in agriculture. Our genetic pool of agriculture is fading away because of variable restrictions of the market, the process of adopting the same agricultural methods more and more, abandoning the traditional techniques in rural are changes in climate. Seed bank will contribute to preservation of variety of native seeds and agricultural biodiversity. As a part of this campaign, with the support of initially local people and organic farming farmers, native seed species will be researched, defined and provided the communication between producers. Seed bank will organize the assembly, reproduction and share of qualified native seeds. 5.2 Physical Planning The decisions about physical planning are handled in two phases. In the initial step, that is rehabilitation of land, there are precautions regarding the topographic, hydrologic, and biologic qualifications of the land in the extent of this project. In the second step, the principles about energy and water distributions, transportation and structuring considering the campus land (Appendix 8). 5.2.1 Ecologic Redevelopment Plan Land reclamation is a management practice that is usually associated with resource extraction. It is the process of returning damaged land to its original condition or to an acceptable condition through land smoothing and/or critical are planting. 5.2.1.a Topography Modeling Scarp slopes are determined as 30 percent maximum according to revegetation, erosion control and visual attributes. Scarp slopes can be %45 maximum in inevitable conditions. In topography modeling, control of surface and ground water is critically important in terms of scarp stabilization and water regimes. Strengthening of slopes with proper plants is an effective method to prevent flow and slump of scarp and to provide an aesthetic appearance. In this system which is named as adornment of ground, friction force occurs between ground and the roots thanks to the cooperation of ground and the plant roots by tightening and occurs a permanent compensation in contact points, consequently. Planting Works on grounds is widely used because of its providing economical solutions in a short period, easily practicing and variety of applications, not requiring special equipment and usage of many different sized and types of plants for different purposes.
  7. 7. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 7 5.2.1.b. Water Regime and Drainage Drainage is the method of removing the excess water from agricultural and industrial areas and sports and entertainment areas, street and avenues and ways. Excess water can be both above the water and under the water. The lack of land surfaces smoothness unevenness causes an accumulation of water on the surface (Bahçeci, 2003). Inability to control the flow of surface water, at the same time, is important to prevent the siltation While correctly rearranged drainage system protecting the stability, at the same time, it must prevent the erosion at the field. (madencılıkfaalıyetlerıdogaonarımcbs.pdf). 5.2.1.c. Revegetation Revegetation encourages mine soil development, creates an aesthetically pleasing landscape, and contributes to productive post-mining land use. Successful revegetation of active surface mines begins well in advance of fertilization and seeding. The most important step, by far, in surface-mine revegetation occurs when the soil medium is selected and placed on the land surface. For optimum plant growth, the soil medium should be selected to provide physical and chemical properties suitable for the intended postmining land use. The choice of method will depend on the size and nature of the site, the time and money available, and the purpose of the revegetation. Species selection is critical for plant survival as well as for maximizing the ecological value of the project. Three general categories or types of plants are used for revegetation of mined areas: grasses, forbs, and trees. Grasses are the most commonly seeded plants in revegetation programs. They produce large amounts of biomass, and are adapted to initiate regrowth rapidly after mowing or grazing. Grasses have fibrous root systems that hold soil in place, thereby controlling erosion. Forbs are generally used in mine revegetation in conjunction with grasses. Forbs usually have broad leaves, flowers, and a branching taproot system. Treatment Description Costs Stabilization Purposes Comments Toe protection Upper bank protection Runoff control Live stakes Branches of rootable plants inserted into the bank. Low ✓ A flexible technique with many applications. Branch packing Live branch cuttings incorporated into compacted soil. Moderate ✓ ✓ Used to fill depressions in soil. Vegetation Trees, shrubs and other vegetation used to stabilize banks. Low ✓ ✓ ✓ May require protection from flowing water (stakes, erosion control matting) during root establishment.
  8. 8. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 8 Trees and shrubs are the final plant material category. They are used when forested or wildlife habitat land uses are desired after mining. Because of the insufficiency of the height of the upper soil layer to plant, which is spread to the project area, spreading extra upper soil layer is needed. During leveling top soil, vegetable soil must be laid at least 20 cm. The height of the soil level can change according to the roots. During the revegetation plants are going to be chosen from local plant species (Appendix 9). So the biomess at the Project area is going to rise. Distributions of plant species will be determined in function. At slope stabilization, species which have fringe root structure and which consume less water will be chosen. Thus, while providing stabilization with roots, erosion which is caused water flowing is going to be pretended. The revegetation which is done by chosen the local pasture plants is going to create a layer of mine in a short time. Also, pastures is going to increase the soil organic matter contents. Plants having different root depth, precipitate the water and use it efficiently by ecosystem and this pretend to evaluate the water from the surface and salinization. The plantation of the plants like sun and shadow together is going to make a healthy ecosystem. These two methods are the high techniques which provide water economy, soil protection. 5.2.2. Campus physical plan 5.2.2.a. Use of land The sun and the way of dominant wind are the two important things while using land (Appendix 10). Benefited from solar energy has been tried at the maximum level. With plants, it is aimed to control the wind. With the aim of reducing excavation work settlement decisions are taken according to land topography. 5.2.2.b. Construction It is inspired from Earthship concept as construction technique (Appendix 11). That concept is formed with sustainable construction and life techniques. Facilities are the construction are these;  Heating and cooling themselves naturally via solar/thermal Dynamics,  Collecting their own power from the sun and wind,  Harvesting their own water from rain,  Containing and treating their own sewage on site,  Producing a significant amount of food,  Are constructed using the byproducts of modern society like cans, bottles and tires,  Benefiting from sun shıne and biomass energy. 5.2.2.c. Use of materials Recycling, durability, made by quick renewable material, being local are the main priorities while using materials. Especially being local is important to prevent the environment problems which is caused by transferring. Also local materials are more resistant to environment than foreign materials (Alpay ve Birişçi, 2013). 5.2.2.d. Energy Active usage of energy saving at the Project is provided. The energy which is needed is provided from sustainable energy like solar energy and biogas Public transportation, pedestrian and cycling are supported and environment pollution which is caused by transportation becames less. At the field, structural and herbal solutions are cited to reduce the heat ısland effect. Thus, biocomfort is provided and energy consumption is reduced. At the location, sun shine is used sufficiently so energy consumption which is used while illuminating and heating becames less.
  9. 9. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 9 5.2.2.e. Water The water is the main source of the biodiversity. At the project, it is aimed to use water efficiently. Because of that, rain water at deposited construct is used a few times. For agricultural irrigation, biological pond which has surface water is used. Biological ponds are the systems which have wild life and water tank and they also provide us environmental education. 5.2.2.f. Waste management Firstly it is aimed to reduce the waste formation. Second aim is to recycle the wastes and separate them properly. Solid waste are separated as plastic, glass, paper and metal. Organic wastes are used at compost. Also, the gas which comes into the open while composting is used as energy at the kitchens and heating. 5.3. Management Natural life is going to continue economically with tourism, agriculture and education. Natural Life Campus Budget Table Incomes Outgoings Touristic accommodation Volunteer outgoings Agricultural product sales Social, environmental, and agricultural researches Wage workshops Fixed property, maintenance and personal outgoings Environment education camps Environmental education scholarships There are quarries which are neighbor to project area. Searches and productions to rehabilitate those quarries, is going to be at Natural Life Campus. The seeds and plants which is needed to revegetate the other quarries provided locally. 6. DISCUSSION With erosion controlling, water regime arrangement, revegetating, wetlands ecosystems at the project area, support the biodiversity. Educational, touristic and agricultural facilities are done at the Natural Life Campus. Especially, with touristic and environmental facilities it is aimed to spread environmental awareness. At the same time, it is aimed to remind the traditional naturel life habits. To do so, local people is going to join sustainable touristic and agricultural facilities and they will share their experiences. Economical development opportunities are given to local people. These opportunities are like eco tourism and organic agricultural facilities which sustain ecologically. The company, by implementing the said Project, is going to revegetate to regain the biodiversity at the Bozalan Clay Pit which is completed. Natural Life Campus is going to be a good example of sustainability at the national and international level and contribute the social and environmental responsibility vision of the company. With sustainable economy, there is going to be a balance at the incomes and outcomes. So campus outcomes is going to be at the lowest level.
  10. 10. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 10 7. CONCLUSIONS Natural Life Campus is a rehabilitation program which is aimed to increase the environmental awareness at all people to regain the biodiversity at the Bozalan Clay Pit. Because of the mine activities at the Project area, biodiversity must be regained. For this purpose, at the area, topography is going to rearrange, drainage systems is going to be set up and revegetating studies is going to be carried out. After recreating the biodiversity, it is aimed to protect and improve the biodiversity. For this purpose, environmental education camp, ecotourism and organic agriculture are cited at Natural Life Campus. Those activities rises the environmental awareness and also they do not harm the nature. Protecting the developing biodiversity has been the most important target. For this purpose, activities, which improve environmental awareness while not harming the nature are conducted in the “Natural Life Campus”. These activities were environmental education camp, ecotourism, organic farming etc. Thus, the "Natural Life Campus" will be transformed to a center that improves people’s environmental awareness with the help of environmental education camp and environment research camp. Besides, ecotourism and organic farming will increase the environmental awareness of local people while providing economic benefits and development. Click to watch animated video of “Natural Life Campus”: http://youtu.be/bs1t-RSkPSc
  11. 11. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 11 REFERENCES Akgün, T.(2013),” Organik Tarım”, http://www.pau.edu.tr/ubyo/tr Alpay ve Birişçi,(2013),” Türkiye'de Peyzaj Mimarliği Uygulamalarinda Eko-Malzeme Kullanim Olanaklari Üzerine Araştirmalar”, Kasım 2013, Peyzaj Mimarlığı V. Kongresi: Dönüşen Peyzaj, Çukurova Üniversitesi, Adana. Altın, M., http://www.tema.org.tr/ Bahçeci, İ.(2003), “Drenaj Mühendisliği”, Harran Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarımsal Yapılar ve Sulama Bölümü, Şanlıurfa Boza, Z.(2008), ”Açık Maden Ocaklarının Doğal Formunun Orjinal Tesviye Eğrilerine Uygun Olarak Tasarlanmasında Coğrafi Bilgi Sistemlerini Kullanma Olanakları (Çeşme Germiyan Örneği)”, Çeşitli Yayınlar Serisi No:2, T.C. Çevre ve Orman Bakanlığı Ege Ormancılık Araştırma Müdürlüğü, İzmir Çetinkaya, G.(2009), “Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: A Case Study in Köprülü Kanyon National Park, Turkey”, UNU-IAS Working Paper No. 160 Demir, C.(2006), “Ekoturizm Yönetimi”, Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara. Gülay, H., ve Önder, A.(2013), “Sürdürülebilir Gelişim İçin Okulöncesi Dönemde Çevre Eğitimi”, Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara. Peker, K., ve Çelik, Y.(2005), “Toplum Tarım Desteği” Modeli ve Türkiye’de Organik Tarım Skousen, J., Zipper, C., (2010),“Revegetation Species and Practices”, Powell River Project, Reclamation Guidelines for Surface-Mined Land, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA Subedi, B., P.(2004),” Conservation and Use of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Nepal: Status and Prospects” Sullivan, P.(2003), “Applying The Principles Of Sustainable Farming”, The National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service – ATTRA Using Stabilization Techiques, To Control Erosion and Protect Property, TVA Üretiminde Uygulanabilirliği”, Üçüncü Sektör Kooperatifçilik, Sayı 149,Türl Kooperatifçilik Kurumu, Ankara. Wright, B.(2005), “What is Community Supported Agriculture?”, Emerging Agricultural Markets Team, UW Cooperative Extension https://www.bugday.org/portal/sayfa.php?pid=73
  12. 12. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 12 APPENDICES Appendix 1. Function Diagram Appendix 2. Workshop
  13. 13. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 13 Appendix 3. Environment Research Center Appendix 4. Social Research Center
  14. 14. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 14 Appendix 5. Organic Agriculture Appendix 6. Sales of Organic End-products
  15. 15. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 15 Appendix 7. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Cultivation Appendix 8. Use of Land Plan
  16. 16. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 16 Appendix 9. List of Revegetation Plants PLANT NAME ROOT SYSTEM WATER DEMAND Acer pseudoplatanus Deep root Like humidity Aesculus hippocastanum Taproot Drought resistant Cornus sanguinea Keeping the substrate soil Normal Corylus avellana Wide and extensive root system Like humidity Euonymous europaeus Deep root More water request Eleagnus angustifolia Keeping the soil on slope Drought resistant Hippophae rhamnoides Effective in the slope Low Juglans regia Taproot Normal Laburnum alpinum Effective in the slope Growing in humid soil Liriodendron tulipifera Shallow and hairy root system Growing in humid soil Lonicera spinosa alberti Deep root Shade, frost, Drought resistant Hibiscus rhamnodies Deep root More water request Fagus silvatica Shallow, hairy and strong root Flood and drought resistant Ailanthus altissima Strong root Drought resistant Quercus frainetto Deep root No Quercus robur Keeping the soil, deep root High Quercus coccinea Deep soil, deep root Normal Robinia pseudoacacia Storing nitrogen from the air, improves soil Low Salix alba Tall root system More water resistant Fraxinus ornus Very strong hairy root Normal, dry soil Albizzia julibrissin Hairy root system Drought resistant, growing fast Alnus glutinosa Deep root Like wet soil Alnus incana Deep root Sun resistant Juniperus communis Taproot Drought resistant Juniperus virginiana Hairy root system Growing in humid soil Abies alba Taproot Normal Ligustrum vulgare Intensive root, effective in the slope Normal Platanus acerfolia Deep root Drought resistant Populus alba Intensive stool Drought resistant Populus berolinensis Shallow root Drought resistant Prunus mahaleb Good soil protector, deep root Low Prunus padus Good soil keeper, shallow root system Low
  17. 17. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 17 PLANT NAME ROOT SYSTEM WATER DEMAND Pyracantha coccinea praecox Controlling erosion, very strong root system Low Philadelphus grandiflorus Wind resistant Low Malus communis Deep root, effective in the slope Much water request Rhamnus alpina Deep root Growing in dried soil Eleagnus argentea Strong lateral root Drought resistant Cotoneaster horizantalis Sparse and fibrous root system Low Appendix 10. Earthship
  18. 18. Relationship Between Biodiversity and Humanbeing: NATURAL LIFE CAMPUS Cemal Onur ALPAY, Hülya KARADOGAN 18 Appendix 11. Sustainable Transport Appendix 12. Biological Pond

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