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Sphere standards of wash

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SPHERE Standards of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Publié dans : Santé
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Sphere standards of wash

  1. 1. SPHERE PROJECT Minimum Standards in WASH 1 By: Rafi ULLAH
  2. 2. WHAT IS SPHERE…. . .?  Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response  Initiated by a Group of NGOs & ICRC/RC in 1997 Editions  First trial edition 1998  First final edition 2000  Second edition 2004  Third edition 2011 (Present Edition ) Aim of the Project “The aim of the Handbook is to improve the quality of humanitarian response in situations of disaster and conflict, and to enhance the accountability of the humanitarian system to disaster-affected people” 2
  3. 3. WHAT IS SPHERE…. . .? CORE BELIEFS First, that those affected by disaster or conflict have a right to life with dignity and, therefore, a right to assistance; and Second, that all possible steps should be taken to alleviate human suffering arising out of disaster or conflict. 3
  4. 4. LIST OF MINIMUM STANDARDS  Minimum Standards in Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion  Minimum Standards in Food Security and Nutrition  Minimum Standards in Shelter, Settlement and non-Food Items  Minimum Standards in Health Action 4
  5. 5. MINIMUM STANDARDS IN WATER SUPPLY, SANITATION AND HYGIENE PROMOTION This chapter is divided into SEVEN main sections; 1. Water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion (WASH) 2. Hygiene Promotion 3. Water Supply 4. Excreta Disposal 5. Vector Control 6. Solid Waste Management (SWM) 7. Drainage 5
  6. 6. SECTION COMPONENTS Each section contains the following:  Minimum standards: These are qualitative in nature and specify the minimum levels to be attained in humanitarian response regarding the provision of water, sanitation and hygiene promotion  Key actions: These are suggested activities and inputs to help meet the standards  Key indicators: These are ‘signals’ that show whether a standard has been attained. They provide a way of measuring and communicating the processes and results of key actions; they relate to the minimum standard, not to the key action  Guidance notes: These include specific points to consider when applying the minimum standards, key actions and key indicators in different situations They provide guidance on tackling practical difficulties, benchmarks or advice on priority issues. They may also include critical issues relating to the standards, actions or indicators, and describe dilemmas, controversies or gaps in current knowledge. 6
  7. 7. SECTION: HYGIENE PROMOTION  Standard 1: Hygiene promotion implementation Guideline: Two hygiene promoters / community mobilisers per 1,000 members of the affected population (Camp Scenario)  Standard 2: Identification and use of hygiene items 7
  8. 8. SECTION: WATER SUPPLY  Standard 1: Access and Water Quantity Cont…. 8
  9. 9. SECTION: WATER SUPPLY  Standard 1: Access and Water Quantity Cont…. 9
  10. 10. SECTION: WATER SUPPLY CONT…  Standard 2: Water Quality  Implement all necessary steps to minimize post- deliver y water contamination (Hygiene promotion)  For piped water supplies, or all water supplies at times of risk of diarrheal epidemics, use disinfectant so that there is a chlorine residual of 0.5mg/l and turbidity is below 5 NTU  Where household-level water treatment is proposed, ensure that it is accompanied by appropriate promotion, training and monitoring  There are no faecal coliforms per 100ml of water at the point of deliver y and use (INDICATOR) 10
  11. 11. SECTION: WATER SUPPLY CONT…  Standard 3: Water facilities 11
  12. 12. SECTION 4: EXCRETA DISPOSAL  Standard 1: Environment free from human faeces 12
  13. 13. SECTION 4: EXCRETA DISPOSAL  Standard 2: Appropriate and adequate toilet facilities 13
  14. 14. SECTION 5. VECTOR CONTROL  Standard 1: Individual and family protection 14 Standard 2: Physical, Environmental and Chemical Protection Measures Standard 3: Chemical Control Safety
  15. 15. SECTION 6: SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT  Standard 1: Collection and Disposal 15
  16. 16. SECTION 7: DRAINAGE  Standard 1: Drainage Work 16
  17. 17. 17