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Mountain Railways of India.pptx

  1. The Need for conservation and Effective Promotion of Mountain Railways In India 1 R Rajesh Sr.Sup/ tourism Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation Ltd Chennai Dr. Pratima K Dash Asst. Professor(HOD) Dept of Tourism Tagore Arts College
  2. Contents Introduction Objective of the Study Methodology Tourist Trains Mountain Railways of India SWOT Analysis Conservational Efforts Suggestions & Conclusion 2
  3. Introduction to Rail Tourism Tourism is defined as activities of persons traveling to and staying in places outside the usual environment for not more than one consecutive year, for leisure, business and other purposes. Tourism is essentially an expression of natural human instinct for experience, adventure, education and entertainment. The desired mode of travel for budgeted & sophisticated drivellers. 2 Indian Railways has made significant role in tourism activity & Considered to be the most convenient mode of travel to visit nook & Corners of the country 1 Facilitates accessibility function Tourism 3 Facilitates accessibility function Tourism Component – Lifeline of the Nation Contributes to growth & development of the tourism Sector 4
  4. Objective of the Study The Need for conservation & effective promotion of Mountain Railways in India To study the significance & contribution made by Indian Railways for Tourism promotion – An Overview 1 To Study and analyse the Various mountain trains of India and tourism importance 2 To study the role of various stakeholders for the conservation of monument 3 To suggest the various conservational measures for monument & environmental protection – Sustainable approach 4 4
  5. Methodology • The study was conducted through descriptive and empirical approach from the data collected from the secondary data. • The population is confined to five mountain railways only and does not include the regular trains moving to the mountain and terrain locations. 5
  6. Rail tours in india 6 • One of the best ways to see India is through the railways it covers most parts of India through a train window. It makes the tourists feel the culture of India and not only that it gives a clear picture of the state. • Indian Railways make collaboration with the State Tourism Development Corporations has introduced a number of rail tours for the domestic as well as international tourists. Fairy Queen: This is the oldest working Steam locomo- tive in the world. It was built in 1855. It was overhauled in 1996 and resumed operations in 1997. It was certified by the Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s oldest working locomotive. Palace on Wheels: This was operated by the Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation, along with the Indian Railways. It started its operation in 1982 as a special heritage tourist train for providing a unique and memorable experience to the tourists visiting India. Earlier the Palace on Wheels was restricted to foreign tourists, but it was later opened to Indians too. It provides a journey reminiscent to the royal kings. It takes the tourists to enjoy the splendor of the Rajputs. Cultural shows are organised at every halt of the train. Royal Orient: This train takes the tourists to the fascinat- ing state of Gujarat. It travels to palaces and forts. It is equipped with all modern facilities. There are multi cuisine restaurants and also a library
  7. Tourist Trains of India Cont..... Deccan Odyssey: The Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC) and Central Railway have promoted jointly a replica of palace on wheels in the name of, the Deccan Odyssey. The train has two presidential suites 48 deluxe suites, two lounge and conference cars, a specialty restaurant and bar, television and cable connections, fax machines, cell phones on demand, foreign exchange facili- ties, laundry services, 24 hour room services and a valet. It gives an aristocratic travel experience. It travels throughout the destinations of Maharashtra. Maha Parinirvan Express: It is a luxury train started in 2007 which covers the Buddhist destinations. This train takes the passengers to a pilgrimage tour to Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Golden Chariot: This is operated by the Karnataka Tourism Development Corporation and the Southern Railways. It is the brain child of the Karnataka Tourism Development Corporation. It has restaurants, bar, a compartment with spa and gym. It is a fully air conditioned luxury train with eleven residential coaches. To travel in this train the tourist have an opportunity to start their journey from Bangalore or Goa. 7
  8. Mountain Railways of India • Built during the nineteenth and early twentieth century of the British colonial rule. • An outstanding examples of a technological ensemble, representing different phases of the development in high mountain areas. • Evolution- delayed interest of Sir John Lawrence in the year 1844 to have control over Himalayans and mountain ranges in the colonial India and to create linkages between the mainland to the highlands. • Motivation to access the summer capital of colonies, Shimla – The summer capital of British India, Darjeeling – Hill Station for scenic beauty and tea in the eastern Himalayas. Ootakamund in the Nilgiri Mountain ranges and Matheran Hill station in the Western Ghats. 8
  9. 9 Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) Railway operations commenced in the year 1908 .Coonor was initially the final hill station on the line in June 1899 but this was extended up to Fernhill in September 1908 and up to Uthagamandalam by October 15, 1908. The trains that run on this line cover a distance of 46 kilometers (29 mi), travel through 208 curves, 16 tunnels, and 250 bridges. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was inscribed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2005. Darjeeling Himalayan Railway(DHR)  the "Toy Train", is a 610 mm (2 ft) narrow–gauge railway that runs for 88 kilometers (55 mi) from Newjalpaiguri to Darjeeling. . Built by British east India company between 1879 to 1881 DHR was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1999.
  10. 10 Kalka Shimla Railway(KSR) • Inaugurated by the British viceroy, Lord Curzon in 1903 ,covering the distance of 96 km connects Kalka to Shimla. •The Toy train passes through 103 tunnels, 969 bridges, 919 curves and 20 railway stations in its entire journey. Matheran Hill Railway, • Built between 1901 and 1907 by Abdul Hussein Adamjee Peerbhoy and was financed by his father, Adamjee Group. • The railway line, a 610mm (2 ft) gauge line, covers a distance of 20 kilometers (12 mi), over large swathes of forest territory. •Runs between Neral to Matheran in Western Ghats.
  11. 11 Kangra Valley Railway The Kangra Valley Railway lies in the sub-Himalayan region and covers a distance of 163 kilometers between Pathankot and Joginder Nagar , a valley known for its natural beauty and ancient Hindu Shrines. The line, is part of the Northern Railway and is made with a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) gauge, was planned in May 1926 and commissioned in 1929. The train journey on this line provides beautiful views of peaks of the Dhauladhar mountain range, particularly in the stretch between Kangra and Mangwal and also the ruins of the Kangra Fort.
  12. SWOT analysis Strengths  Surviving Heritage value .  Socio Economic development.  Primary transportation- local community.  Destination growth.  Organisational Support  Local Community Support Weakness  Limitations of carrying Capacity  Operational Issues.  Limited Speed  Extension of network – Impossible 12
  13. SWOT analysis Opportunities  Identification & resembling of nature based tourism.  Increase in Inbound Tourism  Developmental plans for further tourism growth.  Emergence of Quality tourism Products through IRCTC.  Creating Awareness for conservation – lean Season.  Threats  The Number of inhabitants within Property, Buffer Zone.  Natural Disruptions  Damage to the properties by tourists.  The developmental activities near the ecological destinations such as encroachment, mining, agriculture and adaptations  The environmental issues like pollution and climate change may affect the biodiversity of the flora and Fauna around the mountain ranges may lead to environmental degradation. 13
  14. Role of Stake Holders – Suggestions Tourists  The tourists should be Flexible to accept the procedures and practices followed to preserve the heritage of the train and the destination.  The tourists be responsible for non polluting environment.  The tourists can support for local enterprise which can improve the economic development for the local community.  The Tourists are required to be respectful and observant for the local laws, culture and traditions. Government Organisations  The government including the Railways and Tourism need to make the combined effort to boost tourism activities by framing various policies and procedures in favour of establishing new tourist models in the mountain areas.  Formulating government policies based on the cost saving, to appeal the consumers and make products more attractive, to promote the sustainability which has no commercial advantage. 14
  15. Role of Stake Holders Cont.....  Maintaining Close cooperation between public & private sector.  Voluntary action on the degree of regulation in code of conduct, property use, waste management.  The controlled expansion of infrastructure is critical to the achievement of sustainable tourism.  Programmes can be arranged to encourage the local tribes and host communities to participate actively for the protection of bio diversity and destination value.  Implementation/ Amendment of stringent rules for the environmental protection and its supporting monuments.  Making programmes and training about heritage trains and its importance for students in the lean season as a part of educational initiative. Service Providers (Hotels & Transporters) • Raising environmental awareness by the hotel industry by promoting good practice. • Developing specific guidance to implement environmental programs. 15
  16. Cont.... • The Transport vehicles should adopt emission free standard in the ecologically sensitive areas. • The transport operators is recommended for the use of renewable sources of energy for fuel, like battery operated cards in the town areas of destination. Host Community • Environmental oriented practices by the local community people being the initial step in conservation of Heritage trains. • Community participation in every aspect of promotion and restoration activities and calamity situation may sustain the heritage value for the long period of time. • Maintaining the cultural value along with customs and traditions being practiced. 16
  17. Conclusion the impact of innovative transportation system on the social and economic development of a multicultural region, which was to serve as a model for similar developments in many parts of the country. 2 The mountain railways of India are outstanding examples of the interchange of values on developments in technology. 1 The living mountain railway plays an intense role in the attracting the various tourists however there is an intense threat for environmental degradation and pollution due to tourism. 3 Responsible oriented tourism practices and preservation measures is the only way to conserve the Mountain trains. 4 17
  18. References • • • • • • • Tourism and sustainable development report by WTTC report 2016 18
  19. Thank You !!! 19