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Singapore Green Plan

Singapore's Green Plan is bringing unprecedented environmental and water resource management under the long-term sustainability planning umbrella.

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Singapore Green Plan

  1. 1. Singapore Population 4.6 million Growth Rate 1.135% Land Area 692.7 sq km Annual GDP $161.3 billion The CIA World Factbook 2008
  2. 3. Singapore Green Plan <ul><li>First SGP was adopted in 1992. </li></ul><ul><li>Latest SGP is a ten year plan that was adopted in 2002. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Purpose <ul><li>To make Singapore “ clean and green ” through sustainable development. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Vision <ul><li>A clean environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Water for all. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Principles <ul><li>Sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Polluter pays </li></ul><ul><li>Product stewardship </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive planning </li></ul><ul><li>Green growth </li></ul>
  6. 7. Comprehensive 1. of large scope; covering or involving much; inclusive 2. comprehending mentally; having an extensive mental range or grasp.
  7. 8. Challenges <ul><li>Particulate Matter </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Accumulation </li></ul><ul><li>Water Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Population Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul>
  8. 9. Indicators <ul><li>Air Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Water Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>International Environmental Relations </li></ul>
  9. 10. Air and Climate Change <ul><li>Targets: </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain the Pollutant Standards Index for ambient air within the ‘good’ range for 85% of the year </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce the ambient PM 2.5 level by 2014 </li></ul><ul><li>To improve carbon intensity by 25% from 1990 level by 2012 </li></ul>
  10. 12. Air Quality
  11. 13. Energy Efficiency
  12. 14. Water <ul><li>Targets: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase supply of water from non-conventional sources to at least 25% of water demand </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce per capita domestic water consumption to 155 litres/day by 2012 </li></ul>
  13. 16. Water Consumption
  14. 17. Waste Management <ul><li>Targets: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the overall recycling rate from 44% to 60% by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Extend the lifespan of Semakau Landfill to 50 years </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the need for new incineration plants to one every 10-15 years </li></ul>
  15. 18. Recycling
  16. 19. Nature <ul><li>Complete biodiversity surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Establish more parks and green linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Set up a National Biodiversity Reference Center </li></ul>
  17. 21. Public Health <ul><li>Targets: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase community ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Become a leading regional centre in epidemiological surveillance and research of vector-borne and food-borne illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain low incidence of those illnesses </li></ul>
  18. 22. International Cooperation <ul><li>Continue to work with ASEAN neighboring countries on common environmental concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance capacity-building partnerships with other developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Commit to international environmental treaties </li></ul>
  19. 24. Systemic <ul><li>of or pertaining to a system. </li></ul><ul><li>Physiology, Pathology. </li></ul><ul><li>(a) pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole. (b) pertaining to or affecting a particular body system. </li></ul>
  20. 25. Policy Instruments Singapore Green Plan Implementation Environmental Technologies Research & Development Grants and Funding Green Labeling Tax Incentives Environmental Legislation International Cooperation
  21. 26. Action Programs <ul><li>Action Program Committees (APCs) oversee the development and implementation of the Action Programs in the six indicator areas. </li></ul>
  22. 27. Action Programs <ul><li>Clean Air & Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>Conserving Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>International Environmental Relations </li></ul>
  23. 28. Action Program (Example)
  24. 29. Water Efficient Homes
  25. 30. ABC Water Program <ul><li>Active, Beautiful, Clean (ABC) Water Program was launched by the Public Utilities Board to turn reservoirs and waterways into “clean and vibrant lifestyle attractions” through beautification projects. </li></ul>
  26. 31. Integrative 1. to bring together or incorporate (parts) into a whole. 2. to make up, combine, or complete to produce a whole or a larger unit, as parts do. 3. to unite or combine.
  27. 32. 3P – People, Private, Public <ul><li>The Action Programme Committee includes representatives from 3P </li></ul><ul><li>3P Partnership Fund provides assistance to the 3P to develop sustainable environmental initiatives </li></ul>
  28. 33. Private Sector <ul><li>Public-Private Partnership (PPP) </li></ul><ul><li>Government provides incentives for greening businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Each focus group for the three-year reviews is co-chaired by an industry representative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. Chairman of Shell in water group </li></ul></ul>
  29. 34. Our Waters Programme <ul><li>Launched in August 2005 to get 3P partners to adopt waterways or reservoirs for at least two years. </li></ul>
  30. 35. Consumer Education <ul><li>The Green Label is awarded to environmentally-friendly (non-food) products </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. recycled paper </li></ul>
  31. 36. Consumer Education
  32. 37. Accountable 1. subject to the obligation to report, explain, or justify something; responsible; answerable. 2. capable of being explained; explicable; explainable.
  33. 38. Review <ul><li>Every three years , the SGP is reviewed by focus groups that include representatives from both the public and private sectors. </li></ul><ul><li>The public is also consulted for comments at open forums and using other forms of communication. </li></ul>
  34. 39. Three-Year Review <ul><li>Internet survey (2,800 respondents) </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change Roundtable </li></ul><ul><li>Public forum </li></ul><ul><li>Focus groups </li></ul><ul><li>Public exhibition </li></ul>
  35. 40. Focus Groups <ul><li>Air & Climate Change : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nominated Member of Parliament, President of the Nature Society Singapore, and the Foreign Editor of The Straits Times . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clean Land, Nature and Public Health : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President of the Singapore Environment Council, Chairman of Waste Management and Recycling Association of Singapore (WMRAS), and CEO, SembCorp Environmental Management. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chairman of Shell Companies in Singapore, Chairman of Water Network, and President of Waterways Watch Society. </li></ul></ul>

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    Apr. 2, 2019

Singapore's Green Plan is bringing unprecedented environmental and water resource management under the long-term sustainability planning umbrella.


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