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Women and health in india

Women and health in india

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ideal for policies for women in India, basically for health services provided y government. it consist of health policy and there brief information of the same. ideal for bsw students

ideal for policies for women in India, basically for health services provided y government. it consist of health policy and there brief information of the same. ideal for bsw students

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Women and health in india

  1. 1. Women and Health in India
  2. 2. INDEX  Overview  Gender Bias in Access to Healthcare  Problems of Women related to Health  Factors that Determine the Health Concerns of Women.  Health Policies for Women in India  Conclusion
  3. 3. OVERVIEW  Women's health in India can be examined in terms of multiple indicators, which vary by geography, socioeconomic standing and culture  To adequately improve the health of women in India multiple dimensions of wellbeing must be analysed in relation to global health averages and also in comparison to men in India.  Currently, women in India face a multitude of health problems, which ultimately affect the aggregate economy’s output.
  4. 4. Gender Bias in Access to Healthcare  Gender is one of the main social determinants of health—which include social, economic, and political factors—that play a major role in the health outcomes of women in India and access to healthcare  Studies have indicated that boys are more likely to receive treatment from health care facilities compared to girls  The role that gender plays in health care access can be determined by examining resource allocation within the household and public sphere.  Gender discrimination begins before birth; females are the most commonly aborted sex in India. If a female fetus is not aborted, the mother’s pregnancy can be a stressful experience, due to her
  5. 5. Cont...  Once born, daughters are prone to being fed less than sons, especially when there are multiple girls already in the household
  6. 6. Health Related Problems of Women  Malnutrition and morbidity  Breast cancer  Reproductive health  HIV/AIDS  Reproductive rights  Cardiovascular health  Mental health  Suicide
  7. 7. FACTORS MALNUTRTION INADEQUATE HEALTH SERVICES GENDER DISCRIMINATION LOW LEVEL OF EDUCATION POOR ENVIRONMENTAL HYGINE EARLY CHILD BEARING UNSAFE ABORTIONS LESS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ILLITRACY Factors that determine the health concerns of women.
  8. 8. Health Policies for Women in India  National health mission (NHM), 2005  National rural health mission (NRHM), 2005  National urban health mission, 2013  Reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (RMNCH), 2013  Janani-Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK), 2011  Menstural Hygiene Scheme,2005
  9. 9. National Health Mission (NHM), 2005  The National Health Mission (NRHM) was launched in 2005 with a view to bringing about dramatic improvement in the health system and the health status of the people, especially those who live in the rural areas of the country.  The National Health Mission (NHM) seeks to provide universal access to equitable, affordable and quality health care which is accountable, at the same time responsive, to the needs of the people, reduction of child and maternal deaths as well as population stabilization, gender and demographic balance.  Among the focus areas of NHM, is Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) to address the major causes of mortality among women and children as well as the delays in accessing and utilizing health care and services.
  10. 10. Cont...  the Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Maitritva Abhiyan(PMSMA) has been launched with the intention of ensuring quality antental care to pregnant women .
  11. 11. National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), 2005  NRHM seeks to provide equitable, affordable and quality health care to the rural population, especially the vulnerable groups  The thrust of the mission is on establishing a fully functional, community owned, decentralized health delivery system with inter-sectoral convergence at all levels, to ensure simultaneous action on a wide range of determinants of health such as water, sanitation, education, nutrition, social and gender equality.
  12. 12.  Accredited social helth activist (ASHA) is community health worker instituted by the government of india’s ministry of health and family welfare as part of NRHM.  ASHAs are local women trained to act as health educators and promotes in their communities. For example; giving birth in hospitals, encouraging family planning(surgical sterilization),treating basic illness and injury with first aid etc.
  13. 13. Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH), 2013  RMNCH+A approach has been launches in 2013 and it essentially looks to address the major causes of mortality among women and children as well as the delays in accessing and utilizing health care and services.  It also focuses on to protect the lives and safeguard the health of women, adolescents and children and this has been the driving force for reaching out to the maximum numbers, in the remotest corners of the country through constant innovation and calibration of interventions
  14. 14. Janani-Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK), 2011  Government of India has launched the Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) on 1st June, 2011. The scheme is to benefit pregnant women who access Government health facilities for their delivery. Moreover it will motivate those who still choose to deliver at their homes to opt for institutional deliveries.  The following are the Free Entitlements for pregnant women:Free and cashless delivery  Free C-Section  Free drugs and consumables  Free diagnostics  Free diet during stay in the health institutions  Free provision of blood  Exemption from user charges  Free transport from home to health institutions  Free transport between facilities in case of referral  Free drop back from Institutions to home after 48hrs stay
  15. 15. Menstrual Hygiene Scheme  This programme for promotion of Menstrual Hygiene combines health education for adolescent girls, providing a regular supply of sanitary napkins and enabling other sanitation measures such as access to water and toilets in schools and in the community through convergence with other programmes.
  16. 16. Conclusion  Profound studies reported that women are more sickly and disabled than men throughout the life cycle.  It has been suggested that women are particularly vulnerable, where basic maternity care is unavailable.  Due to the involvement of biological factors, women are more prone to sexual exposure of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) than do men  Adequate nutrition for women would help them to serve as productive members of the society to develop the consequent health generations.  The government should take necessary and compulsory policies to improve the literacy rate and quality education as well as to provide adequate employment opportunities for women, which might explore positive impact on the women’s health concerns.
  17. 17. Suggestions  The government can improve the health status of women by strengthening and expanding essential health services as well as by frequent counselling on safe sex, awareness on educational and nutritional needs and gender based violence  A strong and sustained government commitment is therefore needed to improve women’s, health concern.  Nutrition and health education should be strengthened via department of health to improve the nutritional status of mother and child, which are intimately linked.
  18. 18. Made by:-  Sujaan Pandya  Ayush Hadfield  Disha Chandani  Rachna Sharma  Priyanka Gupta  Shivangi Meena  Priyank Parmar
  19. 19. Bibliograghy  Nhm.gov.in  https://nhp.gov.in  https://mohfw.nic.in  Women’s health in India: Risk and vulnerability by T.N. Krishnan
  20. 20. THANKYOU

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