Human Resource Planning could be expressed as a process by
which the management ensures the right number of people
and right kind of people, at the right place , at the right time
doing the right things for which they are recruited and placed
for the achievement of goals of the organization.
HRP is a continuous process.
In the words of Colman, “Manpower planning is the process of
determining manpower requirements and the means of meeting
those requirements in order to carry out the integrated plan of
3. Objectives of HRP
Ensure optimum use of human resources currently
Avoid imbalances in the distribution and allocation
of human resources
Assess or forecast future skill requirements of the
organization's overall objectives
Provide control measure to ensure availability of
necessary resources when required
Control the aspect of human resources
Formulate transfer and promotion policies
4. Nature & Scope of HRP
It present an inventory of existing man power of the
organisation. Analysis of this resource helps in ascertaining the
status of the available personnel and to discover untapped talent
presently available with the organisation.
Helps in determining the short fall or surplus of the resource by
comparing the total resource needs with the present supply. It also
helps in projecting future HR needs.
Concerned with the initiation of various organisation
programmes depending upon the demand and supply of human
Designing training programme for different categories of human
5. Need for HRP
HRP helps in effective recruitment and
HRP also facilitates designing of training
programmes for the employees to develop the
required skills in them.
HRP provides lead time for procuring
personnel as the lead time given is a time-
6. HRP Process:
The process of HRP involves the following steps:
Determination of HRP objectives of HR planning
Current HR inventory
Training and Development programme
7. Internal Factors Affecting HRP
Strategies of the Company
Human Resource Policies of the Company
Formal and Informal Groups
Company’s production Operations policy
8. External Factors Affecting HRP
Level of economic development
Level of Technology
9. Benefits of HRP
HRP results in reduced labour costs as it helps the management
to anticipate shortages and or surpluses or HR, and correct these
imbalances before they become unmanageable and expensive.
HRP is the scientific way for planning employee development
that is designed to make optimum use of workers’ skills within
HRP enables identification of the gaps of the existing HRs so that
corrective training could be imparted.
HRP leads of improvement in the overall “Business
Planning” process. HRP helps in formulating
managerial succession plan as a part of there
placement planning process.
HRP leads to a greater awareness of the importance of
soundman power management through out the
organization HRP serves as a tool to evaluate the effect
of alternative man power actions and policies.
11. Thank You
“Be the Change ,Spread Smile ,Happiness & Love”
Subject:-Human Resource Management