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Chp 6 business markets & business buyer behavior

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Chp 6 business markets & business buyer behavior

  1. 1. Business Markets andBusiness Markets and Business Buyer BehaviorBusiness Buyer Behavior Chapter 6
  2. 2. 6 - 2 Learning Goals 1. Define the business market and how it differs from consumer markets 2. Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior 3. List and define the steps in the business buying decision process 4. Compare the institutional and government markets and explain how they make their buying decisions
  3. 3. 6 - 3 Case Study UPS Customer Needs • Consumers need fast, friendly, low-cost package delivery • Business needs are more complex  Shipping part of complex logistics process including purchasing, inventory, order status, invoices, payments, returns Services • Its 360,000 people and 88,000 vehicles offer ground, air, freight worldwide • Helps customer navigate the complexities of international shipping • Offers a wide range of financial services • Provides consulting services to improve logistics operations
  4. 4. 6 - 4 Definition Business Buyer Behavior:  The buying behavior of organizations that buy goods and services for use in the production of other products and services that are sold, rented, or supplied to others.  Also included are retailing and wholesaling firms that acquire goods for the purpose of reselling or renting them to others at a profit. Goal 1: Define the business market
  5. 5. 6 - 5  Sales in the business market far exceed sales in consumer markets.  Business markets differ from consumer markets in many ways. • Marketing structure and demand • Nature of the buying unit • Types of decisions and the decision process Characteristics of Business Markets Goal 1: Define the business market
  6. 6. 6 - 6 Business Markets Compared to consumer markets:  Business markets • have fewer but larger customers  Business customers • are more geographically concentrated  Demand is different • Demand is derived • Demand is price inelastic • Demand fluctuates more CharacteristicsCharacteristics Goal 1: Define the business market Marketing Structure and Demand Nature of the Buying Unit Types of Decisions and the Decision Process
  7. 7. 6 - 7 Business Markets Marketing Structure and Demand Nature of the Buying Unit Types of Decisions and the Decision Process Compared to consumer purchases:  Involve more buyers in the decision process  More professional purchasing effort CharacteristicsCharacteristics Goal 1: Define the business market
  8. 8. 6 - 8 Business Markets Marketing Structure and Demand Nature of the Buying Unit Types of Decisions and the Decision Process Compared to consumer purchases  More complex buying decisions  The buying process is more formalized  Buyers and sellers work more closely together and build long-term relationships Goal 1: Define the business market CharacteristicsCharacteristics
  9. 9. 6 - 9 Major Types of Buying Situations  Straight rebuy • Reordering without modification  Modified rebuy • Requires modification to prior purchase  New task • First-time purchase Business Buyer Behavior Goal 1: Define the business market
  10. 10. 6 - 10 Business Buyer Behavior Systems Selling  Buying a packaged solution to a problem from a single seller.  Often a key marketing strategy for businesses seeking to win and hold accounts. Goal 1: Define the business market
  11. 11. 6 - 11 Business Buyer Behavior Buying Center  The decision-making unit of a buying organization  Includes all individuals and units that participate in the decision making Goal 1: Define the business market
  12. 12. 6 - 12 Members of the Buying Center Business Buyer Behavior Users Buyers Influencers Deciders Gatekeepers Goal 1: Define the business market
  13. 13. 6 - 13 Major Influences on Business Buyers Environmental Organizational Interpersonal Individual Economic trends Supply conditions Technological, political and competitive changes Culture and customs Key FactorsKey Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior
  14. 14. 6 - 14 Major Influences on Business Buyers Environmental Organizational Interpersonal Individual Objectives Policies Procedures Organizational structure Systems Key FactorsKey Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior
  15. 15. 6 - 15 Major Influences on Business Buyers Influence of members in the buying center  Authority  Status  Empathy  Persuasiveness Key FactorsKey Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior Environmental Organizational Interpersonal Individual
  16. 16. 6 - 16 Major Influences on Business Buyers Personal characteristics of members in the buying center  Age and income  Education  Job position  Personality  Risk attitudes  Buying styles Key FactorsKey Factors Goal 2: Identify the major factors that influence business buyer behavior Environmental Organizational Interpersonal Individual
  17. 17. 6 - 17 Stages in the Business Buying Process Stage 1: Problem Recognition Stage 2: General Need Description Stage 3: Product Specification  Value analysis helps to reduce costs Stage 4: Supplier Search  Supplier development Goal 3: List and define the steps in the business buying decision process
  18. 18. 6 - 18 Stage 5: Proposal Solicitation Stage 6: Supplier Selection Stage 7: Order-Routine Specification  Blanket contracts are often used for maintenance, repair and operating items. Stage 8: Performance Review Stages in the Business Buying Process Goal 3: List and define the steps in the business buying decision process
  19. 19. 6 - 19  E-procurement is growing rapidly  Online auctions and online trading exchanges (e-marketplaces) account for much of the online purchasing activity  E-procurement offers many benefits: • Access to new suppliers • Lower purchasing costs • Quicker order processing and delivery Business Buying on the Internet Goal 3: List and define the steps in the business buying decision process
  20. 20. 6 - 20 Institutional Markets  Consist of churches, schools, prisons, hospitals, nursing homes and other institutions that provide goods and services to people in their care. Institutional and Government Markets Goal 4: Compare the institutional and government markets
  21. 21. 6 - 21 Institutional Markets  Often characterized by low budgets and captive patrons.  Marketers may develop separate divisions and marketing mixes to service institutional markets. Institutional and Government Markets Goal 4: Compare the institutional and government markets
  22. 22. 6 - 22 Government Markets • More than 82,000 buying units in the U.S. • Require suppliers to submit bids and often give job to lowest bidder • Favor domestic suppliers • Much “red tape” can exist Goal 4: Compare the institutional and government markets

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