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Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s
Richmond War Hospital, 1916-19
Brendan Kelly
University College Dublin
1. The Richmond Asylum (1814)
2. Shell shock
3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916)
4. Cases of shell shock
5. Treating shell...
1. The Richmond Asylum (1814)
2. Shell shock
3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916)
4. Cases of shell shock
5. Treating shell...
Hallaran’s 1810 textbook, along
with evidence of increasing
rates of insanity, prompted
authorities to build the
Richmond ...
1851.00 1861.00 1871.00 1881.00 1891.00
4000.00
6000.00
8000.00
10000.00
12000.00
14000.00
16000.00
Number
Mental illness
...
Dr Richard Leper at St Patrick’s Hospital, reported that
two admissions during ‘the height of the rebellion’ were
‘produce...
1. The Richmond Asylum (1814)
2. Shell shock
3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916)
4. Cases of shell shock
5. Treating shell...
Battle of the Somme
July – November 1916
1 million killed or seriously wounded
Major CS Myers
CBR, FRS
1873-1946
Popularised
the term
‘shell shock’
Lancet, 1915
1. The Richmond Asylum (1814)
2. Shell shock
3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916)
4. Cases of shell shock
5. Treating shell...
Base Hospital No. 26
France
Injured servicemen with nurses in the village hall in Shepreth,
South Cambridgesshire, used as military hospital, 1915-19
Croydon
Discharged, ‘quite rational’, after five weeks
`Spent eight months as a prisoner of war
Craiglockart War Hospital, Edinburgh (1916-19)
Siegfried Sassoon, 1886-1967 Wilfred Owen, 1893-1918
Dr WHR Rivers, 1863-1922
1. The Richmond Asylum (1814)
2. Shell shock
3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916)
4. Cases of shell shock
5. Treating shell...
Journal of Mental Science 1925; 71: 219-24
0.5% returned to military duty
1. The Richmond Asylum (1814)
2. Shell shock
3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916)
4. Cases of shell shock
5. Treating shell...
War Neuroses: Netley Hospital (1917), part 4 of 5
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ah2f9VabEYE
Journal of Mental Science 1917; 63: 297-9
Shower bath, Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane, 1868
Hydrotherapy
St Elizabeth’s
Asylum
Washington DC
Ludwig Knorr
Antipyrine (pheanzone)
1. The Richmond Asylum (1814)
2. Shell shock
3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916)
4. Cases of shell shock
5. Treating shell...
The legacy of the Richmond War Hospital to the Irish
asylum system and efforts at reform during the 1900s
1 High discharge rates
2 Better conditions
3 Patients not certified ‘insane’; RMS Donelan:
The legacy of the Richmond War Hospital to the Irish
asylum system and efforts at reform during the 1900s
The broader effe...
The legacy of the Richmond War Hospital to the Irish
asylum system and efforts at reform during the 1900s
The broader effe...
1929
14 April 2014
Byrne says his abiding
memory of growing up on
Rialto Street was his
father waking, screaming,
in the middle of the night
...
Great grandfather
Sylvester Cummins
1914
Royal Dublin Fusiliers
1916
Battle of the Somme
‘Survived the war, but
not its co...
Shell Shock and its Treatment
at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital,
1916-19
brendankelly35@gmail.com
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’
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Brendan Kelly - Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-1919’

  1. 1. Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-19 Brendan Kelly University College Dublin
  2. 2. 1. The Richmond Asylum (1814) 2. Shell shock 3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916) 4. Cases of shell shock 5. Treating shell shock 6. Legacy of the Richmond War Hospital
  3. 3. 1. The Richmond Asylum (1814) 2. Shell shock 3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916) 4. Cases of shell shock 5. Treating shell shock 6. Legacy of the Richmond War Hospital
  4. 4. Hallaran’s 1810 textbook, along with evidence of increasing rates of insanity, prompted authorities to build the Richmond Asylum, 1814
  5. 5. 1851.00 1861.00 1871.00 1881.00 1891.00 4000.00 6000.00 8000.00 10000.00 12000.00 14000.00 16000.00 Number Mental illness Intellectual disability
  6. 6. Dr Richard Leper at St Patrick’s Hospital, reported that two admissions during ‘the height of the rebellion’ were ‘produced by shock and terror caused by the insurrection’ In one case, the army ambulance ‘was fired on whilst conveying the patient to the Hospital’
  7. 7. 1. The Richmond Asylum (1814) 2. Shell shock 3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916) 4. Cases of shell shock 5. Treating shell shock 6. Legacy of the Richmond War Hospital
  8. 8. Battle of the Somme July – November 1916 1 million killed or seriously wounded
  9. 9. Major CS Myers CBR, FRS 1873-1946 Popularised the term ‘shell shock’ Lancet, 1915
  10. 10. 1. The Richmond Asylum (1814) 2. Shell shock 3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916) 4. Cases of shell shock 5. Treating shell shock 6. Legacy of the Richmond War Hospital
  11. 11. Base Hospital No. 26 France
  12. 12. Injured servicemen with nurses in the village hall in Shepreth, South Cambridgesshire, used as military hospital, 1915-19
  13. 13. Croydon
  14. 14. Discharged, ‘quite rational’, after five weeks
  15. 15. `Spent eight months as a prisoner of war
  16. 16. Craiglockart War Hospital, Edinburgh (1916-19)
  17. 17. Siegfried Sassoon, 1886-1967 Wilfred Owen, 1893-1918
  18. 18. Dr WHR Rivers, 1863-1922
  19. 19. 1. The Richmond Asylum (1814) 2. Shell shock 3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916) 4. Cases of shell shock 5. Treating shell shock 6. Legacy of the Richmond War Hospital
  20. 20. Journal of Mental Science 1925; 71: 219-24 0.5% returned to military duty
  21. 21. 1. The Richmond Asylum (1814) 2. Shell shock 3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916) 4. Cases of shell shock 5. Treating shell shock 6. Legacy of the Richmond War Hospital
  22. 22. War Neuroses: Netley Hospital (1917), part 4 of 5 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ah2f9VabEYE
  23. 23. Journal of Mental Science 1917; 63: 297-9
  24. 24. Shower bath, Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane, 1868
  25. 25. Hydrotherapy St Elizabeth’s Asylum Washington DC
  26. 26. Ludwig Knorr Antipyrine (pheanzone)
  27. 27. 1. The Richmond Asylum (1814) 2. Shell shock 3. The Richmond War Hospital (1916) 4. Cases of shell shock 5. Treating shell shock 6. Legacy of the Richmond War Hospital
  28. 28. The legacy of the Richmond War Hospital to the Irish asylum system and efforts at reform during the 1900s
  29. 29. 1 High discharge rates 2 Better conditions 3 Patients not certified ‘insane’; RMS Donelan:
  30. 30. The legacy of the Richmond War Hospital to the Irish asylum system and efforts at reform during the 1900s The broader effects of the network of war hospitals throughout Great Britain and Ireland, including the Richmond, on the identity and practice of psychiatry
  31. 31. The legacy of the Richmond War Hospital to the Irish asylum system and efforts at reform during the 1900s The broader effects of the network of war hospitals throughout Great Britain and Ireland, including the Richmond, on the identity and practice of psychiatry The legacy of the Richmond War Hospital to Ireland’s memory and commemoration of the First World War, and its psychological effect on Irish soldiers
  32. 32. 1929
  33. 33. 14 April 2014
  34. 34. Byrne says his abiding memory of growing up on Rialto Street was his father waking, screaming, in the middle of the night – terror that his son believes was caused by the trauma of the war Irish Times, 5 April 2014
  35. 35. Great grandfather Sylvester Cummins 1914 Royal Dublin Fusiliers 1916 Battle of the Somme ‘Survived the war, but not its consequences’ ‘Suicide by gas poisoning, there being no evidence to show state of mind’
  36. 36. Shell Shock and its Treatment at Dublin’s Richmond War Hospital, 1916-19 brendankelly35@gmail.com

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