2. Charles-Émile Reynaud was born on December 8, 1844 in Montreuil-sous-Bois (France).
His father, was a medal engraver, and his mother, was a schoolteacher. His parents took care
of his education. From his father he learned precision mechanics. Therefore he became a
professor and taught physics and natural sciences from 1873 to 1877.
Although his mother taught him to draw and paint. This then allowed him to succeed in his
3. Charles-Emile Reynaud was responsible for the first projected animated
cartoon “Pauvre Pierrot” in October 1892. It consisted of 500 individually
It was a large success across France and other countries, revolutionizing the
art of animation.
HIS FIRST CREATION
5. CHARLES’ ACOMPLISHMENTS
He invented the praxiniscope in 1876.
The praxiniscope is an animation device .
He also launched his “Pauvre Pierrot” with the movie system he developed “Theatre
Optique.” at the Musee Grevin.
6. 1824 Peter Mark Roget, who did research in physiology at the University of London,
published "Persistence of Vision with Regard to Moving Objects." This book presented the idea
that a succession of still images could create the appearance of motion.
1889 Emile Reynaud (from France) patents the praxinoscope… a device that used mirrors to
project a sequence of images (along with a fixed background) onto a screen. It was sufficiently
complex that only he could run it. The infinite length tape changed the medium from a curiosity
1928 Walt Disney releases "Steamboat Willie" .. an early cartoon w/ sound -- cartoons are now seen
as entertainment. Disney innovations over the next 10-20 years include the storyboard, pencil
tests, and the multi-plane camera stand (3D effects). Disney also promoted the analysis of real-
1930's Warner Bros .. Porky Pig, Daffy Duck, and Bugs Bunny appear
1940's Walter Lantz and Woody Woodpecker, Paul Terry and Mighty Mouse, MGM w/ Tom &
Jerry (animators William Hanna and Joseph Barbera)
1972 University of Utah, Fred Parke creates first computer generated facial animation. Ref: F.
Parke, "Computer Generated Animation of Faces", Proceedings of the ACM National
Conference, 1972. (In the SIGGRAPH 98 Seminal Graphics collection.)
1974 National Research Council of Canada releases Hunger/La Faim directed by Peter Foldes and
featuring Burtnyk and Wein interactive keyframing techniques. Ref: N. Burtnyk and M.
Wein, "Interactive Skeleton Techniques for Enhancing Motion Dynamics in Key Frame
Animation", Communications of the ACM, 19(10), October 1976. (In the SIGGRAPH 98
Seminal Graphics collection.)
1988 Willow uses morphing in live action film
1993 Jurassic Park use of CG for realistic living creatures
1995 Toy Story first full-length 3D CG feature film
7. Charles-Emile Reynaud was important due to the fact that he was the cause of
the commercial use of the perforations that were to be so important for
France appreciated his work so much they awarded him a Honourable
mention in the Paris Exposition of 1878
IMPORTANCE F CHARLES