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Territoire à énergie positiveMise en oeuvre de lapproche à Tramayes    (1000 habitants, Saône-et-Loire)                   ...
Territoire à énergie positiveEn 2011, l’électricité importée en Francereprésente 14% de l’électricité exportée9 501 GWh im...
Territoires à Energie PositiveEtat de la dette française en fin 2011 : 1 717 Milliards d’euros  Total des soldes de 1970 à...
Territoires à Energie PositiveMinistère de l’écologie : chiffres clés de l’énergie – Edition 2012   4
Territoires à Energie Positive                            L’Homme Tour Eiffel (HTE)                          1 personne de...
Territoires à Energie PositiveTrajet maison boulangerie : 1 km  Soit 1kWh pour aller retourSoit 30 HTE pour 250 g de pain ...
Territoires à Energie Positive                                 7
Territoires à Energie PositiveAvant : 750 m² - Chauffage et ECS 250 kWh/m²Après : 1000 m² - Chauffage et ECS 70kWh/m²     ...
Territoires à Energie Positive                                 9
Territoires à Energie Positive       Michel MAYA   maya@cluny.ensam.fr Merci pour votre attention   www.tramayes.comwww.tr...
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Territoires à énergie positive : l approche de Tramayes

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Territoires à énergie positive : impulser des dynamiques de généralisation

Michel MAYA, Maire de Tramayes, fondateur du réseau TEPos
Claire LE STRAT, Chargée d’études, Energies Demain
Peggy KANCAL, Conseillère régionale déléguée au Plan Climat, Région Aquitaine
Benoît LECLAIR, Vice-Président à l'énergie et au climat, Région Rhône-Alpes

Un territoire à énergie positive est un territoire dont les besoins d’énergie ont été réduits au maximum et sont couverts par les énergies renouvelables locales, selon les 3 principes de la démarche négaWatt : sobriété énergétique, efficacité énergétique et énergies renouvelables. Cet objectif est atteignable pour les territoires majoritairement ruraux.

L'originalité du concept repose sur la combinaison de critères touchant à l'engagement politique, la méthodologie employée et l'approche systémique, en plus des résultats chiffrés sur les énergies. Les promoteurs du territoire à énergie positive postulent qu'il faut "cesser de faire des projets sur les territoires, et engager des projets de territoire". Cela constitue une nouvelle manière d'appréhender les projets énergétiques, non plus via une approche "filière", mais plutôt par une approche "territoire".

Une définition homogène du territoire à énergie positive a été établie au niveau européen, dans le cadre du projet "100% RES Communities" coordonné par le CLER. Elle permettra très bientôt d'identifier les territoires à énergie positive de 12 pays européens (Allemagne, Autriche, France, Italie…).

De nombreux acteurs régionaux impulsent aujourd’hui des dynamiques de généralisation des territoires à énergie positive : financement des études stratégiques, élaboration d’outils territorialisés, animation régionale… Ces différentes approches favorisent l’émergence d’un intérêt et l’engagement des territoires.

En savoir plus : www.territoires-energie-positive.fr

Cet atelier a eu lieu le 29 janvier 2013 pendant les Assises de l'énergie des collectivités locales à Grenoble.

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Territoires à énergie positive : l approche de Tramayes

  1. 1. Territoire à énergie positiveMise en oeuvre de lapproche à Tramayes (1000 habitants, Saône-et-Loire) 1
  2. 2. Territoire à énergie positiveEn 2011, l’électricité importée en Francereprésente 14% de l’électricité exportée9 501 GWh importé pour 65 914 GWh exportéEn 2011, l’électricité importée en Francereprésente 27% de l’électricité exportée 970 M€ d’achat pour 3 590 M€ de vente 2
  3. 3. Territoires à Energie PositiveEtat de la dette française en fin 2011 : 1 717 Milliards d’euros Total des soldes de 1970 à 2011 : 1 338 Milliards d’euros Soit 78 %En 2011, la facture énergétique représente 88% du déficit commercial Time is money 3
  4. 4. Territoires à Energie PositiveMinistère de l’écologie : chiffres clés de l’énergie – Edition 2012 4
  5. 5. Territoires à Energie Positive L’Homme Tour Eiffel (HTE) 1 personne de 80 kg 1 masse de 40 kg Hauteur de montée : 300 m Energie dépensée : 360 000 Joule 1 masse de 40 kg Hauteur de chute : 300 m Energie récupérable : 120 000 Joule Energie Primaire (EP): 360 000 Joule = 0,1 kWh Energie Finale (EF): 120 000 Joule = 0,033 kWh Rendement : 1/3 EF (kWh) EP (kWh) HTEp1 ampoule 100 W pendant 1 heure 0,1 0,258 31 cafetère 1kW pendant 6 minutes 0,1 0,258 31 aspirateur 2,4 kW pendant 5 minutes 0,2 0,516 61 radiateur 1 500 W électrique pendant 1 heure 1,5 3,87 451 déplacement 20 km (consommaton 5 l/100) 10 10 300 5
  6. 6. Territoires à Energie PositiveTrajet maison boulangerie : 1 km Soit 1kWh pour aller retourSoit 30 HTE pour 250 g de pain 6
  7. 7. Territoires à Energie Positive 7
  8. 8. Territoires à Energie PositiveAvant : 750 m² - Chauffage et ECS 250 kWh/m²Après : 1000 m² - Chauffage et ECS 70kWh/m² Gain annuel : 117 500 kWh 63% Architectes: DELERS et AC3 CROPIER 8
  9. 9. Territoires à Energie Positive 9
  10. 10. Territoires à Energie Positive Michel MAYA maya@cluny.ensam.fr Merci pour votre attention www.tramayes.comwww.tramayes.com/TePos/10 www.tramayes.com/rdc

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