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Lesson 1 Use of farm Tools and Equipment

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Discussion on the different kinds of farm tools and equipment in agriculture

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Lesson 1 Use of farm Tools and Equipment

  1. 1. Lesson 1 Use of Farm Tools and Equipment By: ROCHELLE SABDAO-NATO Reference: Grade 7 Learners Module on Agricultural Crop Production
  2. 2. Learning Outcome #1 SELECT AND USE OF FARM TOOLS Learning Outcome #1 SELECT AND USE OF FARM TOOLS
  3. 3. 2. Identify the different kinds of Hand Tools. 1. Define the word/s a. Tool b. Farm c. Farm Tool d. Hand tools 3. Draw / Sketch a Kind of Hand Tools used in gardening
  4. 4. Definition of Terms Tool Any device or implements used to carry out mechanical functions whether manually or by a machine Farm An area of Land and its buildings used under one management for growing crops and rearing animals
  5. 5. Hand Tools These are objects that are usually light and are used without the help of animals and machineries. Farm Tools These are used in land preparations
  6. 6. • One of the cultural practices involved in crop production is land preparations. Preparing the area intended for growing various crops entails the use of farm tools Hand Tools These are tools made of light materials and are used manually. Most of the hand tools are used in cultivating the area for small garden or in backyard gardening.
  7. 7. Examples • Bolo is used for cutting tall grasses and weeds and chopping branches of trees.
  8. 8. • Crowbar is used for digging big holes and for digging out big stones and stumps.
  9. 9. • Pick-mattock is used for digging canals,breaking hard topsoil and for digging up stones and tree stumps.
  10. 10. • Grab-hoe is used for breaking hard topsoil and pulverizing soil.
  11. 11. Spade is used for removing trash or soil, digging canals or ditches and mixing soil media.
  12. 12. • Shovel is used in removing trash, digging, loose soil, moving soil from one place to another and for mixing soil media.
  13. 13. • Rake is used for cleaning the ground and leveling the topsoil.
  14. 14. • Spading fork is used for loosening the soil,digging out root crops and turning over the materials in a compost heap.
  15. 15. • Light hoe is used for loosening and leveling soil and digging out furrows for planting
  16. 16. • Hand trowel is used for loosening the soil around the growing plants and putting small amount of manure fertilizer in the soil.
  17. 17. • Hand cultivator is used for cultivating the garden plot by loosening the soil and removing weeds around the plant.
  18. 18. • Hand fork is used for inter row cultivation.
  19. 19. • Pruning shears is for cutting branches of planting materials and unnecessary branches of plants.
  20. 20. • Axe is for cutting bigger size post.
  21. 21. • Knife is for cutting planting materials and for performing other operations in horticulture
  22. 22. • Sprinklers – used for watering seedlings and young plants
  23. 23. • Water pails – used for hauling water, manure and fertilizers
  24. 24. • Sprayers are for spraying insecticides, foliar fertilizers, fungicides and herbicides
  25. 25. • Wheel barrow is used for hauling trash,manures, fertilizers, planting materials and other equipment
  26. 26. • Sickle is a hand- held agricultural tool with a variously curved blade typically used for cutting weeds.
  27. 27. The technical know-how on the safety measures in the use of farm tools as well as their care and maintenance require appropriate knowledge and skills. It helps prevent farm workers from any untoward accident and prolong the life span of the various farm facilities
  28. 28. Draw / Sketch a Hand Tool/s that you used in gardening.
  29. 29. Define the following terms; a. Farm Implements b. Equipment ASSIGNMENT

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