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# Criterion and Norm - Referenced Interpretations and the Four Frames of Reference

This presentation is all about knowing Criterion and Norm-referenced interpretations. This presentation will give you an idea when are tests considered needing criterion or norm-referenced descriptions. The four frames of reference are also discussed here. Assessment of Learning 1 Lesson

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### Criterion and Norm - Referenced Interpretations and the Four Frames of Reference

1. 1. Slideshare.net/RonaldQuileste rquileste@xu.edu.ph 75
2. 2. Identify frames of reference usedforstudent performance interpretation
3. 3. Define criterion and normreferenced interpretation
4. 4. Recognize when are criterion and norm-referenced preferable
5. 5. Identify qualities desired in criterion and norm-referenced tests
6. 6. Test Result
7. 7. 25 Score:
8. 8. he cant help but ask questions like… 25
9. 9. 25 Score: What does this score mean?
10. 10. 25 Score: Is this a high or a low score?
11. 11. 25 Score: If I got this score, how did others do?
12. 12. 25 Score: Is this score high or low enough with respect to what I can do?
13. 13. 25 Score: Does this score mean I have improved?
14. 14. 25 Score: What does this score mean in terms of what I cannot do?
15. 15. Basically, the student needs a frame of reference to interpret the score
16. 16. What are the four
17. 17. We will consider four approaches to interpreting student performance
18. 18. Ability - referenced
19. 19. Ability - referenced a student’s performance is interpreted in light of that student’s maximum possible performance
20. 20. Growth - referenced
21. 21. Growth - referenced student performance is compared with the student’s prior performance
22. 22. Norm - referenced
23. 23. Norm - referenced comparing the student’s performance with that of others or with the typical performance of the student
24. 24. Criterion - referenced
25. 25. Criterion - referenced meaning is provided by describing what the student can and cannot do
26. 26. Which of the four are the most useful ?
27. 27. This presentation emphasizes criterion –referenced norm-referenced interpretations
28. 28. This presentation emphasizes criterion –referenced norm-referenced interpretations
29. 29. What is interpretation?
30. 30. Criterion - referenced means that a score is being interpreted in terms of the skills the test measures.
31. 31. All these represent criterion-referenced interpretation
32. 32. What is interpretation?
33. 33. Norm - referenced means comparing a student’s performance with the typical range of performances
34. 34. All these represent norm-referenced interpretation
35. 35. When do we use the right
36. 36. The type of evaluation often influences the reference used for the interpretation
37. 37. Forinstance,measuresused for summative evaluations may involve content too broad to be well defined
38. 38. Forinstance,measuresused for summative evaluations may involve content too broad to be well defined
39. 39. Forinstance,measuresused for preliminary evaluations may occur in the absence of norms
40. 40. Forinstance,measuresused for preliminary evaluations may occur in the absence of norms
41. 41. When preliminary evaluations involve general or overall assessments of students’ knowledge and attitudes
42. 42. If the preliminary evaluations have a well-defined domain
43. 43. Usually are criterion- referenced because they include knowing what a student can and cannot do
44. 44. If you want to know whether a student’s problem is typical, then norm-referenced is the option
45. 45. Since in formative evaluation, you determine what the student can and cannot do, then opt for criterion
46. 46. It becomes norm- referenced when the evaluation is compared to previous outcomes
47. 47. They usually are norm- referenced because they use general or global content domains
48. 48. If the sample works have a well-defined domain, criterion-referenced interpretations are possible
49. 49. What are the in criterion and norm referenced tests ?
50. 50. ITEM DIFFICULTY 1
51. 51. 2
52. 52. 3
53. 53. Slideshare.net/RonaldQuileste rquileste@xu.edu.ph 75
54. 54. Slideshare.net/RonaldQuileste rquileste@xu.edu.ph 75
55. 55. Slideshare.net/RonaldQuileste rquileste@xu.edu.ph 75
56. 56. Slideshare.net/RonaldQuileste rquileste@xu.edu.ph 75
57. 57. Slideshare.net/RonaldQuileste rquileste@xu.edu.ph 75 1st Honors
58. 58. Slideshare.net/RonaldQuileste rquileste@xu.edu.ph 1st Honors
59. 59. Slideshare.net/RonaldQuileste rquileste@xu.edu.ph 1st Honors
60. 60. Identify frames of reference usedforstudent performance interpretation
61. 61. Define criterion and normreferenced interpretation
62. 62. Recognize when are criterion and norm-referenced preferable
63. 63. Identify qualities desired in criterion and norm-referenced tests
64. 64. Hare Krishna!
65. 65. 1.Claudio Guglieri thepatternlibrary.com/#kale-salad thepatternlibrary.com/#chalkboard 2. Anton Reponen thepatternlibrary.com/#fancy-pants 3. Julien Renvoye thepatternlibrary.com/#shattered-island
66. 66. 1. Mr. Eugene Cheng Slideshare.net/itseugene 2. Mr.Jesse Desjardins Slideshare.net/jessedee 3. Mr. Paul Brown Slideshare.net/paulgordonbrown 4. Mr. Trey Parker and Mr. Matt Stone South Park
67. 67. Slideshare.net/RonaldQuileste rquileste@xu.edu.ph