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• Scotland is one of the 4 nations of the United Kingdom.
• It´s located in the north of Great Britain.
• It´s bordered on three sides by seas: The Atlantic Ocean
and the North Sea.
• The territory of Scotland includes 186 nearby islands, most of
them contained in three groups:
– the Hebrides or the Western Isles, on the western coast
– the Orkney Islands, on the north-eastern coast
– and the Shetland Islands, located northeast of the Orkney Islands.
SCOTLAND IN FACTS
• Population 5.000.000
• Capital city Edinburgh
• Emblem Thistle
• Flag The Saltire
• Currency Pound sterling
• Language English and
• Patron Saint Saint Andrew
• Largest city Glasgow
According to a legend, the Norse army wanted to invade
Scotland many years ago. One night, some Norse
soldiers tried to attack a Scottish encampment by
surprise. But one barefoot Norse soldier stepped upon a
thistle, crying out in pain and alerting the Scottish to the
presence of the Norse invaders.
The Scottish flag is called The Saltire.
It´s blue with a white cross, the cross of saint Andrew.
The Gaelic language
• The Gaelic language is part of a family of
• Gaelic speakers mostly live in the Western
Isles, the Central belt and the northern
The Scottish territory can be
divided in 2 totally different
- The Highlands : a
mountainous region in the
north. It´s got the
Grampian mountains and
Ben Nevis, the highest
mountain in the UK. Loch
Ness is also here.
- The Lowlands: it´s a plain
with no mountains but
• “Loch” is the Scottish word for “lake”.
• Loch Ness is located in the Highlands, not very far from
• It is the second largest lake in Scotland.
• Loch Ness is very famous for its monster:
Nessie. Nessie is a legend in Scotland.
• An Irish monk saw it in the VI century.
• Later, in 1933, the MacKays, the owners of an
inn, observed an “enormous animal” in the
• The first photo was taken in 1934 by a group of
• Since then, many tourist and scientists visit the
loch every year, trying to see Nessie.
• Some people think it is a prehistoric dinosaur
that survived from the last ice age.
• It is still a mistery.
CULTURE: The Kilt
The kilt is a kind of skirt that men and boys traditionally
wear in the Highlands.
It is made of wool in a tartan pattern.
It is used in formal ocassions.
• Scottish families are called clans.
• Each clan has a special plaid to show what their
family is. There are hundreds of plaids or
It´s made from the organs of sheep mixed with oats
and spices, and tied in a sheep’s stomach and
It is eaten together with mashed potatoes.
• The national drink is whisky, and its production
contributes significantly to the economy.
• In Gaelic it means “water of life”.
Bagpipes are the national instruments.
The harp, the fiddle and the accordion are also
Sword dance is a traditional Scottish dance.
Alexander Graham Bell - inventor of the telephone
Sean Connery - an actor (James Bond)
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle - the author of Sherlock Holmes
Rod Stewart- famous pop singer
Captain Kidd - a famous pirate
Robert Burn – a famous poet
Robert Louis Stevenson - author of Treasure Island
Annie Lenox – famous pop singer
Andy Murray – famous tennis player
• New Year’s Eve (Hogmanay) is when some of the most
lively celebrations take place.
• Traditionally, on Hogmanay, children go to the doors of
their neighbours, and sing and cry out “Hogmanay!” to
receive oat cakes in return.
• Another tradition associated with New Year’s Eve is the
“first-footer,” or the first person to cross the door of a
house after midnight on New Year’s Eve.
• The first-footer has to be a dark-haired man carrying
presents: a coin, bread, salt, coal, a drink, ... They
– Coin: financial prosperity
– Bread: food
– Salt: flavour
– Coal: warmth
– A drink: good cheer
This way the family will have good luck for the new year.
“Auld Lang Syne”
• The song “Auld Lang Syne,” by the Scottish
poet Robert Burns, is sung on New Year’s Eve.
• Many Scots honour Burns’s birthday (25th
January) by celebrating his life and works at
Burns suppers, where haggis is served.
St. Andrew´s Day
• Saint Andrew’s Day, on 30th November, honours the
patron saint of Scotland.
• Some Scots wear a blue-and-white X on this day to
symbolize the cross upon which Saint Andrew was
crucified by the Romans. This X-shaped cross has
become a patriotic symbol.