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INDEX
 About metal
 Metallic bond
 Physical properties of metal
 About non metal
 Use of non metal
 Periodic table
...
METAL AND NON METAL
WHAT IS METAL AND NON METAL……..??
A metal is a solid
material
(an element, compound,
or alloy). 91 of...
METALLIC BOUND
Metals are crystalline solid
and atoms are linked to
one another by special
types of bonds known as
metall...
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF METAL :::---
Metallic Lustre (shine or
brightness)- gold and platnium ,
exception- aluminium, copp...
Density (crystalline in nature) –
iron is 7.86 g cm , nickel
is 8.9 g cm.
Malleability -the property due
to which metal ...
Thermal conductivity (heat) –
thermal conductivity of metal
is because of the movement
of kernels and valence
electron. E...
In chemistry, a nonmetal or
non-metal is a chemical
element which mostly
lacks metallic attributes.
Non metal s form a l...
Seventeen elements are
generally classified
as nonmetals; most are
gases (hydrogen, helium,
nitrogen, oxygen,
fluorine, n...
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF METAL AND NON
METAL
Metal
Metal + oxygen =metal
oxide Example-4 Na+
O2=2Na2O
2Mg +O2 =2MgOExceptio...
NATURE OF METAL OXIDES
a) Action with water.
Metal oxide + water
= hydroxide(alkali)
Na2O + H2O =
2NaOH
b) Action with aci...
Reaction
with hydrogen
Metal + hydrogen = metal
hydrides
2Na (s) + H2 = 2NaH(s)
Metal hydrides + water =
hydrogen gas + hy...
Reaction with acid
Metal + acid = metal salt
+ hydrogen
2Na (s) + 2HCl = 2NaCl(aq)
+ H2
Reaction of metal
with the solut...
Non – metal + oxygen = oxides
Examples- C(s) + O2(g) = CO2
 S8(s) + 8O2 = 8SO2
Non-metal + acid = oxide +water
examples –
S+2H2SO4(conc.)=3SO4+2H2O
S+6HNO3=H2SO4+6N3+H2O
Non –metal + chlorine= chlorid...
Non – metal+hydrogen=hydrides
examples-
H2(g)+ S (s)=H2S
N2(g)+3H2(g)=2NH3(g)
THANK YOU
Submitted to- miss rupali
Submitted by- carol ekka
Science METAL AND NON METAL
Science METAL AND NON METAL
Science METAL AND NON METAL
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Science METAL AND NON METAL

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Science METAL AND NON METAL

  1. 1. INDEX  About metal  Metallic bond  Physical properties of metal  About non metal  Use of non metal  Periodic table  Chemical properties of metal and non metal  Thank you
  2. 2. METAL AND NON METAL WHAT IS METAL AND NON METAL……..?? A metal is a solid material (an element, compound, or alloy). 91 of the 118 elements in the periodic
  3. 3. METALLIC BOUND Metals are crystalline solid and atoms are linked to one another by special types of bonds known as metallic bond. Two parts of metallic bond- a) Valence electron.
  4. 4. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF METAL :::--- Metallic Lustre (shine or brightness)- gold and platnium , exception- aluminium, copper and silver.  Hardness- silver and copper exception – sodium magnesium Melting and boiling point –(atom are closely packed) exception -
  5. 5. Density (crystalline in nature) – iron is 7.86 g cm , nickel is 8.9 g cm. Malleability -the property due to which metal can be beaten into sheets. Eg- Silver and aluminium. Ductility –The property due to which a metal can be drawn
  6. 6. Thermal conductivity (heat) – thermal conductivity of metal is because of the movement of kernels and valence electron. Eg-silver and copper . Exception lead and mercury. Sonorosity (sound) – all metal are sonorous in nature.
  7. 7. In chemistry, a nonmetal or non-metal is a chemical element which mostly lacks metallic attributes. Non metal s form a large number of compound which are extremely useful. For example – ammonia, nitric ,
  8. 8. Seventeen elements are generally classified as nonmetals; most are gases (hydrogen, helium, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, neon, chlorine, argon, krypton, xenon
  9. 9. CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF METAL AND NON METAL Metal Metal + oxygen =metal oxide Example-4 Na+ O2=2Na2O 2Mg +O2 =2MgOException – silver and
  10. 10. NATURE OF METAL OXIDES a) Action with water. Metal oxide + water = hydroxide(alkali) Na2O + H2O = 2NaOH b) Action with acid. Metal oxide+ acid = salt + water
  11. 11. Reaction with hydrogen Metal + hydrogen = metal hydrides 2Na (s) + H2 = 2NaH(s) Metal hydrides + water = hydrogen gas + hydroxide NaH(s) + H2O (l) = NaOH(aq) + H2(g) Reaction with
  12. 12. Reaction with acid Metal + acid = metal salt + hydrogen 2Na (s) + 2HCl = 2NaCl(aq) + H2 Reaction of metal with the solution of
  13. 13. Non – metal + oxygen = oxides Examples- C(s) + O2(g) = CO2  S8(s) + 8O2 = 8SO2
  14. 14. Non-metal + acid = oxide +water examples – S+2H2SO4(conc.)=3SO4+2H2O S+6HNO3=H2SO4+6N3+H2O Non –metal + chlorine= chlorides example- 2P + 5CL2=2PCL5 2S + CL2=S2CL2
  15. 15. Non – metal+hydrogen=hydrides examples- H2(g)+ S (s)=H2S N2(g)+3H2(g)=2NH3(g)
  16. 16. THANK YOU Submitted to- miss rupali Submitted by- carol ekka

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