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THE KEY TO HANDTHE KEY TO HAND
INJURY PREVENTIONINJURY PREVENTION
MD.MONSUR RAHMANMD.MONSUR RAHMAN
THE EFFECTS OF A HAND INJURYTHE EFFECTS OF A HAND INJURY
WE USE OUR HAND CONSTANTLY. A DISABLING HAND INJURYWE USE OUR HAN...
THE HUMAN HANDTHE HUMAN HAND
THE HUMAN BODY IS AN ENGINEERING MARVEL. OURTHE HUMAN BODY IS AN ENGINEERING MARVEL. OUR
HAND...
TYPES OF HAND INJURIESTYPES OF HAND INJURIES
BECAUSE OF THEIR TREMENDOUS VERSATILITY, HANDSBECAUSE OF THEIR TREMENDOUS VER...
HAND INJURIES AREHAND INJURIES ARE
PREVENTABLEPREVENTABLE
THE KEY TO HAND INJURY PREVENTION IS YOU. SAFETY IS ATHE KEY TO ...
HAND INJURIES AREHAND INJURIES ARE
PREVENTABLEPREVENTABLE
WHAT ABOUT REMOVING THE GUARD ON A PIECE OFWHAT ABOUT REMOVING T...
COMMON HAND HAZARDSCOMMON HAND HAZARDS
COMMON HAZARDS IN THE WORKPLACE CAN INCLUDECOMMON HAZARDS IN THE WORKPLACE CAN INCL...
COMMON HAND HAZARDSCOMMON HAND HAZARDS
HAND TOOLS ARE NON-POWERED TOOLS, WHICH CANHAND TOOLS ARE NON-POWERED TOOLS, WHICH ...
COMMON HAND HAZARDSCOMMON HAND HAZARDS
WHEN NECESSARY, HOLD THE WORK IN A VICE ORWHEN NECESSARY, HOLD THE WORK IN A VICE O...
COMMON HAND HAZARDSCOMMON HAND HAZARDS
ONE OF THE MOST COMMON CAUSES OF HAND INJURIES ISONE OF THE MOST COMMON CAUSES OF H...
CONTROLLING HAZARDSCONTROLLING HAZARDS
KNOW WHERE YOUR HANDS ARE AT ALL TIMES. KEEP THEMKNOW WHERE YOUR HANDS ARE AT ALL T...
CONTROLLING HAZARDSCONTROLLING HAZARDS
DON’T WEAR GLOVES, LOOSE CLOTHING OR JEWELRYDON’T WEAR GLOVES, LOOSE CLOTHING OR JE...
PROPER USE OF GLOVESPROPER USE OF GLOVES
WHEN PROPERLY SELECTED AND UTILIZED, GLOVESWHEN PROPERLY SELECTED AND UTILIZED, G...
PROPER USE OF GLOVESPROPER USE OF GLOVES
BE FAMILIAR WITH THE TYPES OF TASKS YOU PERFORM AND THEBE FAMILIAR WITH THE TYPES...
PROPER USE OF GLOVESPROPER USE OF GLOVES
INSPECT GLOVES BEFORE EACH USE FOR WEAR, CRACKSINSPECT GLOVES BEFORE EACH USE FOR...
PROPER USE OF GLOVESPROPER USE OF GLOVES
TO REMOVE CONTAMINATED GLOVES, USE YOURTO REMOVE CONTAMINATED GLOVES, USE YOUR
TH...
MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERSMUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS
MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS, MSD’S, ALSO REFERRED TO ASMUSCULOSKELETAL DI...
MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERSMUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS
ONE OF THE MORE COMMONLY KNOWN MSD’S ISONE OF THE MORE COMMONLY KNOWN M...
MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERSMUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS
EXCESSIVE FLEXING, EXTENSION AND BENDING OFEXCESSIVE FLEXING, EXTENSION...
MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERSMUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS
THE WRIST SHOULD BE A NATURAL EXTENSION OFTHE WRIST SHOULD BE A NATURAL...
COMMITMENT, PARTICIPATIONCOMMITMENT, PARTICIPATION
& COMMUNICATION& COMMUNICATION
HAND INJURIES ARE ONE OF THE MOST FREQUE...
COMMITMENT, PARTICIPATIONCOMMITMENT, PARTICIPATION
& COMMUNICATION& COMMUNICATION
SELECT THE PROPER TOOLS AND PROTECTIVE E...
COMMITMENT, PARTICIPATIONCOMMITMENT, PARTICIPATION
& COMMUNICATION& COMMUNICATION
COMMUNICATE UNSAFE CONDITIONS AND REPORT...
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The key to hand injury prevention

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Dr.MD.Monsur Rahman,PT
MPT-Musculoskeletal Disorders
Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute Of Physiotherapy And Rehabilitation, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana - Ambala,133-207 (Haryana)

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The key to hand injury prevention

  1. 1. THE KEY TO HANDTHE KEY TO HAND INJURY PREVENTIONINJURY PREVENTION MD.MONSUR RAHMANMD.MONSUR RAHMAN
  2. 2. THE EFFECTS OF A HAND INJURYTHE EFFECTS OF A HAND INJURY WE USE OUR HAND CONSTANTLY. A DISABLING HAND INJURYWE USE OUR HAND CONSTANTLY. A DISABLING HAND INJURY CAN HAVE A DRAMATIC EFFECT ON YOUR QUALITY OF LIFE. ACAN HAVE A DRAMATIC EFFECT ON YOUR QUALITY OF LIFE. A HAND INJURY CAN IMPACT NOT ONLY YOUR ABILITY TO PERFORMHAND INJURY CAN IMPACT NOT ONLY YOUR ABILITY TO PERFORM YOUR JOB, BUT DAILY ROUTINES AS WELL. A HAND INJURY CANYOUR JOB, BUT DAILY ROUTINES AS WELL. A HAND INJURY CAN OCCUR IN A SECOND, BUT THE SOCIAL, FINANCIAL ANDOCCUR IN A SECOND, BUT THE SOCIAL, FINANCIAL AND EMOTIONAL EFFECTS CAN LAST A LIFETIME.EMOTIONAL EFFECTS CAN LAST A LIFETIME. ACCORDING TO GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY STATISTICS, HANDACCORDING TO GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRY STATISTICS, HAND INJURIES REPRESENT NEARLY A THIRD OF ALL REPORTEDINJURIES REPRESENT NEARLY A THIRD OF ALL REPORTED WORKPLACE INCIDENTS. APPROXIMATELY 75% OF INDUSTRIALWORKPLACE INCIDENTS. APPROXIMATELY 75% OF INDUSTRIAL INJURIES THAT CAUSE PARTIAL DISABILITY INVOLVE THE HANDS;INJURIES THAT CAUSE PARTIAL DISABILITY INVOLVE THE HANDS; OVER 16 MILLION INDIVIDUALS SEEK EMERGENCY CARE EACHOVER 16 MILLION INDIVIDUALS SEEK EMERGENCY CARE EACH
  3. 3. THE HUMAN HANDTHE HUMAN HAND THE HUMAN BODY IS AN ENGINEERING MARVEL. OURTHE HUMAN BODY IS AN ENGINEERING MARVEL. OUR HANDS CONSIST OF 27 BONES, LIGAMENTS, MUSCLES,HANDS CONSIST OF 27 BONES, LIGAMENTS, MUSCLES, TENDONS, NERVES, BLOOD VESSELS, SKIN AND NAILS.TENDONS, NERVES, BLOOD VESSELS, SKIN AND NAILS. WORKING IN UNISON, THEY PROVIDE STRENGTH ANDWORKING IN UNISON, THEY PROVIDE STRENGTH AND DEXTERITY WHICH ENABLES US TO PERFORMDEXTERITY WHICH ENABLES US TO PERFORM ROUTINE TASKS AND ACCOMPLISH PRECISIONROUTINE TASKS AND ACCOMPLISH PRECISION MOVEMENTS.MOVEMENTS.
  4. 4. TYPES OF HAND INJURIESTYPES OF HAND INJURIES BECAUSE OF THEIR TREMENDOUS VERSATILITY, HANDSBECAUSE OF THEIR TREMENDOUS VERSATILITY, HANDS ARE EXPOSED AND SUSCEPTIBLE TO MANY TYPES OFARE EXPOSED AND SUSCEPTIBLE TO MANY TYPES OF INJURIES. THESE INCLUDE STRAINS AND SPRAINS FROMINJURIES. THESE INCLUDE STRAINS AND SPRAINS FROM EXCESSIVE FORCE, EXCESSIVE REPETITIVE MOTION,EXCESSIVE FORCE, EXCESSIVE REPETITIVE MOTION, AWKWARD POSTURE, CONTACT WITH SURFACEAWKWARD POSTURE, CONTACT WITH SURFACE CONDITIONS, SKIN IRRITATION FROM CONTACT ANDCONDITIONS, SKIN IRRITATION FROM CONTACT AND EXPOSURE TO HAZARDOUS OR IRRITATING SUBSTANCES;EXPOSURE TO HAZARDOUS OR IRRITATING SUBSTANCES; BURNS FROM CONTACT OR EXPOSURE TO ELECTRICITY,BURNS FROM CONTACT OR EXPOSURE TO ELECTRICITY, CHEMICALS AND HOT SUBSTANCES, PUNCTURES FROMCHEMICALS AND HOT SUBSTANCES, PUNCTURES FROM TOOLS AND OTHER SHARP OBJECTS, LACERATIONS, CUTSTOOLS AND OTHER SHARP OBJECTS, LACERATIONS, CUTS RANGING FROM MINOR TO MAJOR IF TENDONS OR NERVESRANGING FROM MINOR TO MAJOR IF TENDONS OR NERVES ARE SEVERED, FRACTURES, BROKEN BONES FROM BEINGARE SEVERED, FRACTURES, BROKEN BONES FROM BEING CRUSHED OR FALLING AND AMPUTATIONS, RESULTING IN ACRUSHED OR FALLING AND AMPUTATIONS, RESULTING IN A
  5. 5. HAND INJURIES AREHAND INJURIES ARE PREVENTABLEPREVENTABLE THE KEY TO HAND INJURY PREVENTION IS YOU. SAFETY IS ATHE KEY TO HAND INJURY PREVENTION IS YOU. SAFETY IS A PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY; YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE ANDPERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY; YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE AND ACCOUNTABLE FOR YOUR SAFETY AND THAT OF YOUR CO-ACCOUNTABLE FOR YOUR SAFETY AND THAT OF YOUR CO- WORKERS.WORKERS. HAND INJURIES ARE PREVENTABLE. IT REQUIRES A RESPECTHAND INJURIES ARE PREVENTABLE. IT REQUIRES A RESPECT FOR THE HAZARD AND COMPLETE COMMITMENT ON YOUR PART;FOR THE HAZARD AND COMPLETE COMMITMENT ON YOUR PART; YOU NEED TO BE CONSCIENTIOUS OF WHERE YOUR HAND AREYOU NEED TO BE CONSCIENTIOUS OF WHERE YOUR HAND ARE AT ALL TIMES.AT ALL TIMES. MOST HAND INJURIES ARE MINOR. THE CONSEQUENCES OFMOST HAND INJURIES ARE MINOR. THE CONSEQUENCES OF INJURING YOUR HAND BY COMING IN CONTACT WITH A HOTINJURING YOUR HAND BY COMING IN CONTACT WITH A HOT OBJECT MAY BE STRONG ENOUGH TO CHANGE OR CONTROLOBJECT MAY BE STRONG ENOUGH TO CHANGE OR CONTROL YOUR ACTIONS FOR A COUPLE OF WEEKS, BUT IN SIX TO EIGHTYOUR ACTIONS FOR A COUPLE OF WEEKS, BUT IN SIX TO EIGHT
  6. 6. HAND INJURIES AREHAND INJURIES ARE PREVENTABLEPREVENTABLE WHAT ABOUT REMOVING THE GUARD ON A PIECE OFWHAT ABOUT REMOVING THE GUARD ON A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT TO UNCLOG A JAM? IF YOU LOST A FINGER,EQUIPMENT TO UNCLOG A JAM? IF YOU LOST A FINGER, WOULD IT CHANGE YOUR RESPECT FOR THE POTENTIALWOULD IT CHANGE YOUR RESPECT FOR THE POTENTIAL HAZARD?HAZARD? A HAND INJURY OCCURS IN THE WORKPLACE EVERY 32A HAND INJURY OCCURS IN THE WORKPLACE EVERY 32 SECONDS. HAND INJURY PREVENTION BEGINS WITH ASECONDS. HAND INJURY PREVENTION BEGINS WITH A RECOGNITION AND RESPECT FOR THE HAZARDS. BECAUSERECOGNITION AND RESPECT FOR THE HAZARDS. BECAUSE WE USE OUR HANDS SO FREQUENTLY, WE CAN START TOWE USE OUR HANDS SO FREQUENTLY, WE CAN START TO TAKE THEM FOR GRANTED AND NOT TRULY RESPECT THETAKE THEM FOR GRANTED AND NOT TRULY RESPECT THE
  7. 7. COMMON HAND HAZARDSCOMMON HAND HAZARDS COMMON HAZARDS IN THE WORKPLACE CAN INCLUDECOMMON HAZARDS IN THE WORKPLACE CAN INCLUDE SHARP OBJECTS, HAND AN POWER TOOLS, HOT OBJECTS,SHARP OBJECTS, HAND AN POWER TOOLS, HOT OBJECTS, PINCH POINTS, CHEMICALS, ENERGY SOURCES, MOVINGPINCH POINTS, CHEMICALS, ENERGY SOURCES, MOVING EQUIPMENT AND MACHINERY.EQUIPMENT AND MACHINERY. BELIEVE IT OR NOT, MANY HAND INJURIES INVOLVE YOURBELIEVE IT OR NOT, MANY HAND INJURIES INVOLVE YOUR FEET. WORKERS, WHO LOSE THEIR BALANCE, SLIP ONFEET. WORKERS, WHO LOSE THEIR BALANCE, SLIP ON SURFACES OR TRIP OVER HAZARDS CAN SUSTAIN WRISTSURFACES OR TRIP OVER HAZARDS CAN SUSTAIN WRIST AND HAND INJURIES.AND HAND INJURIES. POOR HOUSEKEEPING IS A CONTRIBUTING CAUSE TOPOOR HOUSEKEEPING IS A CONTRIBUTING CAUSE TO THESE TYPES OF INJURIES. PROPER HOUSEKEEPING IS ANTHESE TYPES OF INJURIES. PROPER HOUSEKEEPING IS AN
  8. 8. COMMON HAND HAZARDSCOMMON HAND HAZARDS HAND TOOLS ARE NON-POWERED TOOLS, WHICH CANHAND TOOLS ARE NON-POWERED TOOLS, WHICH CAN INCLUDE HAMMERS, SCREW DRIVERS, CHISELS,INCLUDE HAMMERS, SCREW DRIVERS, CHISELS, KNIVES, WRENCHES AND MORE. THE GREATESTKNIVES, WRENCHES AND MORE. THE GREATEST HAZARD POSED BY HAND TOOLS RESULTS FROM THEHAZARD POSED BY HAND TOOLS RESULTS FROM THE IMPROPER USE AND MAINTENANCE OF THE TOOL.IMPROPER USE AND MAINTENANCE OF THE TOOL. USE THE TOOL ONLY FOR IT’S DESIGNED PURPOSE.USE THE TOOL ONLY FOR IT’S DESIGNED PURPOSE. HAND TOOLS SHOULD BE INSPECTED BEFORE EACHHAND TOOLS SHOULD BE INSPECTED BEFORE EACH USE; MAKE SURE THEY ARE CLEAN AND IN WORKINGUSE; MAKE SURE THEY ARE CLEAN AND IN WORKING ORDER. A DEFECTIVE TOOL SHOULD BE REPAIREDORDER. A DEFECTIVE TOOL SHOULD BE REPAIRED BEFORE USE OR REMOVED FROM SERVICE.BEFORE USE OR REMOVED FROM SERVICE.
  9. 9. COMMON HAND HAZARDSCOMMON HAND HAZARDS WHEN NECESSARY, HOLD THE WORK IN A VICE ORWHEN NECESSARY, HOLD THE WORK IN A VICE OR CLAMP INSTEAD OF YOUR HAND. PULL, DON’T PUSH, ACLAMP INSTEAD OF YOUR HAND. PULL, DON’T PUSH, A WRENCH HANDLE FOR MORE LEVERAGE.WRENCH HANDLE FOR MORE LEVERAGE. KEEP JAW TEETH, CUTTERS AND BLADES SHARP FORKEEP JAW TEETH, CUTTERS AND BLADES SHARP FOR BETTER RESULTS. BE AWARE OF THE POSITION OFBETTER RESULTS. BE AWARE OF THE POSITION OF YOUR HANDS AT ALL TIMES WHEN USING HAND TOOLS.YOUR HANDS AT ALL TIMES WHEN USING HAND TOOLS. WHEN FINISHED, STORE THEM PROPERLY.WHEN FINISHED, STORE THEM PROPERLY.
  10. 10. COMMON HAND HAZARDSCOMMON HAND HAZARDS ONE OF THE MOST COMMON CAUSES OF HAND INJURIES ISONE OF THE MOST COMMON CAUSES OF HAND INJURIES IS BLUNT TRAUMA; THIS USUALLY OCCURS AROUNDBLUNT TRAUMA; THIS USUALLY OCCURS AROUND MACHINERY AND MOVING EQUIPMENT WHEN ESTABLISHEDMACHINERY AND MOVING EQUIPMENT WHEN ESTABLISHED PROCEDURES ARE NOT FOLLOWED OR ARE BY-PASSED.PROCEDURES ARE NOT FOLLOWED OR ARE BY-PASSED. BECAUSE OF THE WEIGHT AND FORCE OFTEN INVOLVED,BECAUSE OF THE WEIGHT AND FORCE OFTEN INVOLVED, THE CONSEQUENCES CAN BE SEVERE.THE CONSEQUENCES CAN BE SEVERE. RESPECT THE EQUIPMENT YOU WORK AROUND. YOU MANYRESPECT THE EQUIPMENT YOU WORK AROUND. YOU MANY THINK YOU ARE DOING YOUR COMPANY A FAVORTHINK YOU ARE DOING YOUR COMPANY A FAVOR INCREASING PRODUCTIVITY BY RUSHING OR TAKINGINCREASING PRODUCTIVITY BY RUSHING OR TAKING SHORTCUTS, BUT THE RISK OF INJURY WIPES ALL THATSHORTCUTS, BUT THE RISK OF INJURY WIPES ALL THAT
  11. 11. CONTROLLING HAZARDSCONTROLLING HAZARDS KNOW WHERE YOUR HANDS ARE AT ALL TIMES. KEEP THEMKNOW WHERE YOUR HANDS ARE AT ALL TIMES. KEEP THEM AWAY FROM MOVING PARTS OF MACHINERY AND POINTSAWAY FROM MOVING PARTS OF MACHINERY AND POINTS OF OPERATION.OF OPERATION. MAKE SURE GUARDS ARE IN PLACE AND USED. REPORTMAKE SURE GUARDS ARE IN PLACE AND USED. REPORT ANY MISSING GUARDS TO YOUR SUPERVISOR.ANY MISSING GUARDS TO YOUR SUPERVISOR. ISOLATE ENERGY SOURCES AND LOCK OUT EQUIPMENTISOLATE ENERGY SOURCES AND LOCK OUT EQUIPMENT BEFORE PLACING YOUR HANDS IN POTENTIAL POINTS OFBEFORE PLACING YOUR HANDS IN POTENTIAL POINTS OF CONTACT. THOUSANDS OF WORKERS ARE INJURED EACHCONTACT. THOUSANDS OF WORKERS ARE INJURED EACH DAY DUE TO FAILURE TO PROPERLY LOCK OUT AND TAGDAY DUE TO FAILURE TO PROPERLY LOCK OUT AND TAG OUT EQUIPMENT.OUT EQUIPMENT.
  12. 12. CONTROLLING HAZARDSCONTROLLING HAZARDS DON’T WEAR GLOVES, LOOSE CLOTHING OR JEWELRYDON’T WEAR GLOVES, LOOSE CLOTHING OR JEWELRY THAT CAN GET CAUGHT IN EQUIPMENT AND PULLTHAT CAN GET CAUGHT IN EQUIPMENT AND PULL YOUR HANDS IN.YOUR HANDS IN. IT IS IMPORTANT TO MAINTAIN YOUR CONCENTRATIONIT IS IMPORTANT TO MAINTAIN YOUR CONCENTRATION AND FOCUS AT ALL TIME WHEN WORKING AROUNDAND FOCUS AT ALL TIME WHEN WORKING AROUND MOVING EQUIPMENT AND MACHINERY.MOVING EQUIPMENT AND MACHINERY.
  13. 13. PROPER USE OF GLOVESPROPER USE OF GLOVES WHEN PROPERLY SELECTED AND UTILIZED, GLOVESWHEN PROPERLY SELECTED AND UTILIZED, GLOVES CAN HELP REDUCE HAND INJURIES. THE WRONGCAN HELP REDUCE HAND INJURIES. THE WRONG GLOVE SELECTION AND USE CAN ALSO POSE AGLOVE SELECTION AND USE CAN ALSO POSE A HAZARD.HAZARD. THE WRONG SIZE GLOVE CAN CAUSE EXTRA STRESSTHE WRONG SIZE GLOVE CAN CAUSE EXTRA STRESS ON THE HANDS. THE WRONG TYPE CAN PROVIDE AON THE HANDS. THE WRONG TYPE CAN PROVIDE A FALSE SENSE OF PROTECTION, AND USED IN THEFALSE SENSE OF PROTECTION, AND USED IN THE WRONG SITUATION, CAN CREATE A SAFETY HAZARD.WRONG SITUATION, CAN CREATE A SAFETY HAZARD.
  14. 14. PROPER USE OF GLOVESPROPER USE OF GLOVES BE FAMILIAR WITH THE TYPES OF TASKS YOU PERFORM AND THEBE FAMILIAR WITH THE TYPES OF TASKS YOU PERFORM AND THE SUBSTANCES YOUR MAY BE EXPOSED TO. GLOVES CANSUBSTANCES YOUR MAY BE EXPOSED TO. GLOVES CAN PROVIDE PROTECTION AGAINST SHARP OBJECTS, ELECTRICALPROVIDE PROTECTION AGAINST SHARP OBJECTS, ELECTRICAL BURNS, HOT OBJECTS, CHEMICAL EXPOSURE ANDBURNS, HOT OBJECTS, CHEMICAL EXPOSURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL ELEMENTS.ENVIRONMENTAL ELEMENTS. DIFFERENT TYPES OF GLOVES PROVIDE DIFFERENT TYPES OFDIFFERENT TYPES OF GLOVES PROVIDE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PROTECTION. IT IS IMPORTANT YOU KNOW THE PURPOSE ANDPROTECTION. IT IS IMPORTANT YOU KNOW THE PURPOSE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE GLOVE YOU USE.LIMITATIONS OF THE GLOVE YOU USE. ONCE AGAIN, GLOVES SHOULD NOT BE USED AROUNDONCE AGAIN, GLOVES SHOULD NOT BE USED AROUND EQUIPMENT AND MACHINERY WHERE THEY CAN GET CAUGHTEQUIPMENT AND MACHINERY WHERE THEY CAN GET CAUGHT
  15. 15. PROPER USE OF GLOVESPROPER USE OF GLOVES INSPECT GLOVES BEFORE EACH USE FOR WEAR, CRACKSINSPECT GLOVES BEFORE EACH USE FOR WEAR, CRACKS AND OTHER SIGNS OF DEFECTS THAT MAY INHIBIT THEAND OTHER SIGNS OF DEFECTS THAT MAY INHIBIT THE PROTECTION THEY PROVIDE YOU. BE FAMILIAR WITHPROTECTION THEY PROVIDE YOU. BE FAMILIAR WITH THEIR CARE AND STORAGE REQUIREMENT.THEIR CARE AND STORAGE REQUIREMENT. CONTACT WITH CHEMICALS CAN CAUSE BURNS, RASHESCONTACT WITH CHEMICALS CAN CAUSE BURNS, RASHES AND SKIN IRRITATION. USE THE RIGHT GLOVE FOR THEAND SKIN IRRITATION. USE THE RIGHT GLOVE FOR THE CHEMICAL HAZARDS YOU ARE EXPOSED TO; THECHEMICAL HAZARDS YOU ARE EXPOSED TO; THE CONTAINER LABEL AND MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET CANCONTAINER LABEL AND MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET CAN PROVIDE VALUABLE INFORMATION FOR PROPERPROVIDE VALUABLE INFORMATION FOR PROPER
  16. 16. PROPER USE OF GLOVESPROPER USE OF GLOVES TO REMOVE CONTAMINATED GLOVES, USE YOURTO REMOVE CONTAMINATED GLOVES, USE YOUR THUMB AND FOREFINGER TO ROLL DOWN THE TOP OFTHUMB AND FOREFINGER TO ROLL DOWN THE TOP OF ONE OF THE GLOVES AN INCH OR TWO. NEXT,ONE OF THE GLOVES AN INCH OR TWO. NEXT, REMOVE THE OTHER GLOVE. USE YOUR BARE HAND,REMOVE THE OTHER GLOVE. USE YOUR BARE HAND, TOUCHING ONLY THE NON-CONTAMINATED ROLLEDTOUCHING ONLY THE NON-CONTAMINATED ROLLED DOWN PORTION, TO REMOVE THE OTHER GLOVE.DOWN PORTION, TO REMOVE THE OTHER GLOVE. PROPERLY DECONTAMINATE AND STORE OR DISPOSEPROPERLY DECONTAMINATE AND STORE OR DISPOSE OF THE GLOVES AND WASH YOUR HANDS.OF THE GLOVES AND WASH YOUR HANDS.
  17. 17. MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERSMUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS, MSD’S, ALSO REFERRED TO ASMUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS, MSD’S, ALSO REFERRED TO AS REPETITIVE MOTION INJURIES ARE CAUSED BY EXCESSIVEREPETITIVE MOTION INJURIES ARE CAUSED BY EXCESSIVE FORCE, EXCESSIVE REPETITION AND AWKWARD POSTURE.FORCE, EXCESSIVE REPETITION AND AWKWARD POSTURE. THESE TYPES OF INJURIES ARE BENEATH THE SKIN TO THETHESE TYPES OF INJURIES ARE BENEATH THE SKIN TO THE MUSCLES, TENDONS, AND LIGAMENTS OF THE HAND ANDMUSCLES, TENDONS, AND LIGAMENTS OF THE HAND AND WRISTS.WRISTS. COMMON SYMPTOMS CAN INCLUDE PAIN, NUMBNESS, TINGLINGCOMMON SYMPTOMS CAN INCLUDE PAIN, NUMBNESS, TINGLING SENSATION, SWELLING AND TENDERNESS TO THE TOUCH.SENSATION, SWELLING AND TENDERNESS TO THE TOUCH. MSD’S ARE NOT THE RESULT OF A SINGLE EVENT LIKE OTHERMSD’S ARE NOT THE RESULT OF A SINGLE EVENT LIKE OTHER HAND INJURIES, BUT ARE THE RESULT OF CUMULATIVEHAND INJURIES, BUT ARE THE RESULT OF CUMULATIVE
  18. 18. MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERSMUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS ONE OF THE MORE COMMONLY KNOWN MSD’S ISONE OF THE MORE COMMONLY KNOWN MSD’S IS CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. THE NAME IS DERIVEDCARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. THE NAME IS DERIVED FROM EIGHT BONES IN THE WRIST THAT FORM AFROM EIGHT BONES IN THE WRIST THAT FORM A TUNNEL LIKE STRUCTURE ABOUT THE SIZE OF A DINE.TUNNEL LIKE STRUCTURE ABOUT THE SIZE OF A DINE. THE TUNNEL CONTAINS THE MEDIAN NERVE, WHICHTHE TUNNEL CONTAINS THE MEDIAN NERVE, WHICH REACHES SENSORY CELLS IN THE HAND AND FLEXORREACHES SENSORY CELLS IN THE HAND AND FLEXOR TENDONS WHICH CONTROL FINGER MOVEMENT.TENDONS WHICH CONTROL FINGER MOVEMENT. WHEN THE FINGERS MOVE, THE FLEXOR TENDONSWHEN THE FINGERS MOVE, THE FLEXOR TENDONS SLIDE BACK AND FORTH.SLIDE BACK AND FORTH.
  19. 19. MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERSMUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS EXCESSIVE FLEXING, EXTENSION AND BENDING OFEXCESSIVE FLEXING, EXTENSION AND BENDING OF THE WRIST CAN CAUSE THE FLEXOR TENDONS TOTHE WRIST CAN CAUSE THE FLEXOR TENDONS TO SWELL AND APPLY PRESSURE TO THE MEDIAN NERVE.SWELL AND APPLY PRESSURE TO THE MEDIAN NERVE. PREVENTIVE MEASURES TO REDUCE YOURPREVENTIVE MEASURES TO REDUCE YOUR EXPOSURE TO MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER RISKEXPOSURE TO MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER RISK FACTORS INCLUDE PROPER TOOLS SELECTION,FACTORS INCLUDE PROPER TOOLS SELECTION, PROPER POSTURE AND WORK ORGANIZATION.PROPER POSTURE AND WORK ORGANIZATION. SELECT TOOLS THAT REDUCE THE REQUIRED FORCESELECT TOOLS THAT REDUCE THE REQUIRED FORCE AND AWKWARD WRIST POSITIONS.AND AWKWARD WRIST POSITIONS.
  20. 20. MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERSMUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS THE WRIST SHOULD BE A NATURAL EXTENSION OFTHE WRIST SHOULD BE A NATURAL EXTENSION OF THE FOREARM. AVOID CONTACT WITH THE EDGES OFTHE FOREARM. AVOID CONTACT WITH THE EDGES OF HARD SURFACES.HARD SURFACES. WHEN POSSIBLE, ORGANIZE YOUR WORKWHEN POSSIBLE, ORGANIZE YOUR WORK ENVIRONMENT AND TASKS TO ELIMINATE AWKWARDENVIRONMENT AND TASKS TO ELIMINATE AWKWARD POSTURE AND EXCESSIVE REPETITION.POSTURE AND EXCESSIVE REPETITION.
  21. 21. COMMITMENT, PARTICIPATIONCOMMITMENT, PARTICIPATION & COMMUNICATION& COMMUNICATION HAND INJURIES ARE ONE OF THE MOST FREQUENTLYHAND INJURIES ARE ONE OF THE MOST FREQUENTLY OCCURRING INJURIES IN THE WORKPLACE. SUCCESSFULOCCURRING INJURIES IN THE WORKPLACE. SUCCESSFUL HAND INJURY PREVENTION REQUIRES YOU COMMITMENT,HAND INJURY PREVENTION REQUIRES YOU COMMITMENT, PARTICIPATION AND COMMUNICATIONS.PARTICIPATION AND COMMUNICATIONS. MOST HAND INJURIES OCCUR WHEN WE STOP THINKINGMOST HAND INJURIES OCCUR WHEN WE STOP THINKING ABOUT SAFETY; WHEN WE DON’T ACCURATELY ASSESS THEABOUT SAFETY; WHEN WE DON’T ACCURATELY ASSESS THE RISK; OR, WHEN WE LACK AWARENESS OF THE POSITIONRISK; OR, WHEN WE LACK AWARENESS OF THE POSITION OF OUR HANDS.OF OUR HANDS. SAFETY IS A PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY. UNDERSTANDSAFETY IS A PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY. UNDERSTAND AND RESPECT THE POTENTIAL HAZARDS; ASSESS THE RISKAND RESPECT THE POTENTIAL HAZARDS; ASSESS THE RISK
  22. 22. COMMITMENT, PARTICIPATIONCOMMITMENT, PARTICIPATION & COMMUNICATION& COMMUNICATION SELECT THE PROPER TOOLS AND PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTSELECT THE PROPER TOOLS AND PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FOR THE TASK YOU PERFORM. INSPECT THEM BEFOREFOR THE TASK YOU PERFORM. INSPECT THEM BEFORE EACH USE AND USE THEM ONLY FOR THEIR INTENDEDEACH USE AND USE THEM ONLY FOR THEIR INTENDED PURPOSE.PURPOSE. REMEMBER TO USE EXTRA PRECAUTION AND MAINTAINREMEMBER TO USE EXTRA PRECAUTION AND MAINTAIN YOUR FOCUS WHEN WORKING AROUND EQUIPMENT. LOCKYOUR FOCUS WHEN WORKING AROUND EQUIPMENT. LOCK AND TAG IT OUT BEFORE REMOVING GUARDS OR PLACINGAND TAG IT OUT BEFORE REMOVING GUARDS OR PLACING YOUR HANDS IN THE POINT OF OPERATION.YOUR HANDS IN THE POINT OF OPERATION. BE AWARE OF YOUR HANDS AT ALL TIMES.BE AWARE OF YOUR HANDS AT ALL TIMES.
  23. 23. COMMITMENT, PARTICIPATIONCOMMITMENT, PARTICIPATION & COMMUNICATION& COMMUNICATION COMMUNICATE UNSAFE CONDITIONS AND REPORT ALCOMMUNICATE UNSAFE CONDITIONS AND REPORT AL INJURIES TO YOUR SUPERVISORS.INJURIES TO YOUR SUPERVISORS. YOU HAVE A CHOICE; DON’T COMPROMISE YOUR SAFETYYOU HAVE A CHOICE; DON’T COMPROMISE YOUR SAFETY TO SAVE A FEW MINUTES. RESPECT THE RISK AND KEEPTO SAVE A FEW MINUTES. RESPECT THE RISK AND KEEP YOUR HANDS OUT OF HARM’S WAY.YOUR HANDS OUT OF HARM’S WAY. INJURIES OCCUR BECAUSE YOUR HAND WERE IN THEINJURIES OCCUR BECAUSE YOUR HAND WERE IN THE WRONG PLACE AT THE WRONG TIME; DON’T ALLOW THATWRONG PLACE AT THE WRONG TIME; DON’T ALLOW THAT TO HAPPEN. YOU CONTROL THE SAFETY OF YOUR HANDS.TO HAPPEN. YOU CONTROL THE SAFETY OF YOUR HANDS.
  • SMRHridoy

    Dec. 7, 2018

Dr.MD.Monsur Rahman,PT MPT-Musculoskeletal Disorders Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute Of Physiotherapy And Rehabilitation, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana - Ambala,133-207 (Haryana)

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