1502 - SRI History, Present Perspectives and Future Strategies in Nepal
1. SRI History, Present
Perspectives and Future
Strategies in Nepal
Khem Raj Dahal
Department of Agronomy,
Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS)
Tribhuvan University, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
• The first SRI trials in Nepal were undertaken in
1998 at Khumaltar Research Farm in
collaboration with the United States Agency for
International Development CRSP program.
• In 2001, CIMMYT conducted trials in NWRP,
Bhairawa and Appropriate Technology Asia (ATA)
in Suryodaya Farm Sitapaila.
• In 2002-2003, Farmer Field Schools in the
Sunsari-Morang Irrigation Project supported by
DFID undertook replicated SRI trials which
produced an average of 8 t/ha,
3. History Contd…
• In April 2002, SRI presentations were made at
(NARC) followed by the formation of a national
SRI network and the SRI-Nepal discussion group.
• A national workshop was held in 2003.
• During April 2005, an SRI project was among the
winners of the World Bank’s Nepal Development
Marketplace (NDM) competition.
• Mr. Rajendra Uprety, DADO, Morang won the
project and his trials from 2004-2007 showed
doubling of yields with early harvesting
4. History Contd…
• SRI evaluation was carried out in 2004 - 2005 by
PARDYP, ICIMOD with a few farmers in Jhiku
Khola Watership in 2004.
• Expanded into a 15-village program in 2005
where over 100 farmers participated in SRI
Farmer Field Schools.
• Results included a 40-50% yield increase, 75%
reduction in seed requirements and 50-75%
reduction in water use, as well as reduced labor
for transplanting and irrigation
5. History contd…
• In December 2005, ICIMOD hosted a national SRI
workshop in Kathmandu.
• During 2008, ATA successfully used SRI methods at
2500 m altitude in southern Humla.
• May 22-23, 2009, a training program was organized in
cooperation with World Vision International/Nepal and
Sunaulo Bihani Society Development Center.
• April 2010 NGO, FAYA-Nepal in collaboration with
UN/FAO established a demonstration plot and carried
out trainings in Kailali district.
• Demonstration plots were established in the Dolpa
district during July 2010.
6. At present
• There are five master's theses on SRI mainly
focused on evaluation of the system regarding
productivity ; economic viability; weed control;
potential environmental benefit; ) have been
completed at Tribhuvan University and University
of Life Sciences, Norway.
• About 6-7t/ha of yield; 2.83-3.08 BC ratio have
been reported in these works
• SRI combining with mechanization have been
reported to give 55% higher yields, with 27%
reduction in the cost of cultivation.
7. At present contd…
• The cost of chemical fertilizers was reduced by
48; percent, seed requirement was reduced by
90 percent, and the cost of pesticide was
reduced; by 99 percent.
• 118 percent Increase in rice yield with SRI
methods compared to non-SRI methods.
• Low emission of methane gas
• SRI trainings have been conducted involving
government agencies, UN and bilateral aid
groups, and national NGOs have increased the
spread of SRI in Nepal.
• Monsoon dependent rice farming and the focus
is on the main season rice crop
• Not reliable and dependable spring season rice
• Water is not thought to be the scarce resource
but comfortable gift of nature
• Considered to be labor intensive
• Not a “fit to all” package of technology as is
the other recommended technologies
9. Problems contd…
• Pre-monsoon drought
• Declining organic matter in the soil
• Weed problems
• Attitude of the farmers
• Shortage of labor
• Needs suitable equipments
• Farmers attitude
• NARC has not taken the technology seriously
10. Way Forward
• Demark the suitable pockets such as western
Tarai and hill rice farms fro SRI
• Make SRI as one of the important components
• Rigorous training on the practice
• Develop technology for weed management
• Provision of simple weeding machines/tools
• Increase organic matter in the soil