1. Wood Flooring
Wood flooring is the classic option and it comes in oak, maple, and bamboo
a. With proper care and maintenance, wood
floors can last a long time.
b. Cleaning wooden floors only require
sweeping and the application of polishing
shine solution while scrubbing from time to
Solid hardwoods will need to be nailed into place, which means that a
wood subfloor is required.
• Uses: Living Room and Bedrooms. Not suitable for kitchens, toliets
2. Tile Flooring
Tile flooring come in various types like ceramic, porcelain, quarry, and
a. When tiles are glazed, they can be stain-resistant.
b. It shares the same quality of heat resistance with stone floors and
as such they can be used near fireplaces, furnaces, and stoves as
CERAMIC TILES VITRIFIED TILES
• Techniques: set on the floor with cement mortar.
Ceramic tiles for use in wet areas can be made more slip-resistant either by
using very small tiles so that the grout lines acts as grooves or by
imprinting a contour pattern onto the face of the tile.
• Suitability: both in residential and commercial settings
not in areas that are prone heavy uses.
3. Stone Flooring
Since there are different kinds of stones, natural stone tiles also come in
different types like limestone, clay, granite, pebble, sandstone, slate,
travertine, Kota stone, Granite, Sand stone
They are generally durable and provide an unmatched elegance to your
home’s interiors. Stone floors can also withstand high temperatures .
a. suitable to be placed near sources of radiant heating like fireplaces,
stoves, or furnaces.
b. Many of these are suitable for providing floors in residential
construction. Stones suited for the purpose should be strong and able to
resist abrasion and impact besides giving a pleasing appearance.
• Techniques: polished tiles are set on the floor with cement.
4. Laminate Flooring
Laminate flooring presents itself as an option for those who want to
capture the grandeur of wood or stone without breaking the bank.
a. Laminate is hardy and will show no signs of fading or stains for a
b. It is not easily affected by moisture like wood and it will require less
care than authentic wood or stone flooring.
c. Clean-up consists only of brooming away dust and dirt and
Interlocking laminate floating floors can be installed over clean and level
ceramic, vinyl, concrete or plywood / OSB subflooring. Typically, laminate
flooring cannot be installed in rooms with a floor drain.
• Suitability: most common in residential spaces.
used to bring down cost as it is cheeper than wood flooring yet gives the
same type of finish.
5. Concrete flooring
• Properties: They are know for durability and are easy to maintain, versatile,
environmental friendly and long lasting.
• Installation: wood offcuts are used make a temporary frame around the
floor edge, over which the concrete is poured.
• Paver flooring: A paver is a paving stone, tile, brick or brick-like piece of
concrete commonly used as exterior flooring. In a factory, concrete pavers
are made by pouring a mixture of concrete and some type of coloring
agent into a mold of some shape and allowing to set. These shaped
concrete panels are set on the floor with mortar.
6. Terrazzo Flooring
It is a type of flooring and should be treated as marble in a maintenance
program. Terrazzo is a composite material poured in place or precast, which
is used for floor and all treatments.
• INSTALLATON: Cement is used to fix it onto the floor.
Terrazzo is quite slippery and can cause falls, so it may not be a good
flooring choice for families with especially young or elderly members.