3. Local Government Unit in the
O Local governments comprise the foundations
of the whole structure of the public authority.
The acts of the local government units
influence the common resident more straight
forwardly than those of the national
government. The normal resident has more
and closer contacts with the local government
and their offices than with the national
government, and is more concerned about the
local undertakings than with those of the
national in scope.
4. O The President of the Philippines displays supervision
over the entire country. Yet, for reasons for
administrative control, the Philippines is divided into
units of various sizes - known as political
subdivisions. These are provinces, municipalities,
cities, and barangays. These political subdivisions
enjoy autonomy, particularly in local issues.
Nonetheless, they are also under the general
supervision of the Chief Executive, through the
Secretary of the Department of Interior and Local
Government (DILG). These local governments are
offices of the national government in the issue of
collection of taxes, law enforcement, and other
governmental functions, which may be delegated by
the national government to these local governments.
The provincial government
takes care of the functions
which affect the people of
a certain province.
The province is the largest
political unit in the
It possesses the following
to acquire and transfer real
and personal properties
to enter into contracts,
including those incurring
obligations, which are
expressly provided by law;
to exercise such other rights
and incur such other
obligations as are expressly
authorized by law.
7. O There are 81 provinces in the Philippines. They are
classified according to their average income for five
consecutive years. The higher the income of the
province, the higher is its classification.
O The salaries that can be paid to the provincial
officials depend upon the class to which it belongs.
Higher salaries are paid to the officials of the
higher-class provinces. A province elects its
executives - the governor, vice governor, and the
members of the provincial board.
8. O There are three vocales in the first, second, and
third-class provinces, and two in the other classes
O The rest of the provincial officials - like the
provincial treasurer, provincial assessor, district
auditor, judges of the Regional Trial courts,
provincial fiscal, division superintendent of
schools, district health officer, district engineer, and
register of deeds - are all appointed by the
corresponding departments of the national
government. However, under the New Local
Government Code, they are the administrative
control of the provincial governor.
9. O The officials are elected by the citizens of the
province. Once elected, they hold office for three
years. They cannot serve for more than three
O The provincial governor exercises general
supervisory powers over the entire province. He also
makes known to the people of his province all laws
and orders of the government, especially those
which directly concern them and sees to it that they
are faithfully carried out. He acquaints himself with
the conditions of the municipalities comprising the
province and advises local officials in matters
affecting their official work.
10. O The provincial board is the law-making body of the
province, with the provincial governor serving as the
presiding officer. Some of its most important
functions are as follows:
it passes laws for the welfare of the municipalities and cities within its jurisdiction;
it prepares and approves the provincial budget;
it appropriates money for provincial purposes;
it exercises the power of eminent domain; and
it provides for the maintenance of equipment and buildings for provincial purposes..
O The board holds a regular weekly meeting upon a
day fixed by it. Special meetings, however, may be
called by the provincial governor on any day.
O Each province is composed of municipalities commonly called towns.
The municipality is a public corporation created by an act of congress
and is governed by the Municipality Law, which defines its duties and
O Being public corporations, municipalities can sue or be sued in court;
enter into contracts; acquire and hold real and personal properties for
municipal purposes; and exercise such other powers as are granted by
law. Municipalities are classified according to their average annual
income for the last four fiscal years. There are 1,540 municipalities in the
Philippines. They are autonomous units of government and have elective
and appointive officials.
O The elective officials are the municipal mayor, vice mayor, and
councilors. They are elected by the qualified voters for a term of three
years. They cannot serve for more than three consecutive terms. The
appointive officials are the municipal secretary, treasurer, justice of the
peace, and chief of police. The municipal mayor is the chief executive
officer of the town.
O His main functions are:
to execute all laws and municipal ordinances;
to supervise the administration of the town;
to issue orders relative to the maintenance of peace and order;
to preside over the meetings of the municipal council; and
to recommend measures to the municipal council aimed at the
improvement of the social and economic conditions of the people.
O The municipal council is the lawmaking body of the town
and is composed of the mayor -- who is the chairman of the
council -- vice mayor, and the councilors. The number of
councilors for each municipality depends upon the class to
which the municipality belongs. Each councilor is in-charge
of a village or barangay.
O Some of the more important mandatory powers of the
municipal council are the following:
to fix the salaries of all municipal offices and employees, except
the treasurer, teachers in the public schools, and staff of
national government agencies assigned to the municipality
to provide for expenses necessary to carry out the functions of
to provide for buildings adequate for municipal uses, including
to provide for the levy and collection of taxes, fees, and
charges as sources of municipal revenue; and
to establish and maintain an efficient police department and an
adequate municipal Jail.
O The chartered city is also a unit of local administration. It is created by a
special law which serves as its charter. The charter is the constitution of
the city. The charter creates the city, defines its boundaries, provides its
system of government, and defines the powers and duties of its officials.
O A city or any of its officials cannot perform any official act which is not
permitted by its charter. The city elective officials are the mayor, vice
mayor, and the members of the board of councilors. They are elected for
a term of three years. They cannot serve for more than three consecutive
terms. The mayor is the executive official of the city, aided by the
appointive heads of the various departments. The vice mayor is the
presiding officer of the board. And the city courts exercise judicial
O Each municipality or city is composed of a number of villages or
barangays. The barangays are the smallest units of local government in
the Philippines. They are governed by the Barrio Charter.
O The elective officials of the barangays are the Barangay Captain and the
Barangay Councilors. As chief executive, the barangay captain is its
recognized leader. He enforces all the laws and ordinances applicable to
his constituency. He may organize fire brigades, preside over all
meetings both of the barangay council and assembly, organize groups of
citizens to fight criminality and brigandage, and approve all payments
from barangay funds. He also signs all contracts in which the barangay is
O There are 41, 945 barangays in the Philippines. They are public
corporations and so, they can sue and be sued in court; can enter into
contracts, can acquire and hold all kinds of property; and can exercise
such powers or perform such acts as are provided by law.
I. Identify the following
1. The _______ government
takes care of the function
which affect the people of a
2. There are ______ provinces
in the Philippines
3. Each province is composed of
4. the charter city is also a unit
5. Each municipality or city is
composed of a number of
______ or ______.
II. Write true if the statement is correct
and if the statement is wrong underline
the wrong sentence and make it correct.
1) There are 32 senate president.
2) There are 5 vocales in the
3) The officials are elected by the rich
of the officials.
4) The provincial board is the law-
making of the cities.
5) There are 41,965 barangay in the
20. III Answer the following question
1) Who is the mayor of Batangas city?
2) Who is the first president of the
3) Who is the chief executive of the (DILG)?
4-5) what's the different of the cities and
province? What is the similarities of cities
Eunice Jane Gurrobat
Jhon Loyd Bohol
Jorie Ann C Patron
Alvin D De Guzman
Maria Arabelle Macandog
Joshua T. Sabucor