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2.Cyber law and Crime.pptx

  1. 1 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  2.  Everybody uses computers  Crimes like forgery, extortion, kidnapping , are all being assisted be computers  You are able to monitor all transactions online
  3.  All crimes performed or resorted to by abuse of electronic media or otherwise, with the purpose of influencing the functioning of computer or computer system  Computer crime is when ◦ Computer is a target ◦ Computer is a tool for the crime ◦ Computer is incidental to a crime
  4.  Disgruntled employees  Teenagers  Political activist  Professional Hackers  Business Rival  Ex wife or husband/BF or GF
  5.  Gullible  Greedy people  Unskilled and Inexperienced  Trusting People  Unlucky people
  6.  Anonymity  Computer’s storage capacity  Weakness in operating system  Lack of Awareness from user
  7.  Hacking  Denial of service attack  Virus dissemination  Software Piracy  Pornography  IRC Crimes  Credit Card Fraud  NET Extortion  Phishing  Spoofing  Cyber Stalking  Cyber Defamation  Threatening  Salami Attack
  8. Hacking: Illegal intrusion into a computer system without the permission of the computer owner/user
  9. An act by the criminal, who floods the bandwidth of the victim’s network or fills their e- mail box with spam mail depriving him of the services he is entitled to access or provide
  10.  Malicious software that attaches itself to other software.  (Virus, Worms, Trojan Horse, Time Bomb, Logic Bomb)
  11. Theft of Software through the illegal copying of genuine programs or the counterfeiting and distribution of products intended to pass for the original ◦ Examples(Pirate Bay, Bootlegs, etc) ◦ End user copying, Downloads
  12. Internet allows them to ◦ Instant access to other predators worldwide; ◦ Open discussion with children ◦ Support from other pedophiles ◦ Disguise their identities
  13. Internet Relay Chat (IRC) servers have chat rooms in which people from anywhere the world can come together and chat with each other • Criminals use it for meeting coconspirators. • Hackers use it for discussing their exploits / sharing the techniques • Pedophiles use chat rooms to allure small children • Cyber Stalking - In order to harass a woman her telephone number is given to others as if she wants to befriend males
  14. If electronic transactions are not secured the credit card numbers can be stolen by the hackers who can misuse this card by impersonating the credit card owner
  15. Copying the company’s confidential data in order to extort the company for a huge amount
  16. A technique of pulling out confidential information from the bank/financial accounts by deceptive means
  17. From: *****Bank [mailto:support@****] Sent: 08 June 2004 03:25 To: India Subject: Official information from ***** Bank Dear valued ***** Bank Customer! For security purposes your account has been randomly chosen for verification. To verify your account information we are asking you to provide us with all the data we are requesting. Otherwise we will not be able to verify your identity and access to your account will be denied. Please click on the link below to get to the bank secure page and verify your account details. Thank you. https://infinity.***** ****** Bank Limited
  18. Getting one Computer on the network to pretend to have the identity of another computer, usually one with special access privileges, so as to obtain access to the other computers on the network.
  19.  The criminal follows the victim by sending emails, entering the chat rooms as the person being stalked frequently
  20.  The Criminal sends emails containing defamatory matters to all concerned off the victim or post the defamatory matters on a website..  (disgruntled employee may do this against boss,, ex-boys friend against girl,, divorced husband against wife etc)
  21.  The criminal sends threatening email or comes in contact in the chat rooms with victim  (Anyone disgruntled may do this against boss, friend or official)
  22.  In such crime criminal makes insignificant changes in such a manner that such changes would go unnoticed.  Criminal makes such program that deducts small amount like Rs. 2.50 per month from the account of all the customer of the Bank and deposit the same in his account. In this case no account holder will approach the bank for such small amount but criminal gains huge amount.
  23.  Sale and Purchase through the net  Websites offer sales and shipment of contraband drugs  May use hidden messages to sell the drugs
  24.  This scam starts with a bulk mailing or bulk faxing of a bunch of identical letters to businessmen, professionals, and other persons who tend to be of greater-than- average wealth.  This scam is often referred to as the 4-1-9 scam, ironically after section 4-1-9 of the Nigerian Penal Code which relates to fraudulent schemes
  25. What is Cyber Crime: Computer crime, or cybercrime, is crime that involves a computer and a network. The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target. It may be defined as: "Offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm, or loss, to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (Chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (SMS/MMS)". Such crimes may even threaten a nation’s security and financial health. 35 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  26. These types of crimes may be  hacking : Fraud and Financial crimes and thefts, cyber extortion  copyright infringement  child pornography and child bullying.  harassment and crime against women  other cross-border crimes, cyber terrorism,  Activity crossing international borders and involving the interests of at least one nation state is sometimes referred to as cyberwarfare. 36 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  27. What does Law Says Cyber crimes can involve criminal activities that are traditional in nature, such as theft, fraud, forgery, defamation and mischief, all of which are subject to the Indian Penal Code. The abuse of computers has also given birth to a gamut of new age crimes that are addressed by the “Information Technology Act, 2000”. Section 67, 67A, 67B, 67C and 69 deals with child abuse, ponography, MMS etc. and it is essential that person heading child bullying and other related issues is aware of these sections. 37 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  28. 1. Safe Surfing Practices a. Browser Security and Issues b. Email Hacking and Security c. Downloading Software's/Applications 2. Social Networking Sites - a. Cyber Stalking & Harassment b. Cyber Bullying c. Security Features for popular Apps like Facebook,Twitter, Youtube. 3. Mobile Social Media- Securities a. Smartphones and Securities b. Popular Apps like Whatsapp, Viber, WeChat c. Threats and Securities 4. E-commerce Securities a. Online Shopping b. Online Banking c. Frauds and Securities d. Debit/Credit Card threats and securities 38 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  29. Create Cyber Crime Reporting Cells in School Child Helpline: Create a HOTLINE with a team Counselors/Cyber Experts in your region. May team up with Mobile Service Provider to provide a Toll Free Number where a student/victim can record his message on Voice Box and this can be alerted to Expert Team to record a reply for the student. Create a webpage with Complaint Form/Email Address which can be later addressed by the team. To have one complaint BOX for Internet/Mobile related complains  Ensure Online Safety Take help from NGOs, Local Cyber Police ◦ 39 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  30. Cyber Congress: To give one day in a month on Cyber Safety/Cyber Congress.  Awareness Workshops for students and parents at regular intervals  Make all subject teachers be a part of the Cyber Safety Drive.  Train the teachers on Cyber Threats and Securities. ( Suggested: 6-8 Hrs of Training for teachers on the subject)  Emphasis on POSTIVE USE OF INTERNET/MOBILE based on creative projects for students  Cyber Exhibitions should be orgnised by schools / regions  Cyber Journal/Online or on Paper may be published by the region on Regular Basis. 40 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  31. School or Group of Schools in a region to appoint one dedicated CSO “Cyber Security Officer” under which a Cyber Congress in each school will be functional. Team of Cyber Congress will consist of : a. One/Two parents from Parents Association. b. One/Two ICT /Counselors to be a part of the team c. 4-6 students from Senior/Middle Section 41 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  32. Function of Cyber Congress: a. Spread and create awareness among students on regular intervals about Cyber Safety - Do's and Dont's b. Discuss issues and problems and to find solutions for the same. c. Create events with school staff on regular interval on Cyber Safety theme like Essay Contest, Debate, Exhibition, Poster Competition, Drama-Skit etc. 42 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  33. Principal, teachers and entire staff should be vigilant at all times and should have proper policy. Each staff memeber must know their exact role.  Necessary safety measure should be taken in all machines in computer lab by installing net safety softwares, firewalls and blocking various cites.  School Head boys, Head girls and other students should take a lead role to find student in distress, victim of cyber bully or else.  Parents should be asked to maintain a cordial relationship with children and be vigilant at all times especially when child is using technology. 43 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.
  34. 44 DAV CMC/CAE/RD Conf.