2. The process of Reading
Reading is a process that goes beyond just breezing through a piece of text.
In order to become successful readers, lets view some strategies we can use
Before, During and After reading to comprehend what we are reading and use it
to our advantage.
3. Before Reading
At this stage, we use strategies and preview the text to prepare for what’s ahead.
This will make our actual reading time faster and a bit easier.
Here are 5 Strategies we can use while completing the Before Reading Stage:
1) Activate Prior Knowledge
3) Set a purpose
4) Look for difficult words
4. Activating Prior Knowledge
Do you already know what this subject is about? Have you read other books that
have similar knowledge or ideas?
Have you had any real-life experiences that are similar to the text?
Think about it, do you think the text is something you already have knowledge
Previewing the text is key to understanding what you are reading.
Previewing includes scanning the titles, looking at headings, looking at pictures,
graphics and subtitles, and reading questions or other visuals.
6. Set a purpose
When reading any text, we want to make sure there is a purpose, otherwise, why
are we reading?
Why are you reading? Is it to find information? Make a decision? Get a creative
idea? To help you?
7. Look for difficult words
While skimming the text, we also need to check around by quickly looking at the
text for about 1-2 minutes and seeing if we can spot any words we may not know
or seem difficult.
By writing these down in a graphic organizer or on a paper, we will be able to go
back to them later if we need to find the definition or look for context clues.
This is an acronym to remember before reading.
T- Take down
Ask: Ask yourself why you are reading this text. What is the purpose?
Connect: Use your prior knowledge to connect with what you think the story will be
Take down: Take-down any notes or difficult words while scanning and previewing to
9. During Reading
Alright! Now its time to pick up the book and read. Remember to use what you
previewed to help you read with a purpose.
Here are some strategies:
While reading, imagine what it would look like in your mind. What is the story
telling you about the subject? Use sense words to make a mental image in your
Use pictures to imagine what goes beyond the image
How are certain concepts connected in the text? How are they similar, different?
Connect the text to other texts you have read.
Connect the text to the current world today and things you have observed.
Connect the text to yourself and personal experiences.
An essential part of reading is questioning to understand.
Write down questions that you may have and more you would like to know.
Is the author missing something? Does the text make sense? Are you
understanding what you are reading?
It is important to stop in the text frequently and review and summarize what you
have learned so far.
In your head or on paper, try recalling at least 3-5 facts from each page or
chapter that are key concepts.
While you are reading, make connections to what the author is saying to draw
Make predictions while reading, and see if they come true as you read through.
15. After Reading
Now that we are done reading its time to reflect and go back to anything we may
not be sure of. Lets review and reflect.
Some strategies for after reading include:
Reflect on what new information you have learned and what connections were
What have you learned? What made the most impact on you?
Did you keep a good pace while summarizing?
After you have finished reading through the text, take those key points you
recalled from previous summarizing and look at all that you got out of the read.
Write down key words and concepts that you noticed throughout the book
Did you meet your purpose?
Did you connect with what the author was trying to convey?
Was the information in the text useful?
Will you be able to connect the conclusions you made to real-life scenarios?
Did the author convey the point?
Did you share the same connections and conclusions?
The goal is to think CRITICALLY
Remember that you have a goal for reading! We read to think! After reading, did
the text cause you to think? Did you use your purpose?
Before, During and After reading. (2012). Retrieved from Sa Moran :
Bursuck, W. D. (2011). Teaching Reading to Students Who are at Risk or Have
Disabilities (2 ed.). New Jersey: Pearson.
WETA public broadcasting . (2015). 103 things to do Before/During/After reading .
Retrieved from Reading rockets : http://www.readingrockets.org/article/103-things-