Energy
General Fusion raises $20M• Fusion in plasma achieved by synchronized  pistons setting up shock waves     • $0.04 / kwH   ...
Which Path?• Caution and Carbon              • Fusion, High Burn  Sequestration                     Fission  – $19 billion...
FP Generation Fusion• First round design funding – 2009• First approach problematic, new approach:• Multiple AmbipolarReci...
Lawrenceville Plasma Physics• R & D corp into fusion, high energy x ray  sources  – Plasma confinement @ energy up to 2 bi...
Plasma Focus cross-section
Plasma filaments ->plasmoids
Has Cold Fusion Been Achieved?• Rossi and Focardi  – Claim to fuse a proton onto a nickel nucleus     • A growing number o...
China wants 10 GW solar by 2015• 50 GW by 2020• PV price competitiveness (projected)   – 2008: $4/W installed   – 2009: $3...
Oil News• US part of Bakken fields to be reassesed  – 2008 assesment: 2.5 billion barrels     • US consumes 18 million bar...
IEA Oil Production by Source
Yesterday’s Alarmist look optimistic
Where are we now?
Changing Oil Demographics
Status of near completion reactors• India  – Prototype Fast Breeder (PFBR) - 2012     • Requires no water for emergency co...
Near Completion Reactors• China   –   QINSHAN 2-4 PWR 650 Mwe   –   CGNPC Hongyanbe 1 PWR 1080 [2012]   –   CGNPC Ningde 1...
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Energy0511

  1. 1. Energy
  2. 2. General Fusion raises $20M• Fusion in plasma achieved by synchronized pistons setting up shock waves • $0.04 / kwH • NEG 2113
  3. 3. Which Path?• Caution and Carbon • Fusion, High Burn Sequestration Fission – $19 billion to push – $10 billion to energy carbon deep into ground projects • No ROI • At least low yield fusion • Danger of carbon dioxide • Much more energy leaks cheaper – At best status quo • 10x – 100x more economy abundant economy • Energy enough for space
  4. 4. FP Generation Fusion• First round design funding – 2009• First approach problematic, new approach:• Multiple AmbipolarRecirculating Beam Line (MARBLE)
  5. 5. Lawrenceville Plasma Physics• R & D corp into fusion, high energy x ray sources – Plasma confinement @ energy up to 2 billion degrees – Hydrogen and Boron fusion – Focus fusion • Dense plasma focus device
  6. 6. Plasma Focus cross-section
  7. 7. Plasma filaments ->plasmoids
  8. 8. Has Cold Fusion Been Achieved?• Rossi and Focardi – Claim to fuse a proton onto a nickel nucleus • A growing number of researchers believe there is fusion here • Typically would require a high energy plasma to do this – CF claims to produce some nuclear catalyst that makes the fusion require less energy. » It is known that such catalyst exist but known ones are expensive.
  9. 9. China wants 10 GW solar by 2015• 50 GW by 2020• PV price competitiveness (projected) – 2008: $4/W installed – 2009: $3.25/W • Competitive in high price markets – 2015: $2.5/W • Competitive CA, Az, NV, NM, CO, UT – 2020: $2/W • Competitive in southwest – 2025: $1.5/W • Competitive throughout US – 2030: $1.25/W • Competitive everywhere
  10. 10. Oil News• US part of Bakken fields to be reassesed – 2008 assesment: 2.5 billion barrels • US consumes 18 million barrel / day (mbd) • US currently pumps 9.1 mbd – Texas pumps as much per day as we import from Saudis• When is peak oil production? – Currently projected by 2015 at latest
  11. 11. IEA Oil Production by Source
  12. 12. Yesterday’s Alarmist look optimistic
  13. 13. Where are we now?
  14. 14. Changing Oil Demographics
  15. 15. Status of near completion reactors• India – Prototype Fast Breeder (PFBR) - 2012 • Requires no water for emergency cooling • Running at 62% over budget – Largely new fuel costs and [over]design changes • Produces and uses own nuclear fuel • Two other Commercial Fast Breeder Reactors(CFBR) begin in 2017 – Kunankulum-2 PWR now connected
  16. 16. Near Completion Reactors• China – QINSHAN 2-4 PWR 650 Mwe – CGNPC Hongyanbe 1 PWR 1080 [2012] – CGNPC Ningde 1 PWR 1080 [2012] – CNNC Sanmen 1 PWR 1250 [2013]• Russia – Energoatom Leningrad II-1 PWR 1070 [2013]• Argentina – Atucha 2 PHWR 745 MWe [2012]• France – Flamanville-3 PWR 1650 MWE [2012]• Canada – Bruce AI PHWR 769 MWe [2012] – Bruce A2 PHWR 769 MWe [2013]• Taiwan

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