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Etymology

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notes for grammar and roots words

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Etymology

  1. 1.  1) Journal: Sticky Note Journal 2) Notes! Notes! Notes! Notes! Notes! ◦ Etymology ◦ Irony/Satire ◦ HOMEWORK: Expelling Huck Finn article and questions
  2. 2.  Take a sticky note and troll the room. Find THREE words that you find appealing and write them on the sticky note. Stick the sticky note in your journal. You MUST include these three words in your journal entry. It can be about any topic, creative or real.
  3. 3. ◦ Example: Peaceful Dreams Disaster  When I was a little girl, I had night terrors. I have vague memories of going to sleep and waking up in strange places. Like the living room floor, the bathtub, the stoop on the front porch. I am not sure what the exact content of these dreams were, just that I had a disastrous feeling as I drifted off to sleep. I know that these episodes terrified my parents. Even though the doctor said it was actually fairly common and not a symptom of anything, they would just pray for me to have peaceful sleep. Luckily, I grew out of them when I was about 8.
  4. 4.  The study of the history of words 1)When they entered the language 2)From what source (ex. latin/greek) 3)How their form and meaning have changed over time
  5. 5.  Whatlanguage is Englishderived from???
  6. 6.  German: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BsU6vLIaWH4 Old English:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hkaPNlOz0N4& feature=related Middle English: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QE0MtENfOM U Modern English: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lj3iNxZ8Dww
  7. 7. 50001500
  8. 8.  Canyou think of anywords in existence todaythat were not around inShakespeare’s time? (mid1500’s)
  9. 9.  Can you think of anywords whose meaninghas changed sinceShakespeare’s time?
  10. 10. Class Notes Name: _________________________________________________ Class: _________________________________________________Topic: _____________________________ Period: ________________________________________________Questions and Main Ideas: Date: _________________________________________________ Notes: ________ Unit: ________Etymology: (definition) The study of the history of wordsConcentrates on three Main areas 1)When they entered the language 2)From what source (ex. latin/greek) 3)How their form and meaning have changed over time *English is derived from the Germanic languageImportant Numbers: 5000 – more words than there were 500 years ago 1500 – more words than there were 100 years agoWords that were not in existence in the Examples:1500’s:Words whose meaning has changed since Examples:1500s:Summary:
  11. 11.  Write one sentence that makes perfect sense today, that would have made NO sense 100 years ago. My Example: While blogging on Facebook about his new grill, Sean was listening to ‘Lil Wayne on his MP3 and texting a hottie on his Slider.
  12. 12.  is the primary unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents Usually either Latin or Greek based http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZOJrjNR7 ZZM
  13. 13. Class Notes Name: _________________________________________________ Class: _________________________________________________Topic: _____________________________ Period: ________________________________________________Questions and Main Ideas: Date: _________________________________________________ Notes: ________ Unit: ________Etymology: (definition) The study of the history of wordsConcentrates on three Main areas 1)When they entered the language 2)From what source (ex. latin/greek) 3)How their form and meaning have changed over time *English is derived from the Germanic languageImportant Numbers: 5000 – more words than there were 500 years ago 1500 – more words than there were 100 years agoWords that were not in existence in Examples:the 1500’s:Words whose meaning has changed Examples:since 1500s:Root Words: The smallest unit of a word. The part that carries the base meaning. Cannot be broken into smaller parts * Usually Greek or Latin Based EXAMPLES:Summary:
  14. 14. Root Meaning Examples
  15. 15.  Meaning: Warlike Examples: (what word with this definition has BELLI as the root??)
  16. 16.  Answer: Belligerent
  17. 17.  Answer: Antebellum
  18. 18.  Answer: Rebellion
  19. 19.  Meaning: Water
  20. 20.  Answer: Aquarium
  21. 21.  Answer: Aqueduct
  22. 22.  Answer: Aquanaut
  23. 23.  Meaning: Believe
  24. 24.  Answer: Credible
  25. 25.  Answer: Credit
  26. 26.  Answer: Credo
  27. 27.  Meaning: human/man
  28. 28.  Answer: Anthropology
  29. 29.  Answer: Misanthrope
  30. 30.  Meaning: Death
  31. 31.  Answer: Mortician
  32. 32.  Answer: Immortal
  33. 33. Root Meaning ExamplesBelli War/Warlike Belligerent, antebellumAqua/aque Water Aqaurium, aquanautCred Believe Credo, credibleAnthrop Human/man Anthropology MisanthropeMor/Mort Death Mortician, Immortal
  34. 34.  Write at least three sentences putting this lesson into your own words.

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