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Portfolio 2019

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Portfolio 2019

  1. 1. SHAWN SULLIVAN | Portfolio 2019
  2. 2. Examining East Boston’s Movement Patterns ARCH 3170 Urbanism Shawn Sullivan 30% AVERAGE COMMUTE DAILY FLOW of Passengers Arrive to Logan Airport by High Occupancy Vehicle / Shared-Ride Modes 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 2 4 6 8 10 Major Routes to Logan Airport MBTA Blue Line Airport Parking Logan Airport / Major Hubs TEMPORAL Park Shuttle & Fly Hilton Garden Inn Avis LAZ Parking Courtyard by Marriott Overflow Parking PreFlight Airport Parking TownePlace Suites by Marriott Enterprise Overflow Parking Economy Parking Logan Airport Complex Taxi Parking Hyatt Regency MassPort Ferry Routes 50 Minutes by Car (30 Miles) 60% AVERAGE COMMUTE DAILY FLOW of East Boston Adults are Employed in Industries Surrounding Logan Airport 40 Minutes by Transit or Car (4 Miles) Major Routes to Work MBTA Blue Line Employee Parking Places of Employment 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 2 4 6 8 10 EAST BOSTON ADULTS Employee Parking Flight Support Cargo American Legion Playground East Boston High School Hugh R. O'Donnell Elementary Mario Umana Academy Patrick J. Kennedy Elementary School 60% AVERAGE COMMUTE DAILY FLOW of East Boston Students Walk to School Daily Boston Public Schools Safe Walking Routes School Buildings / After School Facilities School Yard / Sports Fields 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 2 4 6 8 10 EAST BOSTON YOUTH James Otis School East Boston Memorial Park Donald McKay School* Adams Elementary School* Manassah E. Bradley School** Curtis Guild Elementary School Porrazzo Skating Rink *No before school programming **No after school programming Harbor Walk 30 Minutes by Foot (1.5 Miles) 3 FLOWS EAST BOSTON INDUSTRIAL REDEVELOPMENT PRUDENTIAL CENTER ANALYSIS URBAN NATATORIUM SOWA MARKET HALL MOON ISLAND ZIPLINE BAUGRUPPEN ON THE SPREE SARTELL MILL SITE RENEWAL PUBLIC HOUSING REDENSIFICATION 03 08 14 18 25 06 10 16 20 PHOTOGRAPHY 2018 SHAWN SULLIVAN
  3. 3. Mario Umana Academy East Boston High School American Legion Playground Kennedy Elementary School 60% AVERAGE COMMUTE DAILY FLOW of East Boston Students Walk to School Daily Boston Public Schools Safe Walking Routes School Buildings / After School Facilities School Yard / Sports Fields 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 2 4 6 8 10 O'Donnell Elementary James Otis School Memorial Park Bradley School Guild Elementary School Porrazzo Skating Rink 30 Minutes by Foot (1.5 Miles) Donald McKay School Adams Elementary Harbor Walk 30% AVERAGE COMMUTE DAILY FLOW of Passengers Arrive to Logan Airport by High Occupancy Vehicles Major Routes to Logan Airport Airport Parking Logan Airport / Major Hubs Park Shuttle & Fly Hilton Garden Inn Avis LAZ Parking Courtyard by Marriott Overflow Parking PreFlight Airport Parking TownePlace Suites Enterprise Overflow Parking Economy Parking Logan Airport Complex Taxi Parking Hyatt Regency MassPort Ferry Routes 50 Minutes by Car (30 Miles) 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 2 4 6 8 1012 2 4 6 8 10 12 2 4 6 8 10 60% AVERAGE COMMUTE DAILY FLOW of East Boston Adults are Employed in Airport Industries 40 Minutes by Transit or Car (4 Miles) Major Routes to Work Employee Parking Places of Employment Employee Parking Flight Support Cargo TEMPORALEAST BOSTON ADULTSEAST BOSTON YOUTH Examining East Boston’s Movement Patterns ARCH 3170 Urbanism Shawn Sullivan 30% AVERAGE COMMUTE DAILY FLOW of Passengers Arrive to Logan Airport by High Occupancy Vehicle / Shared-Ride Modes 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 2 4 6 8 10 Major Routes to Logan Airport MBTA Blue Line Airport Parking Logan Airport / Major Hubs TEMPORAL Park Shuttle & Fly Hilton Garden Inn Avis LAZ Parking Courtyard by Marriott Overflow Parking PreFlight Airport Parking TownePlace Suites by Marriott Enterprise Overflow Parking Economy Parking Logan Airport Complex Taxi Parking Hyatt Regency MassPort Ferry Routes 50 Minutes by Car (30 Miles) 60% AVERAGE COMMUTE DAILY FLOW of East Boston Adults are Employed in Industries Surrounding Logan Airport 40 Minutes by Transit or Car (4 Miles) Major Routes to Work MBTA Blue Line Employee Parking Places of Employment 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 2 4 6 8 10 EAST BOSTON ADULTS Employee Parking Flight Support Cargo American Legion Playground East Boston High School Hugh R. O'Donnell Elementary Mario Umana Academy Patrick J. Kennedy Elementary School 60% AVERAGE COMMUTE DAILY FLOW of East Boston Students Walk to School Daily Boston Public Schools Safe Walking Routes School Buildings / After School Facilities School Yard / Sports Fields 12 2 4 6 8 10 12 2 4 6 8 10 EAST BOSTON YOUTH James Otis School East Boston Memorial Park Donald McKay School* Adams Elementary School* Manassah E. Bradley School** Curtis Guild Elementary School Porrazzo Skating Rink *No before school programming **No after school programming Harbor Walk 30 Minutes by Foot (1.5 Miles) 3 FLOWS EAST BOSTON INDUSTRIAL SITE Architecture, Infrastructure + the City Today, East Boston bares the scars of both the extensive landfilling that helped to physically established the neighborhood and the manufacturing industry that later dominated the local economy. The Maverick Mills site epitomizes this history as it is one of the largest undeveloped former industrial sites and is elevated only a few feet above the high tide line. After visiting the Maverick Mills parcel and surrounding neighborhood, I began to observe three distinct population groups and their daily ebb and flow throughout East Boston. Particularly, I found the concentration points of each group to be of interest: schools and sports facilities for the East Boston youth population, the peripheral airport industry for East Boston adults, and the Logan Airport terminals and “Park and Fly” hotels for the temporal population. My proposed architectural redevelopment of the Maverick Mills site aims to provide a mixing point for these three distinct populations since there is a lack of such instances elsewhere in East Boston. The mixed use development provides housing, a high school, commercial space, and a new hotel while also creating a new linear park bisecting the East Boston isthmus. Additional phasing adjoins neighboring sites, provides additional mixed use development, and creates a new pedestrian circuit. New waterways help to provide drainage opportunities as well as coastal habitat. In the event of a flood, these channels help to both filter and divert water out of the site. Programmatically, nearly every structure is designed with ground-floor parking in order to elevate the most vital spaces above the flood zone. 03
  4. 4. 100YEARFLOOD LARGERAINEVENT HIGHTIDE AVERAGEWATERLINE LOWTIDELINE COMMERCIAL WITH GROUND LEVEL PARKING RESIDENTIAL WITH GROUND LEVEL PARKING PARK/HABITAT WITH RAISED HIGHWAY 85% OF RESIDENTIAL IS ABOVE FLOOD LEVEL 77% OF COMMERCIAL/INSTITUTIONAL IS ABOVE FLOOD LINE SITE FLOODING PHASE 1 PLAN - GROUND LEVELPHASE 1 PROGRAM DISTRIBUTION 04
  5. 5. FINAL PHASING PLAN - UPPER LEVEL 05
  6. 6. MOON ISLAND ZIPLINE Unbuilt Architecture + Design Competition Boston Society of Architects Citation Award, 2016 Working one-on-one with the principal and founder of Studio Enée Architects, the Moon Island Zipline extrapolates from the fact that the public can no longer “set foot” on the city-owned site within the Boston Harbor Islands National Park. The design consists of two glass and concrete towers flanking the northern and southern shores of the island. Aiming to minimize visual impact, the towers are slender and enveloped with frosted glass panels. Shifting tubular platforms allow for easy take-off and landing from the ziplines while also providing the necessary anchor points for the zipline cables. 06
  7. 7. 18th Century Granite Waste Water Facility Police Firing Range Former Bridge Connection Fire Fighter Training Facility SITE LOCATION & PLAN 07
  8. 8. PRUDENTIAL CENTER ANALYSIS Advanced Architecture Representation Upon analyzing one of Boston’s most recognizable features, I found that the Prudential Center Complex takes on the form of an “Urban Island” amongst a sea of smaller blocks and buildings. Rising from a common base, individual structures extend upward to create a pocket of towers and connected structures within the Back Bay neighborhood. Throughout many additions and transitions since its origins as a rail yard half a century ago, the parcel has maintained its reading as an intact, singular site thanks to early master planning and development schemes that have insisted on the continuance of an interconnected base. Altogether, my analysis specifically studied the changes within the complex over time, the relationship with the surrounding neighborhood, and the current usage patterns within the complex’s substructures. 08
  9. 9. 1962 Massachusetts Turnpike - 1962 1965 Prudential Tower - 1964 Sheraton Tower - 1964 War Memorial Auditorium - 1965 Shopping center - 1965 1975 Boylston Apartments -1967 Fairfield Apartments - 1967 101 Huntington - 1970 Sak’s Fifth Avenue - 1971 Sheraton Addition - 1975 1993 Hyne’s Convention Center - 1988 The Shops at Prudential Center - 1993 2008 111 Huntington - 2002 Mandarin Oriental - 2008 2016 888 Boylston - 2016 6 The Shops at Prudential Center 7 Mandarin Oriental Hotel 8 888 Boylston 9 Hynes Convention Center 10 Sheraton Boston Hotel 1 Prudential Tower 2 111 Huntington 3 101 Huntington 4 Avalon at Prudential 5 Mandarin Oriental Hotel 1 Huntington avenue 2 Ring Road 3 Boylston Street 4 Dalton Street 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 HEIGHT (FT) VOLUM E (FT3 ) FOOTPRINT (FT2 ) DAILY HUM AN TRAFFIC (PERSONS) TOTAL VOLUME TOTAL FOOTPRINT TOTAL DAILY TRAFFIC SHOPS AT PRUDENTIAL HYNES CONVENTION CENTER M ANDARIN ORIENTALHOTEL AVALON AT PRUDENTIAL 101HUNTINGTON SHERATON BOSTON HOTEL 111HUNTINGTON PRUDENTIALTOW ER THE COMPLEX’S COMPONENTSDATA & FIGURES 09
  10. 10. BAUGRUPPEN ON THE SPREE Studio Abroad School of Architecture Design Award, 2017 OriginallyanindustrialareaforAEGTurbinefactories,Berlin’sOberschöneweide neighborhood has become the site of regrowth after a period of postindustrial decay. Through a semester with Humboldt University, I worked with a partner to analyze the district and design a proposal for a new Baugruppen (community housing) complex. Our design idea uses recycled industrial barges as a platform for new construction. This not only pays homage to the industrial past of the area, but it also helps to enliven the riverfront that currently serves as a border rather than a community asset. Altogether, our proposal a system of three barge types connected by a public boardwalk system. To fill the programmatic requirements of the project, we suggested that Oberschöneweide would benefit most from two dedicated Residential Barges, one Flex Barge hosting both commercial and residential tenants, and a Piano Barge offering a concert hall and a cultural attraction for the area. Throughout the semester, we worked directly with local engineers, an expert on sustainable architectural systems, and a Berlin piano hall to ensure that our design met industry and programmatic standards. The final Baugruppen complex proposal employs recycled TAF 2001 industrial barges as the foundationfornewlyconstructedtimber-framearchitecture.Thebargesystem proposes using a Marine Thermal heating/cooling system in combination with a wood-pellet boiler for the winter months. While each barge type is designed to be self-sufficient on its own, the utilities are connected beneath the new community boardwalk when docked together. 10
  11. 11. PIANO BARGE PHASE 1 PROPOSED PLAN 11
  12. 12. RESIDENTIAL BARGE FLEX BARGE STRUCTURE GRID CLUSTER (6-8 Persons) CLUSTER LOWER LEVEL ENTRY LEVEL UPPER LEVEL GREENERY SERVICE QUAD SINGLE SINGLE (1-2 Persons) QUAD (3-4 Persons) 12
  13. 13. HYDRO-THERMAL HEATING/COOLING SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT TYPICAL ASSEMBLY WATER / ELECTRICAL CONNECTION SUN SHADING BARGE BARGE FIT-IN MARINE THERMAL HEATING/COOLING WOODEN SUPER-STRUCTURE CONCRETE/WOOD FLOORING HUBS & CONNECTIVITY REPLICABILITY BOSTON HAMBURG 13
  14. 14. URBAN NATATORIUM Site, Space + Program Through my initial investigation of the irregular parcel assigned for this project, I discovered two axes - one that follows the reflected extents of an adjacent public square and another that adheres to the streetscape boundary. Further research unveiled that this diagonal street traces the edge of the historical Boston peninsula and thus holds unexpected urban significance. These axes helped determine the initial volumetric shaping for my Natatorium design, and they are also clearly defined within the programmatic arrangement of my final massing strategy. The main mass of my building design adheres to the reflected boundary of the public square with its triangular shape. Most of the general and administration program elements of the Natatorium complex are housed in the space defined by this axis. As the largest elements of the site, the three pools serve as the building blocks for my design and follow the second axis established by the historical Boston peninsula. These pools protrude through the facade of the main triangular mass in order to both adhere to the historical axis and publicly display their importance as “building blocks” for the Natatorium as a whole. The major organizational strategy for the programmatic pieces within the complex is based on both public accessibility and aquatic skill level. 14
  15. 15. DIVING DIVING DIVING FAMILY LOCKER ROOM S ADM IN . OFFICES STUDIOS VERTICAL CIRCULATION FAMILY FAMILY BOUNDARY OF HISTORIC BOSTON PENINSULA BOUNDARY OF PUBLIC SQUARE PROGRAM PRIMARY FUNCTIONS SUPPORT FUNCTIONS PUBLIC GYM CAFE PRO RESTRICTED ATRIUM BUILDING ENCLOSURE ACCESSIBLE CIRCULATION MECHANICAL SITECONDITIONS TRAINING TRAINING TRAINING AXIALALIGNMENTPROGRAMSTACKINGFINALMASSING MAIN ELEVATIONMASSING STRATEGY SECTION PERSPECTIVE 15
  16. 16. SARTELL MILL SITE RENEWAL Independent Exploration My hometown of Sartell, Minnesota was founded thanks to the establishment of a paper mill on the bank of the Mississippi River. Tragically, a portion of the much-expanded mill exploded in 2012 leading to its permanent shutter. The City of Satell has identified three options for future redevelopment of the site: maintaining the industrial zoning, transforming the site into a residences, or creating a new mixed-use development. My independent analysis of the site considers each option through a four-factor matrix: two elements relate to benefits that were lost with the closure of the mill (tax revenue and jobs) while the other factors are new desires (added residences and the creation of community assets). A physical massing strategy for each typology was also studied for the multifaceted site. A mixed use site proves to be the most well-rounded option. The eastern portion of the parcel could host commercial structures, a new commuter rail stop connecting the Minneapolis metropolitan area, and the necessary parking to support this new development district. Mixed-use buildings would sit closer to the Mississippi housing local business space and upper-level residential space. 16 The Old Mill: 1946-1984 The New Mill: 1984-2013 What Remains: 2013-Present Hydroelectric Dam 1 Pedestrian Bridge 2 Existing Commercial Rail 3 Two-Story Office Building 4 374-Space Parking Lot 5 2 1 3 4 5
  17. 17. INDUSTRIAL SINGLE-FAMILY NEW COMMUNITY TAX JOBSHOMES VOID MIXED USE PROS - Well-rounded approach to needs - Public river access - Transit connection to Twin Cities - Brings business opportunities to center of town - Utilizes existing office building & parking on the site CONS - Most costly development option NEW COMMUNITY TAX JOBSHOMES VOID NEW COMMUNITY TAX JOBSHOMES VOID 17
  18. 18. SOWA MARKET HALL Structural Systems Best Overall Structural Project, 2016 The SoWa Market project was dedicated to analyzing and determining cumulative load paths within an architectural design. Tasked with creating a year-round space for the expanding SoWa Market in Boston, I collaborated with another student to develop a design that utilized cables in a visible and clearly architectural manner. Visitors to this design for SoWa Market would be immersed in an honestly expressed structural system before even entering the building. The external cable and column bays create a tunnel-like experience and offer places to sit. Once inside, the spacing of the slender structural columns creates an interesting lighting and screening effect. Overhead, the mezzanine level hangs in place by cables and is laterally stabilized by a rigid circulation core. Ifbuilt,themodularstructuralsystemwouldutilizerepeatingbaysofreinforced 1’ x 1.5’ hallow steel members and standard 5/8” diameter steel cables. Apart from the foundation, pinned connections would hold the market hall together at all major points of structural interaction. This designed system could easily be prefabricated and then quickly assembled onsite without a major disruption to the weekly SOWA Market. 18
  19. 19. 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs Live + Dead Paths 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs Live + Dead Paths Single Cable Load 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs Single Column Load 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs Live + Dead Paths 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs Live + Dead Paths Single Cable Load 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs Single Column Load 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs Live + Dead Paths 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs Live + Dead Paths Single Cable Load 1/4 Roof = 2,556 lbs Single Column Load 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine = 7,593 lbs 1/4 Roof + 1/2 Mezzanine STRUCTURAL MODULE 19
  20. 20. PUBLIC HOUSING REDENSIFICATION Wood Urbanism: Typological Corrections With a shortage of public housing units in Boston, the city has challenged developers to propose strategies to redensify existing urban housing sites. In addition to this initial prompt, my architectural studio focused on using wood construction typologies to not only redevelop these sites but also explore the possibilities of integrating sustainable forestry, net carbon sequestration, and new construction strategies into the proposed development. With an existing pair of towers dedicated to elderly and disabled tenants, my proposal for 100 Norway Street includes increasing the number of 50% Area Median Income (AMI) units while also diversifying the available unit configurations. Additionally, an elementary school was incorporated onto the site to share program and solve a community need. Taking advantage of the southern boundary of the parcel, the modular units of my design maximize passive solar heating during the winter months while also blocking intense radiation in the summer. With corridors running every three levels, units also take advantage of cross ventilation as a cooling strategy. By utilizing modular assembly, the on-site construction process is limited and thus minimally affects the existing residents of the complex. This construction strategy allows for CLT panels to be implemented to their full potential as a structural partition and carbon storage material. Using wood panels of invasive Black Locust and infected Ash, this project serves to prove the worth of these typically underutilized materials. 20
  21. 21. ELEMENTARY - DAYTIME INTERNAL HEAT GAIN ELDERLY - EVENING SUMMER WINTER 60% OF UNITS ORIENTED FOR SUMMER CROSS BREEZES THERMODYNAMIC STRATEGIES UNIT CONFIGURATION 40% OF UNITS ORIENTED TO MAXIMIZE WINTER SUN CORRECTIVE UNITS IMPROVE EXISTING FACADE SOLARSHADING CROSSVENTILATIONSOLARHEATING SHARED PROGAM INTERNALHEAT GAINPROGRAM 2 BEDROOM WITH TERRACE 1,400SF VOLUME OF ASH: 1,154ft3 VOLUME OF BLACK LOCUST: 1,969ft3 TOTAL EMBODIED CARBON: 62,460lbs VOLUME OF ASH: 828ft3 VOLUME OF BLACK LOCUST: 907ft3 TOTAL EMBODIED CARBON: 18,140lbs VOLUME OF ASH: 998ft3 VOLUME OF BLACK LOCUST: 1,930ft3 TOTAL EMBODIED CARBON: 63,550lbs VOLUME OF ASH: 1,073ft3 VOLUME OF BLACK LOCUST: 1,942ft3 TOTAL EMBODIED CARBON: 65,665lbs VOLUME OF ASH: 333ft3 VOLUME OF BLACK LOCUST: 732ft3 TOTAL EMBODIED CARBON: 22,965lbs 2 BEDROOM 1,400SF COMPACT 3 BEDROOM 900SF 50% AMI 2 BEDROOM 1,400SF 50% AMI STUDIO 400SF UNITCONFIGURATIONEXTERIORMATERIALITYUNITCOLORKEY RESIDENTIAL UNIT CLUSTER CORRECTIVE UNIT PAIR FULL DESIGN SCHEME21
  22. 22. 22 EAST ELEVATIONTYPICAL PLANS SITE SECTION
  23. 23. 23 SOUTH ELEVATION
  24. 24. 24 SELECTIVE HARVESTING: ASH MILLING MODULE ASSEMBLY TRANSPORTATION TO SITE ASH FEEDBACK LOOP BLACK LOCUST FEEDBACK LOOPOUTCOMES CONSTRUCTION SELECTIVE HARVESTING: BLACK LOCUST SITE DEVELOPMENT
  25. 25. PHOTOGRAPHY Independent Whether capturing natural or constructed form, I aim to photograph subjects from new perspectives. Composing shots that abstract architectural design or capture the delicacies of nature has challenged me to keep a keen eye out for these hidden moments wherever I go. As I continue to study architectural composition, I have found that my photographic intent has advanced and taken on new meaning. I often find myself working to remove the scale, context, or expected viewpoint of subjects in order to leave just the innate form and beauty. 25
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