2. What is Badminton
Badminton is a racquet sport
played by either two opposing
players (singles) or two
opposing pairs (doubles), who
take positions on opposite
halves of a rectangular court
that is divided by a net.
Players score points by striking
a shuttlecock (birdie)with their
racquet so that it passes over
the net and lands in their
opponents' half of the court. A
rally ends once the shuttlecock
has struck the ground, and
each side may only strike the
shuttlecock once before it
passes over the net.
3. The Shuttlecock
The shuttlecock (or Birdie) is a feathered projectile whose
unique aerodynamic properties cause it to fly differently
from the balls used in most racquet sports
The feathers create much higher drag, causing the
shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly than a ball.
Shuttlecocks have a much higher top speed, when
compared to other racquet sports.
Because shuttlecock flight is affected by wind, competitive
badminton is played indoors.
Badminton is also played outdoors as a casual recreational
activity, often as a garden or beach game.
4. History and Development
The beginnings of
Badminton can be traced
to mid-18th century
British India, where it was
created by British military
Being particularly popular
in the British garrison
town Poona (now Pune),
the game also came to be
known as Poona.
This game was taken by
retired officers back to
England where it
developed and rules were
5. History Continued
The new sport was launched
in 1873 at the Badminton
owned by the Duke of
The game's official name
The International Badminton
Federation (IBF) was
established in 1934 by
Canada, Denmark, England,
France, the Netherlands,
Ireland, New Zealand,
Scotland, and Wales as its
The BWF now governs
international badminton and
develops the sport globally.
6. Scoring System
A match consists of the
best of 3 games of 21.
Every time there is a
serve a point is scored.
The side winning the rally
adds a point to it’s score.
Each game must be won
by a 2 point advantage.
At 29 all – the team to
score the 30th point will
A side winning a game
will serve in the next
7. Singles Play
At the beginning of a game (0-0), and
when the servers score is even, the server
will serve from the right service court.
When the servers score is odd, the server
serves from the left service court.
If the server wins a rally, the server scores
a point and serves again from the alternate
If the receiver wins a rally, they score a
point and serve from the appropriate
service court – left if their score is odd, and
right if their score is even.
8. Doubles Play
In doubles, if the serving side wins a rally, the same
player continues to serve, but s/he changes service courts
so that s/he serves to each opponent in turn.
The opponents remain in their service court until they win
If the opponents win the rally and their new score is even,
the player in the right service court serves; if odd, the
player in the left service court serves.
The players' service courts are determined by their
positions at the start of the previous rally, not by where
they were standing at the end of the rally.
A consequence of this system is that, each time a side
regains the service, the server will be the player who did
not serve last time.
When the server serves, the shuttle must pass over the
short service line on the opponents court.
If the score reaches 20-all, then the game continues until
side gains a two point advantage.
The server and receiver must remain within their service
courts, without touching a boundary line until until the
server strikes the shuttle.
The other two players may stand wherever they wish as
long as they do not obstruct the view of the
Players win a rally if their opponents commit a fault.
The most common fault in badminton is when
players fail to return the suttlecock so that it passes
over the net and lands inside the opponents court.
Neither the server or receiver may lift a foot until
the suttlecock has been struck by the server.
The server must hit the base or cork of the
Each side may only hit the suttlecock once before it
passes back over the net.
It is also a fault if the suttlecock hits the ceiling.
If a let is called, the
rally is stopped and
replayed with no
change in score.
Lets may occur when
there is an unexpected
EX. – a shuttle landing on
your court which was hit
from an adjacent court.
12. Equipment Needed to Play