Ideas, concepts or issues talked about or
spoken to a group or audience
Public speaking is one of the most feared
Skills required to give a good presentation can
What should I do before starting?
How should I start?
How should I end?
How long should I take?
How to arise interest of my audience?
Would it be done by me?
Preparation/ Planning is the first step on
the ladder to success so:-
1. Planning Presentations
2. Preparing Presentations
4. the presentation itself.
For a Successful Start
When you plan your presentation you need to answer the
1. Who is my audience (how much do they know about my
2. How am I going to organise my topic? (it needs to tell a
3. How long should my presentation be? (you will have time
limits and you need to say everything within that limit)
4. What visual support shall I use? (PowerPoint,
transparencies, models, objects...?)
This is the basic structure of a talk:
How should I start?
Introduction is probably the most important part. The purpose
of the introduction is “to tell the audience what you are going
to tell them”. You should remember that there is no second
chance for a first bad impression. If you start off badly you will
spoil everything. During the introduction you need to achieve
the following aims:
• Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.
• Welcome to my presentation.
• It’s very nice to see you all here today.
• Lets get started.
• Let me say just a few words about my background...
• Then you proceed to the introduction to your
Some Useful expression for a good start
1. Start with welcoming courtesies/introduce
2. State the purpose of your talk, using one of the
3. give a route map (tell them how long your
presentation will take)
4. give the rules (do you allow to be interrupted or
should your audience keep questions until the
Still confused about how to start, try
Bullet the important part of information.
Don’t congest your slides with too much and irrelevant
Remember many things should be said less things written.
You are allowed to add colour to your text, but that
shouldn’t make it boring or difficult to read.
Conclude all the information of your presentation.
Be sure that conclusion should cover all the important parts
of your presentation.
Try to make a relation between your start and conclusion of
Keep it precise and simple.
Follow this scheme:-
• summarise facts
• give recommendations
• give proposals
Thank the audience.
How should I end my presentation?
• This brings me to the end of my presentation.
• Let me just run over the key points again…
• To sum up briefly…
• To conclude …
• As we’ve seen…
• So, my recommendation is ….
• I would welcome any suggestions.
Thanking the audience and inviting questions
• Thank you for your attention and if you have any questions I’ll be
to answer them.
• I’ll be happy to answer any questions.
• Are there any questions you’d like to ask?
Some useful expressions to end your
Remember you have limited time so winding up your
presentation within the required time is must.
You should bear the time in mind during initial
preparation of phase of your presentation.
Be sure to have in your mind the time for question
How much time should I take
- shock, humor, question, story, facts & figures
- well rehearsed yet natural
Motivate audience to listen
- listen to their needs
Last 2 to 2.5 minutes are as critical as the first five minutes
for a successful presentation
Summarize- highlight important points
Sequence should be logical and understandable
Arise interest of your audience in
your topic, but how?
Don’t bore your audience with your
During your presentation try to give signposts using verbs like
However, as a result of, Moreover ,In addition to and etc.
Try to show yourself bold and energetic.
Be sure to have a perfect body language and facial expressions
according to the topic and to what is going to be said or
Look is always a positive and vital point.
Don’t hesitate keep cool. Remember you know many of the
questions so be cool and try to answer them with a smile.
Keep a good control of pitch, tone and pronunciation of language.
Of course you can. If you follow what you have
studied, you’ll be a successful presenter .
Could I do it?
Consider this in preparing your presentation:
• Simplify the text.
• Focus your material. You can’t say everything.
• Use transitions (signsposting) to move smoothly.
• Use examples, anecdotes, statistics to support your message.
• Use a lot of visuals to reinforce the message.
• Consider timing.
• Apply the KISS (Keep it simple stupid) principle.
• Practise alone and with the whole group.
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