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Concentration of Railroads in Select Countries One way in which goods are transported is by train. Some nations’ communities are much more interconnected by trains than others.
Concentration of Roadways in Select Countries Roadways are also important in the transport of goods. Small, densely populated nations have the most roadways per 1,000 square kilometers.
Road Traffic in National Territory: Cars Yet the concentration of roadways is not the sole determinant of transport. The United States may have less roadways per 1,000 kilometers than other countries because of its many open expanses, but its roadways are traveled much more heavily.
Road Traffic in National Territory: Goods Vehicles The United States is so large and its communities so numerous and so spread out that its road networks are used much more than in European countries for the transportation of goods.
Amount of Goods and Distance Traveled In fact, America has so many goods to transport, that it relies on its limited concentration of railways as well.
Top Twenty Merchant Fleets of the World: Ships Goods are also often transported via ships. Some countries, for historical geographical, or economic reasons, own more ships than others.
Top Twenty Merchant Fleets of the World: Tons While some nations own more ships, other countries have larger ships or use their ships with greater efficiency so that they are able to transport more goods. A ranking based on tonnage transported by sea is shown below.
Air Transport: Goods Air is a relatively more recent way in which goods are transported around the world. In just two months 4.8 million metric tons of freight and mail were loaded and unloaded at the following 23 airports.
Air Transport: People Airplanes are also frequently used to transport people. The following airports had the most passenger traffic during early 2003.
Sources <ul><li>Slides 2-6: EU countries: “EU Transport in Figures”, EUROSTAT; Other countries: International Road Federation </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 7-8: “Ship Particulars”, Lloyd's Maritime Information Services, Lloyd's Register, January, 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 9-10: “Top 30 ACI airports by Passenger Traffic/Cargo Volume/Aircraft Movements”, Airports Council International Traffic Statistics </li></ul>