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Trade union

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Trade union and its theories with reference to India

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Trade union

  1. 1. TRADE UNION PRESENTED BY SIMRAN KAUR
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • Any combination of persons, whether temporary or permanent, primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workers and employers or between workers and workers • Imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business • Includes the federation of two or more trade unions • Relatively permanent combination of workers and is not temporary a casual • Association of workers engaged in securing economic benefits for its members • Character of trade union has been constantly changing • Its origin and growth has been influenced by a number of ideologies
  3. 3. FORMS OF TRADE UNION 1. Classical • Collectively protect interest of its members in given socio-economic political system • Expressions of the needs, aspirations and wishes of working class 2. Neo-classical • Goes beyond classical objectives • Tries to improve up other wider issues like tax-reliefs, raising saving rates, etc 3. Revolutionary • Change in the system • Establishing the rule of working class through violence and use of force, etc
  4. 4. PRINCIPLES OF TRADE UNIONISM • Union is strength • Equal pay for equal work or for the same job • Security of service
  5. 5. OBJECTIVES OF TRADE UNION • Wages and salaries • Working conditions • Discipline • Personnel policies • Welfare • Employee-employer relation • Negotiating machinery • Safeguarding organizational health and interest of the industry
  6. 6. ESSENTIALS OF A SUCCESSFUL TRADE UNION • Enlightened • Solid foundation • Clearly enunciated objectives and a coherent and well-conceived policy • Run by members for the members • Honesty and integrity of purpose • Look beyond its own horizon • Sense of responsibility
  7. 7. THEORIES OF TRADE UNIONISM • Karl Marx theory Classless Society • Webb’s theory of industrial democracy or Non-revolutionary • Cole’s theory of union control of industry • Perlman’s theory of the “Scarcity Consciousness” of manual workers • Hoxie’s social psychological approach • Tannenbaum’s theory of capitalism approach or Man vs Machine • Common’s environment theory • Mitchell’s economic protection theory of trade unionism • Simons theory of monopolistic • Sarvodaya approach of Gandhi
  8. 8. KARL MARX THEORY CLASSLESS SOCIETY • Also called anti-capitalism approach • Trade union is an instrument for destroying the capitalist class • Capitalism develop three tendency: 1. Tendency of heavy conversations of wealth in the hands of few of the largest capitalists 2. Tendency towards a steady depression of wages and growing misery of wage earners keep revolutionary order alive 3. Inevitable and frequent economic crisis under capitalism lead the working class towards destruction
  9. 9. WEBB’S THEORY OF INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY OR NON-REVOLUTIONARY • Webb’s book “Industrial democracy” is the Bible of trade unionism • Trade unionism is an extension of democracy from political sphere to industrial sphere • Collective bargaining is the process which strengthens labour
  10. 10. COLE’S THEORY OF UNION CONTROL OF INDUSTRY • Cole’s views are given in his book “World of Labour” 1913 • Unionism is class struggle and ultimate is the control of industry by labour • Ultimate objective of trade union is to have control of the workers over the industry • Immediate objectives may be realizations of higher wages and better condition of employment for the workers
  11. 11. PERLMAN’S THEORY OF THE “SCARCITY CONSCIOUSNESS” OF MANUAL WORKERS • “Working people in reality felt an urge towards collective control of their employment opportunities, but hardly towards similar control of industry” • Theory of labour movement should include theory of psychology of the laboring man • Three dominant factors: 1. The capacity or incapacity of the capitalist system to survive as a ruling group in the face of revolutionary attacks 2. The source of anti-capitalist influences being primarily from among the intellectuals in any society 3. Most vital factor in the labour situation was trade union movement
  12. 12. HOXIE’S SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH • Workers have common interpretations of their social situation to their problem of living, so that unite into a union • Classified unionism on the basis of their functions • Business unionism for protecting interest of various craftsmen • Uplift unionism for the purpose of contributing better life • Revolutionary unionism replace existing social order • Predatory unionism rests on support of others
  13. 13. TANNENBAUM’S THEORY OF CAPITALISM APPROACH OR MAN VS. MACHINE • Fundamental cause of exploitation of workers in the use of machines • The machines threatens the security of the individual workers and they react in self defense, through the union, to attempt to control of machines • Union is formed in reaction to alienation and loss of community in an individualistic and unfeeling society • Trade union movement is an unconscious effort to harness the drift of time and reorganize it around the cohesive identity that men working together always achieve reasons for joining trade unions
  14. 14. COMMON’S ENVIRONMENT THEORY • Collective bargaining was an instrument of class struggle • Ultimate there will be partnership between employers and employees
  15. 15. MITCHELL’S ECONOMIC PROTECTION THEORY OF TRADE UNIONISM • Mitchell, a labour leader, completely rejected individual bargaining • Unions afford economic protection to labour
  16. 16. SIMONS THEORY OF MONOPOLISTIC • He denounced trade unionism as monopoly founded on violence • He claimed monopoly power has no use to save abuse
  17. 17. SARVODAYA APPROACH OF GANDHI • Gandhiji philosophy is based upon the sarvodaya principle of truth, trusteeship and non-violence • Trade union are economic institution in which capital and labour are not antagonistic but are supplementary to each others
  18. 18. STRUCTURE OF TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA There are two types of organizations to which trade union are affiliated: 1. The National Federation 2. The Federations of Union
  19. 19. THE NATIONAL FEDERATIONS • Apex trade union • Brings coordination in the activities of trade union • Any trade union can join national federation to have a national character • Some of the trade union leaders are MLA, MP, big corporate
  20. 20. THE FEDERATIONS OF UNION • Various union combine together to form the federation of unions for the purpose of gaining more solidarity and strength • The federation of unions have logical, regional, state, national and international character • In India, many trade union are affiliated to one or the other central organisation
  21. 21. CENTRAL TRADE UNION ORGANIZATIONS IN INDIA • All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) • Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) • Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) • Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP) • Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) • United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) • Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC) • United Trade Union Congress – Lenin Sarani (UTUC-LS) • National Labour Organization (NLO)
  22. 22. CENTRAL TRADE UNION ORGANIZATIONS IN INDIA • Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) • Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU) • National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU)
  23. 23. THANK YOU!!!

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