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Green IT Presentation.pptx

  2. 2. 113- Krish Jethva 114-Swarga Kambli 115- Ziyaan Kapadia 116- Nousheen Khan 117- Sheesh Khatri 118- Makrand Manikpuri PRESENTED BY
  5. 5. 7,805.66 3,979.28 1442.75 CHINA U.S INDIA TOP 3 POWER CONUSMING COUNTRIES
  6. 6. POWER PROBLEMS IN INDIA Government giveaways Free electricity to farmers Shutting of a nuclear power plant Because of the fukushima disaster in japan Unable to purchase power As they are draining out of cash by giving “giveaways” Electricity theft Depletion of coal Can’t produce enough to feed power plants
  8. 8. Monitoring System SENSOR A sensor is an input device that records data about the surrounding physical environment. DATA GATEAWAY A data gateway is a software and hardware solution that connects to multiple data sources DISPLAY It receives and views the information. A Power Monitoring Device measures power consumption in order to support energy-saving activities STANDARD INFORMATION INCLUDES CONSUPMTION IN kilowatt-hour (kWh) and power draw in kilowatts(kW),monitors include cost of the electricity consumed.
  9. 9. Basically a current transducer is a device converting the current signal we wanted to measure, called “primary” current, into another signal, called “secondary” current or voltage, usable by electronic control board or instruments. the current transducer can achieve really high accuracy WHAT ARE CURRENT TRANSDUCERS (CT)? CURRENT TRANSDUCERS
  10. 10. eMonitor eMonitor ● PowerHouse Dynamic's eMonitor interfaces with your circuit box to tell you how much energy each individual circuit is using. ● users can look forward to real- time stats, handy read-out of your "carbon footprint", alerts can be configured for everything from overloaded circuits to left-on appliances, individual outlets and thermostats can be controlled
  11. 11. eGauge eGauge ● The eGauge is a CT meter, which means it can measure the power of individual circuits in your electric panel using sensors ● The meter also displays your energy data on a webpage in real-time. ● Watch as your graph changes every second.
  12. 12. EnviR EnviR ● EnviR monitor basic model will monitor with consumption ● The standard kit includes set of CT’s and battery operated trasmitter which wirelessly transmits to the display within 10 ft.
  13. 13. LGate LGate ● The LGate is installed outside the panel. ● The LGate connects to the Locus Energy servers through your Internet connection brought directly to the meter. ● LEDs inside the meter box indicate its communication status.The LGate meters do not come with a display. ● Data is viewed via the SolarOS platform through a browser.
  14. 14. OWL OWL ● The OWL devices are designed to monitor only one circuit, usually the incoming wires to the main electrical panel. ● The CTs are connected to a sending device, placed just outside the panel, which wirelessly transmits data to the remote display, which can be located up to 90 feet away. ● The OWL devices show instantaneous power usage, energy consumption, and cost. ● Both the display and the sending unit are battery-operated.
  15. 15. The Powercost Monitor The PowerCost Monitor ● Bule Line Innovations PowerCost Monitor can be installed by homeowners,an electrician is not required since the sensing unit attaches to the outside of the electric meter. ● The meter communicates wierlessly,using your home Wi-Fi ,to display the unit. ● To view electricity usage online or to store and analyze data over time,you’ll need to choose third party softwares
  16. 16. The Energy Detective The Energy Detective ● Energy Inc's basic TED 5000, will monitor total household electricity consumption and show it on a small display. ● On the display, you can toggle through instantaneous power (kW), cost per hour, recent use, monthly use to-date, and you can compare to a monthly projection. ● For online viewing and smartphones several third-party applications exist.
  17. 17. Wattvision Wattvision ● Wattvision is easy to install, but it only measures total electricity consumption-no separate other circuits or RE-system generation. ● With a pulse sensor installed an the electric meter it does not require an electrician to install. ● You just select the correct sensor based on you existing utility meter technology, brand, and layout. ● The sensor is connected via 50 feet. request, allow wire to a Wi-Fi gateway
  18. 18. Happy Metering Happy Metering Although it falls outside of the scope of single-residence monitoring, one group deliver new products in particular is worth mentioning- The E-Mon D-Mon (emon.com), which ha been a workhorse of the electrical monitoring industry. The E-Mon products are targeted at commercial, industrial, multi-tenant facilities.
  19. 19. SERVERS
  20. 20. The server is to serve - technically means that the specific computer is serving all those computers that are present in its network. It facilitates them by making queue of the printing command of several computers at a time and also acts like a file server for those applications that are accessed by the online terminals. WHAT ARE SERVERS? SERVERS
  21. 21. TYPES OF SERVERS APPLICATION SERVERS An application server is a server that hosts applications or software that delivers a business application through a communication protocol. LIST SERVERS A listserver consists of an automated mailing list. Any message sent to the list is automatically passed on to all susbscribers on the list. CHAT SERVER The server accepts messages sent by the user of a chat client and forwards them to the recipient
  22. 22. TYPES OF SERVERS IRC SERVERS Internet Relay Chat is a network of Internet servers that use a specific protocol through which individuals can hold real- time online conversations via PCs and other devices. FAX SERVERS A fax server is a system installed in a local area network server that allows computer users whose computers are attached to the LAN to send and receive fax messages GROUPWARE SERVER A groupware server is a computer server utilized as a connection for various clients who use it to host and share files as part of a collaborative work environment.
  23. 23. TYPES OF SERVERS MAIL SERVERS A Mail server is an application that receives incoming email from local users and remote senders and forwards outgoing messages for delivery. TELENET SERVERS Telnet is a network protocol used to virtually access a computer and to provide a two-way, collaborative and text-based communication channel between two machines. NEWS SERVER News servers act as a major component of the Usenet, which is a collection of newsgroups where users are allowed to post messages. PROXY SERVERS In computer networking, a proxy server is a server application that acts as an intermediary between a client requesting a resource and the server providing that resource
  26. 26. ● Energy efficiency and consumption are a key design element to laptop computers that make the devices much less power hungry than desktop PC counterparts. ● Desktop computers are permanently gethered to a massive power supply, making energy efficiency. a bonus or a perk as opposed to a functional necessity. ● Even performance laptop computers may lack the power found on desktop PCs, but the laptops will leave you with a much lower power bill at the end of the month. LAPTOP VS PC FOR POWER CONSUMPTION
  27. 27. ● Many innovative new use cases are now being made possible with the introduction of watt ● "ultra-low-power wireless chipsets”. Until recently, the only way to achieve data transfer hardware between a sensor and a client has been to use wires, or manually collect data from a using logging device. ● Wireless technologies have been available for decades. However, they Graphic tend to use significant amounts of power and need specialized equipment to establish a solid communications. WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY
  28. 28. Five main network topologies exist when discussing personal low-power radio • Broadcast: A message is sent from a device in the hope that it is received by a receiver within range. The broadcaster doesn't receive signals. ● Mesh: A message can be relayed from one point in a network to any other by hopping through multiple nodes. • Star: A central device can communicate with a number of connected devices - Bluetooth is a common example. • Scanning: A scanning device is constantly in receive mode, waiting to pick up a signal from anything transmitting within range. • Point-to-Point: In this mode, a one-to-one connection exits, where only two devices are connected, similar to a basic phone call. Network topologis
  29. 29. Beyond the "good housekeeping" user initiatives, there are a number of more fundamental steps that can be taken to significantly decrease the environmental impact of computing. ● These mainly involve measures for reducing energy consumption, and may be grouped under the following six headings: ● Lower power hardware ● Virtualization ● Cloud computing ● Energy efficient coding ● Improved repair, re-use, recycling and disposal. Network topologis
  30. 30. When, in 2005, Intel announced the new computing mantra to be "performance per watt" (rather than processor speed) green computing in general and lower power hardware in particular started to go mainstream. PCs can be made to use less electricity by using a lower power processor, opting for onboard graphics (rather than a separate graphics card), using passive cooling (rather than energy consuming fans), and either a solid state drive (SSD) in place of a spinning hard drive as the system disk, or else a 1.8" or 2.5" rather a than 3.5" conventional hard drive Lower power harware
  31. 31. Virtualization is the use of computer software to simulate hardware. Within data centres, server consolidation applies virtualization in its replacement of many stand-alone physical servers. with virtual servers that run as software on a small number of larger computers. To their users, virtual servers can be configured to still appear as physical machines on their network. However, via a virtualized server consolidation a company can obtain a far more optimal use of computing resources by removing the idle server capacity that is usually spread across a sprawl of physical servers. IBM, for example, is currently engaged in its Project Big Green. This involves the replacment of about 2,900 individual servers with about 30 mainframes virtualization
  32. 32. Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user.Large clouds often have functions distributed over multiple locations, each of which is a data center. Cloud computing relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and typically uses a "pay as you go" model, which can help in reducing capital expenses but may also lead to unexpected operating expenses for users CLOUD COMPUTING
  33. 33. Green coding is a term used in the software industry to describe programming practices that minimize energy consumption. We can find specific techniques, tools and programming languages that help reduce energy consumption Green coding is the practice of using energy-efficient tools and practices in programming. In a world constrained by its limited resources, eco-designed coding would provide companies with significantly higher IT performance. ENERGY EFFICIENT CODING
  35. 35. Data deduplication is a process that eliminates excessive copies of data and significantly decreases storage capacity requirements.Deduplication can be run as an inline process as the data is being written into the storage system and/or as a background process to eliminate duplicates after the data is written to disk.At NetApp, deduplication is a zero data-loss technology that is run both as an inline process and as a background process to maximize savings. Deduplication is turned on by default, and the system automatically runs it on all volumes and aggregates without any manual intervention. DATA DE-DUPLICATION
  37. 37. In computing, virtualization or virtualisation is the act of creating a virtual (rather than actual) version of something at the same abstraction level, including virtual computer hardware platforms, storage devices, and computer network resources. Virtualization began in the 1960s, as a method of logically dividing the system resources provided by mainframe computers between different applications. An early and successful example is IBM CP/CMS. The control program CP provided each user with a simulated stand-alone System/360 computer. Since then, the meaning of the term has broadened. VIRTUALIZATION
  39. 39. BIGGER DRIVE
  40. 40. 3.7 BIGGER DRIVE Hard disk drives often consume less power per gigabyte than larger drives. For low capacity flash drive, the power consumption can be reduced with no moving parts. The increase in online storage has increase power consumption. The largest hard drive is 26 TB (while SSDs can be much bigger at 100 TB, mainstream consumer SSDs cap at 8 TB). Smaller, 2.5-inch drives, are available at up to 2TB for laptops, and 5TB as external drives.
  42. 42. 4.1 INVOLVING OF UTILITY COMPANY ❏ Saving energy can be accomplished through proper maintenance and rehabilitation of existing facilities, including periodic replacement and upgrading of inefficient hardware and equipment, which can result in both energy savings and utility company paybacks. ❏ With companies investing in cleaner energies, and with more opportunities available to farmers-such as biomass and ethanol. ❏ The utilities sector includes companies such as electric, gas, or water utilities, or those that operate as producers or distributors of power.
  43. 43. Contents 1. Natural gas companies. 2. Electricity companies. 3. Telephone companies. 4. Water companies. 5. Steam companies. 6. Former hydraulic power companies. Examples of utility companies
  44. 44. Following are the list of cities and total utility companies of maharashtra Any organization which provide service to the general public, although it may be privately owned. Public utilities are allowed certain monopoly rights because of the practical need to service entire geographic areas with one system, but they are regulated by state, county, and city public utility commissions under state laws CITY COUNT CITY COUNT MUMBAI 40345 NASIK 839 PUNE 7268 NAGPUR 797 THANE 3636 OTHERS 2987 NAVI MUMBAI 1954 TOTAL 57826
  46. 46. Building your own highly efficient desktop computer doesn't take a lot of work or money it just requires specialized parts, proper BIOS configuration and a high- efficiency power supply. You don't need a laptop to get an energy-efficient computer. Throwing together a PC nowadays doesn't take a lot of effort. But if you want to build an eco-friendly desktop, it may take a little bit more knowledge. There are effectively three kinds of component and configuration options when it comes to a power-efficient build: ⚫Choosing a high-efficiency power supply: ⚫ Choosing components with low power-consumption; ⚫Configuring your BIOS/UEFI to use less power. LOW POWER COMPUTERS AND PCs
  47. 47. POWER SUPPLY
  48. 48. POWER SUPPLY Power supplies don't convert from wall AC current to DC without a great deal of Loss in power. The average power supply converts at 70% efficiency, meaning 30% wasted energy. However, two kinds of power supplies convert at over 90% effciency: PicoPSUs and 80+ Platinum rated power supplies. When choosing a build, either option presents a good choice. On the downside, many Platinum rated supplies cost a fortune and PicoPSUs are best mounted in special cases.
  50. 50. LOW-POWER COMPONENTS The most power-efficient motherboards cost quite a bit and come with CPUs that have been soldered to the board, meaning if either the board or the CPU goes bad, the entire unit must be discarded. Personally, I prefer using lower-power CPUs combined with small form factor mini-ITX motherboards. Another component that makes a big difference in power consumption is adding a Solid State Drive. SSDs add amazing performance while consuming a tiny fraction of the wattage of a regular platter hard disk drive.
  52. 52. BIOS/UEFI SETTINGS There are a number of settings located in the BIOS (and its next-generation replacement, UEFI) that aren't enabled by default that can have an noticeable impact on power consumption. Simply enabling the various power states on Intel boards (C1E and EIST) can reduce power consumption. You will want to enable them if they're available on your motherboard. Some BIOS/UEFIS use colloquial language to enable lower power states, such as "eco-mode" or "low power mode". Enable these, if available.
  53. 53. INTEL i7 Intel manufactures the best performing CPUs, despite some serious thermal design flaws. In terms of performance- per-watt, Intel provides industry-leading power efficiency. In particular, Intel's T and S series CPUs use between 35 and 65 watts. On a higher end build, I would prefer getting a Core 17-4765 or a BGA board, but these are so hard to get, the best option is an S-series CPU.
  54. 54. INTEL i7 Intel manufactures the best performing CPUs, despite some serious thermal design flaws. In terms of performance- per-watt, Intel provides industry-leading power efficiency. In particular, Intel's T and S series CPUs use between 35 and 65 watts. On a higher end build, I would prefer getting a Core 17-4765 or a BGA board, but these are so hard to get, the best option is an S-series CPU.