Embark on a journey through the intricate world of Leishmania Tropical Complex in this presentation. We unravel the mysteries surrounding this diverse group of parasitic organisms and their role in causing leishmaniasis, a vector-borne disease with global significance. Delving into the taxonomy, we explore key species including L. major, L. aethiopica, and L. tropica, each presenting unique characteristics and clinical implications. Geographical distribution and epidemiological insights shed light on the areas most affected by this complex, while a comprehensive understanding of clinical manifestations empowers the audience with crucial knowledge for early recognition and intervention. Join us in decoding the complexities of Leishmania Tropical Complex, advancing our collective efforts towards effective prevention and treatment strategies.