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Hydrogen roadmap and industrial
development in France
Stéfan Le Dû | Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition
24th
June 2019 | French-Japanese Seminar for Hydrogen Mobility | Tokyo
National roadmap for hydrogen
Energy & Climate targets in France
 Greenhouse gases reduction targets
→ -40% between 1990 and 2030
→ Carbon neutrality by 2050
 Reduction targets for consumption, fossil and nuclear
→ Final energy consumption: -7% (2023) and -14% (2028) (vs. 2012)
→ Fossil fuels: -20% by 2023, -35% by 2028 (vs. 2012)
→ Dicrease nuclear power to 50% by 2035 (closure of 14 reactors)
 Development targets for renewable energy
→ Renewable heat: +25% (2023) and +50% (2028) (vs. 2016)
→ Renewable electricity capacity: +50% (2023), +100% (2028) (vs. 2017)
 Economic development
→ Creation of 246000 jobs (2023), 413000 (2028)
Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
Icons: Energy collection by Becris from the Noun Project
Hydrogen roadmap of France
Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
June 2018: National roadmap for hydrogen
→ Essential to reaching carbon neutrality
→ H2 to be produced from clean sources
→ H2 to be used to store intermittent energy
#1 Creation of an industrial ecosystem for
decarbonized hydrogen
#2 Development of zero-emission
solutions
for transport
#3 Development of hydrogen storage for
renewables
Illustration: AFHYPAC
#1 Creation of an industrial ecosystem
for decarbonized hydrogen
 Aim: Sustitution of fossil H2 by H2
produced through electrolysis
 Challenges: price, logistics
 Targets:
→ 2023: 10% of low-carbon H2 in the industry
→ 2028: 20% to 40% of low-carbon H2 in the
industry
 Measures:
→ Investment aid allocated through a call for
projects
→ Taking into account the production source of
hydrogen in greenhouse gas emissions
regulations
→ Creation of a traceability system for
hydrogen by 2020 (guarantees of origin)
Illustration: AFHYPAC
#2 Development of zero-emission solutions for transport
 Captive fleets and heavy vehicles are key for
the business models of charging stations
 Challenges: distribution infrastructure, heavy
vehicles
 Targets:
Measures:
→ Regulatory framework for hydrogen stations (2019)
→ Investment aid for captive professional fleets
→ Support to research for hydrogen heavy vehicles
Light
vehicles
Heavy
vehicles
Charging
stations
2023 5000 200 100
2028 20000-50000 800-2000 400-1000
#3 Development of hydrogen storage for renewables
 Flexibility for power grids and decarbonation
of gas grids
 Challenges: long term needs, technical and
economic conditions, security
 Examples of actions:
→ Determining the conditions for hydrogen feed-in into
the gas grids
→ Scaling-up power-to-gas demonstrators
→ Pilot projects in French Overseas regions providing
flexibility to the power grid
Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
Industrial development
France’s industry is well positioned, particularly in the
market for equipment, materials and components
Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
French companies well represented in the Hydrogen Council
Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
600 hydrogen taxis in Paris by 2020
Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
Alstom’s Coradia iLINT: the hydrogen train
Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
Energy Observer: the hydrogen boat and French
Ambassador for the Agenda 2030 SDGs
Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
linkedin.com/in/stefanledu | stefan.le-du@dgtresor.gouv.fr
Follow us on Twitter: @FRTreasuryJapan

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Hydrogen roadmap and industrial development in France

  • 1. Hydrogen roadmap and industrial development in France Stéfan Le Dû | Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition 24th June 2019 | French-Japanese Seminar for Hydrogen Mobility | Tokyo
  • 3. Energy & Climate targets in France  Greenhouse gases reduction targets → -40% between 1990 and 2030 → Carbon neutrality by 2050  Reduction targets for consumption, fossil and nuclear → Final energy consumption: -7% (2023) and -14% (2028) (vs. 2012) → Fossil fuels: -20% by 2023, -35% by 2028 (vs. 2012) → Dicrease nuclear power to 50% by 2035 (closure of 14 reactors)  Development targets for renewable energy → Renewable heat: +25% (2023) and +50% (2028) (vs. 2016) → Renewable electricity capacity: +50% (2023), +100% (2028) (vs. 2017)  Economic development → Creation of 246000 jobs (2023), 413000 (2028) Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan Icons: Energy collection by Becris from the Noun Project
  • 4. Hydrogen roadmap of France Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan June 2018: National roadmap for hydrogen → Essential to reaching carbon neutrality → H2 to be produced from clean sources → H2 to be used to store intermittent energy #1 Creation of an industrial ecosystem for decarbonized hydrogen #2 Development of zero-emission solutions for transport #3 Development of hydrogen storage for renewables Illustration: AFHYPAC
  • 5. #1 Creation of an industrial ecosystem for decarbonized hydrogen  Aim: Sustitution of fossil H2 by H2 produced through electrolysis  Challenges: price, logistics  Targets: → 2023: 10% of low-carbon H2 in the industry → 2028: 20% to 40% of low-carbon H2 in the industry  Measures: → Investment aid allocated through a call for projects → Taking into account the production source of hydrogen in greenhouse gas emissions regulations → Creation of a traceability system for hydrogen by 2020 (guarantees of origin) Illustration: AFHYPAC
  • 6. #2 Development of zero-emission solutions for transport  Captive fleets and heavy vehicles are key for the business models of charging stations  Challenges: distribution infrastructure, heavy vehicles  Targets: Measures: → Regulatory framework for hydrogen stations (2019) → Investment aid for captive professional fleets → Support to research for hydrogen heavy vehicles Light vehicles Heavy vehicles Charging stations 2023 5000 200 100 2028 20000-50000 800-2000 400-1000
  • 7. #3 Development of hydrogen storage for renewables  Flexibility for power grids and decarbonation of gas grids  Challenges: long term needs, technical and economic conditions, security  Examples of actions: → Determining the conditions for hydrogen feed-in into the gas grids → Scaling-up power-to-gas demonstrators → Pilot projects in French Overseas regions providing flexibility to the power grid Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
  • 9. France’s industry is well positioned, particularly in the market for equipment, materials and components Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
  • 10. French companies well represented in the Hydrogen Council Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
  • 11. 600 hydrogen taxis in Paris by 2020 Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
  • 12. Alstom’s Coradia iLINT: the hydrogen train Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan
  • 13. Energy Observer: the hydrogen boat and French Ambassador for the Agenda 2030 SDGs Ministry of Ecological and Solidary Transition | Ministry of Economy and Finance | Embassy of France in Japan

Notes de l'éditeur

  1. 2016: Call for projects « Hydrogen territories » → 39 cities or regions labeled by the State → 12 projects financed by State + EU + local governments
  2. The Parisian fleet of hydrogen taxis « HYPE » was launched at COP21 Already 100 taxis in operation In February 2019, Air Liquide, Idex and Toyota announced a partnership to reach 600 taxis by 2020
  3. Adapted to railways that are not electrified, as a susbitution to diesel trains Already operating in Germany
  4. Will be in Japan next year Sponsored by French companies (including ENGIE), and Toyota