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Kate Raworth - Can we create a safe and just space for humanity?

Slides from the STEPS Centre seminar of Kate Raworth, Senior Research at Oxfam. 10 October 2012.

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Kate Raworth - Can we create a safe and just space for humanity?

  1. 1. Can we create a safe and just space for humanity ?Kate Raworth, Senior Researcher, Oxfam STEPS Centre IDS 10 October 2012
  2. 2. The Long View on commodity prices
  3. 3. The Long View on commodity prices
  4. 4. The Really Long View on well-being
  5. 5. Nine planetary boundaries Source: Rockström et al 2009
  6. 6. Understanding the human body France, 14th century
  7. 7. Understanding the human body Understanding Planet Earth France, 14th century Everywhere, 21st century
  8. 8. Transgressing planetary boundaries Source: Oxfam based on Rockström et al 2009
  9. 9. Resource stress Resource scarcity
  10. 10. Resource stress Resource scarcity What outlook for people living in poverty? Land grabs Food price crises Water scarcity Energy poverty
  11. 11. A safe operating space for humanity
  12. 12. A safe and just space for humanity
  13. 13. Doughnut dynamics
  14. 14. Doughnut dynamics
  15. 15. Doughnut dynamics
  16. 16. A safe and just space for humanity
  17. 17. Falling far below the social foundation
  18. 18. Ending poverty: no pressure on the planet End income poverty for all: 0.2% of global income End hunger for all: 3% of global food supply Electricity for all: 1% of global CO2 emissions
  19. 19. Who’s putting pressure on the planet ?50% of CO2 emissions 33% of nitrogen ‘budget’produced by 11% of people used to produce meat for the EU
  20. 20. A safe and just space for humanity
  21. 21. Green and inclusive growth
  22. 22. The promise of economic growth
  23. 23. The reality of economic growth to date
  24. 24. Inclusive and sustainable economic development Time to reengineer economic development High income countries Emerging Low income economies countries
  25. 25. Sustainable development goals
  26. 26. Towards Sustainable Development GoalsOne set of global goals• Environment & development• Targets for every country• Common but differentiated responsibilitiesTargets focused on:• Ending social deprivations• Respecting resource thresholds• Ensuring social equity• Raising resource efficiency
  27. 27. Join the doughnut debate…www.oxfamblogs.org/doughnut @KateRaworth
  28. 28. Planetary boundaries:a safety zone for planetary thresholds
  29. 29. Developed countries in the G20: CO2 vs. GDP Growth 150% CHN 130% IND 110% Zone 1: IDN No decoupling KOR 90% TUR BRA Zone 2: 70% Relative decoupling ARG -2 7 0 50% 9 1 m b u d p n o a c s2e r AUS ) t ( i 30% CAN ZAF USA JPN 10% MEX ITAOwGCnhorti GBR -50% 0% 50% 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% 350% 400% -10% FRA DEU -30% Zone 3: RUS Absolute decoupling -50% Growth in GDP, 1991-2007
  30. 30. BRICSAMs in the G20: CO2 vs. GDP Growth 150% CHN 130% IND 110% Zone 1: IDN No decoupling KOR 90% TUR BRA Zone 2: 70% Relative decoupling ARG -2 7 0 50% 9 1 m b u d p n o a c s2e r AUS ) t ( i 30% CAN ZAF USA JPN 10% MEX ITAOwGCnhorti GBR -50% 0% 50% 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% 350% 400% -10% FRA DEU -30% Zone 3: RUS Absolute decoupling -50% Growth in GDP, 1991-2007
  31. 31. The pressures for economic growthJobs, incomes, public goods Repay public and private debts Tolerance and redistribution No growth = stagnation ?
  32. 32. Can your country get into the doughnut?How has the social foundation progressedin the last 20 years?What are the greatest social inequalities?How has pressure on naturalresources changed over these 20 years?What and who is causing that stress?Where is the current economic pathway heading?What policies and practices could bring this nationbetween its social and planetary boundaries?

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