SlideShare une entreprise Scribd logo
1  sur  17
Aditya Silver Oak Institute Of Technology
“Smart Grid Components Control Elements & Smart
Grid Technology”
Smart Grid (3170922)
Submitted by
Name: Suraj Prakash
Semester: 7th
Branch: Electrical
Submitted To:
Prof. Ustav Yagnik
(Electrical Department)
Assignment-1
C
O
N
T
E
N
T Reference
Technologies of Smart Grid
Components Of Smart Grid
Components Of Smart Grid
For the generation level of the power system, smart enhancements will extend from the
technologies used to improve the stability and reliability of the generation to intelligent
controls and the generation mix consisting of renewable resources.
Components of Smart Grid are:
1. Monitoring and Control Technology Component
2. Transmission Subsystem Component
3. Smart Devices Interface Component
4. Intelligent Grid Distribution Subsystem Component
5. Storage Component
6. Demand Side Management Component
Monitoring and Control Technology Component
• In a conventional power system, electricity is distributed from the power plants through the
transmission and distribution networks to final consumers. Transmission and distribution
networks are designed to deliver the electricity at the consumer side at a predefined voltage
level. Photovoltaic power generation is in general connected at the distribution level of the
power system.
• For this reason, it is possible for the power produced by the PV to cause a 'counter' power
flow from the consumer side to be delivered to other consumers through the distribution
network.
• This phenomenon may present two challenges: an increase of the voltage in areas with high
PV production; and voltage fluctuation throughout the system due to the intermittency
characteristics of the PV production.
• Intelligent transmission systems include a smart intelligent network, self-monitoring and
self-healing, and the adaptability and predictability of generation and demand robust
enough to handle congestion, instability, and reliability issues.
Fig: Distribution and automation system for electric power companies
• This new resilient grid has to
resist shock (durability and
reliability), and be reliable to
provide real-time changes in its
use. Taking these issues into
consideration, voltage control
systems that incorporate
optimal power flow
computation software are
developed.
• These systems have been
designed to rapidly analyze
power flow to forecast the
voltage profile on the
distribution network, and, in
some cases, control voltage
regulation equipment to ensure
the appropriate voltage.
Transmission Subsystem Component
• The transmission system that interconnects all major substation and load centers is
the backbone of an integrated power system. Transmission lines must endure
dynamic changes in load and emergency without service interruptions. Strategies to
achieve smart grid performance at the transmission level include the design of
analytical tools and advanced technology with intelligence for performance analysis
such as dynamic optimal power flow, robust state estimation, real-time stability
assessment, and reliability and market simulation tools.
• Real–time monitoring based on PMU, state estimators sensors, and communication
technologies are the transmission subsystem’s intelligent enabling tools for
developing smart transmission functionality.
Smart Devices Interface Component
• Smart devices for monitoring and control form part of the generation components’ real time
information processes. These resources need to be seamlessly integrated in the operation of both
centrally distributed and district energy systems.
• Apart from a physical model of a smart device, there is also a need for a logical model for a
smart device. Such a model must outline what a smart device offers to a smart space with regards
to the services it can provide to the environment.
• The model must also outline interactions between smart devices, changes in the state of smart
device operation, and smart services within a smart space. There are various models present
today that have similar approaches to modeling device.
• Two such models would include Home Plug and Play (HPnP), which is slightly out of date but
still applicable, and the newer Universal Plug and Play (UPnP), which is an open standards body.
These two standards bodies have modeled devices by the services that they offer and have also
developed interaction models for device communication.
• Another emerging standard for defining services in an abstract way is with the use of the Web
Services Definition Language (WSDL). Along with describing services a smart device can
provide, there must also be a way of representing changes in states of smart devices and how de-
vices react to these changes within a smart environment.
Intelligent Grid Distribution Subsystem Component
• The distribution system is the final stage in the transmission of power to end users. At the
distribution level, intelligent support schemes will have monitoring capabilities for
automation using smart meters, communication links between consumers and utility
control, energy management components, and AMI.
• The automation function will be equipped with self - learning capability, including
modules for fault detection, voltage optimization and load transfer, automatic billing,
restoration and feeder reconfiguration, and real–time pricing. Electric companies are
accelerating efforts to develop an advanced meter infrastructure (AMI) to improve
customer services and reduce meter reading costs.
• An essential element in this AMI is the smart meter. A smart meter is a device that not only
measures the electricity consumption but is also able to communicate with a center.
Developing the communication network between the meter and the center present several
challenges, including costs and reliability.
• AMI technologies and systems need to be developed to ensure reliability and flexibility
in measuring and controlling electricity meters through next generation wireless mesh
networks. Wireless mesh networks provide a transmission method that links electric
meters to relay data by each meter through other meters, using a multi-hop network
scheme.
• This network is helpful reduce the time required to acquire data while at the same time
curtailing costs. While wireless mesh networks present cost benefits, some challenges
have to be overcome to ensure practical application. Simultaneous transfer of data
between meters at the same frequency can cause signal collision, preventing reliable
data collection.
Fig: Represents the
advanced metering
infrastructure those are
being used in present
days for electric power
companies.
Due to the unpredictability of renewable energy and the disjoint between peak
availability and peak consumption, it is important to find ways to store the generated
energy for later on use. Options for energy storage technologies include pumped
hydro, advance batteries, flow batteries, compressed air, super-conducting magnetic
energy storage, super-capacitors, and flywheels. Associated market mechanism for
handling renewable energy resources, distributed generation, environmental impact
and pollution has to be introduced in the design of smart grid component at the
generation level.
Storage Component
Demand Side Management Component
• Demand Side Management (DSM) and energy efficiency options developed for effective
means of modifying the customer demand to cut operating expenses from expensive
generators and suspend capacity addition. DSM options provide reduced emissions in fuel
production, lower costs, and contribute to reliability of generation.
• These options have an overall impact on the utility load curve. Electric power companies
are obligated to maintain constant frequency levels and the instantaneous balance between
demand and supply by adjusting output through the use of thermoelectric and pumped
storage generation. With the expected increase in photovoltaic power generation the supply
power may fluctuate considerably due to changes in the weather.
• Imbalance between demand and supply cause fluctuation in the system frequency, that
may, in turn, affect negatively user appliances and, in a worst case, lead to a power outage.
In order to resolve this issue, optimal demand-supply control technologies are re-quired to
develop to control not only conventional generators but also batteries and other storage
devices.
Fig: Demonstrates the advanced
demand and supply planning and
control system for electric power
companies and transmission
system operators.
Technologies of Smart Grid
Smart Grids is a new concept for electricity networks. The initiative responds to the rising
challenges and opportunities, bringing benefits to all users, stakeholders and companies that
perform efficiently and effectively. Smart Grid Technologies are already used in other
applications such as manufacturing and telecommunications and are being used in grid
operation.
Department of Energy (DOE) lists five fundamental technologies that will drive the Smart
Grid
• Integrated communications, connecting electronic components to get information and
control every part in real time, on the other hand, make every part of the Smart Grid both
‘listen’ and ‘talk’.
• Sensing and measurement technologies, to provide faster and more accurate response
information of each important part of Smart Grid, such as remote monitoring, real time
thermal rating, electromagnetic signature analysis, real-time pricing and demand-side
management.
• Advanced components, to apply the latest research in superconductivity, storage, power
electronics and diagnostics. they include: flexible alternating current transmission system
devices, high voltage direct current, first and second generation superconducting wire, high
temperature superconducting cable, distributed energy generation and storage devices,
composite conductors, and “intelligent” appliances.
• Advanced control methods, to monitor essential components, enabling rapid diagnosis and
precise solutions appropriate to any event. There are three categories for advanced control
methods: distributed intelligent agents, analytical tools, and operational application.
• Improved interfaces and decision support, information systems reduce the complexity of
Smart Grid to make both operator and manager use it more efficiently and easily, to amplify
human decision-making.
• https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280489414_
Smart_Grid
• https://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/cse574-10/ftp/grid/#4
Reference
Smart Grid Components Control Elements & Smart Grid Technology

Contenu connexe

Tendances

Grid integration issues and solutions
Grid integration issues and solutionsGrid integration issues and solutions
Grid integration issues and solutionsSwathi Venugopal
 
Wide Area Monitoring System WAMS & Applications
Wide Area Monitoring System WAMS & ApplicationsWide Area Monitoring System WAMS & Applications
Wide Area Monitoring System WAMS & ApplicationsPower System Operation
 
Decentralized Generation In Microgrids
Decentralized Generation In MicrogridsDecentralized Generation In Microgrids
Decentralized Generation In MicrogridsJuan C. Vasquez
 
Power qualty conditioners
Power qualty conditionersPower qualty conditioners
Power qualty conditionersSudhanshu Goel
 
Solar Power Based Micro Grid Systems.pptx
Solar Power Based Micro Grid Systems.pptxSolar Power Based Micro Grid Systems.pptx
Solar Power Based Micro Grid Systems.pptxNiuru Ranaweera
 
smart Grid
smart Gridsmart Grid
smart Gridmkanth
 
Policies for smart grid
Policies for smart gridPolicies for smart grid
Policies for smart gridAshfaq khan
 
Smart Grid : A state of art
Smart Grid : A state of artSmart Grid : A state of art
Smart Grid : A state of artJitendra kapoor
 
Power system interconnection presentation
Power system interconnection presentationPower system interconnection presentation
Power system interconnection presentationAneeque Qaiser
 
Ppt power grid design
Ppt power grid designPpt power grid design
Ppt power grid designsusanta das
 
Web based power quality monitoring system
Web based power quality monitoring systemWeb based power quality monitoring system
Web based power quality monitoring systemVikram Purohit
 
concept of resilience and self healing in smart grid
concept of resilience and self healing in smart gridconcept of resilience and self healing in smart grid
concept of resilience and self healing in smart gridKundan Kumar
 
Microgrid Energy Management System
Microgrid Energy Management System Microgrid Energy Management System
Microgrid Energy Management System DigamberKumar2
 

Tendances (20)

Storage In Smart Grids
Storage In Smart GridsStorage In Smart Grids
Storage In Smart Grids
 
Grid integration issues and solutions
Grid integration issues and solutionsGrid integration issues and solutions
Grid integration issues and solutions
 
Wide Area Monitoring System WAMS & Applications
Wide Area Monitoring System WAMS & ApplicationsWide Area Monitoring System WAMS & Applications
Wide Area Monitoring System WAMS & Applications
 
Decentralized Generation In Microgrids
Decentralized Generation In MicrogridsDecentralized Generation In Microgrids
Decentralized Generation In Microgrids
 
Smart Grid
Smart GridSmart Grid
Smart Grid
 
Smart grid
Smart gridSmart grid
Smart grid
 
Power qualty conditioners
Power qualty conditionersPower qualty conditioners
Power qualty conditioners
 
Solar Power Based Micro Grid Systems.pptx
Solar Power Based Micro Grid Systems.pptxSolar Power Based Micro Grid Systems.pptx
Solar Power Based Micro Grid Systems.pptx
 
Technical seminar
Technical seminarTechnical seminar
Technical seminar
 
Restructuring
RestructuringRestructuring
Restructuring
 
smart Grid
smart Gridsmart Grid
smart Grid
 
Policies for smart grid
Policies for smart gridPolicies for smart grid
Policies for smart grid
 
Smart Grid : A state of art
Smart Grid : A state of artSmart Grid : A state of art
Smart Grid : A state of art
 
Power system interconnection presentation
Power system interconnection presentationPower system interconnection presentation
Power system interconnection presentation
 
Ppt power grid design
Ppt power grid designPpt power grid design
Ppt power grid design
 
Web based power quality monitoring system
Web based power quality monitoring systemWeb based power quality monitoring system
Web based power quality monitoring system
 
concept of resilience and self healing in smart grid
concept of resilience and self healing in smart gridconcept of resilience and self healing in smart grid
concept of resilience and self healing in smart grid
 
Tcsc ppt
Tcsc pptTcsc ppt
Tcsc ppt
 
Microgrid Energy Management System
Microgrid Energy Management System Microgrid Energy Management System
Microgrid Energy Management System
 
Smart grid
Smart gridSmart grid
Smart grid
 

Similaire à Smart Grid Components Control Elements & Smart Grid Technology

Advancement in Smart grid by Embedding a Last meter in a Internet of Things P...
Advancement in Smart grid by Embedding a Last meter in a Internet of Things P...Advancement in Smart grid by Embedding a Last meter in a Internet of Things P...
Advancement in Smart grid by Embedding a Last meter in a Internet of Things P...IRJET Journal
 
The Greener Grid
The Greener GridThe Greener Grid
The Greener GridV Rajesh
 
Automatic Meter Reading using PLC
Automatic Meter Reading using PLCAutomatic Meter Reading using PLC
Automatic Meter Reading using PLCIRJET Journal
 
Smart grid control
Smart grid controlSmart grid control
Smart grid controlyhckelvin
 
Intelligent electrical system
Intelligent electrical systemIntelligent electrical system
Intelligent electrical systemmuddulakshmi
 
MODERN SMART GRIDS AND LEVERAGING SMART METER DATA.pptx
MODERN SMART GRIDS AND LEVERAGING SMART METER DATA.pptxMODERN SMART GRIDS AND LEVERAGING SMART METER DATA.pptx
MODERN SMART GRIDS AND LEVERAGING SMART METER DATA.pptxJasmeet939104
 
Smart Grid Components.pptx
Smart Grid Components.pptxSmart Grid Components.pptx
Smart Grid Components.pptxGeeK21
 
Smart grid technologies after midsem slides
Smart grid technologies after midsem slidesSmart grid technologies after midsem slides
Smart grid technologies after midsem slidesIIIT Bhubaneswar
 
Smart Grid Future Of Electrical System
Smart Grid Future Of Electrical SystemSmart Grid Future Of Electrical System
Smart Grid Future Of Electrical SystemVIJENDRAMEENA5
 
Smart grid govind bhagwatikar
Smart grid govind bhagwatikarSmart grid govind bhagwatikar
Smart grid govind bhagwatikarBhagwatikar
 
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid (1).pptx
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid (1).pptxThe Role of Automation in Smart Grid (1).pptx
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid (1).pptx19TUEE021DeepanrajMo
 
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid.pptx
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid.pptxThe Role of Automation in Smart Grid.pptx
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid.pptx19TUEE021DeepanrajMo
 
Smart grid technology
Smart grid technologySmart grid technology
Smart grid technologySmarak Suman
 

Similaire à Smart Grid Components Control Elements & Smart Grid Technology (20)

Advancement in Smart grid by Embedding a Last meter in a Internet of Things P...
Advancement in Smart grid by Embedding a Last meter in a Internet of Things P...Advancement in Smart grid by Embedding a Last meter in a Internet of Things P...
Advancement in Smart grid by Embedding a Last meter in a Internet of Things P...
 
Smart grid'
Smart grid'Smart grid'
Smart grid'
 
Smart grid management an overview
Smart grid management an overviewSmart grid management an overview
Smart grid management an overview
 
The Greener Grid
The Greener GridThe Greener Grid
The Greener Grid
 
Automatic Meter Reading using PLC
Automatic Meter Reading using PLCAutomatic Meter Reading using PLC
Automatic Meter Reading using PLC
 
Smart grid control
Smart grid controlSmart grid control
Smart grid control
 
Smart Grid
Smart GridSmart Grid
Smart Grid
 
Applicability of Smart Metering Technology in Sri Lanka
Applicability of Smart Metering Technology in Sri LankaApplicability of Smart Metering Technology in Sri Lanka
Applicability of Smart Metering Technology in Sri Lanka
 
Intelligent electrical system
Intelligent electrical systemIntelligent electrical system
Intelligent electrical system
 
MODERN SMART GRIDS AND LEVERAGING SMART METER DATA.pptx
MODERN SMART GRIDS AND LEVERAGING SMART METER DATA.pptxMODERN SMART GRIDS AND LEVERAGING SMART METER DATA.pptx
MODERN SMART GRIDS AND LEVERAGING SMART METER DATA.pptx
 
Smart Grid Components.pptx
Smart Grid Components.pptxSmart Grid Components.pptx
Smart Grid Components.pptx
 
Smart grid technologies after midsem slides
Smart grid technologies after midsem slidesSmart grid technologies after midsem slides
Smart grid technologies after midsem slides
 
Smart Grid Future Of Electrical System
Smart Grid Future Of Electrical SystemSmart Grid Future Of Electrical System
Smart Grid Future Of Electrical System
 
SMART GRID.pptx
SMART GRID.pptxSMART GRID.pptx
SMART GRID.pptx
 
Smart grid govind bhagwatikar
Smart grid govind bhagwatikarSmart grid govind bhagwatikar
Smart grid govind bhagwatikar
 
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid (1).pptx
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid (1).pptxThe Role of Automation in Smart Grid (1).pptx
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid (1).pptx
 
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid.pptx
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid.pptxThe Role of Automation in Smart Grid.pptx
The Role of Automation in Smart Grid.pptx
 
Smart grid technology
Smart grid technologySmart grid technology
Smart grid technology
 
ASHUTOSH BHATT DT19EEJ008 RPC JUNE22.ppt
ASHUTOSH BHATT DT19EEJ008 RPC JUNE22.pptASHUTOSH BHATT DT19EEJ008 RPC JUNE22.ppt
ASHUTOSH BHATT DT19EEJ008 RPC JUNE22.ppt
 
SMG.pdf
SMG.pdfSMG.pdf
SMG.pdf
 

Dernier

Arduino_CSE ece ppt for working and principal of arduino.ppt
Arduino_CSE ece ppt for working and principal of arduino.pptArduino_CSE ece ppt for working and principal of arduino.ppt
Arduino_CSE ece ppt for working and principal of arduino.pptSAURABHKUMAR892774
 
Transport layer issues and challenges - Guide
Transport layer issues and challenges - GuideTransport layer issues and challenges - Guide
Transport layer issues and challenges - GuideGOPINATHS437943
 
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at ScaleCorrectly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at ScaleAlluxio, Inc.
 
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024Mark Billinghurst
 
Call Us ≽ 8377877756 ≼ Call Girls In Shastri Nagar (Delhi)
Call Us ≽ 8377877756 ≼ Call Girls In Shastri Nagar (Delhi)Call Us ≽ 8377877756 ≼ Call Girls In Shastri Nagar (Delhi)
Call Us ≽ 8377877756 ≼ Call Girls In Shastri Nagar (Delhi)dollysharma2066
 
complete construction, environmental and economics information of biomass com...
complete construction, environmental and economics information of biomass com...complete construction, environmental and economics information of biomass com...
complete construction, environmental and economics information of biomass com...asadnawaz62
 
Sachpazis Costas: Geotechnical Engineering: A student's Perspective Introduction
Sachpazis Costas: Geotechnical Engineering: A student's Perspective IntroductionSachpazis Costas: Geotechnical Engineering: A student's Perspective Introduction
Sachpazis Costas: Geotechnical Engineering: A student's Perspective IntroductionDr.Costas Sachpazis
 
Call Girls Delhi {Jodhpur} 9711199012 high profile service
Call Girls Delhi {Jodhpur} 9711199012 high profile serviceCall Girls Delhi {Jodhpur} 9711199012 high profile service
Call Girls Delhi {Jodhpur} 9711199012 high profile servicerehmti665
 
Solving The Right Triangles PowerPoint 2.ppt
Solving The Right Triangles PowerPoint 2.pptSolving The Right Triangles PowerPoint 2.ppt
Solving The Right Triangles PowerPoint 2.pptJasonTagapanGulla
 
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...121011101441
 
Earthing details of Electrical Substation
Earthing details of Electrical SubstationEarthing details of Electrical Substation
Earthing details of Electrical Substationstephanwindworld
 
Electronically Controlled suspensions system .pdf
Electronically Controlled suspensions system .pdfElectronically Controlled suspensions system .pdf
Electronically Controlled suspensions system .pdfme23b1001
 
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of ActionUS Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of ActionMebane Rash
 
Vishratwadi & Ghorpadi Bridge Tender documents
Vishratwadi & Ghorpadi Bridge Tender documentsVishratwadi & Ghorpadi Bridge Tender documents
Vishratwadi & Ghorpadi Bridge Tender documentsSachinPawar510423
 
Introduction to Machine Learning Unit-3 for II MECH
Introduction to Machine Learning Unit-3 for II MECHIntroduction to Machine Learning Unit-3 for II MECH
Introduction to Machine Learning Unit-3 for II MECHC Sai Kiran
 

Dernier (20)

Arduino_CSE ece ppt for working and principal of arduino.ppt
Arduino_CSE ece ppt for working and principal of arduino.pptArduino_CSE ece ppt for working and principal of arduino.ppt
Arduino_CSE ece ppt for working and principal of arduino.ppt
 
Transport layer issues and challenges - Guide
Transport layer issues and challenges - GuideTransport layer issues and challenges - Guide
Transport layer issues and challenges - Guide
 
Design and analysis of solar grass cutter.pdf
Design and analysis of solar grass cutter.pdfDesign and analysis of solar grass cutter.pdf
Design and analysis of solar grass cutter.pdf
 
Exploring_Network_Security_with_JA3_by_Rakesh Seal.pptx
Exploring_Network_Security_with_JA3_by_Rakesh Seal.pptxExploring_Network_Security_with_JA3_by_Rakesh Seal.pptx
Exploring_Network_Security_with_JA3_by_Rakesh Seal.pptx
 
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at ScaleCorrectly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
Correctly Loading Incremental Data at Scale
 
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
IVE Industry Focused Event - Defence Sector 2024
 
Call Us ≽ 8377877756 ≼ Call Girls In Shastri Nagar (Delhi)
Call Us ≽ 8377877756 ≼ Call Girls In Shastri Nagar (Delhi)Call Us ≽ 8377877756 ≼ Call Girls In Shastri Nagar (Delhi)
Call Us ≽ 8377877756 ≼ Call Girls In Shastri Nagar (Delhi)
 
complete construction, environmental and economics information of biomass com...
complete construction, environmental and economics information of biomass com...complete construction, environmental and economics information of biomass com...
complete construction, environmental and economics information of biomass com...
 
Sachpazis Costas: Geotechnical Engineering: A student's Perspective Introduction
Sachpazis Costas: Geotechnical Engineering: A student's Perspective IntroductionSachpazis Costas: Geotechnical Engineering: A student's Perspective Introduction
Sachpazis Costas: Geotechnical Engineering: A student's Perspective Introduction
 
young call girls in Rajiv Chowk🔝 9953056974 🔝 Delhi escort Service
young call girls in Rajiv Chowk🔝 9953056974 🔝 Delhi escort Serviceyoung call girls in Rajiv Chowk🔝 9953056974 🔝 Delhi escort Service
young call girls in Rajiv Chowk🔝 9953056974 🔝 Delhi escort Service
 
Call Girls Delhi {Jodhpur} 9711199012 high profile service
Call Girls Delhi {Jodhpur} 9711199012 high profile serviceCall Girls Delhi {Jodhpur} 9711199012 high profile service
Call Girls Delhi {Jodhpur} 9711199012 high profile service
 
Solving The Right Triangles PowerPoint 2.ppt
Solving The Right Triangles PowerPoint 2.pptSolving The Right Triangles PowerPoint 2.ppt
Solving The Right Triangles PowerPoint 2.ppt
 
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
Instrumentation, measurement and control of bio process parameters ( Temperat...
 
Earthing details of Electrical Substation
Earthing details of Electrical SubstationEarthing details of Electrical Substation
Earthing details of Electrical Substation
 
Electronically Controlled suspensions system .pdf
Electronically Controlled suspensions system .pdfElectronically Controlled suspensions system .pdf
Electronically Controlled suspensions system .pdf
 
9953056974 Call Girls In South Ex, Escorts (Delhi) NCR.pdf
9953056974 Call Girls In South Ex, Escorts (Delhi) NCR.pdf9953056974 Call Girls In South Ex, Escorts (Delhi) NCR.pdf
9953056974 Call Girls In South Ex, Escorts (Delhi) NCR.pdf
 
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of ActionUS Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
US Department of Education FAFSA Week of Action
 
Vishratwadi & Ghorpadi Bridge Tender documents
Vishratwadi & Ghorpadi Bridge Tender documentsVishratwadi & Ghorpadi Bridge Tender documents
Vishratwadi & Ghorpadi Bridge Tender documents
 
Introduction to Machine Learning Unit-3 for II MECH
Introduction to Machine Learning Unit-3 for II MECHIntroduction to Machine Learning Unit-3 for II MECH
Introduction to Machine Learning Unit-3 for II MECH
 
young call girls in Green Park🔝 9953056974 🔝 escort Service
young call girls in Green Park🔝 9953056974 🔝 escort Serviceyoung call girls in Green Park🔝 9953056974 🔝 escort Service
young call girls in Green Park🔝 9953056974 🔝 escort Service
 

Smart Grid Components Control Elements & Smart Grid Technology

  • 1. Aditya Silver Oak Institute Of Technology “Smart Grid Components Control Elements & Smart Grid Technology” Smart Grid (3170922) Submitted by Name: Suraj Prakash Semester: 7th Branch: Electrical Submitted To: Prof. Ustav Yagnik (Electrical Department) Assignment-1
  • 2. C O N T E N T Reference Technologies of Smart Grid Components Of Smart Grid
  • 3. Components Of Smart Grid For the generation level of the power system, smart enhancements will extend from the technologies used to improve the stability and reliability of the generation to intelligent controls and the generation mix consisting of renewable resources. Components of Smart Grid are: 1. Monitoring and Control Technology Component 2. Transmission Subsystem Component 3. Smart Devices Interface Component 4. Intelligent Grid Distribution Subsystem Component 5. Storage Component 6. Demand Side Management Component
  • 4. Monitoring and Control Technology Component • In a conventional power system, electricity is distributed from the power plants through the transmission and distribution networks to final consumers. Transmission and distribution networks are designed to deliver the electricity at the consumer side at a predefined voltage level. Photovoltaic power generation is in general connected at the distribution level of the power system. • For this reason, it is possible for the power produced by the PV to cause a 'counter' power flow from the consumer side to be delivered to other consumers through the distribution network. • This phenomenon may present two challenges: an increase of the voltage in areas with high PV production; and voltage fluctuation throughout the system due to the intermittency characteristics of the PV production. • Intelligent transmission systems include a smart intelligent network, self-monitoring and self-healing, and the adaptability and predictability of generation and demand robust enough to handle congestion, instability, and reliability issues.
  • 5. Fig: Distribution and automation system for electric power companies • This new resilient grid has to resist shock (durability and reliability), and be reliable to provide real-time changes in its use. Taking these issues into consideration, voltage control systems that incorporate optimal power flow computation software are developed. • These systems have been designed to rapidly analyze power flow to forecast the voltage profile on the distribution network, and, in some cases, control voltage regulation equipment to ensure the appropriate voltage.
  • 6. Transmission Subsystem Component • The transmission system that interconnects all major substation and load centers is the backbone of an integrated power system. Transmission lines must endure dynamic changes in load and emergency without service interruptions. Strategies to achieve smart grid performance at the transmission level include the design of analytical tools and advanced technology with intelligence for performance analysis such as dynamic optimal power flow, robust state estimation, real-time stability assessment, and reliability and market simulation tools. • Real–time monitoring based on PMU, state estimators sensors, and communication technologies are the transmission subsystem’s intelligent enabling tools for developing smart transmission functionality.
  • 7. Smart Devices Interface Component • Smart devices for monitoring and control form part of the generation components’ real time information processes. These resources need to be seamlessly integrated in the operation of both centrally distributed and district energy systems. • Apart from a physical model of a smart device, there is also a need for a logical model for a smart device. Such a model must outline what a smart device offers to a smart space with regards to the services it can provide to the environment. • The model must also outline interactions between smart devices, changes in the state of smart device operation, and smart services within a smart space. There are various models present today that have similar approaches to modeling device. • Two such models would include Home Plug and Play (HPnP), which is slightly out of date but still applicable, and the newer Universal Plug and Play (UPnP), which is an open standards body. These two standards bodies have modeled devices by the services that they offer and have also developed interaction models for device communication. • Another emerging standard for defining services in an abstract way is with the use of the Web Services Definition Language (WSDL). Along with describing services a smart device can provide, there must also be a way of representing changes in states of smart devices and how de- vices react to these changes within a smart environment.
  • 8. Intelligent Grid Distribution Subsystem Component • The distribution system is the final stage in the transmission of power to end users. At the distribution level, intelligent support schemes will have monitoring capabilities for automation using smart meters, communication links between consumers and utility control, energy management components, and AMI. • The automation function will be equipped with self - learning capability, including modules for fault detection, voltage optimization and load transfer, automatic billing, restoration and feeder reconfiguration, and real–time pricing. Electric companies are accelerating efforts to develop an advanced meter infrastructure (AMI) to improve customer services and reduce meter reading costs. • An essential element in this AMI is the smart meter. A smart meter is a device that not only measures the electricity consumption but is also able to communicate with a center. Developing the communication network between the meter and the center present several challenges, including costs and reliability.
  • 9. • AMI technologies and systems need to be developed to ensure reliability and flexibility in measuring and controlling electricity meters through next generation wireless mesh networks. Wireless mesh networks provide a transmission method that links electric meters to relay data by each meter through other meters, using a multi-hop network scheme. • This network is helpful reduce the time required to acquire data while at the same time curtailing costs. While wireless mesh networks present cost benefits, some challenges have to be overcome to ensure practical application. Simultaneous transfer of data between meters at the same frequency can cause signal collision, preventing reliable data collection.
  • 10. Fig: Represents the advanced metering infrastructure those are being used in present days for electric power companies.
  • 11. Due to the unpredictability of renewable energy and the disjoint between peak availability and peak consumption, it is important to find ways to store the generated energy for later on use. Options for energy storage technologies include pumped hydro, advance batteries, flow batteries, compressed air, super-conducting magnetic energy storage, super-capacitors, and flywheels. Associated market mechanism for handling renewable energy resources, distributed generation, environmental impact and pollution has to be introduced in the design of smart grid component at the generation level. Storage Component
  • 12. Demand Side Management Component • Demand Side Management (DSM) and energy efficiency options developed for effective means of modifying the customer demand to cut operating expenses from expensive generators and suspend capacity addition. DSM options provide reduced emissions in fuel production, lower costs, and contribute to reliability of generation. • These options have an overall impact on the utility load curve. Electric power companies are obligated to maintain constant frequency levels and the instantaneous balance between demand and supply by adjusting output through the use of thermoelectric and pumped storage generation. With the expected increase in photovoltaic power generation the supply power may fluctuate considerably due to changes in the weather. • Imbalance between demand and supply cause fluctuation in the system frequency, that may, in turn, affect negatively user appliances and, in a worst case, lead to a power outage. In order to resolve this issue, optimal demand-supply control technologies are re-quired to develop to control not only conventional generators but also batteries and other storage devices.
  • 13. Fig: Demonstrates the advanced demand and supply planning and control system for electric power companies and transmission system operators.
  • 14. Technologies of Smart Grid Smart Grids is a new concept for electricity networks. The initiative responds to the rising challenges and opportunities, bringing benefits to all users, stakeholders and companies that perform efficiently and effectively. Smart Grid Technologies are already used in other applications such as manufacturing and telecommunications and are being used in grid operation. Department of Energy (DOE) lists five fundamental technologies that will drive the Smart Grid • Integrated communications, connecting electronic components to get information and control every part in real time, on the other hand, make every part of the Smart Grid both ‘listen’ and ‘talk’.
  • 15. • Sensing and measurement technologies, to provide faster and more accurate response information of each important part of Smart Grid, such as remote monitoring, real time thermal rating, electromagnetic signature analysis, real-time pricing and demand-side management. • Advanced components, to apply the latest research in superconductivity, storage, power electronics and diagnostics. they include: flexible alternating current transmission system devices, high voltage direct current, first and second generation superconducting wire, high temperature superconducting cable, distributed energy generation and storage devices, composite conductors, and “intelligent” appliances. • Advanced control methods, to monitor essential components, enabling rapid diagnosis and precise solutions appropriate to any event. There are three categories for advanced control methods: distributed intelligent agents, analytical tools, and operational application. • Improved interfaces and decision support, information systems reduce the complexity of Smart Grid to make both operator and manager use it more efficiently and easily, to amplify human decision-making.