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Learning Bahasa Indonesia the Easy Way 2

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Learning Bahasa Indonesia the Easy Way 2

  1. 1. Learning Bahasa Indonesia the Easy Way! SRI SUWANTI CONTACT ME : 08222 022 7298 Interested in learning Bahasa Indonesia (or Indonesian language) yet you have no clue of where you should start? Considering learning Indonesian language in the near future yet the idea of having to learn a new language scares you off? You might also have many questions lingering on your mind, making you even more hesitant to learn Bahasa Indonesia. “Why should I learn bahasa?” and “Is learning Bahasa Indonesia really worth it?” are only few of the questions we hear from non-Indonesian speaking people who live in Indonesia. They happen to stay in Indonesia for some reasons, either it is because they have been hired to work in one of multi national companies in Indonesia, or because they are housewives and children who are following their husbands and fathers who are working in Indonesia, or even some seasonal tourists who like to visit Indonesia many times. It has long been known that there are NO many Indonesian people who can communicate in English well, including those who are supposed to be able to speak in English, such as shop assistants, office boys and girls, drivers, and others who have to interact with people around them most of the time. Most of these people have learned how to speak English during school and yet they don’t really know how to communicate with foreigners using the proper English language. So there is no other choice for the expatriates in Indonesia other than trying to learn bahasa. It is the only way for them to be able to communicate with the Indonesian people. There are many ways to learn Indonesian language, and you can choose whether it is the easy way or the not-so-easy way. Below are some words commonly used in daily conversation, which can be a good start for you who want to learn Indonesian language the easy way: Good morning Selamat pagi Good afternoon Selamat siang/sore Good evening Selamat malam How are you? Apa kabar? I’m just fine Saya baik-baik saja Good bye Selamat tinggal See you Sampai jumpa
  2. 2. Thank you Terima kasih You’re welcomeSama-sama/kembali Nice to see you Senang bertemu anda More Indonesian phrases Days of the week and numbers Monday Senin One Satu Eight Delapan Tuesday Selasa Two Dua Nine Sembilan WednesdayRabu Three Tiga Ten Sepuluh Thursday Kamis Four EmpatEleven Sebelas Friday Jumat Five Lima Twelve Dua belas Saturday Sabtu Six Enam ThirteenTiga belas Sunday Minggu Seven tujuh Twenty Dua puluh It has long been known that Indonesian language is one of the easiest languages in the world and you can even make a good sentence despite your limited knowledge of Indonesian grammar. As long as you know the KEY to arrange words into a sentence, you can make good sentences, and even a paragraph. It's just that simple. However it is the teacher's job to guide and direct the student so that the student can be later on his/her own to develop his/her Indonesian language skill by practicing his/her Indonesian language with the locals and eventually be able to speak Indonesian better and better. Practice makes perfect. And the more you practice your Indonesian language and do your teacher's assignment, the better your Indonesian language skill will be. These are the ground rules you must always remember when learning Bahasa Indonesia.
  3. 3. LESSON 1 Selamat : using in combination with other words to form many greetings Pagi : morning 06.00 – 10.00 hour Siang : day time 10.00-15.00 hour Sore : afternoon 15.00-18.00 hour Malam : evening / night 18-00 – 16:00 Selamat pagi : good morning Selamat siang : good day Selamat sore : good afternoon Selamat malam : good evening / night
  4. 4. Lesson 2 Halo : hallo (infomal greeting) Apa : what Kabar : news Apa kabar : what’s new? / what’s going on ? Terima : receive Kasih : love (generally not used to express romantic love) Terima kasih : thank you Selamat tinggal : good bye
  5. 5. Lesson 3 Ya : yes Tidak : no Mungkin : possibly / maybe Lain : other Kali : an occassion or moment in time Lain kali : another time Jangan : dont ( as in “don’t do that” ) Bukan :not a ( as in “ this is not a .... )
  6. 6. Lesson 4 Saya : i, me, mine (formal) Aku : i, (informal) ...ku : me (informal) Mau : want Ini : this Itu : that Perlu : need Boleh : may ( to be allowd / permitted to ... ) Minta : ask for (politely) Saya perlu ini : i need this Boleh saya minta itu : may i have that? Saya tidak mau itu : i dun want that Saya tidak mau itu : i dont want that Bisa : can / to be able to Anda : you (polite, formal) Kamu : you (informal) Uang : money
  7. 7. Lesson 5 Mengerti : to understand Bahasa : language Bahasa Belanda : the dutch language Bahasa Indonesia : the indonesian language Bahasa Inggris : The english language Anda : You Bicara : to speak Dapat : can to able to Saya tidak mengerti bahasa indonesia : i dont understand indonesian Dapat bicara bahasa inggris? : can you speak english Tolong : please Pelan-pelan : slowly Tolong bisa bicara pelan-pelan : could you please speak slowly?
  8. 8. Lesson 6 Dari : from Saya dari indonesia : i am from indonesia Orang : person Saya orang indonesia : i am Indonesian Orang hutan : orangutan/ forrest people Belanda : The Netherlands Amerika : American Jepang : Japan Perancis : France Jerman : Germany Italia : Italy Cina : China Spanyol : Spain
  9. 9. Lesson 7 food and drink Saya suka : i like Saya tidak suka : i dont like Enak : delicious Makan : to eat Makanan : food Minum : to drink Minuman : drink (noun) Air botol : bottled water Nasi goreng : fried rce Pedas : hot Manis : sweet Garpu : fork
  10. 10. Lesson 8 – dirrection and location Ma’af : sorry Permisi : excuse me Di : at Di sini : (at) here Di situ : (at) there Di mana : (At) where Ke : to / towards Ke sini : to here Ke sana : to there Dari mana : from where Hotel : hotel Restaurant : Restaurant Rumah sakit : Hospital Kantor polisi : police station
  11. 11. Lesson 9 people by titles / pronouns - 1 Mengerti : to understand : father, older man Bahasa : language Ibu /bu : mother, older woman Nona : miss, younger woman Nyonya : Mrs Tuan ; Sir / Mister (high class) Bapak : Father / older man Saudara : brother, also used to adress a man of our own age or status Saudari : Sister, also used to adress a woman of our own age or status Dia / ia : He or she Adik : Younger brother / sister Kakak : Older brother / sister Nenek : Grandmother Kakek : Grandfather
  12. 12. Lesson 10 Anda: you, your, yours (formal) Engkau : you, your, yours (in formal) not as commonly used Kamu : you, your, yours (in formal) not as commonly used Saya : I, me, mine (formal) Aku : I, me, mine (informal) Kalian : you all ( plural from you ) Mereka : they, them, theirs Kita : we, us, and ours (excludes the person being spoken to) Kita : we, us, and ours (includes the person being spoken to) Lesson 11 introducing yourself Nama : named Kenal : tobe acquinted with Senang : hapy, content
  13. 13. Dengan : with Juga : also / too Benar/betul : true / correct Baik : good /well Sangat: very Saya senang berkenalan dengan anda : i am happy to be acquinted with you Bahagia : happy (permanent) Sekali : very
  14. 14. Lesson 12 Kepada : to / towards a person Berkenalan : to introduce ( formal) Kenalkan : to introduce ( informal) Saya ingin kenalkan anda kepada dia : i want to introduce u to him Mari : let Mari saya kenalkan anda kepada .. : let me introduce you too.. Senang bertemu anda : happy to meet you Sampai bertemu lagi : see u later Sampai ketemu nanti : till we meet again Lesson 13 : Nomor : number Nol : zero Satu ; one Dua : two Tiga : three Empat : four Lima : five
  15. 15. Enam : six Tujuh : seven Delapan : eight Sembilan : nine Sepuluh : ten Belas : suffex to form teens ( as seventeen) Sebelas : eleven Lesson 14 Detik : second Menit : minute Jam : hour Jam berapa : what time is it Jam enam pagi : six a.m. Jam tujuh malam : seven p.m. (7 in the evening) Lewat/ lebih : used to express minutes past the hour Kurang : used to xpress minutes to the hour Sekarang : now
  16. 16. Kemaren : yeterday Besok : tomorrow Lusa : the day aftet tomorrow Lesson 15 : month and dates Januari/ februari : january / february Maret / april : March / april Mei / juni : may / June Juli agustus : July / August September/ oktober : September / Oktober November desember : November / Desember Tanggal : Date Bulan ; Month Tahun : Year
  17. 17. Lesson 16 : expressing love Aku suka kamu : i like you Aku sayang kamu : i love you ( note sayang donates care or dear) Bear-benar : really very Sangat: extremely Bahagia : happy ( as in a long term trait like happy personality) Buah hati : sweetheart Kasih sayang : love, affection Hari kasih sayang : valentin’s day Jatuh cinta ; fall in love Cinta monyet : puppy love Pacar : boyfriend or girlfrind Kekasih : darling
  18. 18. Lesson 17 ordering food 1 Rumah : house Restoran : restaurant Meja : table Untuk ; for (the receiver of something ) Tolong : please Tolong meja untuk dua orang : table for two please Daftar makanan : menu Pesan : to order Istimewa / spesial : special Yang : whic is (that is) Makanan apa yang istimea : what food is special? Tolong : please
  19. 19. Lesson 18 more food and the bill Ayam : chiken Ikan : fish Sapi : beef Babi : pork Bon : bill Boleh saya minta bon : may i have the bill Bungkus : wrap Sisa makanan : leftover from the meal Berapa? : how much ( or how many)? Berapa totalnya? : how much is the total ? Tolong tunggu sebentar : please wait a little bit Sate : satay (grilled meat on a steak) Sayur : vegetable
  20. 20. Lesson 19 more on drinks Putih : white Air putih : drinking water Kopi : caffee Gula : sugar Teh : tea Manis : sweet Pahit : bitter Teh manis : sweet tea Air jeruk : oranges juice Soda : soda Anggur : wine / grape Bir : beer Selamat minum : cheers or bottoms up
  21. 21. Lesson 20 days of the week Hari : day Minggu : week / Sunday Senin : Monday Selasa : Tuesday Rabu ; Wednesday Kamis : thursday Jumat : Friday Sabtu : Saturday Hari ini : today (this day) Kemaren : yesterday Besok : tomorrow Hari Ini hari apa : what day is today ? Lusa : the day after tomorrow
  22. 22. Lesson 21 Ratus : hundred Seratus : one hundred Ribu : thousand Seribu : one thousand Juta : million Sejuta : one million Lima ribu dua ratus : five thousand two hundred Tujuh ratus lima puluh ribu : seve hundred fifty thousand Dua ribu delapan : two thosand eight Uang : money
  23. 23. Lesson 22 emergency expessions Tolong : please help Bantu : to help Tolong bantu saya : please help me Panggil : to call Polisi : police Ambulan : ambulance Tolong panggil polisi : please call the police Sekarang ; now Panggil ambulan sekarang : call an ambulance now Ini darurat : this is an emergency Sakit : sick Dokter : doctor Saya perlu dokter : i need a doctor Kantor polisi : policy station Rumah sakit : hospital
  24. 24. Lesson 23 Copet : pickpocket Ada : there is / there are Tolong ada copet : help there pickpocket Pencuri : thief Awas : watch out Hati – hati : be careful Gangu : to disturb Jangan ganggusaya : dont disturb me Pegang : to touch api : fire kebakaran : a fire ( a burning) pemada kebakaran : firefigter
  25. 25. lesson 24 apa ini : what is this harga : price berapa harganya :what is the price? / how much is it mahal : expensive terlalu mahal : too expensive murah : cheap bisa (harganya ) dikurangi : can (the price) be reduced. Tertarik : interested Saya tidak tertarik : i amnot interested Baik , saya ambil : fine, i will take Toko : shop Jual , beli : to sell to buy Penjual , pembeli : seller , buyer
  26. 26. Less 25 ore on shopping Bayar : to pay Uang : money Uang kembalian : change (money you get back) Kartu kredit : credit card Kartu debit : debit card Anda uang kembalian : is there some change Anda terima kartu kredit :do u accept credit card Punya : to have Ukuran : size / measurement Baju : shirt Celana : trousers Lebih : more Besar / kecil : big / small (little) Lesson 26 : past present and future Belajar : to learn o to study
  27. 27. Pergi : to go Sudah : already Telah : already Akan : will Sedang : a word that indicates an action that is currently happening Belum : not yet Pernah : to have ever done something in the past Belum pernah : have never Selalu : always Masih : a word to indicate we are still in the middle of going something Akan selalu : will always
  28. 28. Lesson 27 store hours Buka : to open Tutup : to close Jam buka : openning hour Jam tutup : closing hours Toko : shop / small store Jam berapa anda buka :what time do u open? Datang : to come Sampai : until Biasanya : usually Bisa saya datang besok pagi : can i come tomorrow morning ? Kami buka dari jam ... sampai jam... : we open from ... until ...
  29. 29. Lesson 28 Saya tersesat : i am lost Pakai : to use or to weae Telepon : telephone Tinggal : to stay or live someplace Antar : to accompany or to escorst someone Penduduk : citizen Kedutaan : Embassy Konsul : Consulate Boleh saya pakai telepon anda? : may i use your telephone? Tolong antar saya ke rumah : please escort me to my house Pinjam : to borrow Kembali : to return ( something you have borrowed ) Nanti : later Boleh saya pinjam telepone : may i borrow your telephone Saya akan kembalikan telepon anda : i will return your telephone
  30. 30. Lesson 29 Bagaimana : how Belok : to turn Kiri : left Kanan : right Jalan : to walk or to travel Terus : continue on Berhenti : to stop Selama : as long as ( a period time) Kemudian : then ( as a next step) Raffic light ( red light ) Simpang empat : a crossroads ( 4 way intersection) Pertama : first Kedua : second Ketiga / sebelah : third / side ( as in on the left side) Lesson 30 describing people Baik : kind , nice , good
  31. 31. Jahat : bad ( as in someone with bad intentions) Cantik : beautiful Kurus : thin Gemuk : fat Big : besar Kecil : small Tinggi : tall Pendek : short Ramah : fiendly Kacamata : eye glasses Lesson 31 more describing people Wanita : woman Pria : man Rambut : hair Panjang: long Pendek : short
  32. 32. Muda :Young Tua : old Laki-laki : man Perempuan : woman Anak : child cerdas / pintar : smart clever bodoh : stupid lesson 32 pikir : to think rasa : to feel tahu : to know percaya : to believe bahwa : that (as in i believe that ) bagus : good or fine lucu : funny lebih ; more ( as in this is more.... than...) dai pada : than paling : the most
  33. 33. jauh : far dekat : near / close bersi : clean kotor : dirty lesson 33 : asking question bagaimana : how di mana : (at) where ke mana : (to) where apa : what kapan : when mengapa : why yang mana ; which one siapa : who whom lagi : again terjadi : happened kapan ini trejadi : when did it happen siapa kamu : who are you?
  34. 34. Lesson 33 conjunction Ayah : father Dan : and Atau : or Buku : book Buku yang ini : this book Jalan : to walk (ingeneral) Jalan-jalan : to takee a stroll Pantai : beach Walaupun : although Walaupun saya suka makanan indonesia, saya tidak suka makanan pedas : although i like indonesian food, i don’t like spicy food Kalau/ jika : if Setiap / setiap hari : every / every day
  35. 35. Lesson 35 Karena : because Saya : so that Tetapi/ tapi : but Pintar : smart /clever Keras : hard Lancar : fluent Saya belajar bahasa indonesia supaya saya bisa berbicara dengan lacar : i learn the indonesian language so that i can speak fluently Mary sangatcerdas karena dia belajar keras. Mary is very smart because she studies hard.

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