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Water scarcity

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Water scarcity

  1. 1. WATER SCARCITY By Abrar Ahmed
  2. 2. Water Scarcity • What is Water Scarcity • Causes of Water Scarcity • Effect of Water scarcity
  3. 3. WHAT IS WATER SCARCITY? • Simply put, water scarcity is either the lack of enough water (quantity) or lack of access to safe water (quality). • It currently affects around 2.8 billion people around the world, on all continents, at least one month out of every year and more than 1.2 billion people lack the access to clean drinking water.
  4. 4. World Water Scarcity • The world’s water resources are rapidly running dry creating a global crisis for every living being on the planet. • 1 billion - nearly 1/6th of the world’s population - are already facing water shortages on a daily basis.
  5. 5. Survey • The United Nations' FAO states that by 2025, 1.9 billion people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world population could be under stress conditions
  6. 6. . • 780 million people lack access to clean water. • Inadequate access to safe drinking water for about 884 million people. • In the 20th Century,Population grew 3 fold but Water demand grew to 6 folds!
  7. 7. India’s demand for water is growing at An alarming rate. Water Scarcity in India
  8. 8. India's water crisis is mainly a man-made problem.
  9. 9. Causes I. Demand and Usage  Domestic 30% of the rural population lack access to drinking water.  Agricultural 90% of total water resources used.  Industrial Water is both an important input.
  10. 10. II. Supply Surface Water Only 48% of rainfall ends up in India’s rivers. Only 18% can be used. Groundwater 82% goes to irrigation and agricultural purposes. Only 18% is divided between domestic and industrial.
  11. 11. III. Climate Change Climate change is exacerbating the depleting supply of water.
  12. 12. IV. Population India needs to keep boosting agricultural production in order to feed its growing population.
  13. 13. V. Pollution The polluted water then seeps into the groundwater and contaminates agricultural products when used for irrigation.
  14. 14. Effects
  15. 15. Effects • 1 out of every 4 deaths under the age of 5 worldwide is due to a water-related disease. • 80% of the Illness cause by unsafe water and Sanitation condition in world.
  16. 16. .• Every day in rural communities and poor urban centers throughout sub-Saharan Africa, hundreds of millions of people suffer from a lack of access to clean, safe water. • Women and girls especially bear the burden of walking miles at a time to gather water from streams and ponds - full of water-borne disease that is making them and their families sick.
  17. 17. Freshwater fish are going extinct at five times the rate of marine fish species
  18. 18. In the last 100 years 50% of the world’s wetlands have been lost to development
  19. 19. . India is facing a water crisis that has implications not only for its 1.1 billion people, but for the entire globe.
  20. 20. Water Conservation Tips for Indoors • Let your parents know about leaks in your house – Leaks are easily fixable and – save you water and money • Tell your parents about high-efficiency washers, faucets, and toilets • Run your dishwasher or washing machine only with full loads • Turn off the faucet when brushing or shaving • Take shorter showers
  21. 21. ThanQ 