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The evolution of cluster policies in Europe from 
regions to cluster organisations: the cluster trap 
Elisabet Juan Tresse...
Your partner in economic development 
The evolution of cluster policies in Europe from 
regions to cluster organisations: ...
2 
Main presentation ideas 
01 
The best cluster is 
not the strongest 
but the one with a 
higher capacity of 
adaptation...
3 
What makes a cluster 
successful?
Clusters are complex adaptative ecosystems 
4
Clusters are complex adaptative ecosystems 
5 
The success of a cluster 
does not depend on its 
agglomeration but in its ...
Clusters are complex adaptative ecosystems 
6 
The success of a cluster 
does not depend on its 
agglomeration but in its ...
7 
Different stages, different adaptation capacities 
GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) 
TIME 
BIRTH GROWTH MATURITY DECLINE 
S...
8 
Different stages, different adaptation capacities 
GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) 
TIME 
Maximum 
cluster 
sinergies 
BIR...
9 
GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) 
TIME 
Different stages, different adaptation capacities 
Poorer 
cluster 
performance 
BI...
10 
GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) 
NON CLUSTER 
COMPANIES 
TIME 
BIRTH GROWTH MATURITY DECLINE 
INDUSTRY 
Different stages,...
11 
GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) 
NON CLUSTER 
COMPANIES 
TIME 
BIRTH GROWTH MATURITY DECLINE 
INDUSTRY 
Different stages,...
12 
How do complex 
systems change?
13 
Change steps (Kotter) 
2 
3 
New 
references 
Sustain 
change
14 
Change steps (Kotter) 
2 
3 
New 
references 
Sustain 
change
15 
Change steps (Kotter) 
2 
3 
New 
references 
Sustain 
change
16 
Change steps (Kotter) 
2 
3 
New 
references 
Sustain 
change
17 
Change in a complex 
organisation does not 
happen casually and needs 
a vision , new leaders and a 
governance 
“ 
” ...
18 
Are cluster 
organisations the 
solution?
19 
Figures on cluster organisations 
66% of the funding is public. 
Membership accounts for 
25% and services for 9%. 
66...
20
21 
Clusters are already “organisation rich”, 
should we create… 
Another organisation?
22 
Clusters are already organisation rich, 
should we create… 
Another organisation? A framework for change?
23 
Clusters are already organisation rich, 
should we create… 
Another organisation? A framework for change? 
• Reinforce...
24 
What elements do we need to create it? 
Framework 
Plan 
Company strategy! 
Control
What is the role of the 
regional government? 
25
26 
Why regions started cluster policies and why is it important?
27 
Why regions started cluster policies and why is it important? 
Europe 
38% 
20-50%
28 
Why regions started cluster policies and why is it important? 
Europe 
38% 
20-50% 
It is not only 
about clusters, it...
29 
Why regions started cluster policies and why is it important? 
Competitiveness policies 
Cluster initiatives 
• Region...
30 
What are the 
take outs?
Plan Framework 
Company strategy! 
31 
Food for thought 
Control 
Frameworks make 
sense with a purpose 
and it is how the...
Plan Framework 
Company strategy! 
32 
Food for thought 
Cluster based policies 
are about prosperity 
and regions are an ...
Plan Framework 
Company strategy! 
33 
Food for thought 
Cluster based policies 
are about prosperity 
and regions are an ...
34 
Thank you 
Elisabet Juan Tresserra 
elisabet.juan@competitiveness.com
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TCI 2014 The evolution of cluster policies in Europe from regions to cluster organisations: the cluster trap

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By Elisabet Juan Tresserra, presented at the 17th TCI Global Conference, Monterrey 2014.

Publié dans : Économie & finance
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TCI 2014 The evolution of cluster policies in Europe from regions to cluster organisations: the cluster trap

  1. 1. The evolution of cluster policies in Europe from regions to cluster organisations: the cluster trap Elisabet Juan Tresserra Academic 3: The Evolution of Cluster: from the Competitive Advantage of Nations to the Cluster Initiatives Greenbook 2.0 12 November 2014
  2. 2. Your partner in economic development The evolution of cluster policies in Europe from regions to cluster organisations: the cluster trap TCI 2014 Monterrey
  3. 3. 2 Main presentation ideas 01 The best cluster is not the strongest but the one with a higher capacity of adaptation 02 Change requires new references and a vision 03 Organisations are often necessary to lead this change 04 But regions should recover a more active role
  4. 4. 3 What makes a cluster successful?
  5. 5. Clusters are complex adaptative ecosystems 4
  6. 6. Clusters are complex adaptative ecosystems 5 The success of a cluster does not depend on its agglomeration but in its knowledge, capacity of change and adaptation to new realities ” Based on Saxenian, Comission of European Communities, Sölvell, Giuliani “
  7. 7. Clusters are complex adaptative ecosystems 6 The success of a cluster does not depend on its agglomeration but in its knowledge, capacity of change and adaptation to new realities ” Based on Saxenian, Comission of European Communities, Sölvell, Giuliani “
  8. 8. 7 Different stages, different adaptation capacities GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) TIME BIRTH GROWTH MATURITY DECLINE Sölvell, Menzel and Fohrnal
  9. 9. 8 Different stages, different adaptation capacities GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) TIME Maximum cluster sinergies BIRTH GROWTH MATURITY DECLINE Sölvell, Menzel and Fohrnal
  10. 10. 9 GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) TIME Different stages, different adaptation capacities Poorer cluster performance BIRTH GROWTH MATURITY DECLINE
  11. 11. 10 GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) NON CLUSTER COMPANIES TIME BIRTH GROWTH MATURITY DECLINE INDUSTRY Different stages, different adaptation capacities
  12. 12. 11 GROWTH (E.G. SALES, VOLUMES) NON CLUSTER COMPANIES TIME BIRTH GROWTH MATURITY DECLINE INDUSTRY Different stages, different adaptation capacities The same reasons that make a cluster productive will turn against it under new conditions “ ” Based on Saxenian, Sölvell
  13. 13. 12 How do complex systems change?
  14. 14. 13 Change steps (Kotter) 2 3 New references Sustain change
  15. 15. 14 Change steps (Kotter) 2 3 New references Sustain change
  16. 16. 15 Change steps (Kotter) 2 3 New references Sustain change
  17. 17. 16 Change steps (Kotter) 2 3 New references Sustain change
  18. 18. 17 Change in a complex organisation does not happen casually and needs a vision , new leaders and a governance “ ” Cause change Vision New references and eliminate obstacles New framework
  19. 19. 18 Are cluster organisations the solution?
  20. 20. 19 Figures on cluster organisations 66% of the funding is public. Membership accounts for 25% and services for 9%. 66% 90% of the cluster organisations are managed by an existing institution PUBLIC FUNDING 90% Source: ESCA evaluations, Kettels (2012) based on study on 254 european cluster organisations PREVIOUSLY EXISTING 1.000 CLUSTER ORGANISATIONS (2012) 60% PRIVATE BOARD 60% of the board members are private, 15% public institutions, 17% academia
  21. 21. 20
  22. 22. 21 Clusters are already “organisation rich”, should we create… Another organisation?
  23. 23. 22 Clusters are already organisation rich, should we create… Another organisation? A framework for change?
  24. 24. 23 Clusters are already organisation rich, should we create… Another organisation? A framework for change? • Reinforced actions! • Modified actions! • New actions! • Actions in collaboration!
  25. 25. 24 What elements do we need to create it? Framework Plan Company strategy! Control
  26. 26. What is the role of the regional government? 25
  27. 27. 26 Why regions started cluster policies and why is it important?
  28. 28. 27 Why regions started cluster policies and why is it important? Europe 38% 20-50%
  29. 29. 28 Why regions started cluster policies and why is it important? Europe 38% 20-50% It is not only about clusters, it is about prosperity in a territory “ ” Based on Porter, Fontrodona, European Commission
  30. 30. 29 Why regions started cluster policies and why is it important? Competitiveness policies Cluster initiatives • Regional • Innovation • Internationalisation • Clusters • … • Better education • Market development • Technology development • Competitive environment • … Clusters provide with objective knowledge to design better policies “ ” Based on Sölvell
  31. 31. 30 What are the take outs?
  32. 32. Plan Framework Company strategy! 31 Food for thought Control Frameworks make sense with a purpose and it is how they should be evaluated
  33. 33. Plan Framework Company strategy! 32 Food for thought Cluster based policies are about prosperity and regions are an optimal unit Control Frameworks make sense with a purpose and it is how they should be evaluated
  34. 34. Plan Framework Company strategy! 33 Food for thought Cluster based policies are about prosperity and regions are an optimal unit Control Frameworks make sense with a purpose and it is how they should be evaluated CLUSTERS REGIONS Strike a balance in which regions regain control over cluster policies
  35. 35. 34 Thank you Elisabet Juan Tresserra elisabet.juan@competitiveness.com

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