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Biosafety theoretical.pptx

  1. Presented by : • Shalini saini • Madhura nichat • Harshit • Sharfraz • Gaurav sharma
  2. Contents OSafety OSecurity of life OHazard OClassification of hazards OStandardization ORisk
  3. Safety Safety is a state in which hazards and conditions leading to physical, psychological or material harm are controlled in order to preserve the health and well-being of individuals and the community. It is an essential resource for everyday life, needed by individuals and communities to realise their aspirations.
  4. Security of life Providing comfortable conditions of humans’ existence on each stage of life cycle and legislative permissible levels of health and environment effect of negative factors.
  5. Why is safety and security needed in our life ? Good safety regulations encourage both workers and employers to protect each other's well-being and financial health. It takes mutual effort to keep everyone safe and productive. Why are health, safety, and security important in the workplace? Because every business benefits from caring about them.
  6. How to Remain safe and secure in life O Remember your own self-care skills. O Grieve O Surround yourself with the people who make you feel supported and safe. O Help the greater good O Be a safe space O Smile and honor those who just want to be loved. O Keep a gratitude journal. O Remember that NO means NO.
  7. What is Hazard ? • Hazard :A danger or risk . It is the result of exposure of certain factor on human. • Potential hazard is the universal property of the process of humans’ cooperation with the environment of the existence on each stage of life cycle. The axiom determines that all human actions and all components of existent environment, besides their positive properties and results, have also the ability to generate negative factors
  8. Factors of hazard ODamage – are the factors, which may cause the death; ODangerous – are the factors, which may cause traumas or other kinds of sudden worsening of health of the worker; OHarmful - are the factors, influence of which may cause worsening of health, decreasing of working capacity.
  9. Classification of hazard O According to origin (natural, technogenic, social, political); O According to time of manifestation (impulsive, cumulative); O According to localization (space, atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere); O According to consequences (diseases, traumas, death, decreasing of normal physical, mental, emotional level of human life activity); O According to type (social, technical, ecological); O According to sphere of manifestation (domestic, industrial, service, sport, traffic); O According to structure (simple, complex, derivatives); O According to health effect (active, passive).
  10. Hazards of natural origin (ecological factors): O Climatic – Depend from meteorological conditions, the level of solar activity, movement of air mass, hard rains and so on. O Soil – Are determined by the peculiarities of different types of soil, possibilities of soil erosion, landslip, landslide. O Geomorphologic – Are caused by the peculiarities of the buildings of geological structures of the Earth, relief, turn for earthquakes or volcanoes. O Biotic – The influence of dangerous representatives of flora and fauna, viruses, microbes.
  11. Types of Hazards O Hazards of Technogenic origin:It includes those hazards that are created by human. O Hazards of social origin:They are those hazards that limit a population's access to health services, water, food, and transportation, all of which are determinants of health. They also often lead to a lack of safety and tend to come hand in hand with natural disasters such as floods.
  12. Hazards of Technogenic origin O Technical :Include hazardous materials incidents and nuclear power plant failures. Usually, little or no warning precedes incidents O Sanitary-hygienic: Hazard is anything that has the potential to cause harm. From an occupational hygiene perspective, focus is placed on hazards that can affect the individual. O Organizational:These are hazards or stressors that cause stress (short- term effects) and strain (long-term effects) to employees during the course of their work. O Psychophysiological:Are hazards that can negatively impact on a worker's health and safety include: work-related stress. work-related bullying. work-related violence. work-related fatigue.
  13. Hazards of social origin O Legal: legal hazard is an increase in the possibility of a loss because of legal action: O Ethno-social:called complex emergencies, seriously limit a population's access to health services, water, food, and transportation, all of which are determinants of health. O Informational-psychological:A psychological hazard is a situation, condition or thing that may affect the mental health of the worker and impact the worker's ability to work in a healthy and safe manner. O Political:These include taxes, spending, regulation, currency valuation, trade tariffs, labor laws such as the minimum wage, and environmental regulations.
  14. What are composite hazards ? O Natural-technogenic hazards (smog, acid rains, ozone holes, soil erosions, appearing of deserts, dust storms, earthquakes). O Natural-social hazards (drug abuse, AIDS, venereal diseases, epidemics of inflectional diseases). O Social- technogenic hazards (professional diseases, professional traumatism, mental disorder and diseases connected with professional activity and influence of mass media).
  15. Points To remember about hazards O Hazards’ identification – is the determination of the hazards’ type and ascertainment of its characteristic, necessary for the development of measures for liquidation and removing of the consequences. O Hazards’ quantification – is the introduction of quantitative characteristics for the assessment of the stage of the hazard. Quantitative assessment of the hazard is the stage of risk. Risk (R)- is quantitative assessment of the hazard. Quantitative assessment of the hazard- is correlation of the number of any unfavorable consequences after the hazard realization to their possible number for the determined period: R=N/n, N – the number of people, who may be effected after the hazard realization; n- the number of people, who were effected after the hazard realization. O Individual risk characterizes the stage of concrete hazard realization for independent individual. O Social risk is the stage of concrete hazard realization for social group of population.
  16. Risk O Risk is the chance or probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard. It may also apply to situations with property or equipment loss, or harmful effects on the environment.
  17. Conclusion Safety and security is very important in life.we have try our level best to be safe by trying our level best to avoid all the risks and all sort of addictions. Challenges such as, cyber-crime, terrorism, and environmental disasters impact the lives of millions across the globe.We have to come over this by securing ourselves…REMAIN SAFE AND SECURED