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  1. Module 4 : Social Dynamics 1
  2. CONTENTS Nature of Socialization Types of Socialization Agents of Socialization Contributions Socialization to Society and Nation Social Inhibition and Social facilitation Social issues in Community Healthy management of Social Issues: Social and Psychological Stigma Strategies to overcome Social Stigma 2
  3. Socialization 3 • Socialization is a process by which a person learns the values, norms, and required behaviors which permit that individual to participate as a member of the organization (Van Maanen, 1975). • Socialization essentially represents the whole process of learning throughout the life course and is a central influence on the behavior, beliefs, and actions of adults as well as of children
  4. Agents of Socialization 4 1. Family 2. Peers 3. Religion 4. Government 5. Media 6. Work 7. Ethnic background 8. Clubs/ Social groups 9. School
  5. Types of Socialization 5
  6. Primary Socialization  Occurs in childhood  Inside home  Main agent -> Family  First intimate association with family members that form the basis for child’s personality development  Limited exposure  Identification of kinship  Habit training (eating, sleeping, etc)  Love, cooperation, authority  Language (developing dialect)  Gender roles 6
  7. Secondary socialization  After childhood  Throughout life  Outside the home  Main agents -> School, Peer groups, workplace, media, state  Learning an appropriate behavior of a group  Knowing one’s potentialities  Tolerance, discipline, skill development, responsibility  Diverse web of relations  Broad experience 7
  8. Developmental Socialization • We deliberately learn or improve certain skills in order to socialize better. • For example- Communication skills 8 Anticipatory Socialization • Process of learning a specific code of conduct of a new group with aspiration of joining that group • Exampe- Actors, Soldiers, Lawyers, Engineers, Journalists, etc.
  9. 9 Re- Socialization • Process of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones. • Example- Rehabilitation of criminals/ drug addicts 9 Adult Socialization • Process of getting indulged in new roles for which primary and secondary socialization may not have prepared one fully. • Example- Husband/ Wife role • Father/ Mother role • Grand father/ Grand mother role
  10. Importance of socialization • Socialization converts man, the biological being into man, the social being. • Socialization contributes to the development of personality. • Helps to become disciplined. • Helps to enact different roles. • Provides the knowledge of skills. • Helps to develop right aspiration in life. • Contributes to the stability of the social order. • Helps to reduce social distance. • Provides scope for building a bright future. 10
  11. Social Inhibition vs Social Facilitation • Social inhibition is the tendency to perform complex, difficult or not yet mastered tasks more poorly in presence of others. • Social facilitation is the ability to perform simple and well learned tasks more efficiently in presence of others 11
  12. Social Issues A social issue is a problem that affects many people within a society. 12
  13. Social Stigma • Social stigma is the disapproval of, or discrimination against, an individual or group based on perceived characteristics that serve to distinguish them from other members of a society. • Social stigmas are commonly related to culture, gender, race, socioeconomic class, age, sexual orientation, body image, physical disability, intelligence or lack thereof, and health. • Example: 1. When someone with a mental illness is called 'dangerous', 'crazy' or 'incompetent' rather than unwell. 2. Sexual stigma and gender identity stigma as experienced by LGBTQIA+ people. 13
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  15. ACTIVITY 1 Essay Writing: (Any one topic) • How Media is Instrumental in the Process of Socialization • How Friends Lead to Re-socialization At times • How Social Networking Channels will affect the socialization of the generations to come 15
  16. ACTIVITY 2 Write down the first memory with your mother. 16