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Mexico.ppt

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Mexico.ppt

  1. 1. Mexico
  2. 2. Introduction  Population - 125.9 million  94% of Mexicans speak Spanish The largest Spanish speaking population in the world (approx. 110 million)  38% speak indigenous languages (lenguajes nativos)  There are 68 indigenous languages recognized in Mexico  Two most common are: Nahuatl and Yucatec Maya  Mexico has the most indigenous languages in the Americas  Currency – Mexican Peso
  3. 3. Geography  The 14th largest country in the world with an area of 758,449 square miles  Capital - Mexico City (Ciudad de México)  Borders (Fronteras) -  Belize to the southeast  Guatemala to the southwest  United States to the north  Climate varies with altitude (elevación); from desert (desierto) to tropical rainforest (bosque tropical húmedo) and coastal wetland (humedal costero)  Type of government – Federal Republic (Republica Federal)
  4. 4. Geography  The largest mountain range is the Sierra Madre that is rich in silver (plata) and copper (cobre)  Located halfway between the Equator (Ecuador) and Artic Circle (Circulo Polar Artico) which makes it a refuge for migratory animals  E.g. The gray whale (Ballena gris) from Alaska and the monarch butterfly (Mariposas monarca) from the US/Canada
  5. 5. Religion  85% Catholic (Católico)  During the Spanish conquest, Roman Catholicism was introduced  Considered the second largest catholic nation in the world  The strongest symbol is that of the Virgin of Guadalupe (Virgen de Guadalupe)  Some indigenous traditions still exist  Venerating the dead using (Día de los Muertos)
  6. 6. Music  The foundation of Mexican music is derived from its indigenous heritage:  The sounds of drums (tambores), violins (violines), sea shells (conchas de mar) and guitars (guitarras) brings Mexican music alive  Common genres of music include: ˜ Mariachi ˜ Norteño ˜ Banda ˜ Corrido
  7. 7. Art (El Arte)  Mexico’s folkloric art (arte folclórica) is a combination of indigenous and Spanish symbolism  Made by persons who have no formal art training; the art is meant to be handmade (artesanal) and decorative (decorativo)
  8. 8. Holidays (Fiestas)  Carnaval  Semana Santa  Cinco de mayo  Día de los muertos
  9. 9. Sports (Deportes)  Football (Futbol)  Boxing (Boxeo)  Baseball (Beisbol)  Rodeo (Charrería)
  10. 10. Major Attractions  Beaches  Cenotes  Mayan Ruins  Chichen Itza  Tulum  Palenque  Frida Kahlo Museum  Tequila Tours
  11. 11. Food  Mexican cuisine is known for its intense and varied flavors, colorful decoration and variety of spices  Common dishes include: Tacos al pastor Tamales Pozole Chilaquiles Mole Cochinita pibil Enchiladas  Menudo  Pipian  Guacamole Chile En Nogada

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