Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Le téléchargement de votre SlideShare est en cours. ×

Globalization and Development

Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Publicité
Prochain SlideShare
Globalization Introduction
Globalization Introduction
Chargement dans…3
×

Consultez-les par la suite

1 sur 11 Publicité

Plus De Contenu Connexe

Similaire à Globalization and Development (20)

Plus récents (20)

Publicité

Globalization and Development

  1. 1.  There is no consensus on a single definition of Globalization between all disciplines of life.  Economics focuses on transfer of goods, services and funds in overall world.  Some other disciplines such as anthropology and sociology concentrate on the interconnectivity of different cultures
  2. 2.  Globalization is a process that encompasses the causes, course, and consequences of transnational and trans-cultural integration of human and non-human activities.  it is the widening, deepening and speeding up of world-wide interconnectedness in all aspects of contemporary social life, from the cultural to the criminal, the financial to the Spiritual.
  3. 3.  Development is, the process of economic, social and political transformation.  This means, an increase, propagation, expansion, improvement or change for the better.  Better health facilities, better education, clean environment and better utilization of resources are the important components of Economic Development.
  4. 4. Economic growth emphasis on ;  Increases in labor productivity and in total output  Capital accumulation;  Condition in which “people in a country have adequate food and job and the income inequality among them is greatly reduced.
  5. 5.  The attitude of the people to wards globalization,  it is regarded as an opportunity to promote growth and poverty alleviation.  Globalization may improve growth rates, increase productivity, enhance technological capability,  The main goal of globalization is to provide organizations a superior competitive position with lower operating costs, to gain greater numbers of products, services and consumers.
  6. 6. Impacts of Globalization On World Economy  More efficient markets; It bring both sellers and buyers together to sell or to buy based on their willing.  Increased competition; businesses across international borders, had standard into the global marketplace.  Stabilized security, When your economy depends largely on another country’s economy, it is hard to imagine either one of the countries attacking the other.
  7. 7.  Generally, globalization can create new opportunities, new ideas, and open new markets that an entrepreneur may have not had in their home country. Negative Impacts of Globalization on World Economy  Income inequalities, both between and within industrialized and less industrialized nations.  Global commerce is increasingly dominated by transnational corporations which seek to maximize profits without regard for the development needs of individual countries or the local populations.
  8. 8.  Cultural uniqueness is lost in favor of homogenization and a "universal culture" that draws heavily from American culture THE NATURE OF AFRICAN ECONOMY  African economy is characterized by:  Highly dependent, on the economies of the industrialized countries.  Less export production and very limited range of commodities and wide range importation of consumer goods.
  9. 9. IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION ON AFRICA  Positive Impacts of Globalization on Africa  made available information on how other countries are governed and the freedoms and rights their people enjoy.  It has also opened African countries to intense external scrutiny and exercised pressure for greater transparency, openness and accountability in Africa.
  10. 10.  Negative Impacts of Globalization on Africa  Erosion of sovereignty; especially on economic and financial matters, as a result of the imposition of models, strategies and policies of development on African countries by IMF, WB and the WTO.  brain- drain from;  losing of cultural identity and interact with other cultures

×